Orthodox England - Latin Saints



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June 1

Atto (St) June 1
c 1044. A monk at Oña in Spain with St Enneco. Later he became Bishop of Oca-Valpuesta.

Caprasius June 1
+ c 430. Born in France, he went to live as a hermit to the island of Lérins. He was followed by Sts Honoratus and Venantius. Together they went to the East to learn from the monasteries there. Venantius reposed in Greece; the other two returned to Lérins, where St Honoratus founded the monastery of Lérins. Later he became Bishop of Arles and was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot.

Clarus June 1
? A bishop who preached the Gospel in Aquitaine in France, where he was martyred.

Crescentian June 1
+ c 287. A soldier beheaded in Saldo near Città di Castello in Italy.

Felinus and Gratian June 1
+ 250. Soldiers in the imperial army martyred in Perugia in Italy under Decius. Their relics were translated to Arona near Milan in 979.

Fortunatus June 1
+ c 400. A parish priest at a place near Spoleto in Umbria in Italy. He was famed for his love for the poor.

Gaudentius of Ossero June 1
+ 1044. Bishop of Ossero in Istria from 1030 to 1032. In 1042 he left to live as a simple monk in Italy.

Justin the Philosopher or Justin Martyr June 1
c 100-165. Born in Nablus in Palestine of pagan parents, when he was about thirty he was converted by reading the Scriptures and witnessing the heroism of the martyrs. His Apologies for the Christian Religion and Dialogue with the Jew Trypho are among the most edifying of second-century writings. He was beheaded in Rome with other Christians.

Juventius June 1
? A martyr in Rome.

Proculus June 1
+ c 304 (?) By tradition a Roman officer martyred in Bologna in Italy under Diocletian.

Reverianus, Paul and Companions June 1
+ 272. Born in Italy, Reverianus, a bishop, and Paul, a priest, went to France. They enlightened Autun and the surrounding area and were martyred with several companions under Aurelian.

Ronan June 1
? An early bishop of Cornish origin who preached in Cornwall and in Brittany.

Secundus June 1
+ 304. An martyr in Amelia in Italy who was drowned in the Tiber under Diocletian.

Simeon of Trier June 1
+ 1035. Born in Syracuse in Sicily and educated in Constantinople, Simeon lived as a hermit by the Jordan. He became a monk in Bethlehem and later lived near Mt Sinai as a hermit, first in a small cave near the Red Sea and then on the summit of Mt Sinai. From there he was sent by the Abbot of Mt Sinai to seek alms in Normandy. Eventually he settled in Trier in Germany, one of the last great figures linking the Orthodox West with the Orthodox East

Wistan (Winston) June 1
+ 850. Of the royal house of Mercia in England, he was murdered at Wistanstow in Shropshire and was buried at Repton. His relics were later enshrined in Evesham.

Wite June 1
? Martyred by the Danes in Dorset in England. Her relics still exist in their shrine at Whitchurch Canonicorum: the only ones to have survive in a parish church in England. Pilgrims still honour her at the shrine and there is a holy well at Morcombe Lake nearby.

June 2

Adalgis (Adelgis, Algis) June 2
+ c 686. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Fursey and preached around Arras and Laon in the north of France. He founded a small monastery in the forest of Thiquerarche in Picardy, around which grew up the village of Saint Algis.

Bodfan (Bobouan) June 2
7th cent. The patron saint of Abern in Gwynedd in Wales. He became a monk together with his father and other relations.

Cyriacus and Apollinaris June 2I
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Erasmus (Elmo, Erarmo, Ermo) June 2
+ c 303. Bishop of Formiae in Campania in Italy, martyred by disembowelment under Diocletian. His relics were transferred to Gaeta in 842 and he became the protector of sailors, hence 'St Elmo's fire'.

Eugene June 2
+ 657. A priest in Rome who acted for St Martin during the latter's exile in the Chersonese. After St Martin's martyrdom in 655, Eugene was chosen to succeed him. Gentle and kind to the poor, he opposed Monothelitism with courage.

Marcellinus and Peter June 2
+ 304. Martyred in Rome, Marcellinus was a priest and Peter probably an exorcist.

Nicholas the Pilgrim June 2
1075-1094. A Greek Fool-for-Christ who went to the south of Italy and wandered through Apulia carrying a cross, crying 'Kyrie eleison', calling for repentance. Crowds of people, especially children, followed him repeating the same cry. He was taken for a simpleton but after his repose in Trani, aged nineteen, so many miracles took place at his tomb that he was recognised as a saint.

Oda (Odo) the Good July 4
+ 959. Born in East Anglia of Danish parents, he became a monk at Fleury in France, then Bishop of Ramsbury in England and in 942 Archbishop of Canterbury. As Archbishop he played a prominent role under Kings Edmund and Edgar and paved the way for monastic restoration under Sts Dunstan, Oswald (Oda's nephew) and Ethelwold.

Photinus (or Pothinus), Sanctius (Sanctus), Vetius, Epagathus, Maturus, Ponticus, Biblis (Biblides), Attalus, Alexander, Blandina and Companions June 2
+ 177. Martyrs in Lyons in France under Marcus Aurelius. The details of their martyrdom are given in a letter written by the Churches of Vienne and Lyons to those in Asia. The writer may have been St Irenaeus. The martyrs were attacked by a pagan mob and later tried and condemned for their faith. Photinus, their leader, bishop of the city, an old man aged ninety, reposed in his dungeon. The others were thrown to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre at the public games.

June 3

Caecilius (Caecilian) June 3
3rd cent. A priest in Carthage in North Africa who converted St Cyprian to Christ. St Cyprian never ceased to revere his name, adding it to his own, and on Caecilius's repose, he looked after his wife and children.

Clotilde June 3
c 474-545. Born in Lyons in France and daughter of the King of Burgundy, she married Clovis, King of the Franks, and led her husband to Orthodox Christianity. She suffered much because of the quarrels of her three sons.

Cominus June 3
2nd century. A companion of St Photinus (Pothinus) and martyr in Lyons in France.

Cronan June 3
+ 617. A disciple of St Kevin in Ireland.

Davinus June 3
+ 1051. Born in Annenia, he went on a pilgrimage to Rome and Compostella. On his way he stopped in Lucca, where he reposed and was venerated as a saint.

Gausmarus June 3
+ 984 Abbot of St Martin of Savigny in France (954-984).

Genesius June 3
+ 662. Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France. He is described as learned, benevolent, surpassingly good, loved by old and young, rich and poor.

Glunshallaich June 3
7th cent. A repentant man in Ireland, converted by St Kevin and buried with him at Glendalough.

Hilary June 3
? 4th cent. Bishop of Carcassonne in France.

