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Almedha (Eled, Elevetha)
6th cent. Tradition says that she suffered martyrdom on a hill near Brecon in Wales.
+ c 549. Bishop of Bourges in France, he took part in the Council of Orleans in 538.
Bonus, Faustus, Maurus and Companions
+ ? Bonus, a priest, with Faustus, Maurus and nine companions, was martyred in Rome under Valerian.
912-984. Born in Winchester in England and already a monk and priest, in 955 he became Abbot of Abingdon and in 963 Bishop of Winchester. Together with St Dunstan and St Oswald of York he led the monastic revival of the age, restoring the monasteries of Newminster, Milton Abbas, Chertsey, Peterborough, Thorney and Ely to monastic life after occupation by married clergy. For this reason, he was called 'The Father of Monks'. The Winchester School of Illumination flourished under him, as did developments in music and liturgy.
Exuperius (Soupire, Spire)
? 4th cent. Bishop of Bayeux in France, he is honoured in Corbeil.
Faith, Hope and Charity
Aug 1 (In the East Sept 17)
c 137. The three girls, aged respectively twelve, ten and nine years, daughters of St Sophia who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian.
Friard and Secundel
+ c 577. Hermits on the Isle of Vindomitte near Nantes in France.
+ c 690. A monk at Elnone in Belgium. He was Abbot of Marchiennes (c 643-652) and then of Elnone (c 652-659).
+ c 290. A child-martyr venerated in Louvre near Paris in France.
6th cent. A hermit who made his cell among the rocks in the Gower peninsula in Wales at a place later called Llangenydd after him.
4th cent. A priest whose relics were honoured in Viguenza in Italy.
Mary the Consoler
8th cent. The sister of St Anno, Bishop of Verona in Italy.
? A saint venerated near Lisieux in France.
+ 643. A pilgrim from Ireland who returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land settled as a hermit near Modena in Italy.
+ c 480. A nephew of St Patrick and Abbot of Innisboffin in Ireland.
6th cent. A hermit who lived near St Friard near Nantes in France.
+ c 500. A priest of noble family, famous for his charity, he has been honoured from time immemorial in the village that bears his name, St Sever de Rustan in Bigorre in south-west France.
+ c 314. Bishop of Vienne in France. He attended the Council of Arles in 314.
? At some time before the 4th century he became the first Bishop of Apt in France.
+ c 623. Bishop of Chartres in France from 595. He was present at the Council of Sens.
7th cent. Bishop of Chartres in France (c 595).
+ c 835. Daughter of King Offa of Mercia. She lived as an anchoress at Crowland in Lincolnshire in England after the murder of her betrothed, St Ethelbert.
Eusebius of Vercelli
c 283-371. Born in Sardinia, in 340, he became Bishop of Vercelli in Piedmont in Italy. He fought Arianism and was exiled to the East. Before returning to Italy he visited St Athanasius in Alexandria. He reposed in peace in Vercelli in 371, although he has been called a martyr on account of his sufferings.
Maximus of Padua
2nd cent. Successor of St Prosdocimus as Bishop of Padua in Italy.
+ 914. The tutor of King Alfred and twentieth Archbishop of Canterbury. Born in Cheshire (his hermitage at Plemstall, Plegmundstow, was named after him). He restored the Church in England after the Danish attacks and was a notable scholar.
+ 250. Born in North Africa. During the persecution of Decius he fled from place to place, but he was finally arrested, bravely confessed Christ and was martyred.
? A Briton from the West of England near Exeter. She was beheaded as a martyr, probably by a scythe.
+ 257. He became Bishop of Rome in 254. Tradition says that he was beheaded during the celebration of the Eucharist in the catacombs, but the earliest liturgical documents present him as a bishop and confessor.
1st cent. The tradition concerning this saint, dating from time immemorial, was recorded as follows: 'In Naples in Campania, the repose of St Aspren the bishop, who was healed of infirmity by St Peter the Apostle and was then baptised and consecrated bishop there'.
+ 940. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a hermit on Mt Etzel in Switzerland, St Meinrad's former hermitage. He lived there with a few disciples, so founding the monastery of Einsiedeln. In 927 he became Bishop of Metz in France. Striving to overcome abuses, he was attacked and blinded by enemies of Christ. He resigned and returned to Einsiedeln.
+ c 475. Bishop of Autun in France and a friend of St Lupus of Troyes.
5th cent. Faustus, the son of St Dalmatius of Pavia in Italy, lived the life of a holy monk.
Gregory of Nonantula
+ 933. Abbot of Nonantula near Modena in Italy.
6th cent. A disciple of St Finian and his successor in Clonard in Ireland.
5th cent. Converted to Orthodoxy by St Patrick, she spent the rest of her life as an anchoress in Ardtree in Derry in Ireland.
c 250. An early Bishop of Verona in Italy.
Epiphanes and Isidore
? Two early martyrs, venerated at the Cathedral of Besançon in France until the French Revolution.
530-573. Bishop of Tours in France. He worked hard to rebuild Tours after it had been burnt down.
Lua (Lugid, Molua)
554-609? Originally from Limerick in Ireland, he became a disciple of St Comgall and founded many monasteries. A great ascetic, he was of great tenderness to both man and beast.
Peregrinus, Maceratus and Viventius
6th cent. By tradition they were two Christian brothers who came from Spain and died in France, seeking to rescue their enslaved sister.
+ c 80. A matron from Rome baptised by the Apostle Peter who converted her husband and her son, St Nazarius. Her relics are enshrined in Milan and Cremona in Italy.
? A martyr honoured in Cologne in Germany.
