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+ 391. A hermit who came to Rome from the East and publicly protested against the gladiatorial combats in the Roman amphitheatre. He was seized and cut to pieces by order of the prefect Alipius. As a consequence, the Emperor Honorius is said to have abolished such spectacles.
c 475. A priest from Arles who became second Bishop of Aix en Provence in France.
+ c 660. A monk at the monastery of St Ferreol, he was chosen abbot of the monastery of St Marcellus in Vienne in France.
+ 175. A subdeacon martyred in Spoleto in central Italy under Marcus Aurelius.
+ c 590. Abbess of Kildare in Ireland.
Cuan (Mochua, Moncan)
6th cent. The founder of many churches and monasteries in Ireland, he lived to nearly 100.
Elvan and Mydwyn
2nd cent. By tradition they were two Britons sent to ask for missionaries for Britain.
450-c 510. Fourth Abbot of Condat in France, called Saint-Oyend after him and later Saint-Claude. He became a monk at the age of seven and lived there until his repose.
+ c ?585. Born in Clogher in Ireland, she was the sister of St Enda. She founded a convent at Rossory in Fermanagh and was buried in Killane.
Felix of Bourges
+ c 580. Bishop of Bourges in France. He took part in the Council of Paris in 573.
+ 532. Born in North Africa, he became a monk early in life and was elected abbot. He had to flee from the Vandal persecution. In 502 or 507 he was chosen Bishop of Ruspe but was again exiled by the Vandals. He spent his exile in Sardinia where he wrote numerous works which still exist. He returned to Africa in 523.
Justin of Chieti
+ c ? 540. Venerated from time immemorial in Chieti in Italy, he was bishop of that city.
6th cent. A saint of the Isle of Bardsey in Wales, probably born in Brittany.
Rome (Martyrs of)
+ c 304. Thirty soldiers martyred in Rome under Diocletian.
William of Dijon
962-1031. William was born near Novara in Italy and became a monk near Vercelli, from where he went to France. Here he was sent to restore the monastery of St Benignus in Dijon, Gentle with the poor, he showed great firmness in his dealings with the great. Towards the end of his life he founded the monastery of Fruttuaria in Piedmont and rebuilt that of Fécamp.
c 751-827. He entered the monastery of Corbie in the north of France, where he became abbot. Exiled, he founded New Corbie (Corvey) in Saxony in Germany.
Artaxus, Acutus, Eugenda, Maximianus, Timothy, Tobias and Vitus
3-4th cent. Martyrs in Syrmium in Pannonia.
+ c 560. Bishop of Auch in France, he took part in the Councils of Orleans in 533, 541 and 549, besides holding a Council in Auch in 551.
+ c 630. A monk at Bobbio in Italy who bravely denounced the heresy of the Lombard King Ariovald.
+ c 435. Bishop of Milan in Italy (423-c 435). He took part in the Third Oecumenical Council at Ephesus and wrote against Nestorianism.
7th cent.? Probably the first Bishop and also patron-saint of Limerick in Ireland.
Rome (Martyrs of)
+ c 303. Many martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian for refusing to give up the Holy Scriptures.
Dec 31 (In the East Jan 2)
+ 335. Silvester came from Rome and served the Church as Pope from 314 to 335, helping convert St Constantine. Most of his relics are enshrined in San Silvestro in Capite in Rome.
Vincentian (Viance, Viants)
+ c 730. A disciple of St Menelaus, he became a hermit near Tulle in Auvergne in France.
Jan 3 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 236. A Greek who was Pope of Rome for only a few weeks. He may have been martyred and was buried in the catacomb of St Callistus, the first Pope to be so.
+ c 687. A noble virgin who took a vow of continence with her husband. On his death she lived as an anchoress near a church she had founded at Maroeuil (Marolles) in Flanders in Belgium.
+ 660 ? A monk at Bobbio in Italy. He followed St Walaricus (St Valéry) to France, where they founded the monastery of Leucone, later called Saint-Valéry. St Blitmund was the second abbot.
+ 168. A deacon who helped St Prosdocimus, the first Bishop of Padua in Italy. He was martyred in 168.
6th cent. A brother of St Fintan, he went to Scotland, where he became one of St Columba's disciples. Returning to Ireland, he became abbot of a monastery in Co. Derry.
6th cent. A disciple of St Comgall at Bangor in Ireland. He is honoured as the patron-saint of Doon in Limerick where his holy well still exists.
Florentius of Vienne
3rd century? A martyred Bishop of Vienne in France.
c 422-500. Born in Nanterre near Paris in France, aged seven she became known to St Germanus of Auxerre. Aged fifteen, she became a nun. When Paris was occupied by the pagan Franks and afterwards threatened by Attila and the Huns, St Geneviève encouraged the people to defend the city. She has always been considered the special protectress and patroness of Paris, which she protected again in 1914.
? An early saint in Wales.
Aquilinus, Geminus, Eugene, Marcian, Quintus, Theodotus and Tryphon
c 484. A group of martyrs in North Africa under the Arian Hunneric, King of the Vandals.
Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.
? Dafrosa, the mother of St Bibiana, was martyred in Rome under Julian the Apostate.
+ 581. Born in Narbonne in France, he became Bishop of Uzès. He devoted himself in particular to converting Jews and was exiled by King Childebert on that account. He also founded a monastery.
Gregory of Langres
+ 539. A governor of Autun in France. Later in life he lost his wife, was ordained priest and became Bishop of Langres, gaining a reputation for gentleness and understanding. He was the father of St Tetricus and the great-uncle of St Gregory of Tours.
938-1013. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became Bishop of Hamburg in 988.
Sept 23 (In the East Jan 4 and Nov 5)
+ c 79. The first Pope of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4,21. He was Pope for twelve years (67-79) and is venerated as a martyr.
+ 212. A martyr in Hadrumetum in North Africa, thrown to wild beasts at the time of Caracalla.