Isaac June 3
+ 852. Born in Cordoba in Spain, he became proficient in Arabic and a notary under the Moorish government. He resigned in order to become a monk at Tabanos, a few miles from Cordoba. During a public debate in Cordoba he denounced Mohammed and was martyred.

Kevin (Coemgen, Caoimhghin) June 3
+ c 618. Born in Leinster, he was a disciple of St Petroc who then lived in Ireland. He is remembered as the founder of Glendalough, one of the most famous names in Irish history. St Kevin is one of the patron saints of Dublin.

Liphardus (Lifard) June 3
+ c 550. A prominent lawyer in Orleans in France, at the age of fifty he founded the monastery of Meung-sur-Loire.

Oliva June 3
? A nun at Anagni near Rome.

Pergentinus and Laurentinus June 3
+ 251. Two brothers martyred in Arezzo in Italy under Decius.

June 4

Aldegrin (Adalgrin, Aldegrin) June 4
+ 939. A noble who became a monk near Cluny in France.

Alexander June 4
8th cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Aretius (Arecius, Aregius) and Dacian June 4
? Roman martyrs who were buried in the catacombs on the Appian Way.

Breaca June 4
5th-6th cent. A disciple of St Brigid who crossed from Ireland to Cornwall (c 460) with several companions.

Buriana June 4
6th cent. Born in Ireland, she lived as an anchoress in Cornwall. St Buryan is named after her.

Clateus June 4
+ c 64. One of the earliest bishops of Brescia in Italy, martyred under Nero.

Croidan, Medan and Degan June 4
6th cent. Three disciples of St Petroc in Cornwall.

Edfrith June 4
+ 721. Bishop of Lindisfarne in England after St Edbert, he illuminated the Lindisfarne Gospels in honour of St Cuthbert.

Elsiar June 4
+ c 1050. A monk at Saint-Savin in Lavedan in France.

Nennoc (Nennocha, Ninnoc) June 4
+ c 467. A holy virgin from Britain who followed St Germanus of Auxerre to France and who became abbess of one or more convents in Brittany.

Optatus of Milevis June 4
+ c 387. Bishop of Milevis in Numidia in North Africa. He opposed Donatism, writing six treatises against them which were praised by his contemporaries.

Petroc (Petrock, Pedrog, Perreux) June 4
+ c 594. Born in Wales, he studied in Ireland and settled in Cornwall, where he was very active. He founded a monastery at a place called after him, Petrocstow (Padstow), and another at Bodmin where he reposed.

Quirinus June 4
+ 308. Bishop of Siscia (Sisak or Seseg), now in Croatia. Having fled to escape the persecution of Galerius, he was captured and ordered to sacrifice to the gods. He refused, was barbarously beaten and handed over to the governor of Pannonia Prima at Sabaria, now Szombathely, in Hungary. There, on his continued refusal to apostatise, he was drowned in the River Raab.

Quirinus June 4
? A martyr in Tivoli near Rome.

Rutilus and Companions June 4
? Martyrs at Sabaria (Sabar) in Pannonia, now Hungary.

Saturnina June 4
? A virgin-martyr from Germany murdered near Arras in France.

June 5

Adalar (Adalher) June 5
+ 755. A companion of St Boniface with whom he was martyred in Dokkum in Holland.

Boniface June 5
c 675-754. Born in Crediton in Devon in England, his baptismal name was Winfrid. At the age of five he entered the monastery in Exeter. In 718 he left England for Germany as a missionary and enlightened Bavaria, Hesse, Friesland, Thuringia and Franconia. In 723 Pope Gregory II consecrated him bishop with full jurisdiction over the Germanies. In 731 he became Metropolitan beyond the Rhine and in 747 Archbishop of Mainz. He established many monasteries and convents, including Fulda, where his relics are still venerated. He put these monasteries under the charge of English monks and nuns. He was also responsible for reorganising the corrupt Frankish Church. He was martyred in his old age, with fifty-two companions, ain Dokkum in Holland. He is known as the Apostle of Germany.

Eoban June 5
+ 754. Born in Ireland, he preached with Sts Willibrord and Boniface in Holland and Germany and shared in the latter's martyrdom in Dokkum.

Felix of Fritzlar June 5
+ c 790. A monk at Fritzlar in Germany and a martyr, probably at the hands of heathen.

Florentius, Julian, Cyriacus, Marcellinus and Faustinus June 5
+ 250. Martyrs beheaded in Perugia in central Italy under Decius.

Meinwerk June 5
+ 1036. He became Bishop of Paderborn in Germany in 1009. On account of his building activities, he was called 'the bishop-builder'.

Sancho (Sanctius, Sancius) June 5
+ 851. Born in Albi in France, he was taken to Cordoba in Spain as a prisoner of war, educated at the Moorish court, and enrolled in the guards of the Emir. He was martyred by impalement for his refusal to embrace Islam.

Tudno June 5
6th cent. Llandudno in Wales is named after him.

Waccar, Gundekar, Elleher, Hathawulf June 5
+ 754. Monks martyred with St Boniface in Germany.

June 6

Alexander June 6
+ 590. Bishop of Fiesole in Italy, he was a brave defender of the Church against the Kings of Lombardy. His opponents waylaid him and drowned him in the River Reno near Bologna.

Amantius, Alexander and Companions June 6
? Four brothers and priests. Amantius was a Bishop of Noyon in France, who converted Cannes near Carcassonne and where he was martyred with the three others.

Artemius, Candida and Paulina June 6
+ 302. Artemius, a jailer in one of the Roman prisons, with his wife Candida and daughter Paulina, was converted to Christ by St Peter the exorcist and baptised by St Marcellinus. Artemius was beheaded and his wife and daughter buried alive under a pile of stones.

Ceratius (Cérase) June 6
+ c 455. Bishop of Grenoble in France.

Claudius (Claude) of Besançon June 6
+ c 699. Born in Franche-Comté, in France, he became a priest and monk and then Abbot of Condat in the Jura mountains. In 685 he became Bishop of Besançon. After his repose his monastery became known as Saint-Claude.

Cocca (Cucca, Cuach) June 6
? Patron-saint of Kilcock on the borders of Cos. Meath and Kildare in Ireland.

Eustorgius June 6
+ 518. He became Bishop of Milan in Italy in 512 and spent large amounts of money paying the ransoms of many of his flock who had been taken prisoner by barbarians.

Gudwall (Curval) June 6
6th cent. A bishop from Wales who founded monasteries in Devon and Cornwall. By many he is said to be the Gurval who succeeded St Malo at Aleth in Brittany. His relics are venerated in Ghent in Belgium.