+ c 529. Born in Britain, he went to Guic-Sezni in Brittany, where he founded a monastery and where his relics were venerated. He is the patron saint of Sithney in Cornwall.
+ 257. A priest, martyred in Rome under Valerian two days after his ordination.
+ c 751 Probably born in Ireland, he became Archbishop of Rheims in France. As his Cathedral was occupied by an intruder, he went to live at the monastery of Lobbes in Belgium.
+ c 304. A martyr who suffered in Augsburg in Germany, probably under Diocletian. She was venerated there from early times and the monastery of that city was dedicated to her.
Jan 3 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 236. A Greek who was Pope of Rome for only a few weeks. He may have been martyred and was buried in the catacomb of St Callistus, the first Pope to be so.
Cassian of Autun
+ c 350. Bishop of Autun in France, 314-350, he succeeded St Reticius and was famous for his miracles.
+ c 303. A saint whose relics were venerated in Ascoli in Italy.
Jan 20 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 250. Fabian succeeded St Antherus as Pope of Rome in 236 and was martyred in 250 under Decius. St Cyprian described him as an 'incomparable man' and added that the glory of his death matched the purity and goodness of his life.
+ 1016. Abbot of Ardoilen in Galway in Ireland.
Memmius (Menge, Meinge)
+ c 300. Founder and first Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France and Apostle of the region.
604-642. The successor of St Edwin on the throne of Northumbria in England, he was baptised in exile on Iona. In 635 he defeated the Welsh King Cadwalla and so his real reign began. One of his main aims was to enlighten his country and so he called on St Aidan to help him. In 642 he fell in battle at Maserfield fighting against the champion of paganism, Penda of Mercia. He has always been venerated as a martyr and his head is still in St Cuthbert's coffin in Durham.
+ 346. Bishop of Teano near Naples in Italy.
Rome (Martyrs of)
+ 303. Twenty-three martyrs on the Salarian Way in Rome under Diocletian.
+ 863. Bishop of Cambrai-Arras in the north of France c 830-863.
+ 544. The most famous of the ancient bishops of Viviers in France.
Gezelin (Ghislain, Gisle, Joscelin)
? A hermit honoured in Slebusrode near Cologne in Germany.
7th cent. A hermit at Breedon in Leicestershire in England where the church is dedicated to him.
+ 523. Born in Frosinone in Latium in Italy, he succeeded St Symmachus as Pope of Rome in 514. He is best remembered for the confession of Faith called the Formula of Hormisdas, which helped end Monophysitism. His son, St Silverius, became Pope of Rome in 536.
Justus and Pastor
+ c 304. Two brothers, aged respectively thirteen and nine, who were scourged and beheaded at Alcalá in Spain under Diocletian.
Stephen of Cardeña and Companions
+ 872. Abbot of the Castilian monastery of Cardeña near Burgos in Spain where there were over two hundred monks. By tradition the Abbot and the monks were martyred by the Saracens.
Carpophorus, Exanthus, Cassius, Severinus, Secundus and Licinius
+ c 295. Soldiers martyred in Como in the north of Italy under Maximian Herculius.
? The patron saint of St Donat's or Llandunwyd in Glamorgan in Wales
? 4th cent. Second Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France.
Donatus and Hilarinus
4th cent. St Donatus was the second Bishop of Arezzo in Italy. St Hilarinus was a martyr in Ostia.
+ c 660. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he became Bishop of Besançon in 624. He did much to encourage monasticism and founded a monastery dedicated to St Paul in Besançon.
+ c 190. A soldier martyred in Milan in Italy under Commodus.
Peter, Julian (Juliana) and Companions
+ c 260. A group of twenty or more martyrs in Rome under Valerian and Gallienus.
Sixtus II (Xystus)
Aug 7 (in the East Aug 10)
+ 258. Born in Athens in Greece, this Pope was martyred. While celebrating the liturgy in the catacomb of Praetextatus in Rome, he was arrested together with his deacons Felicissimus, Agapitus, Januarius, Magnus, Vincent and Stephen. All of them were martyred and later the seventh deacon St Laurence followed them.
+ 407. An army officer who retired because he found military service incompatible with the Faith. He was sentenced to death, but the sentence was not carried out. He became a missionary in the north of France and later as Bishop of Rouen (380) was one of the leading pastors in Gaul.
Cyriacus, Largus, Smaragdus and Companions
+ 304. A group of twenty-four martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian. At their head was St Cyriacus, a deacon. They were buried near the seventh milestone on the Ostian Way.
7th cent. Patron-saint of Hirnant in Powys in Wales and of a church in the Scilly Isles.
+ 796. The thirteenth Bishop of Besançon in France (790-796).
+ 650. Founder of Fleury, later called Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, near Orleans in France.
Mummolus (Mommolus, Mommolenus)
+ c 678. Second Abbot of Fleury in France. He had relics of Sts Benedict and Scholastica brought from Italy and so Fleury came to be known as Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire.
+ 815. A noble who became a priest and founded the monastery of Diessen in Germany
+ c 445. A priest who came from far away to enlighten the area around Vienne in France.
+ c 678. Mother of Sts Leodegarius and Warinus, as a widow she became a nun at the convent in Soissons in France. She reposed shortly after the martyrdom of her sons.
+ c 680. Eleventh Bishop of Besançon in the east of France.
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he was a priest at the monastery of St Peter in Crayke in Yorkshire in England. He excelled in the art of illumination.
? Venerated in Franche-Comté in France together with St Viator. Their relics are enshrined at Saint-Amour in Burgundy.