Pharäildis (Vareide, Verylde, Veerle)
+ c 740. Probably born in Ghent in Belgium, she was married against her will. Maltreated by her husband, she became one of the patron-saints of Ghent.
Priscus, Priscillian and Benedicta
? Martyrs in Rome buried by their father, Flavian.
+ c 745. Monk and Abbot of Orbais in France, in 721 he became Archbishop of Rheims but some years later was banished by the Frank Charles Martel. He returned to Orbais and resumed monastic life. On being recalled to Rheims, he came to terms with the intruded bishop and himself became a hermit.
Cera (Ciar, Cyra, Cior, Ceara)
7th cent. Born in Tipperary in Ireland, she was abbess of two convents, one at Kilkeary and the other at Tech Telle, now Tehelly.
+ 868. Born in Brittany, he became a monk and founded the monastery of St Saviour near Redon. He was driven out of his monastery by the Vikings and reposed in exile.
6th cent. A Roman lady and the paternal aunt of St Gregory the Great, from whom we know of her saintly life, visions and repose.
Gaudentius of Gnesen
+ c 1004. Younger brother of St Adalbert of Prague and also a monk at the monastery of Sant' Alessio on the Aventine in Rome. He escaped the massacre in which his brother was martyred by the pagan Prussians and in 1000 became first Archbishop of Gnesen in Poland.
+ c 680. A spiritual daughter of St Fintan Munnu. She lived in Ireland near Nenagh in Co. Tipperary, at a place now called Kilkeary after her.
Jan 5 (In the East Feb 22)
+ c 136. A Greek who was Pope of Rome for ten years and was martyred under Hadrian.
Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa
+ c 210. A number of Christians of both sexes burnt at the stake under Septimius Severus.
4th cent. A martyr in Syrmium in Pannonia, now Hungary.
Anastasius, Jucundus, Florus, Florianus, Peter, Ratites, Tatia and Tilis
4th cent. Martyred in Syrmium in Pannonia, now Hungary.
Diman (Dimas, Dima)
+ 658. A monk with St Columba and afterwards Bishop of Connor in Ireland.
6th cent. Born in Britain, he was hermit and the patron saint of a church in Brittany.
6th cent. A brother of St Samson, he was a disciple of St Illtyd and founded a church in Anglesey in Wales.
Frederick of Arras
+ 1020. Son of the Count of Verdun in France, he gave his inheritance to the Bishop of Verdun. He then set out for Palestine and on his return became a monk at St Vanne and later St Vedast in Arras.
+ 516. Probably a companion of St Cadfan on his return journey from Brittany to Cornwall and Wales. By tradition he founded Aberdaron in Gwynedd.
+ 287. A holy virgin from Rheims in France, she was martyred in Fismes in Champagne before the persecution under Diocletian began.
+ c 535. Born in Brittany, he was Bishop of Rennes and succeeded in overcoming idolatry in his diocese.
6th cent. A disciple of Dunawd at Bangor in Wales and venerated there and in Brittany.
Peter of Canterbury
+ c 607. A monk from St Andrew's in Rome, he was one of the first missionaries sent to England. He became first Abbot of Sts Peter and Paul (later St Augustine's), founded in Canterbury. While travelling to France he was drowned off Ambleteuse near Boulogne, where his relics are still honoured.
6th cent. While still a youth, Schotin left Ireland to become a disciple of St David in Wales. On his return to his native country he lived as a hermit on Mt Mairge in Leix for many years.
+ c 986. After her husband's death (c 947), she founded (c 976) the convent of Bergen near Neuburg in Germany and herself became a nun and the first abbess.
Aldericus (Aldric, Audry)
+ 856. Bishop of Le Mans in France (832), he excelled as a saintly prelate and as an able administrator. Some of his works survive.
+ 977. Archbishop of Sens from 968 to 977, he began building the Cathedral and greatly helped the monks of Saint-Pierre-le-Vif, in whose church he was buried.
? Born in Wales, he crossed to Devon in England and founded a monastery in Braunton.
5th century. Bishop of Pavia in Italy, he signed the acts of the Council of Milan.
7th cent. A Bishop of Aendrum in Co. Down in Ireland.
+ 767. Born in Vannes in France, he was a monk at Saujon near Saintes and died as a hermit in the forest of Combes near Bordeaux.
+ 734. Daughter of Kelly, prince of Leinster and mother of St Coellan. After her husband's death she left Ireland and became an anchoress on the island of Inchebroida on Loch Lomond in Scotland, where a church is dedicated to her.
Reinold (Rainald, Reynold)
+ 960. A monk at the monastery of St Pantaleon in Cologne in Germany. He was killed by stonemasons who threw his body into a pool near the Rhine. It was later found by divine revelation.
Tillo (Thillo, Thielman, Théau, Tilloine, Tillon, Tilman)
+ c 702. Born in Saxony in Germany, he was abducted by robbers and enslaved. Freed by St Eligius of Noyon, he became a monk at Solignac and enlightened the area around Tournai and Courtrai in Belgium.
+ c 470. An abbot who became a bishop in Rhaetia. He reposed in Mais in the Tyrol in Austria. Some years later his relics were translated to Trent and then to Passau.
+ c 804. A noble from Westphalia in Germany, he was converted by a vision and baptised in 785. He was zealous in spreading Christianity and restoring churches.
Albert of Cashel
7th cent. Patron-saint of Cashel in Ireland. According to some, he had been born in England, laboured in Ireland and later preached in Bavaria. He then went to Jerusalem and on his return reposed and was buried in Regensburg.
+ 923. Paternal uncle of St Dunstan. A monk and then Abbot of Glastonbury in England, he became first Bishop of Wells in Somerset and in 923 twenty-first Archbishop of Canterbury.
5th cent. Born in Ulster in Ireland, she was made a nun by St Patrick.
