Orthodox England - Latin Saints



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March 1

Albinus (Aubin) March 1
+ c 554. Born in Vannes in Brittany. A monk and Abbot of Tincillac, he then became Bishop of Angers in France (c 529-554). He played an important role at the third Council of Orleans (538). The monastery of Saint-Aubin in Angers was dedicated to him. Saint-Aubin de Moeslain (Haute Maine) is also a place of pilgrimage.

David March 1
+ c 600. Born in south Wales, he founded a monastery in Mynyw (Menevia) in the far west and is honoured as the first bishop of what is now called St Davids. The monks lived a very ascetic life and their monastery became a seedbed of saints. He attended the Council of Brefi in c 545. The foundation of a dozen monasteries and many miracles are attributed to him. His relics survive and are enshrined in the Cathedral and he is the patron-saint of Wales.

Felix II March 1
+ 492. Born in Rome, he was an ancestor of St Gregory the Great. He was Pope of Rome from 483 on. He fought against Monophysitism and Eutychianism and also remedied the evils caused in Africa by numerous apostasies during the Vandal persecution.

Herculanus Nov 7 and March 1
+ 549. Bishop of Perugia in Italy, beheaded by soldiers of Totila of the Ostrogoths.

Hermes, Adrian and Companions March 1
+ c 290. Martyrs in Numidia in North Africa under Maximian Herculeus.

Leo Luke March 1
+ c 900. He became Abbot of Corleone in Sicily and is also honoured in Calabria in Italy. He died a centenarian after eighty years of monastic life.

Leo of Rouen March 1
c 856-900. Born in Carentan in France, he became Bishop of Rouen but later preached the Gospel in Navarre in Spain and the Basque provinces, which had been devastated by the Saracens. He was beheaded near Bayonne, where he is the patron-saint.

Leo, Donatus, Abundantius, Nicephorus and Companions March 1
? A group of thirteen martyrs who laid down their lives for Christ in North Africa.

Luperculus (Lupercus) March 1
300. Perhaps born in Spain, he was martyred under Diocletian. He is especially venerated in Tarbes in France.

Marnock (Marnanus, Marnan, Marnoc) March 1
+ c 625. Born in Ireland, he was with St Columba at Iona and later became a bishop, who reposed in Annandale and was much venerated on the Scottish border. He gave his name to Kilmarnock in Scotland.

Monan March 1
+ 874. A saint from St Andrew's and a missionary in the Firth of Forth area in Scotland. He was killed by the Danes together with many companions.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 1
+ 269. Two hundred and sixty martyrs condemned to dig sand on the Salarian Way in Rome and later shot to death with arrows in the amphitheatre under Claudius II.

Rudesind (Rosendo) March 1
907-977. Born of a noble family in Galicia in Spain, he became Bishop of Mondoñedo and then of Compostella. In this capacity he opposed with equal success both the Vikings and the Saracens. Exiled from Compostella through an intrigue, he founded the monastery of Celanova and other monasteries.

Siviard March 1
+ c 729. A monk at Saint-Calais on the River Anisole in France. He succeeded his father as abbot of the monastery. He wrote the life of St Calais, the founder of the monastery.

Swithbert March 1
c 647-713. A monk from Northumbria in England who went to Friesland in Holland with St Willibrord in 690. He preached the Gospel here with success. In 693 he was consecrated bishop at Ripon and returned to preach along the right bank of the Rhine in Germany. His work here was undone by Saxon invaders and he withdrew to the small island of Kaiserswerth on the Rhine near Düsseldorf. Here in 710 he founded a monastery, where he reposed and where his relics are still venerated.

March 2

Campania (Martyrs of) March 2
6th cent. Martyrs in Italy under the Lombards, probably several hundred in number.

Chad (Ceadda) March 2
+ 673. Brother of St Cedd, he was a monk at Lindisfarne with St Aidan and in Ireland. On returning to England, he became Abbot of Lastingham. He became Bishop of York, but then out of humility agreed to go to Mercia as bishop. He lived in Lichfield and reposed there. His relics are preserved in the Cathedral dedicated to him in Birmingham.