Jarlath June 6
+ c 550. First Bishop of Tuam in Connaught in Ireland, where he established a monastery of which St Brendan of Clonard and St Colman of Cloyne were monks.

John of Verona June 6
7th cent. The successor of St Maurus in Verona in Italy.

Vincent of Bevagna June 6
+ 303. First Bishop of Bevagna in Umbria in Italy martyred under Diocletian.

June 7

Aventinus June 7
+ 732. Born in Bagnères in the Pyrenees in France, he became a hermit in the valley of Larboush, where the Saracens martyred him.

Colman of Dromore June 7
6th cent. Probably born in Ireland, he became Bishop of Dromore in Co. Down. By tradition he was the teacher of St Finnian of Clonard.

Deochar (Theutger or Gottlieb) June 7
+ 847. A hermit in Franconia in Germany, he became the first abbot of the monastery of Herriedon.

Marcellinus Apr 26 (In the East June 7)
+ 304. A Pope of Rome, who may have been martyred in repentance for his previous errors.

Marcellus Jan 16 (June 7 in the East)
+ 309. Pope of Rome from 308 to 309 and suffered for confessing the faith.

Meriadec June 7
+ c 886 (?) Born in Wales, he became a hermit and later Bishop of Vannes in Brittany.

Odo of Massay June 7
+ 967. Abbot of Massay in France (935-967).

Paul of Constantinople June 7
+ 350. An Archbishop of Constantinople whose episcopate was largely spent in exile for Orthodoxy. Elected in 336, he was exiled to Pontus in 337, from where he returned in 338, but was exiled again by an Arian Council, this time to Trier in Germany. He returned in c 340, but in 342 was sent in chains to Mesopotamia by the Emperor Constantius. Recalled in 344, he was banished for the last time to Cukusus in Armenia, where he was left without food for six days and then strangled.

Peter, Wallabonsus, Sabinian, Wistremundus, Habentius and Jeremiah June 7
+ 851. Peter was a priest; Wallabonsus, a deacon; Sabinian and Wistremundus, monks of St Zoilus in Cordoba in Spain; Habentius, a monk of St Christopher's; Jeremiah, a very old man, had founded the monastery of Tábanos, near Cordoba. For publicly denouncing Mohammed they were martyred under Abderrahman in Cordoba. Jeremiah was scourged to death; the others were beheaded.

Vulphy (Wulflagius) June 7
+ c 643. A priest near Abbeville in the north of France who lived and reposed as a hermit. He was greatly venerated in Montreuil-sur-Mer.

June 8

Bron June 8
+ c 511. A disciple of St Patrick and Bishop of Cassel-Irra near Sligo in Ireland.

Clodulf (Clou) June 8
605-696. Son of St Arnulf, Bishop of Metz. He too became Bishop of Metz, succeeding his father in 656 and was bishop for forty years.

Eustadiola June 8
+ 690. Born in Bourges in France, as a widow she spent her fortune building the convent of Moyenmoutier, where she became a nun and abbess.

Gildard (Godard) June 8
+ 514. Bishop of Rouen in France for some fifteen years.

Heraclius of Sens June 8
+ c 515. The fourteenth Bishop of Sens in France. He was present in the Cathedral in Rheims at the baptism of Clovis and built the monastery of St John the Evangelist in Sens.

Levan June 8
6th cent. Perhaps from Wales, he came to Cornwall and gave his name to St Levan.

Maximinus of Aix June 8
1st cent. (?) Venerated as the first Bishop of Aix in Provence in France.

Medard June 8
c 470-c 558. Born in Picardy in the north of France, he was ordained at the age of thirty-three. In 530 he became Bishop of Vermand, later Noyon and then Tournai in Belgium.

Melania the Elder June 8
c 342-c 410. An aristocrat of Rome who visited the Holy Land, founding a monastery on the Mount of Olives.

Muirchu (Maccutinus) June 8
7th cent. A holy man in Ireland who wrote Lives of St Brigid and St Patrick.

Sallustian June 8
? A saint honoured in Sardinia from time immemorial. By some he is described as a martyr, by others as a hermit.

Severinus June 8
+ 550. Bishop of Septempeda, now called after him Sanseverino in the Marches of Ancona in Italy. He and his brother Victorinus distributed their wealth among the poor and became hermits at Montenero. They were forced by Pope Vigilius to become bishops, the former of Septempeda, the latter of Camerino. Severinus reposed shortly before Septempeda was destroyed by the Ostrogoth Totila.

Syra (Syria) June 8
7th cent. By tradition, the sister of St Fiacre (Fiaker) who followed her brother from Ireland to France and lived as an anchoress there.

Victorinus June 8
+ 543. Brother of St Severino, Bishop of San Severino in Italy, with whom he lived as a hermit near Ancona.

June 9

Baithin (Comin, Cominus) June 9
+ c 598 By tradition a cousin of St Columba, he succeeded him as Abbot of Iona in Scotland. He reposed on the anniversary of St Columba's repose.

Columba (Colum, Coim, Columbkill, Columcille, Columbus, Combs) June 9
c 521-597. Born in Garton in Co. Donegal, he became a monk at Glasnevin and was ordained priest. The rest of his life was spent founding monasteries and churches, in Ireland and Scotland. On Whitsun Eve 563 he landed with twelve companions on the island of Iona (Holy Island), where he established the most famous of his monasteries, which became vital in the conversion of the Picts, the Scots and the Northern English. His biographer and successor, Adamnan, wrote that: 'He had the face of an angel, was of an excellent nature, polished in speech, holy in deed, great in counsel … loving to all'. His relics were transferred to Dunkeld in 849 and his 'Cathach', a copy of the Psalms in his own hand, still exists.

Cummian (Cumian, Cummin) June 9
1st half 8th cent. Born in Ireland, he became a bishop. He visited Bobbio in Italy and lived there as a monk.

Maximian of Syracuse June 9
+ 594. Born in Sicily, he became a monk at St Andrew's on the Coelian Hill in Rome with St Gregory the Great. He served as papal ambassador in Constantinople. Recalled to Rome, he finally became Bishop of Syracuse.

Primus and Felician June 9
+ c 297. Two elderly brothers beheaded under Diocletian on the Via Nomentana in Rome.

Vincent of Agen June 9
+ ? c 292. A deacon martyred by pagans at Agen in Gascony in France.

June 10

Aresius, Rogatius and Companions June 10
? A group of seventeen martyrs in North Africa.

Bardo June 10
982-1053. Born in Oppershofen in Germany, he became a monk at Fulda. In 1029 he became Abbot of Werden on the Ruhr and in 1031 Abbot of Hersfeld and also Archbishop of Mainz. He was noted for his ascetic life, his love for the poor and for animals.