Autor (Adinctor, Auteur)
5th cent. The thirteenth Bishop of Metz in France. In 830 his relics were translated to the monastery of Marmoutier.
Bandaridus (Banderik, Bandery)
+ 566. Bishop of Soissons in France from 540 to 566 and founder of a monastery at Crépin. He was exiled and worked as a gardener for seven years, without making himself known. At length he was discovered and recalled.
Domitian of Châlons
4th cent. ? The third Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France and successor of St Donatian.
Firmus and Rusticus
+ c 290. Two relatives, probably citizens of Bergamo in the north of Italy, honoured in Verona under Maximian.
+ c 610. Disciple of St Finian of Clonard. He became the founder and abbot of a monastery at Achonry in Sligo in Ireland where he was venerated as the patron saint.
Numidicus and Companions
+ 251. A group of martyrs burnt at the stake at Carthage in North Africa under Decius. Numidicus was dragged still breathing out of the ashes of the funeral pyre and was ordained priest by St Cyprian.
6th cent. A disciple of St Columba. The town of Kilmore in Ireland grew up around his cell and he is the main patron-saint there.
+ 258. An early martyr in Rome.
? 4th cent. A martyr at Sirmium in Pannonia.
Secundian, Marcellian and Verian
+ 250. Martyrs who suffered near Civitavecchia in Italy under Decius. Secundian seems to have been a prominent official.
+ 606. Bishop of Marseilles in France.
Agilberta (Aguilberta, Gilberta)
+ c 680. Second Abbess of Jouarre, elected in about 660. She was a relative of St Ebrigisil, of St Ado, founder of Jouarre, and of St Agilbert, Bishop of Paris.
Aredius (Arige, Aregius)
+ c. 614. An outstanding Archbishop of Lyons in France.
+ c 307. A martyr venerated in Bergamo in Lombardy in Italy. She was a sister of St Grata and both were associated in the burial of the holy martyr Alexander.
Bassa, Paula and Agathonica
? Three holy virgins martyred in Carthage in North Africa.
8th cent.? Patron of Stafford in England, the base of his shrine still exists at Ilam.
Blane (Blaan, Blain)
6th cent. A disciple of Sts Comgall and Canice in Ireland, he was a bishop in Scotland and was buried at Dunblane which was named after him.
6th cent. A poor shoemaker in Rome and a contemporary of St Gregory the Great, who relates that he gave away to the poor every Saturday all that he had earned at his trade during the week.
+ ? 508. A Briton who was King of Damnonia (Devon), now in England. He fell in battle against the pagan Saxons.
Laurence of Rome
+ 258. St Laurence was one of the deacons of Pope Sixtus II and was martyred three days after the Pope by being roasted on a gridiron. He has always been venerated as one of the most celebrated martyrs of Rome. His martyrdom, said Prudentius, was the death of idolatry in Rome. He was buried on the Via Tiburtina, where his basilica now stands.
Rome (Martyrs of)
+ 274. One hundred and sixty-five martyrs martyred in Rome under Aurelian.
Sixtus II (Xystus)
Aug 7 (in the East Aug 10)
+ 258. Born in Athens in Greece, this Pope was martyred. While celebrating the liturgy in the catacomb of Praetextatus in Rome, he was arrested together with his deacons Felicissimus, Agapitus, Januarius, Magnus, Vincent and Stephen. All of them were martyred and later the seventh deacon St Laurence followed them.
Thiento and Companions
+ 955. Abbot of Wessobrunn in Bavaria in Germany, he was martyred with six of his monks by invading Hungarians.
5th cent. A contemporary of St Patrick in Ireland. She lived as an anchoress, first in Killaraght on Lough Gara and then in Drum near Boyle. Both eventually grew into convents. She was venerated throughout Ireland.
3rd cent. The prefect of Rome and father of St Tiburtius the martyr.
4th cent. A holy virgin in Todi in Umbria in Italy, who lived as an anchoress in the mountains nearby during the persecution of Diodetian.
+ c 540. He founded a number of monasteries in the province of Valeria in Italy.
Apr 22 (In the East Aug 11)
+ 296. Born in Dalmatia, he became Pope of Rome and was martyred with members of his family.
Gaugericus (Gau, Géry)
+ c 625. Gaugericus was born near Trier in Germany, ordained priest and later became Bishop of Cambrai and Arras in France for over thirty-nine years.
? A holy virgin connected with Limerick and Kerry. Several places in Ireland are named after her.
Rufinus and Companions
? An early bishop, martyred with companions in Italy.
+ 295. A martyr in Rome to whom the Roman church of St Susanna is dedicated.
+ c 412. Bishop of Evreux in France.
+ c 288. A martyr in Rome. He was later connected with the soldier-martyr St Sebastian and was entombed at the Via Lavicana.
Cassian of Benevento
+ c 340. Bishop of Benevento in the south of Italy. His relics are enshrined in the church of St Mary there.
+ 304. Living in Catania in Sicily, he was found with a copy of the Gospels, which was against Diocletian's edict. He was cruelly racked and martyred.
Eusebius of Milan
+ 465. A Greek by birth, he was Bishop of Milan in Italy for sixteen years. He opposed Eutychianism.
Gracilian and Felicissima
+ c 304. While in prison awaiting martyrdom, Gracilian, from Faleria in Tuscany in Italy, restored the sight of the blind girl Felicissima and converted her to Christ. They were beheaded on the same day.
Herculanus of Brescia
+ c 550. Bishop of Brescia in Italy.