+ c 686. Born in Ireland, he preached the Gospel as a bishop in Bavaria in Germany, mainly around Regensburg.
4th cent. Bishop of Autun in France, he was a staunch defender of Orthodoxy against Arianism, for which he was martyred.
+ c 673. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he founded the monastery of Moutier-la-Celle near Troyes, where he led a life of unceasing prayer and asceticism.
+ 762. First Bishop of Regensburg in Germany. He was consecrated by St Boniface in c 740. He had probably been Abbot of St Emmeran in Regensburg before this.
+ 712. Daughter of St Amelberga, she spent much time with St Gertrude at Nivelles and afterwards lived a life of holiness. She is the patroness of Brussels in Belgium.
Lucian, Maximian and Julian
+ c 290. Martyrs in Beauvais in the north of France.
+ 511. Bishop of Pavia in Italy, he attended Councils in Rome under Pope Symmachus.
2nd cent. Venerated as the fourth Bishop and patron-saint of Metz in France.
+ c 719. The sister of St Guthlac of Crowland in England. She too lived as an anchoress. The village of Peakirk (Pega's church) in Northamptonshire is called after her.
+ 482. An Eastern monk who enlightened Noricum Ripense, now in Austria. He founded several monasteries, notably one on the Danube near Vienna, where he organised help for those afflicted by the invasions of Attila and the Huns and where he reposed. Six years after his repose, the monks were driven out and took his relics to Naples in Italy, where the monastery of San Severino was built to enshrine them.
+ 1002. A monk whom St Dunstan loved as a son and made Abbot of Westminster in 980. In 993 he became Bishop of Sherborne.
+ 710. Born in North Africa, he became Abbot of Nerida not far from Naples in Italy. Chosen to be Archbishop of Canterbury, he declined the office and recommended instead St Theodore of Tarsus, with whom he came to England. He became Abbot of Sts Peter and Paul, later called St Augustine's in Canterbury. He was eminent for his holiness and his learning.
+ 731. He became a monk and the Abbot of Reculver in Kent in England. In 693 he became the ninth Archbishop of Canterbury.
Epictetus, Jucundus, Secundus, Vitalis, Felix and Companions
+ ? 250. Twelve martyrs in North Africa, who probably suffered under Decian. Epictetus was a bishop mentioned by St Cyprian.
Foellan (Foilan, Fillan)
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he accompanied his mother, St Kentigerna, and his relative, St Comgan, to Scotland, where he lived as a monk. The place of repose is called Strathfillan.
Marcellinus of Ancona
+ c 566. Born in Ancona in Italy, he became bishop there in c 550.
+ c 303. A virgin-martyr in Mauritania in North Africa. Accused of breaking a statue of a goddess, she was thrown to the wild beasts and gored to death by a bull.
Maurontus (Maurontius, Mauruntius)
+ c 700. Founder of the monastery of Saint-Florent-le-Vieil on the Loire in France.
+ c 178 (?) A virgin martyr venerated from ancient times in Dijon in France.
+ c 686. Born near Rouen, he became a monk and helped St Wandrille found Fontenelle. Soon after he himself founded another important monastery in Fécamp in France.
Jan 10 (In the East Feb 20)
+ 681. Pope of Rome from 678 to 681. A Sicilian from Palermo, he called for the holding of the Sixth Oecumenical Council in Constantinople in 680 against Monothelitism.
Dermot (Diarmis, Diarmaid)
6th cent. The spiritual father of St Kieran of Clonmacnois and later founder of a monastery on Innis-Clotran Island in Ireland.
John Camillus the Good
+ c 660. Bishop of Milan in Italy. He worked against Arianism and Monothelitism.
928-987. Born in Venice in Italy, at the age of twenty Peter became Admiral of the Venetian fleet. In 976 he became Doge of Venice. After two years, he disappeared from Venice to become a monk at the monastery of Cuxa in Spain, where he later lived as a hermit.
+ c 463. Born in Avignon, he became a monk at Lérins and Bishop of Die in France from c 456 to 463.
+ c 660. Stepdaughter of Anna, King of East Anglia. She became a nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France under St Fara, whom she succeeded as abbess. She was the half-sister of Sts Etheldred (Audrey) and Ethelburgh.
+ c 660. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland 623-c 660.
? Born in Fermo near Ancona in Italy, he became bishop of his native city and was martyred under Decius. His relics are enshrined in the Cathedral.
+ c 570. A notary of the Roman church, he became monk and Abbot of Castel Sant' Elia in Italy. St Gregory the Great narrates that St Anastasius and his monks reposed, at the call of an angel, in quick succession.
? Born in Ireland, he lived as a monk in France.
5th cent. Born in Ireland, he took refuge from Pelagianism in Britain and then in France, at a monastery where he became abbot.
Ethenia and Fidelmia
+ 433. Daughters of King Laoghaire in Ireland and among the first converts of St Patrick, they became nuns and reposed in holiness.
+ c 500. The sister of St Epiphanius, Bishop of Pavia in Italy. She was a nun at Pavia when Odoacer, King of the Heruli, captured her. She was ransomed by her brother and returned to Pavia.
+ c 140. Pope of Rome from c 138 to 140, he may also have been a martyr.
Leucius of Brindisi
+ c 180. Venerated as the first Bishop of Brindisi in Italy where he had come as a missionary from Alexandria.
Paldo, Taso and Tato
8th cent. Three brothers, born in Benevento in Italy, who became monks at Farfa and eventually founded the monastery of San Vincenzo at the headwaters of the Volturno. Of this they successively became abbots, Paldo reposing in c 720, Taso in c 729, and Tato in c 739.
? A martyr in North Africa.
+ c 302 A prominent citizen of Caesarea near Algiers in North Africa, who under Maximianus Herculeus was slowly and barbarously mutilated until he died under torture.
c 628-c 690 Born in Northumbria, Biscop Baducing made two pilgrimages to Rome early in life and after the second became a monk at Lérins. After a third journey to Rome, bringing back books and icons, he returned to England and founded the monastery of Wearmouth and Jarrow (674-682). He visited Rome twice more after that.