Basilides, Tripos, Mandal and Companions June 10
270-275. A group of twenty-three Orthodox martyred in Rome on the Aurelian Way under Aurelian.

Censurius June 10
+ 486. The successor of St Germanus as Bishop of Auxerre in France. He was bishop from 448 on.

Crispulus and Restitutus June 10
1st cent. Martyrs under Nero, either in Rome or else in Spain.

Evermund (Ebremund) June 10
+ c 720. Born in Bayeux in France, he married but with his wife's consent founded several monasteries and convents, including Fontenay-Louvet near Séez, where he became monk and abbot. His wife had entered a convent as a nun.

Getulius, Caerealis, Amantius and Primitivus June 10
+ c 120. By tradition Getulius was the husband of St Symphorosa. He, his brother Amantius, and the two officers sent to capture him and converted by him, were clubbed to death in Tivoli in Italy under Hadrian.

Illadan (Illathan, Iolladhan) June 10
6th cent. Bishop of Rathlihen in Offaly in Ireland.

Ithamar June 10
+ c 656. Born in Kent, he was the first English bishop and succeeded St Paulinus as Bishop of Rochester in England.

Landericus June 10
+ 1050 (?). A monk at Novalese in Savoy in Italy, drowned in the River Arc by evildoers.

Landericus June 10
+ c 661. Bishop of Paris in France from 650. He founded the first hospital - Hôtel-Dieu - in Paris.

Maurinus June 10
? Probably Abbot of St Pantaleon in Cologne in Germany, where he was martyred.

Maximus June 10
4th cent. Tenth Bishop of Naples in Italy (359). He reposed in exile and is honoured as a martyr.

Oliva (Olivia, Olive) June 10
? A virgin martyr who was venerated in Palermo in Sicily and in Carthage in North Africa.

June 11

Blitharius (Blier) June 11
7th cent. Born in Scotland, he went to France and settled in Seganne in Champagne.

Felix and Fortunatus June 11
+ 296 Two brothers, born in Vicenza in Italy, who suffered under Diocletian in Aquileia.

Herebald (Herband) June 11
8th cent. Born in Britain, he lived as a hermit in Brittany where a church is dedicated to him.

Tochumra June 11
? A holy virgin venerated in Kilmore in Ireland. She was called on by women in labour.

June 12

Gerebald June 12
+ 885. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Seine in France (864-885).

Leo III June 12
+ 816. Born in Rome, he became Pope of Rome in 795. He suffered much from political factions in Rome and was himself seized and tortured. Leo refused to add the filioque to the Nicene Creed.

Odulphus June 12
+ c 855. Born in Brabant in Belgium, he went to Utrecht in Holland and helped enlighten Frisia, founding a monastery.

Ternan June 12
? 5th cent. An early missionary bishop among the Picts in Scotland. He is said to have lived in Abernethy and been consecrated by St Palladius. He founded the monastery of Culross in Fifeshire.

June 13

Damhnade June 13
? A holy virgin in Ireland who was greatly venerated in Cavan in Fermanagh.

Fandilas June 13
+ 853. A priest and Abbot of Peñamelaria near Cordoba in Spain. He was beheaded in Cordoba by order of the Emir Mohammed.

Felicula June 13
+ c 90. A virgin-martyr in Rome under Domitian. She was left for a fortnight in prison without food or drink and was thrown into a ditch to die. Her body was recovered by St Nicomedes.

Fortunatus and Lucian June 13
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Peregrinus (Cetheus) June 13
+ c 600. Bishop of L'Aquila in the Abruzzi in Italy. He was drowned in the River Aterno by the Arian Lombards for asking for mercy for a condemned prisoner.

Rambert (Ragnebert, Ragnobert) June 13
+ c 680. A courtier in Austrasia in the east of France, he was murdered by the tyrant Ebroin in the Jura mountains. He has always been honoured as a martyr.

June 14

Anastasius, Felix and Digna June 14
+ 853. Anastasius was a deacon of the church of St Acisclus in Cordoba in Spain, who became a monk at Tábanos near the same town. Felix was born in Alcalá of a Berber family, became a monk in Asturias but joined the monastery at Tábanos, hoping for martyrdom. Digna belonged to the convent there. The three were among the first to confess Christ in Cordoba and were beheaded by order of the Caliph.

Cearan (Ciaran) June 14
+ 870. Abbot of Bellach-Duin, now Castle Kerrant, in Ireland. He was called the devout.

Dogmael June 14
5th-6th cent. A monk who lived in Dyfed and Anglesey in Wales and also in Brittany.

Etherius June 14
+ c 6th cent. Bishop of Vienne in France.

Gerold June 14
+ 806. A monk of Fontenelle and from 787 Bishop of Evreux in France.

Hartwig June 14
+ 1023. Twenty-first Archbishop of Salzburg in Austria (991-1023).

Lotharius June 14
c 756. Founder of a monastery in the forest of Argentan in France which was later called Saint-Loyer-des-Champs after him. He then became Bishop of Séez for thirty-two years.

Marcian of Syracuse June 14
+ c 255? According to Sicilian tradition he was the first 'Bishop of the West', sent to Syracuse in Sicily by the Apostle Peter. It is more likely that Marcian was sent to Sicily in the third century. He was martyred by Jews who threw him from a tower.

Mark of Lucera June 14
+ c 328 A bishop venerated locally in the south of Italy.

Nennus (Nenus, Nehemias) June 14
7th cent. He succeeded St Enda as abbot of the monasteries of the Isles of Arran and Bute in Ireland.

Psalmodius (Psalmet, Saumon, Saumay) June 14
7th cent. Probably born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Brendan. He moved to France and lived as a hermit near Limoges.

Quintian June 14
? A bishop in France.

Richard of St Vannes June 14
+ 1046. Called 'Gratia Dei, 'Thanks be to God', from a phrase he often said. He became a monk at St Vannes in Verdun in the north of France.

Valerius and Rufinus June 14
+ c 287. Martyrs in Soissons in France.

June 15

Abraham June 15
+ c 480. Born on the banks of the Euphrates, he travelled to Egypt, where he fell among thieves who held him prisoner for five years. He escaped and travelled to France. There he settled near Clermont in Auvergne as a hermit. Eventually he became abbot of the monastery of St Cyriacus (St Cyrgnes). He is called on in prayer against fever.

Benildis June 15
+ 853. A woman of Cordoba in Spain who was so moved by the courage of the priest Athanasius during his martyrdom at the hands of the Moors, that she braved death at the stake on the following day. Her ashes were thrown into the Guadalquivir.

Constantine June 15
+ c 706. A monk with St Philibert at Jumièges in France and then Bishop of Beauvais.

Domitian and Hadelin June 15
+ c 686. Two disciples of St Landelinus at Lobbes in Belgium.