Hilaria, Digna, Euprepia, Eunomia, Quiriacus, Largio, Crescentian, Nimmia, Juliana and Companions
+ c 304. Hilaria was by tradition the mother of St Afra of Augsburg in Germany. She and her three maids were seized while visiting the tomb of St Afra and burnt alive. The others (Quiriacus etc, twenty-five in all) were martyrs in Rome buried on the Ostian Way.
+ 792 Abbot of St Augustine's, he succeeded St Bregwine as fourteenth Archbishop of Canterbury in England in 765.
? The local saint of Marhamchurch near Bude in Cornwall.
Porcarius and 500 Companions
+ c 732. Porcarius was Abbot of Lérins, off the coast of Provence in France. The whole monastery of five hundred monks - except the youngest members whom the abbot had sent away to safety - were massacred by the Saracens.
? The town of St Just, a few miles from Penzance in Cornwall, is named after this hermit.
Cassian of Imola
250 ? A martyr who refused to worship idols and suffered a slow death in Imola in Italy.
Cassian of Todi
4th cent. Converted by St Pontian, Bishop of Todi in central Italy, he was his successor. He was martyred under Maximian Herculeus.
Centolla and Helen
+ ? c 304. Two virgin-martyrs near Burgos in Spain.
+ 785. He became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland, then founded the monastery of Ellwangen (764) near Augsberg in Germany. Later he became Bishop of Langres in France.
Hippolytus, Concordia and Companions
+ c 235. Hippolytus was born in Rome where he became a priest, known for his excessive strictness. He was exiled to Sardinia but was reconciled to the Church before his martyrdom. He is one of the most important Church writers of his time.
+ 587. Founder of the monastery of Mairé in Poitou in France and later a hermit in Chaulnay.
+ 983. Abbot of New Corvey in Westphalia in Germany from 971 to 983.
6th cent.? By tradition a disciple of St Patrick, who consecrated him first Bishop of Killala in Ireland. He ended his life as a hermit on the island of Innismurray.
+ 235. He succeeded St Urban I as Pope of Rome in 230. He was exiled by the Emperor Maximinus Thrax to Sardinia in c 235, where he died from ill-treatment.
518-587. Daughter of a pagan, she was married by force to the Frankish King Clotaire I. However, she became a nun and founded the convent of the Holy Cross at Poitiers in France where she spent the last thirty years of her life.
+ c 738. Born in England, he became a monk and went to Germany. St. Boniface appointed him Abbot of Fritzlar and a few years later he Abbot of Ohrdruf in Thuringia.
Early 11th cent. Abbot (996-1006) of Pannonhalma in Hungary and then second Archbishop of Eszterzom and primate of Hungary.
Eberhard of Einsiedeln
+ 958. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a monk and then the first Abbot of Einsiedeln in Switzerland.
4th cent. A priest in Rome who founded the 'church' called the titulis Eusebii after him.
+ late 6th cent. Probably the first Bishop of Ross in Ireland.
+ c 760. Born in England, he worked with St Willibrord among the Frisians in Holland.
+ c 430. A disciple and lifelong friend of Blessed Augustine, he was also baptised in Milan on Easter Eve 387. On his return to Africa he lived as a hermit. St Alipius then visited Palestine and in about 393 he became Bishop of Tagaste in North Africa.
+ 874. A monk at Corvey in Germany, in 851 he became Bishop of Hildesheim. He was known as a fosterer of peace and goodwill and was devoted to the Mother of God.
+ 1009. A priest in Rimini in Italy who lived as a hermit and ended his days in the monastery of San Gudenzio.
3rd-4th cent. Tarsicius was seized by a heathen mob and preferred to die rather than expose the sacred mysteries to profanation.
+ c 303. A centurion put to death under Diocletian in Ferentino in central Italy.
+ c 550. Born in the south of Wales, he was a cousin of St Samson. A church in Cornwall was dedicated to him - St Erme. He went to Brittany and founded Saint-Armel-des-Boscheaux and Plou-Ermel (Ploermel).
+ 561. Bishop of Auxerre in France 532-561.
+ 400. A friend and advisor of St Ambrose, whom he succeeded as Bishop of Milan in Italy.
Stephen of Hungary
+ c 935-1038. On the death of his father, Geza (997), Stephen became King of Hungary. He had married Gisela, a sister of the Emperor Henry II in 995, and they set about enlightening their people. Stephen gradually welded the Magyars into national unity. He organised dioceses and founded monasteries (among them Pannonhalma, which still exists). The declining years of St Stephen were darkened by many misfortunes and difficulties, though he never ceased to be just, kind and merciful. To this day the Magyars consider him their greatest national saint and hero.
+ c 410 A deacon martyred during the sack of Rome by the Goths while he was distributing alms to the half-starved population.
Amor (Amator, Amour)
8th cent. Companion of St Pirmin in preaching Christ in Germany. Founder of the monastery of Amorbach in Franconia.
+ c 553. Bishop of Terni in Italy.
Benedicta and Cecilia
10th cent. These two daughters of the King of Lorraine became nuns and successively Abbesses of Susteren in the Rhineland in Germany.
707-755. The eldest son of Charles Martel, he became King of Austrasia after his father died. He encouraged the foundation of monasteries at Fulda in Germany and Lobbes and Stavelot in Belgium. He also helped St Boniface in the task of enlightenment. On St Boniface's advice, he left his kingdom to his brother and became a monk on Mt Soracte and then at Montecassino in Italy. Here he was employed in the kitchen and as a shepherd. He reposed at a monastery in Vienne in France.
+ c 700. Terrified by a vision recorded by St Bede the Venerable, he became a monk at Melrose in Scotland. He lived a life of great asceticism there.
+ 310. A Greek by birth, he reposed in exile in Sicily.