+ c 530. The gifted sister of St Caesarius of Arles and abbess of the convent founded there by her brother.
John of Ravenna
+ 494. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy from 452 to 494. He saved his flock from the fury of Attila the Hun and mitigated its lot when the city was taken by Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths.
+ c 59. Bishop of Verona in Italy
Salvius (Salve, Sauve)
+ c 625. Bishop of Amiens in the north of France. His relics were enshrined in Montreuil in Picardy.
Tatiana and Companions
+ c 225. A renowned virgin-martyr of the eminent Tatian family tortured and slain for the Orthodox Faith together with others in Rome.
Victorian of Asan
+ c 560. Born in Italy, he went to France and founded Asan (called San Victorian after him) in the Pyrenees in Spain.
Zoticus, Rogatus, Modestus, Castulus and Companions
? A group of between forty and fifty soldiers martyred in North Africa.
+ c 333. Bishop of Trier in Germany and predecessor of St Maximinus. He took part in the Council of Arles in 314. According to a late Life, composed in the eleventh century, he was aided by St Helen, who procured for him the garment of our Lord, known as the Holy Coat of Trier.
+ c 235. The twelfth Bishop of Trier in Germany, whom some chroniclers also call a martyr.
+ 927. Born in Burgundy in France, he became a monk at St Martin in Autun. He restored Baume-les-Messieurs and founded monasteries at Gigny, Bourg-Dieu, Massay and Cluny (910), where he was abbot until 926.
Elian (Eilan, Allan)
6th cent. Probably born in Cornwall, he belonged to the family of St Ismael. Llanelian in Anglesey and Llanelian in Clwyd are named after him and St Allen's church in Cornwall is dedicated to him.
Elian ap Erbin
? 5th cent. A saint in Wales.
+ 631. The fifth successor of St Malo as Bishop of Aleth in Brittany.
Erbin (Ervan, Erbyn, Erme or Hermes)
? 5th cent. Churches were dedicated to him in Cornwall.
Gusemindus and Servusdei
+ 852. Two martyrs, one a parish-priest, the other a monk, who suffered in Cordoba in Spain under Abderrahman II.
315-368. Born in Poitiers in France of pagan patrician parents, he married early in life. Shortly after he became Orthodox and in 353 he became Bishop of Poitiers. At once he began a campaign against Arianism and for this reason was exiled to Phrygia by the Arian Emperor Constantius. But in Phrygia he was even more objectionable to the Arians, who clamoured for his recall. He returned to Poiters in 360.
+ 603. The name Mungo means 'darling'. He began preaching in Cathures on the Clyde on the site of the city of Glasgow and was consecrated first Bishop of the Strathclyde Britons. Driven into exile, he preached around Carlisle and then went to Wales, where he stayed with St David at Menevia. Returning to Scotland, he continued his labours, making Glasgow his centre. He is venerated as the Apostle of north-west England and south-west Scotland.
? A boy venerated as a martyr near Naples in Italy.
Rome (Martyrs of)
+ 262. Forty soldiers who suffered on the Via Lavicana in Rome under Gallienus.
+ c 400. An eastern priest who travelled to the West and attached himself to St Hilary of Poitiers. He ended his life as a hermit.
+ 552. Bishop of Milan in Italy. His diocese was overrun by Arian Ostrogoths and he had to flee to Constantinople where he spent the rest of his life.
? A bishop martyred in North Africa by the Arian Vandals.
Felix of Nola
+ c 250. The son of a Romano-Syrian soldier who had settled in Nola near Naples in Italy. Felix was ordained a priest and devoted himself to his bishop, St Maximus, especially during the persecution which broke out under Decius. On account of his sufferings during the persecution, he was sometimes referred to as a martyr.
? A priest in Rome.
Blaithmaic (Blathmac, Blaithmale)
+ c 823. An abbot from Ireland who went to Scotland and was martyred by the Danes on the altar steps of the church of Iona.
623-c 710. Born in Auvergne in France, he became Bishop of Clermont. After ten years as bishop he resigned and lived as a monk, reposing in extreme old age.
+ 764. King of Northumbria in England, he encouraged monastic life. St Bede dedicated his Ecclesiastical History to him. He ended his days as a monk at Lindisfarne.
+ c 710. A brother of Sts Reineldis and Gudula, he became Bishop of Cambrai in France.
+ 303. A much-venerated martyr in Sardinia, under Diocletian.
+ c 535. Born in North Africa, he was ordained priest at Rome and was a companion of St Severinus of Noricum in Austria, whose Life he wrote.
Ita (Ytha, Meda)
+ c 570. She is second only to St Bridget in popular veneration in Ireland. She was born in Drum in Co. Waterford and founded the convent of Hy Conaill in Co. Limerick, attracting many to the monastic life.
6th cent. Abbot of Bardsey in Wales, he accompanied St Cadfan to Brittany.
+ c 650. A Bishop of Chartres in France, present at the Council of Châlon-sur-Saône (650).
Maura and Britta
? 4th cent. Two holy virgins in France.
Maximus of Nola
+ c 250. Bishop of Nola in Italy. He ordained St Felix. During the persecution of Decius he fled to the mountains, where he nearly died of exposure and hunger. He reposed in Nola worn out by the hardships he had endured for the Faith.
6th cent. The father of St Asaph of Wales.
+ c 250. A virgin-martyr scourged to death near Rome in the persecution of Decius.
+ c 600. An anchoress who lived near Rodez in France.
+ 988. Born in Westmeath in Ireland, he lived as a hermit near the monastery of Clonmacnoise until the year 969, when he became abbot there.
+ c 670. Bishop of Grenoble in France.