Edburgh (Edburga) of Winchester June 15
+ 960. Daughter of Edward the Elder and granddaughter of Alfred the Great, she was placed as a child in the convent which King Alfred's widow had founded in Winchester in England. Her shrine in Pershore in Worcestershire was famous for its miracles.

Landelinus June 15
c 625-686. Born near Bapaume, Landelinus lived for a time as a robber, but he repented and became a monk. He was later ordained and founded monasteries in France and Belgium, at Lobbes in 654, Aulne (656), Walers (657) and Crespin (Crepy) in 670.

Melan June 15
+ c 549. Bishop of Viviers in France from 519 on.

Trillo (Drillo, Drel) June 15
6th cent. Patron saint of two places in Gwynedd in Wales.

Vitus (Guy), Modestus and Crescentia June 15
+ c 303? Fleeing from Sicily, they were all martyred in Italy under Diocletian. St Vitus is called on in prayer against epilepsy and the nervous disorder called St Vitus's dance.

Vouga (Vougar, Veho, Feock, Fiech) June 15
6th cent. A bishop from Ireland who settled in Brittany and lived there as a hermit near Lesneven.

June 16

Actinea and Graecina June 16
4th cent. Both martyrs, the former was beheaded in Volterra in Italy under Diocletian.

Aurelian June 16
+ c 550. He became Bishop of Arles in France in 546. He founded two monastic houses, one for monks and one for nuns, and drew up for each a rule, based on that of St Caesarius.

Aureus, Justina and Companions June 16
During an invasion of the Huns, Aureus, Bishop of Mainz in Germany, was driven from his diocese and was followed by his sister, Justina, and others. After they returned, he and the others were martyred in church while celebrating the liturgy.

Berthaldus (Bertaud) June 16
+ c 540. A hermit in the Ardennes in France, he was ordained priest by St Remigius.

Cettin (Cethagh) June 16
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick of Ireland and consecrated bishop by him.

Colman McRoi June 16
6th cent. A deacon who was a disciple of St Columba. He also founded a monastery at Reachrain, now Lambay Island, near Dublin in Ireland.

Curig June 16
6th cent. Bishop of Llanbadarn in Wales, where several churches are dedicated to him.

Felix and Maurus June 16
6th cent. Born in Palestine, after a pilgrimage to Rome, this father and son lived as hermits at what is now called San Felice near Narni in central Italy.

Ferreolus and Ferrutio June 16
+ c 212. Ferreolus, a priest, and Ferrutio, a deacon, were brothers from Asia Minor. They were sent by St Irenaeus of Lyons to enlighten the area round Besançon in France, where they preached for thirty years and were finally martyred.

Ismael June 16
6th cent. A disciple of St Teilo in Wales, he was consecrated bishop by him.

Similian (Sambin) June 16
+ 310. Third Bishop of Nantes in France. St Gregory of Tours testified to his holiness.

Simplicius of Bourges June 16
+ 477. He was the father of a large family when the local bishops chose him to be Bishop of Bourges in France. He defended the Church against the Arian Visigoths.

June 17

Agrippinus June 17
+ 615. Bishop of Como in the north of Italy.

Antidius (Antel, Antible, Tude) June 17
+ c 265. Disciple and successor of St Froninus as Bishop of Besançon in France. He was put to death by the Vandals at the hamlet called Ruffey.

Avitus (Avy) June 17
+ c 530. First of all a monk at Menat in Auvergne in France, then Abbot of Micy near Orleans, and finally a hermit in the Perche, where he was forced by his numerous disciples to build and become abbot of a new monastery.

Botulf and Adulf (Botolph and Adolph) June 17
7th cent. Brothers and monks in England. Though little is known of Adulf, Botulf founded a monastery at Iken in Suffolk and was famed for his piety. Over seventy churches were dedicated to St Botulf, including four at the gates of the City of London.

Briavel June 17
6th cent. A hermit at St Briavels, now in Gloucestershire in England.

Gundulphus June 17
6th cent. A bishop in France who is said to have reposed in Bourges.

Herveus (Hervé) June 17
+ c 575. Blind from childhood, he was born in Wales but was taken when very young to Brittany. Though blind, he became Abbot of Plouvien, from where he moved with some of his monks to Lanhouarneau.

Himerius June 17
+ c 560. Born in Calabria in Italy, he became a monk and then Bishop of Ameila in Umbria. He is described as a great ascetic. In 995 his relics were translated to Cremona where he is one of the main patron-saints.

Molling (Moling, Myllin, Molignus, Dairchilla) June 17
+ 697. Born in Wexford in Ireland, he became a monk at Glendalough and afterwards Abbot of Aghacainid (Teghmolin, St Mullins). Later he succeeded St Aidan as Bishop of Ferns.

Montanus June 17
+ c 300. A soldier who was taken to the island of Ponza in Italy and martyred by being thrown into the sea with a heavy stone tied round his neck. Christians recovered his body and enshrined it in Gaeta.

Nectan June 17
6th cent. Born in Wales, he is the patron saint of Hartland in Devon, now in England, where he was a hermit.

Rambold (Ramnold) June 17
+ 1001. A monk at St Maximinus in Trier in Germany, he Abbot of St Emmeram in Regensburg. He reposed at the age of one hundred.

Rome (Martyrs of) June 17
? A group of two hundred and sixty-two martyrs who suffered under Diodetian and buried on the old Via Salaria in Rome.

June 18

Alena June 18
+ c 640. Born of pagan parents near Brussels in Belgium, Alena was baptised without their knowledge. She was put to death while secretly going to the liturgy.

Amandus June 18
+ c 431. Successor of St Delphinus as Bishop of Bordeaux in France (c 404). He is mainly known from the works of St Paulinus of Nola whom he converted.

Calogerus the Anchorite June 18
+ c 486. A Greek who lived for thirty-five years as a hermit near Girgenti in Sicily after preaching Christ in the isles of Lipari.

Cyriacus and Paula June 18
+ 305. Two Christians, stoned to death in Málaga in Spain under Diocletian.

Fortunatus the Philosopher June 18
+ c 569. A bishop driven from the north of Italy by the Lombards.

Gregory, Demetrius and Calogerus June 18
+ 5th cent. Respectively a bishop, an archdeacon and an abbot in North Africa, from where they were driven out by Arian Vandals. They settled in Fragalata near Messina in Sicily and preached the Gospel there. They are honoured as the patron-saints of Fragalata.

Guy June 18
+ c 940 The successor of St Berno at Baume in France. About the year 940 he resigned and lived as a hermit near Fay-en-Bresse.

Mark and Marcellian June 18
+ c 287. Twin brothers and deacons who suffered in Rome under Maximian Herculeus.