+ 885. Born in Ireland, he preached in Holland where he was martyred.
James the Deacon
7th cent. A deacon from Italy and companion of St Paulinus in his mission to Northumbria in England where he remained faithful despite the pagan reaction after St Edwin.
Liberatus, Boniface, Servus, Rusticus, Rogatus, Septimus and Maximus
+ 483. Liberatus was abbot of a monastery in North Africa, the others were monks: Boniface, a deacon, Servus and Rusticus, sub-deacons, Rogatus and Septimus, monks, and Maximus, a child educated in the monastery. All were martyred under the Arian King Hunneric.
Theodulus (Theodore) of Grammont
4th cent? An early Bishop of Valais who was much revered in Switzerland and Savoy.
+ c 274. A fifteen year old who bravely confessed Christ and was martyred in Palestrina near Rome. He is the patron-saint of Palestrina, where as early as the fifth century a church was dedicated to him.
Daig Maccairill (Dagaeus, Daganus)
+ 586. A disciple of St Finian, he founded a monastery at Inis Cain Dega (Iniskeen) in Ireland. He was both abbot and bishop.
9th cent. A hermit in Ayrshire in Scotland, where churches are dedicated to him.
Firminus of Metz
+ 496. Greek or Italian by origin, he was Bishop of Metz in France for eight years.
Florus, Laurus, Proculus and Maximus
2nd cent. The former were twin brothers and stonemasons in Illyria. Proculus and Maximus were their employers. They handed over a temple on which they had been working to Christian worship and as a punishment were drowned in a well.
Hermas, Serapion and Polyaenus
? Martyrs in Rome who were dragged by their feet over rough ground until they died.
John and Crispus
? By tradition they were priests in Rome who devoted themselves to recovering and burying the bodies of the martyrs, for which they themselves suffered martyrdom.
+ c 740. Milo became a monk together with his father at Fontenelle in France and later a hermit.
Badulf (Badour, Badolf)
+ c 850. A monk and Abbot of Ainay near Lyons in France.
+ 640. He became a monk at Luxeuil in France, then went to Bobbio in Italy where he became abbot on the repose of St Attalas.
+ c 690. A hermit who founded the monasteries of Villars and Mauzac near Riom in France.
+ c 780. Eighth Abbot of Evesham in England.
+ c 535. Born in Orleans in France, he lived as a hermit on Mt Jura near Sisteron in Provence.
+ 580. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France. He was sent as an envoy to Spain and wished to venerate the relics of St Eulalia at Merida but reposed before he reached his destination.
7th cent. Bishop of Vannes in Brittany. His relics are enshrined in the Cathedral there.
+ c 190. An early martyr in Rome.
Leovigild and Christopher
+ 852. Leovigild was a monk and pastor in Cordoba in Spain and Christopher a monk of the monastery of St Martin de La Rojana near Cordoba. They were martyred in Cordoba under Abderrahman II.
+ 660. Born in Avignon in France, he was appointed governor of the town. After his wife's death he joined the monks of Lérins, where his son St Agricola had preceded him and where he became bishop.
+ c 515. A hermit in the forest of Entreaigues in Berry in France. His life was written by St Gregory of Tours.
c 800. A bishop at the monastery of St Peter in Besalu in Catalonia in Spain.
6th cent. Possibly born in Wales, he founded the monastery of Louth in Ireland.
+ c 700. Wife of St Calminius, as a widow she became a nun at Marsat in France.
? A saint venerated in Mantua in Italy from early times.
+ c 770. Probably born in England, he lived as a hermit near Vicenza in Italy and then preached with St Willibald in the Reichswald in Germany.
? The incorrupt body of a hermit was found buried beneath the church of Our Lady at Rocamadour in France and given this name.
+ 1026. Born in Hesse in Germany, he became a monk at Lobbes in Belgium. In 1006 he was forced to become Bishop of Worms where he was a canonist.
+ 768. The successor of St Ceolwulf on the throne of Northumbria in England. After a prosperous reign of twenty years he resigned and went to the monastery of York, where he spent a further ten years in prayer and seclusion.
+ c 662. Bishop of Le Mans in France, he founded several monasteries including Notre-Dame-d'Evron.
+ c 470. A disciple of St Martin and founder of the monastery of Chinon in France.
+ 651. A prince of Deira, part of the kingdom of Northumbria in England, in 642 he succeeded St Oswald as ruler of Deira, but reigned only nine years, being killed at Gilling in Yorkshire by order of his cousin Oswy. Ever since he has been venerated as a martyr.
c 608-684. Born in Gascony in France, at the age of twenty he became a monk and then Abbot of Rébais. Later he founded and was Abbot of Jumièges. He opposed the tyrant Ebroin and was imprisoned and exiled. Before his repose he also founded the monastery of Noirmoutier, restored Quinçay and helped several others.
? An early martyr in Palestrina near Rome.
+ 274. A military tribune converted to Orthodoxy on seeing the courage of the young St Agapitus. This happened in Salone in Italy.
Avitus I of Clermont
+ c 600. Eighteenth Bishop of Clermont in France and contemporary of St Gregory of Tours, whom he ordained deacon.
+ 249. A wealthy widow in Rome, she sheltered persecuted Orthodox Christians. The Roman Church of St Mary in Dominica recalls her.
1st cent. First Bishop of Verona in the north of Italy.
Leontius the Elder
+ c 541. Bishop of Bordeaux in France and the predecessor of St Leontius the Younger.
Luxorius, Cisellus and Camerinus
+ 303. Martyrs in Sardinia beheaded under Diocletian. Luxorius had been a soldier in the imperial army, the other two were boys whom he helped to accept martyrdom.