+ c 633. Brother of Sts Isidore and Leander of Seville in Spain and of St Florentina. He was Bishop of Ecija in Andalusia and one of the leaders of the Spanish Church of that time.
+ c 648. Having founded a monastery at Rathmat in Ireland, he went to England and founded another at Burgh Castle in Suffolk. He finally moved to France and founded a monastery at Lagny near Paris. He was buried in Picardy. His life is famous for his remarkable visions.
Honoratus of Arles
c 350-429. Probably born in Lorraine of a Roman consular family, he renounced paganism in his youth and went to the East to learn from monasticism. Returning to France, he founded a monastery on the Mediterranean island of Lérins. In 426 he was forced to become Archbishop of Arles, but reposed three years later.
Honoratus of Fondi
6th cent. Founder of the monastery of Fondi in Italy.
James of Tarentaise
? 429. A Syrian by origin, he became a monk with St Honoratus at Lérins and was venerated at Chambéry as an Apostle of Savoy in France and the first Bishop of Tarentaise.
5th cent. Sister of St Epiphanius of Pavia in Italy and St Honorata.
Jan 16 (June 7 in the East)
+ 309. Pope of Rome from 308 to 309 and suffered for confessing the faith.
1st cent. The wife of Manius Acilius Glabrio and mother of the senator Pudens. The tradition is that she was the hostess in Rome of the Apostle Peter. His headquarters were at her villa near the Roman catacombs which to this day bear her name.
+ 650. For thirty years a bishop near Venice in Italy.
+ 550. Born in Neustria, he showed spiritual sensitivity from childhood. He lived as a hermit near the monastery of Thérouanne until he moved to Dombes. The village of Saint Trivier in France commemorates his name.
+ c 453. A hermit taken from his solitude by the people of Sorrento in Italy, who made him their bishop.
Antony, Merulus and John
6th cent. Three monks at St Andrew's on the Coelian Hill in Rome. St Gregory the Great, who was their Abbot, has left an account of their virtues and miraculous power.
Genulfus (Genou) and Genitus
? 3rd cent. Two monks who lived in Celle-sur-Naton in France.
Joseph of Freising
+ 764. A monk who in 752 founded the monastery of St Zeno at Isen. In 764 he became third Bishop of Freising in Germany. His relics are in Isen.
+ c 676. The youngest of the three holy virgins of Minster-in-Thanet in England - Milburgh, Mildred and Mildgyth.
6th cent. A disciple of St Finian of Clonard, reckoned as one of the 'Twelve Apostles of Ireland'.
+ c 715. Under the patronage of the Bishop of Le Mans in France he founded a monastery, later called Saint-Rigomer-des-Bois after him.
Sulpicius (II) the Pious
+ 647. Bishop of Bourges in France from 624 to 647. He devoted himself to the care and defence of the poor and persecuted.
Archelais, Thecla and Susanna
+ 293. Three holy virgins of the Romagna in Italy who went to Nola in the Campagna in order to escape death, but there too they were accused of being Orthodox, were tortured, taken to Salerno and beheaded.
Deicola (Deicolus, Desle, Dichul, Deel, Delle, Deille)
+ c 625. A monk at Bangor in Ireland, he followed St Columbanus to Burgundy in France, where he helped found the monastery of Luxeuil. Later he founded a second monastery in Lure in the Vosges.
+ 593. A hermit in Tours in France near the monastery of Marmoutier for twenty-two years.
+ 580. A holy virgin in Como in Italy where with her sister St Faustina she founded the convent of Santa Margarita. Both reposed in 580. Their relics are in Como Cathedral.
3rd cent. (?) A virgin-martyr venerated from ancient times in Rome, where a church is dedicated to her on the Aventine.
Ulfrid (Wolfred, Wilfrid)
+ 1028. Born in England, he became a missionary in Germany and Sweden. He was martyred for destroying an image of Thor.
+ 496. A married senator who was chosen Bishop of Tours in France and shortly after driven out by Arian Visigoths. He reposed in Toulouse.
8th or 9th cent. Bishop of Viviers in France, killed by a mob for having upheld the rights of the Church.
+ 413. Born in Sicily, he became Bishop of Lodi in Lombardy in Italy. He was much esteemed by St Ambrose of Milan, with whom he attended the Council of Aquilia (381) and at whose repose he was present (390).
? 6th cent. A bishop in Jersey in the Channel Islands. King Athelstan, who founded the monastery of Milton in Dorset in England translated relics of the saint there in 935.
9th cent. Bishop of Castellamare to the south of Naples in Italy. He is venerated as the main patron-saint of the town.
+ c 510. Bishop of Bayeux in France from 480 on.
? Third Bishop of Gabales (Gévaudan) in France.
+ 593. A shepherd boy near Chartres in France and then priest, he became a hermit. Disciples came and he founded the monastery of Corbion near Chartres. He lived to be over a hundred.
Marius (Maris), Martha, Audifax and Abachum
+ c 270. Marius, a Persian nobleman, his wife Martha, and their two sons, Audifax and Abachum, travelled to Rome to venerate the tombs of the Apostles. While there, they also buried the bodies of those being martyred in the persecution of Claudius II. They too were arrested, the three men beheaded and St Martha drowned.
+ 251. A holy virgin in Foligno in Italy. She visited Bishop Felician of Foligno in prison, was denounced as a Christian and clubbed to death.
+ c 678. Born of a wealthy family in Scotland, he became a hermit and was praised for earning his living by tilling the soil, 'which comes closest to divine contemplation'. He became a bishop and lived in Tullicht.
Paul, Gerontius, Januarius, Saturninus, Successus, Julius, Catus, Pia and Germana
2nd cent. (?) Martyrs in Numidia in North Africa.
+ 169. A martyr in Spoleto in Italy under Marcus Aurelius.
+ c 772. Bishop of Rouen in France from 755 on.