Osmanna (Osanna) June 18
+ c 700. A nun at the convent of Jouarre in France.

June 19

Bruno-Boniface June 19 and Oct 15
+ 1009. Born in Querfurt in Germany, he accompanied the half-Greek Emperor Otto III to Italy in 996 and became a monk there. He became Archbishop of Mersburg and was sent to enlighten the heathen Prussians. He was martyred with eighteen companions.

Deodatus (Dié, Didier, Dieu-Donné, Adéodat) June 19
+ c 680. A bishop who founded and was abbot of the monastery of Val-de-Galilée - Jointures in France.

Deodatus June 19
+ 679. Bishop of Nevers in France in 655, he later lived as a hermit in the Vosges. Later he founded a monastery at Ebersheimmünster near Strasbourg.

Gaudentius, Culmatius and Companions June 19
+ 364. Gaudentius, a bishop, and Culmatius, his deacon, were martyred in Tuscany in Italy under Valentinian I. With them suffered Andrew, a layman, with his wife and children and a group of fifty-three companions.

Gervase and Protase June 19
? 2nd cent. In 386, during the episcopate of St Ambrose, the relics of Sts Gervase and Protase, the protomartyrs of the city, were discovered in Milan in Italy.

Hildegrin June 19
+ c 827. Younger brother of St Ludger, whom he helped in enlightening the Saxons. He became Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France and then Abbot of Werden in Germany.

Innocent June 19
+ 559. Bishop of Le Mans in France for over forty years.

Romuald June 19
c 951-1027. Born in Ravenna in Italy, in his youth he saw his father commit a murder and resolved to repent for it by becoming a monk at Classe near Ravenna. In 996 he became abbot of that monastery. However, he left it in 999 and led a wandering life, establishing hermitages and monasteries, among them Camaldoli near Arezzo in 1009.

Ursicinus June 19
+ c 67. A doctor in Ravenna in Italy. Sentenced to death for being a Christian, he wavered but was encouraged by the soldier St Vitalis and accepted martyrdom.

Zosimus June 19
+ 110. A martyr in Spoleto in Umbria in Italy under Trajan.

June 20

Adalbert June 20
+ 981. A monk at St Maximin in Trier in Germany, he went to preach to the pagans. In 961 all his companions were killed by them and he only escaped with difficulty. He then became Abbot of Weissenburg and in 968 the first Archbishop of Magdeburg with jurisdiction over the western Slavs or Sorbs.

Alban June 20
c 303. Venerated as the Protomartyr of Britain. He was a citizen of Verulam, now in England, converted by a persecuted priest whom he had sheltered in his house. He was executed on Holmhurst Hill and on this site was built the monastery of St Alban's, by which name Verulam has since been known.

Bain (Bainus, Bagnus) June 20
+ c 710. A monk at Fontenelle in France, he became Bishop of Thérouanne. After twelve years he returned to Fontenelle and later became abbot. He is the main patron-saint of Calais.

Florentina (Florence) June 20
+ c 636. Born in Carthagena in Spain, she was the only sister of Sts Leander, Fulgentius and Isidore. Losing her parents at an early age, she was placed under the guardianship of St Leander. She went to a convent where she later became abbess.

Goban (Gobain) June 20
+ 670. Born in Ireland and a disciple of St Fursey, he became a monk with him at Burgh Castle in Suffolk. He followed his abbot to France and they lived as hermits in the forest near the Oise. He was murdered by barbarians at the place now called Saint Gobain.

Govan (Goven, Cofen) June 20
6th cent. A hermit who lived halfway down a cliff at St Govan's Head in Dyfed in Wales where his stone hut can still be seen. He is probably buried under the altar in the hut, which later became a small chapel. Govan was probably a disciple of St Ailbe.

Helen (Heliada) June 20
+ c 750. Abbess of the convent of Oehren in Trier in Germany.

Novatus June 20
+ c 151. Son of Pudens, senator of Rome, and brother of Sts Praxedes and Pudentiana.

June 21

Agofredus June 21
+ 738. Brother of St Leutfrid (Leffroi) and monk at Holy Cross (La-Croix-Saint-Leuffroi), a monastery near Evreux in the north of France.

Alban June 21
+ c 400. A Greek priest from Naxos, he was sent into exile by the Arians and preached the Gospel in Germany around Mainz. Here he was again attacked by the Arians and martyred.

Corbmac June 21
6th cent. A disciple of St Columba and Abbot of Durrow in Ireland.

Demetria June 21
+ 363. A virgin-martyr in Rome, sister of St Bibiana and daughter of Sts Flavian and Dafrosa.

Dominic of Comacchio June 21
+ c 820. A monk at Comacchio near Venice in Italy.

Engelmund June 21
+ c 739. Born in England, he became a monk at a very early age and then priest and abbot. He went to Friesland in Holland where he successfully preached with St Willibrord at Velsen, six miles north of Haarlem.

Leutfrid (Leufroi) June 21
+ 738. Founder of the monastery La Croix-Saint-Ouen (later called Saint-Leufroy) near Evreux in France where he was abbot for nearly fifty years. He cared for poor children.

Maine (Mevenus, Mewan, Meen) June 21
+ 617. Born in Cornwall or Wales, he was a disciple of St Samson, whom he accompanied to Brittany. There he founded the monastery known as Saint-Méon.

Martin of Tongres June 21
+ c 350. Seventh Bishop of Tongres in Belgium, he is venerated as the Apostle of the Hesbaye region in Brabant.

Ralph June 21
+ 866. He became a monk at the monastery of Solignac in France and later Abbot of St Medard in Soissons. In 840 he became Bishop of Bourges, founding monasteries and doing good works.

Rufinus and Martia June 21
? Martyrs in one of the early persecutions in Syracuse in Sicily.

Urciscenus June 21
+ c 216. Seventh Bishop of Pavia in Italy c 183-216.

Wolfrid June 21
+ c 990. Founder of the monastery of Hohentwiel in Germany.

June 22

Aaron June 22
+ c 552. Probably born in Wales, he went to Brittany and lived as a hermit at what is now St Malo. Later he was joined by disciples, among them St Malo, and he became their abbot.

Consortia June 22
+ ? 570. She founded a convent in France endowed by King Clotaire after she miraculously healed his dying daughter. She was venerated at Cluny.

Flavius Clemens June 22
+ c 96. Brother of the Emperor Vespasian and uncle of Titus and Domitian, whose niece, Flavia Domitilla, he married. In the year 95 he held consular office together with Domitian. The following year Domitian had him beheaded for the Orthodox Faith.

John I of Naples June 22
5th cent. Bishop of Naples in Italy.