+ c 255. Born in Alexandria, he came to Rome, was arrested in Fondi and was martyred for Orthodoxy there.
+ 260. Bishop of Mende in France. He was captured by invading barbarians, but was offered his life if he agreed to reveal where his flock was hiding. This he refused to do and he was beaten to death.
3rd cent. A Bishop of Utica in North Africa who taught both clergy and laity to confess Christ. They were all martyred. St Quadratus was greatly revered in Africa.
c 423-480. Caius Sollius Apollinaris Sidonius was born in Lyons. A soldier, he married the daughter of Avitus, Emperor of the West, after which he served the State (468-9). He then became Bishop of Clermont in France. As bishop he saved his people from Goths under Alaric. Sidonius was a writer but he gave his wealth to the poor and to monasteries.
Andrew of Tuscany
+ c 880. Born in Ireland, he went to Rome as a pilgrim and settled in Fiesole in Italy and restored the monastery of San Martino in Mensula.
+ 186. A converted executioner in Rome.
9th cent. The relics of this saintly hermit were venerated in Arnulphsbury or Eynesbury in Cambridgeshire in England.
+ c 720. Abbess of a convent in Northumbria.
Fabrician and Philibert
? Martyrs in Toledo in Spain.
? A pilgrim, perhaps from England, who was martyred in Pavia in Italy.
Hippolytus of Porto
+ c 236. Bishop of Porto in Italy, martyred by drowning under Alexander.
Martial, Saturninus, Epictetus, Maprilis, Felix and Companions
+ c 300. ? Martyrs with St Aurea honoured in Ostia in Italy.
Maurus and Companions
+ c 260? A group of fifty martyrs in Rheims in France. Their leader, Maurus, was a priest.
+ 688. A monk and disciple of St Benedict Biscop, he became Abbot of Wearmouth in England in 686. He was an example of monastic virtue.
+ c 200. A member of a senatorial family in Autun in France, he was martyred under Marcus Aurelius for refusing to sacrifice to a pagan goddess.
+ c 306. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian. His relics were enshrined in a chapel near the church of St Paul-outside-the-Walls and venerated there.
Altigianus and Hilarinus
+ 731. Two monks killed by the Saracens at Saint-Seine in France.
Ebba the Younger and Companions
+ c 870. Born in England, she became Abbess of Coldingham, now in Scotland. This had been founded two centuries earlier by St Ebba the Elder. The Danes set fire to her convent and all the nuns perished.
Eugene (Eoghan, Euny, Owen)
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he preached abroad and then returned to Ireland, where he became first Bishop of Ardstraw in Tyrone.
Flavian (Flavinian, Flavius) of Autun
7th cent. The twenty-first Bishop of Autun in France.
Minervius, Eleazar and Companions
3rd cent. Martyrs in Lyons in France. Eight children are included in their number.
Quiriacus, Maximus Archelaus and Companions
+ c 235. Bishop, priest and deacon respectively, from Ostia in Italy, martyred with a number of Christian soldiers under Alexander Severus.
+ c 480. Venerated in Merthyr Tydfil in Wales, where she was slain by the heathen.
Victor of Vita
+ c 535 Born in Carthage in North Africa, he was either bishop there or in Utica.
+ c 270. An early martyr in Ostia in Italy.
+ 764. Twelfth Archbishop of Canterbury. His letters to St Lull of Mainz still exist.
Ouen (Audöenus, Aldwin, Owen, Dado)
610-684. He founded the monastery of Rebais in France, was consecrated Bishop of Rouen in 641, attending the Council of Châlons in 644 and reposing at what is now a suburb of Paris, named St Ouen after him.
+ c 450. A bishop in Ireland, surnamed Patrick the Elder. His relics were later enshrined at Glastonbury in England.
1st cent. By tradition a disciple of the Apostle Peter, he became Bishop of Nepi in Tuscany in Italy, where he was martyred.
Romanus of Nepi
1st cent. A Bishop and martyr of Nepi in Tuscany in Italy, by tradition a disciple of St Ptolemy.
+ 986. A monk of the monastery of St Maximinus at Trier in Geramny. In 972 he was sent by the Emperor Otto I to restore the monastery of St Gall. Shortly afterwards he became Abbot of Gladbach and in 981 Abbot of Weissenburg also.
Yrchard (Irchard, Yarcard)
5th cent. A priest in Scotland, consecrated bishop by St Ternan to work among the Picts.
Aredius (Yrieix, Yriez)
+ 591. Born in Limoges in France, he founded Atane in the Limousin, which was later called after him, as also was the village of Saint Yrieux which grew up around the monastery.
Ebba the Elder
+ 683. Sister of Sts Oswald and Oswy, Kings of Northumbria, she became a nun at Lindisfarne. Having founded the convent of Coldingham, now in Scotland, she became abbess there.
Eusebius, Pontian, Vincent and Peregrinus
+ 192? Martyrs in Rome.
Genesius (Genès) of Arles
+ c 303. A notary in Arles in France who refused to put on record an imperial decree against Orthodox Christians and declared that he himself believed in Christ. He was martyred under Maximian Herculeus.
Genesius the Actor
+ c 300. An actor in Rome who, while taking part in a satire on Orthodox baptism, was suddenly converted and at once martyred.
Geruntius of Italica
+ c 100. A missionary in Spain in the Apostolic age, Bishop of Talco (Italica, near Seville) and martyr.
Gregory of Utrecht
c 703-776. Born in Trier in Germany, he met St Boniface when still a child and later became a monk. He became Abbot of St Martin's at Utrecht in Holland and then Bishop of the same city for twenty-two years. St Martin's was a seedbed of saints.