Jan 10 (In the East Jan 20)
+ 681. Pope of Rome from 678 to 681. A Sicilian from Palermo, he called for the holding of the Sixth Oecumenical Council in Constantinople in 680 against Monothelitism.
Jan 20 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 250. Fabian succeeded St Antherus as Pope of Rome in 236 and was martyred in 250 under Decius. St Cyprian described him as an 'incomparable man' and added that the glory of his death matched the purity and goodness of his life.
+ c 665. Born in Connaught in Ireland, he founded several monasteries. His name is connected with Fobhar (Fore) in Westmeath. Ecclefechan and St Vigean's near Arbroath in Scotland are also called after him.
+ 946. He became monk and Abbot of Classe in Ravenna in Italy (926), and finally Bishop of Cesena. He built for himself a cell on a hill near the city, where he spent part of his time in prayer. After his repose the cell grew into the monastery of Santa Maria del Monte.
+ c 655. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St David in Wales. He founded a monastery in Fulachmhin (Fermoy) in Ireland.
+ ? 288. One of the most renowned of all the martyrs of Rome. According to his Life, he was an officer in the imperial army and a favourite of Diocletian. Nevertheless, when he was discovered to be Orthodox no mercy was shown him. Tied to a tree, his body was made a target for Roman archers and he was finally martyred with clubs. His church is one of the seven main churches in Rome.
+ c 305. A virgin-martyr in Rome, aged only twelve or thirteen, she suffered and was buried by the Via Nomentana in Rome, where a basilica in her honour has stood since the fourth century. St Ambrose, St Damasus and Prudentius sang her praises and she is a patroness of chastity.
6th cent. Known as St Brigid of Kilbride, she is venerated around Lismore in Ireland.
439-497. Born in Pavia in Italy, he became bishop there in 467. During his episcopate Odoacer destroyed Pavia and Epiphanius was largely responsible for rebuilding the city. While paying the ransom of some of his flock, he caught a fever of which he died.
Fructuosus, Augurius and Eulogius
+ 259. Fructuosus, Bishop of Tarragoña in Spain, and his two deacons, Augurius and Eulogius, were burnt at the stake under Valerian. When the fire had burnt through their bonds, they stretched out their arms in the form of a cross and died.
6th cent. Four churches are dedicated to him near St David's in Wales.
+ 978. Born in Ireland, he went to St Fursey's shrine in Péronne in France and entered the monastery of Gorze. Later he became a hermit and then Abbot of St Michael's monastery at Thiérache and Waulsort near Dinant in Belgium.
+ 861. Of the noble family of Hohenzollern, he became a monk at the monastery of Reichenau on the Rhine in Germany. Later he became a hermit in Switzerland, and this later became the monastery of Einsiedeln, meaning in German 'the Hermitage'. He lived as a hermit for twenty-five years, was murdered by robbers and is venerated as a martyr.
+ c 275 (or 259). A very wealthy and exceedingly charitable Orthodox in Troyes in France, who was martyred there. His relics were translated to Soest in Germany in 960.
+ c 112. Tradition identifies this saint with Publius, 'chief man of the island of Malta', who befriended St Paul after his shipwreck (Acts 28,7). He became the first Bishop of Malta and later Bishop of Athens, being martyred under Trajan.
Vimin (Wynnin, Gwynnin)
6th cent. A bishop in Scotland, said to have founded the monastery of Holywood.
+ 383. A daughter of St Paula, married and widowed very young she consecrated herself to God, but died in Rome aged twenty.
+ 1045. A monk at Glastonbury, he became Bishop of Ramsbury in 1005. He was a great benefactor of Malmesbury and Glastonbury, where he was buried.
Dominic of Sora
+ 1031. Born in Foligno in Italy, he became a monk and founded several monasteries - at Scandrilia, Sora, Sangro, and elsewhere near Naples. He died in Sora in Campania at the age of eighty.
Gaudentius of Novara
+ 417. A priest in Ivrea near Turin in Italy. He succeeded St Laurence as Bishop of Novara, where he was bishop for twenty years.
Vincent of Digne
+ 380. Born in North Africa, he succeeded St Domninus as Bishop of Digne in France and is the main patron-saint of the town.
Vincent the Deacon
+ 304. Born in Huesca in Spain, he became deacon of St Valerius in Saragossa and was martyred in Valencia under Diocletian. He has always been widely honoured. In some places he is honoured as the patron of vinedressers.
Vincent, Orontius and Victor
+ 305. Vincent and Orontius were brothers born in Cimiez near Nice in France. They preached the Gospel in the Spanish Pyrenees and were martyred with St Victor at Puigeerda near Gerona in Spain. Their relics were later taken to Embrun in France.
+ 356. A Greek, driven from the East by the Arians, he became second Bishop of Teano in central Italy in 346.
Colman of Lismore
+ c 702. Abbot of Lismore in Ireland and also a bishop.
+ 305? A martyr in Rome. Still only a catechumen, this foster-sister of St Agnes was found by pagans praying at the tomb of the recently martyred Agnes and was stoned to death.
607-667. Nephew of St Eugene of Toledo in Spain. He knew St Isidore of Seville and became a monk and Abbot of Agli on the Tagus near Toledo. He became Archbishop there in 657. He excelled as a writer, especially on the Mother of God.
+ ? 850. A saint honoured near Cologne in Germany, where she lived as an anchoress.
+ c 880. Born in Ireland, he was martyred by pagans while preaching to peasants near Kaltenbrunn in Alsace, now in France.
6th cent. A hermit in the Abruzzi in Italy.
6th cent. Monk of the monastery of Saint Mairé in France, where he became abbot.
Severian and Aquila
? A husband and wife martyred in Julia Caesarea in Mauritania in North Africa
+ 396. An imperial legate who, on his way to Spain, fell sick in Gaul and settled in Clermont in Auvergne in France where eventually he became bishop.