John IV of Naples June 22
+ 835. Known as 'the Peacemaker', he was Bishop of Naples in Italy, where he is venerated as a patron-saint.

Paulinus of Nola June 22
c 354-431. Pontius Meropius Amcius Paulinus was born in Bordeaux in France, the son of a Roman patrician. Appointed prefect of Rome, after the death of his only child in 390 he left the world and went to Spain, where the people of Barcelona forced him to accept the priesthood. Finally he settled as a hermit near Nola in Campania in Italy and there the people chose him as their bishop (400). He proved to be one of the finest bishops of his age. He suffer greatly during the invasion of Campania by the Goths under Alaric. Most of his writings survive.

Rotrudis June 22
+ c 869. A saint whose relics were enshrined at Saint Bertin in Saint Omer in France.

June 23

Agrippina June 23
+ c 262. A virgin-martyr in Rome, probably under Valerian. She was especially venerated by Sicilians and Greeks, both having relics, the former in Mineo and the latter in Constantinople.

Audrey (Etheldred, Etheldreda) June 23
+ 679. Born in Suffolk in England, she was a daughter of King Anna of East Anglia and a sister of Sts Saxburgh, Ethelburgh and Withburgh. Twice married, she remained a virgin. She became a nun at Coldingham and then went to Ely where she became abbess. She lived a life of great holiness and simplicity. Her body remained incorrupt after death and her hand-relic survives in Ely to this day.

Felix of Sutri June 23
+ 257. A priest of Sutri in Tuscany in Italy, scourged to death under Valerian and Gallienus.

Hidulf June 23
+ c 707. Count of Hainault in Belgium, he married St Aye, but by mutual consent they entered monasteries. Hidulf became a monk at Lobbes which he had helped to found.

James of Toul June 23
+ 769. Probably born in Bertigny in Haute Marne, he became a monk at Hornbach, before he became Bishop of Toul in the east of France in 756.

John June 23
+ 362. A priest in Rome, beheaded under Julian the Apostate.

Moeliai (Moelray) June 23
+ c 493. Born in Ireland and baptised by St Patrick, he became Abbot of Nendrum.

Walhere June 23
? A priest in Belgium murdered for his righteousness and venerated as a martyr.

June 24

Agoard, Agilbert and Companions June 24
5th to 7th cent. Holy martyrs in Creteil, now a suburb of Paris in France.

Faustus and Companions June 24
? Twenty-four martyrs in Rome.

Germoc June 24
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he was the brother of St Breaca and settled near Mount's Bay in Cornwall.

Henry (Heric) June 24
+ c 880. Born in Hery in Yonne in France, he became a monk at Saint-Germain d'Auxerre.

Ivan June 24
9th cent. He renounced a brilliant position at the court of Czechia to become a hermit. He was buried by St Ludmilla.

John of Tuy June 24
9th cent. Born in Galicia in Spain, he lived as a hermit near Tuy, where his relics are still enshrined.

Rumoldus (Rumbold) June 24
+ c 775. Probably from England, he was a monk who became a bishop with St Willibrord in Holland and in Brabant in Belgium. He was murdered near Malines.

Simplicius of Autun June 24
+ c 360. A married man who lived a virginal life with his wife and became Bishop of Autun. He worked zealously and successfully to uproot paganism in his diocese.

Theodulphus (Thiou) June 24
+ 776. Third Abbot of Lobbes in Belgium.

June 25

Adalbert June 25
+ c 740. Born in Northumbria in England, he became a monk at Rathmelgisi in Ireland and accompanied St Willibrord as a deacon to Frisia. He worked around Egmont in Holland and became the patron-saint there.

Eurosia (Orosia) June 25
+ 714. Born in Bayonne in France, she was martyred by the Saracens in Jaca in the Pyrenees in Spain. She was also venerated in the south of France and in the north of Italy.

Gallicanus June 25
+ c 362. An officer in the army of Constantine and a consul in Rome, he went to live in Ostia where he founded a hospital and ministered to the sick.

Gallicanus June 25
+ c 541. The fifth Bishop of Embrun in France.

Gohardus June 25
+ 843. Bishop of Nantes in France, he was martyred by raiding Normans while celebrating the liturgy. Many monks and priests suffered with him.

Maximus of Turin June 25
+ c 470. Bishop of Turin during the barbarian invasions of the north of Italy. He is remembered for his homilies and other ascetic writings, which survive.

Moloc (Molluog, Murlach, Lugaidh) June 25
+ c 572. Born in Scotland, he went to Ireland and then returned to his native land as a missionary. His main work as a bishop was the enlightenment of the Hebrides. He died in Rossmarkie but his shrine was in Mortlach.

Molonachus June 25
7th cent. A disciple of St Brendan, he became Bishop of Lismore in Argyle in Scotland.

Prosper of Reggio June 25
+ c 466. Bishop of Reggio in Emilia in Italy, venerated as the main patron-saint of the city.

Selyf (Selyr, Levan) June 25
6th cent. ? A hermit in St Levan in Cornwall.

Solomon I June 25
5th cent. By tradition he was born in Cornwall, the husband of St Gwen and father of St Cuby (Cybi). He lived in Brittany and was murdered by heathen.

Solomon III (Selyf) June 25
+ 874. King of Brittany and a brave warrior against Franks and Northmen alike. The Bretons count him among their national heroes. He repented for the crimes of his youth and when he was murdered, he was proclaimed a martyr.

June 26

Barbolenus June 26
+ c 677. A monk at Luxeuil and afterwards first Abbot of St Peter's, later St Maur-des-Fossés, in the north of France.

Corbican June 26
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he lived as a hermit in Holland and helped simple people.

Hermogius June 26
+ c 942. Born in Tuy in Spain, he founded the monastery of Labrugia in Galicia in 915. He was taken prisoner by the Moors and taken to Cordoba, but was later freed. His nephew, St Pelagius, was kept as a hostage.

John and Paul June 26
? Martyrs who suffered in Rome.

Maxentius (Maixent) June 26
c 448-515. Born in Agde in the south of France, he became a monk at a monastery in Poitou, now called after him Saint-Maixent, where he later became abbot. He was highly esteemed by the local population whom he protected from the invading barbarians.

Pelagius (Pelayo) June 26
c 912-925. A young boy from Asturias in Spain left as a hostage with the Moors in Cordoba. He was offered freedom and other rewards if he would accept Islam. These inducements were repeatedly put before him during the three years that he was kept in prison. On his stubborn refusal, he was tortured, which he endured for six hours before finally reposing. His relics were transferred to Leon in 967 and to Oviedo in 985.