Cynibil (Cynibild) March 2
7th cent. A brother of Sts Chad and Cedd who helped enlighten England

Fergna March 2
+ 637. Called 'the White', he was a relative and disciple of St Columba of Ireland and was his successor as Abbot of Iona in Scotland.

Gistilian (Gistlian) March 2
5th-6th cent. The uncle of St David and a monk at Menevia, or St Davids, in Wales.

Joavan March 2
+ c 570. A Romano-Briton who went to Brittany to live with his uncle St Paul of Léon, by whom he was consecrated bishop.

Jovinus and Basileus March 2
+ c 258. Two martyrs, who suffered in Rome under Gallienus and Valerian and were buried on the Latin Way.

Lombards (Martyrs under the) March 2
+ c 579. A group of eighty martyrs killed by the Lombards in Campania in Italy.

Paul, Heraclius, Secundilla and Januaria March 2
+ c 305. Martyrs who suffered under Diocletian at Porto Romano at the mouth of the Tiber in Italy.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 2
+ 219. A large number of martyrs martyred in Rome under Alexander Severus and the prefect Ulpian.

Slebhene (Slebhine) March 2
+ 767. A monk from Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona in Scotland from 752 to 767.

Willeic March 2
+ 726. A disciple of St Swithbert who made him Abbot of Kaiserwerth in Germany.

March 3

Anselm March 3
+ 803. Of noble origin, Anselm became a monk and founded one monastery in Fanano near Modena in Italy and a second one in Nonantola. He attached hospitals and hostels to both.

Arthelais March 3
6th cent. One of the patron-saints of Benevento in Italy, where she fled from Constantinople.

Calupan March 3
+ 575. A monk at Meallet in Auvergne in France, who lived as a hermit in a cave.

Camilla March 3
+ c 437. Born in Civitavecchia, she became a disciple of St Germanus of Auxerre in France, where she lived as an anchoress.

Cele-Christ March 3
+ c 728. St Cele-Christ, otherwise 'Worshipper of Christ', he lived as a hermit for many years, but was eventually forced to become a bishop in Leinster.

Cunegund March 3
+ 1039. Wife of Henry II, she founded the convent of Kaufungen, which she entered on the first anniversary of her husband's death, showing great humility.

Felix, Luciolus, Fortunatus, Marcia and Companions March 3
? A group of forty martyrs in North Africa.

Foila (Faile) March 3
6th cent. The sister of St Colgan. The two are patron-saints of the parishes of Kil-Faile (Kileely) and Kil-Colgan in Galway in Ireland.

Hemiterius and Cheledonius March 3
? 4th cent. Two martyrs in Spain, believed to have been soldiers. They suffered in Calahorra in Old Castile.

Lamalisse March 3
7th cent. A hermit in Scotland, he left his name to the islet of Lamlash off the coast of the Isle of Arran in Scotland.

Non (Nonna, Nonnita) March 3
5th cent. The mother of St David, patron-saint of Wales, she probably came from a ruling family in Dyfed: a chapel and a well near her son's Cathedral still bear her name. Another can be found in Altarnum in Cornwall, where she may have moved and where her relics survived, even though she reposed in Brittany.

Sacer (Mo-Sacra) March 3
7th cent. Founder of the monastery of Saggard near Dublin in Ireland.

Titian March 3
+ c 536. Germanic by birth, he became Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Winwaloe March 3
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he became a disciple of St Budoc on Lauren Island and founded the monastery at Landevennec. Several churches in Cornwall are dedicated to him, indicating that the saint had some connection there.

March 4

Adrian and Companions March 4
+ c 875. A bishop on the Isle of May in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. He was martyred by the Danes, together with other monks.

Appian March 4
+ c 800. Born in Liguria in Italy, he became a monk at the monastery of St Peter of Ciel d'Oro in Pavia in Italy. Eventually he became a hermit in Commacchio on the shores of the Adriatic and brought Christ to that region.

Basinus March 4
+ c 705. Monk and Abbot of St Maximin in Trier in Germany, he succeeded St Numerian as bishop of the city.