Bertrand (Bertram, Bertran, Ebertram)
7th cent. A disciple of St Bertinus, he also helped St Omer enlighten the north of France and Flanders. He later became Abbot of Saint-Quentin.
Cadoc (Docus, Cathmael, Cadvaci)
+ c 580. Founder of the monastery of Llancarfan not far from Cardiff in Wales, he later lived as a hermit on an island off the coast of Vannes in Brittany. He returned to Britain and by tradition was martyred by heathen near Weedon in England.
+ c 1050. Abbot of Kremsmünster in Austria.
5th cent. Born in North Africa, he became Bishop of Cingoli near Ancona in Italy.
Jan 24 and Oct 20
+ 251. Born in Foligno in Italy, he was consecrated bishop and cared for his diocese for over fifty years, enlightening the whole of Umbria. He was arrested under Decius and died on his way to martyrdom in Rome.
5th cent. Son of Maelchu, the master under whom St Patrick worked as a slave in Ireland. Guasacht was converted by Patrick, whom he helped as Bishop of Granard in Ireland.
+ c 580. Abbot of a monastery at Sora near Caserta in Italy, who gave away all the goods of the monastery to refugees from the Lombards. When the latter arrived and found that nothing remained to plunder, they martyred Suranus on the spot.
+ c 268. The first Bishop of Bologna in Italy.
+ 676. Abbot of a monastery in the Vosges in France and companion in martyrdom of St Praejectus (St Priest), Bishop of Clermont. The valley of Saint-Amarian in Alsace is named after him.
? A child martyr in Pozzuoli (Puteoli) in Italy.
+ c 460. Born in Wales, churches dedicated to her are to be found in Wales and Cornwall. Her holy well and shrine at Llanddwyn in Anglesey were once centres of pilgrimage.
+ 597. One of St Columba's twelve companions, he was chosen to enlighten the Picts in Scotland. He is called the Apostle of the Picts of Galloway.
Nov 23 (In the East Jan 25)
?. A widow martyred with her sons either in Rome or else in North Africa under Decius. They were buried in Rome.
Maurus and Placid
? Maurus and Placid were early disciples of St Benedict, details of whose lives are related in the second book of The Dialogues of St Gregory the Great.
978-1048. Born in Flanders, after a military career he made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and Rome. On his return he became a monk at St Thierry in Rheims in 1006. Two years later he moved to Saint-Vannes and then to Vaast in Arras. In 1021 he became Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium and the monastic revival soon spread to other monasteries, among others to Hautmont, Marchiennes, St Maximinus of Trier in Germany and St Vaast in Arras in France.
Praejectus (Priest, Prest, Preils, Prix)
+ 676. He became Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France. He encouraged monasticism but was murdered by evildoers at Volvic in the Vosges.
+ c 660. Bishop of Autun in France.
July 10 (In the East Jan 25)
+ c 150. Seven early martyrs in Rome who became brothers through sharing martyrdom. Their names are: Januarius, Felix and Philip, scourged to death; Sylvanus, thrown over a precipice; Alexander, Vitalis and Martial, beheaded. They suffered in Rome under Antoninus Pius.
+ 634. The first Christian King of East Anglia in England. He introduced Orthodoxy into his kingdom, later himself becoming a monk. He was killed by the pagan King Penda of Mercia and was venerated as a martyr.
+ c 700. Nun at the convent of Barking in England with St Ethelburgh. She is described as a miracle of patience under suffering.
Alphonsus of Astorga
9th cent. Bishop of Astorga in Spain, he went to live as a simple monk at the monastery of St Stephen de Ribas de Sil in Spanish Galicia.
Ansurius (Aduri, Asurius, Isauri)
+ 925. Bishop of Orense in Galicia, he helped found the monastery of Ribas de Sil in Spain. He became bishop in 915, but in 922 became a simple monk at the monastery. After his repose he was venerated there, together with seven other bishops who had followed his example.
? He is honoured as a bishop in Sorrento in the south of Italy.
+ ? c 648. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Iona and a bishop in the Isle of Man.
347-404. A Roman lady of noble birth, she married a patrician and had five children, among them St Eustochium and St Blaesilla. Left a widow when she was thirty-two, she presided for twenty years over the sisterhood she had founded in Bethlehem. She also established a guest house for pilgrims there.
+ c 690. A monk at Luxeuil in France who became Abbot of Corbie and a bishop.
? St Avitus is venerated in the Canary Islands as their Apostle and first Bishop.
+ c 798. Mother of St Emerius, who founded the monastery of St Stephen of Bañoles in Spain. She reposed as an anchoress near the monastery.
Datius, Reatrus (Restius) and Companions, and Datius (Dativus), Julian, Vincent and 27 Companions
c. 500? Two groups of martyrs in North Africa; the second group suffered under the Arian Vandals.
+ 303. A virgin-martyr in Corsica who expired on the rack in the persecution of Diocletian. Her relics are in Monaco. She is the patron-saint of both Corsica and Monaco.
8th cent. Born in France, he founded and was the first Abbot of St Stephen of Bañoles in Catalonia in Spain.
720-800. The son of rich parents in Bavaria, Gamelbert went to Rome on pilgrimage, was ordained priest and was parish priest of Michaelsbuch in Germany for over fifty years.
Julian of Le Mans
Jan 27 (In the East July 13)
? 3rd cent. Venerated as the first Bishop of Le Mans in France.
Julian of Sora
+ c 150. Born in Dalmatia, he was arrested, tortured and beheaded in Sora in Campania in Italy under Antoninus Pius (138-161).
Lupus of Châlons
+ c 610. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône in France, famous for his charity to the afflicted.
Maurus (Marius, May)
+ c 555. Founder of a monastery in Bodon in France.
6th cent. A monastic founder in the north of Ireland, he worked with St Columba. He was Abbot of Cill, Naile and Daunhinis. His holy well still exists.