Perseveranda (Pecinna, Pezaine) June 26
+ c 726. A holy virgin from Spain who with her sisters Macrina and Columba travelled to Poitiers in France where they founded a convent. While fleeing from a robber, Perseveranda died at a place called after her, Sainte-Pezaine.

Salvius and Superius June 26
+ c 768. Salvius was a bishop near Angouleme in France who was sent to Valenciennes to enlighten the Flemish. The greed of a noble led to his death and he was hastily buried beneath a martyred companion. When the relics were discovered his anonymous companion was found first and called 'Superius'.

Vigilius June 26
+ 405. A Roman noble who studied in Athens. He became Bishop of Trent in Italy and more or less succeeded in uprooting paganism. He was stoned to death in the Val di Rendena for overturning a statue of Saturn.

June 27

Clement June 27
+ c 298 A martyr in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian. He belongs to the group led by St Zoilus.

Deodatus June 27
+ 473. Deacon of St Paulinus of Nola in Italy and later his successor.

John of Chinon June 27
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he became a hermit in Chinon in the west of France. Here he became the spiritual father of Queen Radegund.

Zoilus and Companions June 27
+ c 301. A youth martyred in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian. The monastery of San Zoil de Carrión in León in Spain was founded to enshrine his relics.

June 28

Argymirus June 28
+ 856. Born in Cabra near Cordoba in Spain, he held a high position among the Muslims of the city. He was deprived of his office on account of his faith and became a monk. Shortly afterwards he openly renounced Islam, confessed Christ and was beheaded.

Austell June 28
6th cent. A disciple of St Mewan or Mevan of Cornwall. He probably lived in the area where the place-name preserves his memory.

Benignus June 28
6th cent. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland. His relics were uncovered there in 996.

Crummine June 28
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick at Leccuine (Lackan) in Westmeath in Ireland.

Egilo (Egilon, Eigil) June 28
+ 871. A monk and later Abbot of Prüm near Trier in Germany. He restored the monastery at Flavigny near Dijon and founded the monastery of Corbigny, both in France.

Heimrad June 28
+ 1019. A priest at Baden in Germany who after many pilgrimages lived as a monk at Hersfeld and then as a hermit at Hasungen in Westphalia.

Irenaeus of Lyons June 28
c 130-200. Born in Asia Minor, he was a disciple of St Polycarp, who was a disciple of the Apostle John the Divine. He went to France and became Bishop of Lyons (c 177), where he was later martyred. His writings against Gnosticism are a witness to Apostolic Tradition.

Papias (Papius) June 28
+ c 303. A martyr, possibly in Sicily, under Diocletian.

Theodichildis (Telchildis) June 28
+ c 660. A nun at Faremoutiers in France, she became the first Abbess of Jouarre.

June 29

Benedicta June 29
? Sister of Sts Augustine and Sanctian, all three were born in Spain but went to France and were martyred in Sens under Aurelian.

Cassius of Narni June 29
+ 558. Bishop of Narni in Italy.

Cocha (Coecha) June 29
6th cent. Abbess of Ross-Benchuir in Ireland.

Gemma (Hemma, Emma) June 29
+ 1045. Left a widow, she founded the monastery of Gurk in Carinthia in Austria and became a nun there.

Marcellus and Anastasius June 29
+ 274. Martyred in Bourges in France. Marcellus was beheaded and Anastasius scourged.

Paul the Apostle June 29
c 3-65? Born in Tarsus in Cilicia, a Pharisee, a Roman citizen and a tentmaker by trade, he was originally called Saul and was educated in the Law of the Jews in Jerusalem. After taking part in the stoning of the first Orthodox martyr, St Stephen, he was miraculously converted on the road to Damascus and received his mission to enlighten the Gentiles. He did so in at least four Apostolic journeys, extending perhaps as far as Spain, establishing churches everywhere and surrounded by dangers of all sorts. Nevertheless he was always zealous for Christ. His thirteen letters, addressed mostly to the Churches which he had founded, belong to divine revelation. According to a very old tradition, he was beheaded in Rome, which Church he had founded, near the Ostian Way.

Peter the Apostle June 29
+ c 64. Simon, son of Jonah, was a married fisherman who lived in Bethsaida. He was a disciple of St John the Baptist before he was called, after his elder brother Andrew, to be a disciple of Christ. He was called 'Rock' (Cephas, Petros, Petra, Peter) because of his confession of Christ as the Son of God. Peter was a witness of many important events such as the Transfiguration and the Agony in the Garden. After Christ's Ascension he founded the Church in Antioch and visited the Church in Rome founded by the Apostle Paul. Here he was martyred, head downwards in the circus of Nero, and was buried on the Vatican Hill. He is commemorated together with the Apostle Paul on 29 June and his relics are enshrined beneath the altar of St Peter's in Rome to this day.

Salome and Judith June 29
9th cent. Salome is said to have been a princess from England who was exiled. She was befriended in Bavaria by a pious widow named Judith. Both became anchoresses at Oberaltaich in Germany.

Syrus of Genoa June 29
+ c 380. Priest and later Bishop of Genoa in Italy from c 324 to c 380. He is the main patron of the city.

June 30

Bertrand June 30
+ 623. Born in Autun in France, he met St Germanus in Paris and later became Bishop of Le Mans. He took a great interest in agriculture and wine-growing and loved the poor.

Clotsindis (Clotsend) June 30
c 635-714. Daughter of St Adalbald and St Rictrudis, who founded the convent of Marchiennes in the north of France. Clotsindis succeeded her mother as second abbess.

Emiliana June 30
? A virgin-martyr in Rome.

Ermentrude (Erentrudis) June 30
+ c 718. A sister or niece of St Rupert, Apostle of Salzburg. She was the first Abbess of Nonnberg in Salzburg, founded for her by Rupert.

Eurgain June 30
6th cent. Foundress of Cor-Eurgain in Wales, later called Llantwit.

First Martyrs of Rome June 30
+ 64. Protomartyrs of Rome. They were falsely charged by Nero with burning down the city and were ordered to undergo various cruel deaths; some were covered with the skins of wild beasts and thrown to wild dogs to be torn apart; others were crucified and when daylight failed were used as human torches. They were all disciples of the Apostles and the first fruits of the martyrs whom the Church of Rome sent to the Lord.

Gaius and Leo June 30
? Martyrs either in North Africa or in Rome, Gaius was a priest and Leo a subdeacon.

Lucina June 30
? An early martyr in Rome.

Marcian June 30
+ c 757. Bishop of Pampeluna in Spain. He was present at the sixth Council of Toledo in 737.

Martial of Limoges, Alpinian and Austriclinian June 30
+ c 250. First Bishop of Limoges in France and Apostle of the Limousin, together with two of his priests.

Ostianus June 30
? A saint venerated at Viviers in France.



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