Felix of Rhuys March 4
+ 1038. Born near Quimper in Brittany, he became a hermit on Ouessant and afterwards a monk at Fleury (Saint-Benoit-sur-Loire) in France. He restored the monastery of Rhuys, founded by St Gildas, which had been destroyed by the Vikings.

Leonard of Avranches March 4
+ c 614. In his early years he lived badly, but once converted, largely by the prayers of his mother, he was elected Bishop of Avranches.

Lucius I March 4
+ 254. He succeeded St Cornelius as Pope of Rome in 253 and was at once sent into exile. He was referred to as a martyr by St Cyprian.

Owen (Owin) March 4
+ c 680. After working as a steward in the household of St Audrey (Etheldred), he became a monk at Lastingham in England with St Chad. When the latter became Bishop of Mercia, he settled St Owen with other monks at a monastery near Lichfield.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 4
+ 260 (?) A group of nine hundred martyrs buried in the catacombs of Callistus on the Appian Way in Rome.

March 5

Caron March 5
? The church at Tregaron in Dyfed in Wales is dedicated to him.

Carthage the Elder March 5
+ c 540. The successor of St Kieran as Bishop of Ossory in Ireland.

Clement March 5
c 800. Abbot of Santa Lucia in Syracuse in Sicily.

Colman of Armagh March 5
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick in Ireland

Eusebius and Companions March 5
? A group of ten martyrs who suffered in North Africa.

Eusebius March 5
+ c 423. Born in Cremona in Italy, he became an abbot in Bethlehem and took part in the struggle against Origenism.

Kieran (Kieman, Kyran, Ciaran) March 5
+ c 530. Called 'the first-born of the saints of Ireland'. Born in Ossory, he was probably consecrated bishop by St Patrick and has been venerated from time immemorial as the first Bishop of Ossory and founder of the monastery of Saighir.

Oliva March 5
+ 138. Martyred, perhaps in Brescia in the north of Italy, under the Emperor Hadrian.

Piran (Pyran) March 5
+ c 480. A hermit near Padstow in Cornwall. He is venerated as the patron-saint of miners: Perranporth is named after him.

Virgilius of Arles March 5
+ c 610. A monk from Lérins who became Bishop of Arles in France. He probably consecrated Augustine Archbishop of Canterbury.

March 6

Baldred (Balther) March 6
+ 756. A priest in Lindisfarne in England, he became a hermit at Tyningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined in Durham, with those of St Bilfrid.

Basil March 6
+ 335. Bishop of Bologna in Italy for twenty years, 315-335.

Bilfrid (Billfrith) March 6
8th cent. A hermit at Lindisfarne and an expert goldsmith, who bound in gold the Lindisfarne Gospels, written and illuminated by Bishop Edfrith.

Cadroe (Cadroel) March 6
+ 976. Born in Scotland, he lived in Armagh in Ireland. He went to France and lived as a monk at Fleury. He then became Abbot of Waulsort on the Meuse in Belgium and finally lived in Metz.

Chrodegang March 6
+ 766. Bishop of Metz in the east of France, he took part in several Councils. He introduced the Roman liturgy and singing into his diocese and the north of Europe in general.

Cyneburgh, Cyneswith and Tibba March 6
+ c 680. Cyneburgh and Cyneswith were daughters of Penda of Mercia in England, who was notorious for his opposition to Orthodoxy. The former founded a convent in Castor in Northamptonshire and was followed as abbess by her sister. Tibba was a relative who joined them at the convent. Their relics were enshrined together.

Fridolin March 6
+ c 540. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France. Later he founded the monastery of Sackingen and is venerated as the Apostle of the Upper Rhine in Germany.

Marcian March 6
+ 120. By tradition he was a disciple of St Barnabas and the first Bishop of Tortona in Piedmont in Italy, where he was martyred under Hadrian after an episcopate of forty-five years.

Patrick March 6
c 307. Born in Malaga in Spain, he became Bishop there. He later fled to Auvergne in France.