Theodoric II of Orleans
+ 1022. A monk at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif in Sens in France, he became Bishop of Orleans.
Jan 27 (In the East July 23)
+ 672. Pope of Rome from 657 to 672. He was much troubled by Monothelitism. He consecrated Theodore of Tarsus as Archbishop of Canterbury in 668.
8th cent. One of the first Abbots of Brantôme in France.
Brigid and Maura
? Born in Scotland, they were martyred in Picardy in France while on pilgrimage to Rome.
Cannera (Cainder, Kinnera)
+ c 530. A holy virgin who lived as an anchoress near Bantry in Ireland. She reposed after visiting St Senan and receiving communion. She was buried on St Senan's island off Enniscorthy.
+ c 304. A deputy-prefect of Rome who was martyred in Civita Vecchia in Italy under Diocletian.
+ 830. The patron saint of Kinglassie in Fife in Scotland. He made peace between the Picts and the Scots.
John of Reomay (Réomé)
425-539. Born in Dijon in France, he became a hermit in Reomay. When disciples gathered around him, he fled and became a monk at Lérins. Here he learnt the traditions of St Macarius and on his return to Reomay, he and the monastery he founded there lived according to them.
Odo of Beauvais
801-880. Born near Beauvais in France, he gave up a military career to become a monk at Corbie. In 861 he became a very influential Bishop of Beauvais.
+ 315. Bishop of Saragossa in Spain, with whom St Vincent served as deacon. He was arrested and exiled under Diocletian but survived and reposed in peace in his city.
+ 650. Born in Bavaria, he fled from the prospect of the episcopate in Cologne, went to Paris and then Milan, preaching against Arianism. He was martyred for this by the Arians. His relics were venerated in Milan in Italy.
+ 523. A cook at St Brigid's convent in Kildare where she was honoured as a holy woman.
1st cent. A deacon in Angouleme in France under its first bishop St Ausonius.
Constantius and Companions
+ 170. Constantius, first Bishop of Perugia in Italy, was martyred with numerous members of his flock under Marcus Aurelius.
Dallan Forgaill (of Cluain Dallain)
+ 598. A relative of St Aidan of Ferns, he was born in Connaught in Ireland. He was martyred at Inis-coel by pirates.
Gildas the Wise
+ c 570. Born in the year the Britons defeated the Saxons at Bath, he was a disciple of St Illtyd. Towards the end of his life, he went to Brittany and lived as a hermit on the island of Rhuys. St Gildas is famous for a work on the sufferings of his homeland, De excidiis Britanniae.
Papias and Maurus
+ c 303. Soldiers martyred in Rome under Maximian.
+ ? 275. A martyr honoured in Troyes in France, having suffered there in one of the early persecutions, perhaps under Aurelian. Tradition relates that he came from Samos in Greece from where he had fled with his sister St Sabina.
+ 591. Bishop of Bourges in France from 584 to 591.
+ c 320. Second Bishop of Trier in Germany.
+ c 724. A bishop from Ireland who worked in Scotland.
630-684. Sister of St Waldetrudis, Abbess of Mons in Belgium. She founded the convent of Maubeuge in the north of France.
+ 1043. Born either in Ireland or in Scotland, he travelled to Germany and became a monk and then a hermit at Fulda.
+ c 451. First Bishop of Antibes in Provence in France. An old church is dedicated to him in Draguignan.
+ c 711. Bishop of Pavia in Italy.
+ 680. Born in England, she was sold as a slave to the mayor of the palace of the Kingdom of Neustria. In 649 King Clovis II married her and she became the mother of three future kings. After her husband's death, she was regent of France (656-664). When Clotaire III came of age, she became a nun at the convent of Chelles which she had founded.
Felician, Philappian and Companions
? A group of one hundred and twenty-six martyrs in North Africa.
+ 228. A martyr in Rome under Alexander Severus.
+ 311. Born in Milan in Italy, she ministered to martyrs in prison and buried their bodies during the persecution of Diocletian
Tudy (Tudclyd, Tybie)
5th century? A virgin in Wales. Llandydie church in Dyfed is named after her.
+ c 680. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Coldingham, now in Scotland.
+ 626. The first Bishop of Ferns in Co. Wexford in Ireland where he also founded and became abbot of a monastery. In his youth he had become a monk under St David in Wales and later in life he returned to live there.
+ c 885. Born in Catania in Sicily, during the invasion of the Saracens he fled to Patras in Greece, where he became a monk and eventually a bishop.
+ c 766. Born in Aquitaine in France, he was a monk at Moutier-la-Celle. Later he became Bishop of Troyes (760).
+ 884. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland and later lived as a hermit on Mt St Victor in the Vorarlberg. While denouncing godlessness, he was struck with a scythe and killed. As a result he was venerated as a martyr.
Geminian of Modena
+ 348. Deacon and later successor of the Bishop of Modena. He gave refuge to St Athanasius the Great when he came through Italy on his way to exile in Gaul. Geminian bravely opposed Jovinianism.
+ c 1050. Born in Venice in Italy, he became a monk at Pomposa.
Julius of Novara
+ c 390. Julius was a priest and his brother Julian a deacon. Together they converted heathen temples into Christian churches.
? A saint who has left his name to a place in the Carse of Gowrie in Scotland.
325-410. A noblewoman of Rome, as a widow she turned her home into a house-church and she devoted herself to prayer and almsgiving. When Alaric sacked Rome, Marcella was cruelly scourged as the Goths thought that she had hidden her wealth. In reality she had already distributed it to the poor. She died shortly after from the effects of this treatment.
Ulphia (Wulfia, Olfe, Wulfe)
8th cent. By tradition she lived as a hermitess near Amiens in France, her spiritual father being the hermit St Domitius. A convent was later built on the site of her tomb.
7th cent. Father of St Willibrord, born in Northumbria in England, he settled on the banks of the River Humber and lived as a hermit.