+ c 690. Forced to marry against her will, she persuaded her bridegroom to accompany her to Rome, where she became a nun. They returned to France and Hunegund entered the convent of Homblières, while her betrothed became a priest.
+ c 304. Born in Tarragona in Spain, he enlightened the people near his native town and was finally beheaded under Diocletian.
Marcian of Saignon
+ 485. Born in Saignon in the Vaucluse in the south of France, he founded the monastery of St Eusebius in Apt.
Nemesius and Lucilla
+ c 260. Nemesius, a deacon, and Lucilla, his daughter, were martyred in Rome under Valerian.
+ c 665. Born in Constantinople and related to the imperial family, in order to escape marriage she went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and then to Rome, where she became a nun. She died in Naples in Italy where she is one of the patron-saints.
Wannus (Guarinus, Warren)
7th cent. The son of St Sigrada, he was martyred in France by the tyrant Ebroin who was at war with his brother St Leodegarius.
? Patron of Bergamo in the north of Italy, where a church has been dedicated to him from the fourth century. A later manuscript suggests that he was a centurion of the Theban Legion who escaped from prison but was recaptured.
+ 660. A monk who became Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily.
Felix of Pistoia
9th cent. A holy hermit in Pistoia in Tuscany in Italy.
Irenaeus and Abundius
+ c 258. Martyrs in Rome drowned in the public sewers during the persecution of Valerian.
+ ? 432. A Briton who was sent to enlighten his native country. He established his mission at Whithorn in Wigtownshire in Scotland, so called because the church was built of stone plastered white. There was a monastery attached to it and it was from this centre that Ninian and his monks enlightened the northern Britons and the Picts.
+ c 904. A holy virgin born in Ireland. The church in Eltisley in Cambridgeshire in England is dedicated to her.
5th cent. Bishop of Capua in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the cathedral.
3rd cent. A soldier of the Theban Legion martyred near Ventimiglia in Italy.
+ c 950. By tradition Victor was a priest in Spain martyred by the Moors in the ninth or tenth century.
+ 217. Pope of Rome from 198/9 to 217. He defended Orthodox Christology against heresies.
+ 957. Monk of St Aper in Toul in France. He was invited to restore monastic discipline at Sithin (Saint Bertin).
Caesarius of Arles
470-543. Born in Châlon-sur-Saône in France, he became a monk at Lérins when young and then Bishop of Arles. He presided several Councils and founded a convent afterwards called after him at Arles, where his sister St Caesaria became abbess. He was zealous for decorum in liturgy and excelled as a preacher. His homilies still exist. During the distress caused by the siege of Arles in 508, he sold the treasures of his church to help the poor
+ 706. Born in Wales, he lived as a hermit at what is now St Decumans in Somerset in England, where he was martyred.
+ 740. Born in Tonnerre, he was a monk at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif in Sens in France. He became Bishop of Sens which he saved in 725 when it was besieged by the Saracens.
+ 602. Bishop of Lyons in France.
? A virgin-martyr in Leontini in Sicily.
+ 995. Bishop of Constance in Germany (979-995). In 983 he founded the monastery of Petershausen near Constance where he was buried.
+ 813. Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy in the north of Italy 801-813.
+ c 548. Born in Spain, probably in Lérida (Ilerda), he went to France and in 506 became Bishop of Couserans.
+ c 1040. An hermit in Merns in Kincardineshire in Scotland, martyred by Norwegian invaders.
332-387. Born in Carthage in North Africa of Christian parents, she married a pagan and had three children. Through her patience and gentleness she converted her husband and through her prayers and tears her wayward son, who became Blessed Augustine.. She reposed in Ostia near Rome and her relics are preserved in Rome.
? First Bishop of Bergamo in Italy.
Rufus and Carpophorus (Carpone)
+ 295. Martyrs in Capua under Diocletian. Rufus was a deacon.
Rufus of Capua
? Bishop of Capua and disciple of St Apollinaris of Ravenna.
+ 600. Bishop of Autun in France c 560-600.
+ c 930. As a widow she founded and became a nun, and perhaps Abbess, of Buchau on the Federsee in Wurtemburg in Germany.
+ c 450. Bishop of Saintes in France for some fourteen years. He is mentioned in the Life of his successor, St Vivian, and is honoured together with him.
Augustine of Hippo
354-430. Born in Tagaste in North Africa, he spent his youth in vice, but under the influence of St Ambrose was baptised. He became priest and then Bishop of Hippo. He devoted himself to defending Orthodoxy, although he had to retract some of his earlier ideas which were incorrect. For this reason the Orthodox Church accords him the title of Blessed. His relics are enshrined in the basilica of St Pietro in Ciel d'Oro in Pavia.
+ c 620. Bishop of Taino in Umbria in Italy.
Fortunatus, Gaius and Anthes
+ 303. Martyrs near Salerno in Italy under Diocletian. Their relics were enshrined in Salerno in 940 and they were much venerated.
+ 965. A monk at Reichenau in Germany, he preached the Gospel and became Bishop of Schleswig in Denmark.
Hermes and Companions
+ c 120. Martyrs in Rome under the judge Aurelian.
Julian of Auvergne
3rd cent. Born in Vienne in France, he was an officer in the imperial army and a secret Christian. On the outbreak of persecution, probably under Decius, at first he fled but then gave himself up and was martyred near Brionde.
+ c 283. A boy martyred in Istria under Numerian. His relics were transferred to Città Nuova in Istria and part of them (c 915) to Constance in Germany. He is venerated as the patron-saint of Constance.
+ c 460. Bishop of Saintes in the west of France, he protected his people during the invasion of the Visigoths.
5th cent. An early Bishop of Metz in France.
+ c 1050. A monk who lived at Bagno de Romagua in Italy.
? One of a group of martyrs who suffered on the Ostian Way outside the gates of Rome. Her relics were enshrined in the church of St Praxedes.
9th cent. Possibly the brother of St Edmund the Martyr, King of East Anglia. He lived as a hermit at Cerne in Dorset in England.
4th cent. A Roman who fled to Perugia in Italy with his wife and his child, St Crescentius, during the persecution of Diocletian. He reposed in Perugia and is venerated there.
+ c 700. Born in Autun in France, he became a monk at St Martin's in Autun, where he eventually became abbot. Later he lived as a hermit near Paris, where now stands the church of Saint-Merry.
+ ? 275. By tradition the sister of St Sabinian of Troyes in France where she was venerated together with him.
? The famous basilica on the Aventine in Rome is dedicated to her. She was probably a wealthy lady who founded it in the third or fourth century and perhaps a martyr.
Sebbe (Sebba, Sebbi)
664-694. King of Essex in England. After a peaceful reign of thirty years he became a monk at the monastery of Westminster ('the monastery in the West') which he had founded. His life was one of prayer, repentance and almsgiving.
8th cent. Born in England, he followed St Swithbert to Germany and became Abbot of Kaiserswerth.
Agilus (Ail, Aile, Aisle, Ayeul)
c 580-650. A young nobleman who became a monk with St Columbanus at Luxeuil. He remained at Luxeuil under the founder's successor, St Eustace, but went with him in 612 to preach in Bavaria. On his return to France he became Abbot of Rebais near Paris.
Boniface and Thecla
+ c 250. Parents of the Twelve Brothers commemorated on Sept 1. They were martyred under Maximian in Hadrumetum, now Soussa in Tunisia in North Africa.
+ 1026. Born in Bologna in Italy, he became a monk at St Stephen's. Later he became Abbot of Lucedio in Piedmont.
+ c 980. A monk in Calabria in Italy and Abbot of St Mercurius. He was already old when his monastery was destroyed by the Saracens.
Felix and Adauctus
+ c 304. Martyrs beheaded in Rome under Diocletian. St Felix was a priest and as he was being led to execution, a bystander confessed Christ and was martyred with him. Because this second martyr's name was not known, he was called Adauctus, i.e., the one added. They were buried on the Ostian Way.
Fiacre (Fiacrius, Fiaker, Fèvre)
+ c 670. Born in Ireland, he was given land by St Faro of Meaux in France. He lived here for the rest of his life, attracting many disciples for whom he built the monastery of Breuil.
Gaudentia and Companions
? Gaudentia, a holy virgin in Rome, where by tradition she was martyred with three others.
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick of Ireland.
c 340-410. A Roman senator, married to one of the daughters of St Paula. On the death of his wife in 395, Pammachius became a monk and spent the rest of his life and his immense wealth in the service of the sick and the poor.
Pelagius, Arsenius and Sylvanus
+ c 950. Hermits near Burgos in Old Castile in Spain who were martyred by the Saracens.
Peter of Trevi
+ 1050. Born in Carsoli in Italy, he preached to the peasants of Tivoli, Anagni and Subiaco. He reposed when still young in Trevi near Subiaco.
6th cent.? A bishop and patron-saint of Tavistock in England. Romansleigh in Devon is named after him.
+ 651. An Irish monk at Iona who, at the request of St Oswald, King of Northumbria, went to enlighten the north of England. He fixed his see at Lindisfarne (Holy Island) where he ruled as abbot and bishop, his diocese reaching from the Forth to the Humber. His life was illustrated by numberless miracles and was most fruitful, as is witnessed to by the writings of St Bede. He reposed at Bamburgh.
+ c 640 Fourth Abbot of Bobbio in Italy.
Caesidius and Companions
3rd cent. Martyrs on the shores of Lake Fucino in Italy.
Cuthburgh (Cuthburga) and Cwenburgh
+ c 725. Sister of King Ina of Wessex, she became a nun at Barking with St Hildelith. Together with her sister St Cwenburgh, she founded a monastery in Wimborne in Dorset, where she was abbess and was succeeded by her sister. Many nuns from Wimborne helped to enlighten Germany.
Sept 16 (In the East Aug 31)
c 200-258. Thascius Cecilianus Cyprianus was born in North Africa. He became a lawyer, was converted to Orthodoxy and consecrated Bishop of Carthage in 248. He wrote numerous treatises on theological subjects, one of the most important being De Unitate Catholicae Ecclesiae, and wrote numerous letters. He is one of the greatest Fathers of the Church and he was a model of compassion, discretion and pastoral zeal. Cyprian went into hiding during the persecution of Decius but was arrested and beheaded under Valerian.
+ c 640. Granddaughter of King Ethelbert of Kent. She founded the first convent in England on the coast near Folkestone. This was later destroyed by the Danes and swallowed up by the sea. Relics of St Eanswith are venerated in her church in Folkestone to this day.
+ c 530. Bishop of Auxerre in France.
Paulinus of Trier
+ 358. Born in Gascony in France, he accompanied St Maximinus to Trier in Germany and succeeded him as bishop in 349. He was a brave supporter of St Athanasius and was therefore exiled to Phrygia by the Arian Emperor Constantius in 355. He died in exile but his relics were brought back to Trier in 396.
Robustian and Mark
? Martyrs venerated in Milan in Italy from early times,.