March 7

Ardo March 7
+ 843. Born in Languedoc in France, he changed his name from Smaragdus on becoming a monk at Aniane with its first Abbot, St Benedict, whom he later succeeded as abbot.

Deifer March 7
6th cent. Founder of Bodfari in Clwyd in Wales.

Drausinus (Drausius) March 7
+ c 576. Bishop of Soissons in France, he did much to encourage monasticism.

Enodoch (Wenedoc) March 7
+ c 520. A saint in Wales.

Eosterwine March 7
+ 688. A Northumbrian noble, he entered the monastery of Wearmouth with his relative St Benedict. He succeeded St Benedict as abbot. He was celebrated for his gentleness.

Gaudiosus of Brescia March 7
+ 445 ? Bishop of Brescia in Italy, where his relics were venerated.

Perpetua, Felicity, Saturus (Satyrus), Saturninus, Revocatus and Secundulus March 7 (in the East Feb 1)
+ 203. Vivia Perpetua was a young married woman of good social position. Felicity, also married, was a slave. The others were catechumens and Saturus perhaps their instructor. All were imprisoned together in Carthage in North Africa as a law of Septimus Severus forbade conversions to the faith. Secundulus died in prison: the others were thrown to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre on March 7. Their Acts were written by Saturus, one of the martyrs, and completed by an eyewitness.

March 8

Beoadh (Beatus) March 8
+ c 518. Bishop of Ardcarne in Roscommon in Ireland.

Cyril, Rogatus, Felix, another Rogatus, Beata, Herenia, Felicitas, Urban, Silvanus and Mamillus March 8
? Martyrs in North Africa. St Cyril is described as a bishop.

Felix of Dunwich March 8
Born in Burgundy in France, he went to England to work for the enlightenment of East Anglia. In about 631 he went to Dunwich, or possible Felixstowe, and built his Cathedral, now beneath the sea. He preached with great success in Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire and is honoured as the Apostle of East Anglia, where several places are named after him and Orthodox still honour his memory.

Humphrey (Hunfrid) March 8
+ 871. A monk at the monastery of Prüm in Germany, he became Bishop of Therouanne in France and was Abbot of St Bertin. He was a source of strength and comfort to the people during the Norman invasion. He kept the feast of the Dormition with special splendour.

Julian of Toledo March 8
+ 690. A monk at Agali in Spain under St Eugene, whom he succeeded first as Abbot and in 680 as Archbishop of Toledo. He was the first Metropolitan of All Iberia. Presiding over several national Councils, revising and developing the Mozarabic liturgy, he was a prolific writer and outstanding churchman.

Pontius March 8
+ c 260. A deacon of the Church of Carthage in North Africa. He was with St Cyprian in his exile, at his trial and execution, and wrote his Life.

Provinus March 8
+ c 420. Born in France, he became a disciple of St Ambrose in Milan and became Bishop of Como in Italy in 391.

Senan (Senames) March 8
+ c 540 A monk in Kilmanagh in Ireland. Having founded a monastery, probably in Enniscorthy, he is said to have visited Rome and on his way home stayed with St David in Wales. On his return to Ireland he founded more churches and monasteries, notably one in Iniscarra near Cork. Finally he settled on Scattery Island in the Shannon estuary where he was buried.

March 9

Antony March 9
10th cent. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he became a hermit in Froidemont in Franche-Comté.

Bosa March 9
+ 705. A monk at Whitby in England, he was consecrated Bishop of York by St Theodore. St Bede praises St Bosa in the following words: 'A man beloved of God...of most unusual merit and holiness'.

Constantine March 9
+ 576. A noble of Cornwall, who after a life of vice, came to repentance in Wales and Ireland. From here he went as a missionary to Scotland, where he was put to death by thieves. Two places in Cornwall are named after him.

Pacian March 9
+ c 390. Bishop of Barcelona in Spain from 365. A work he wrote on repentance still exists.

March 10

Attalas March 10
+ 627. Born in Burgundy in France, he became a monk at Lérins. From there he went to Luxeuil with St Columbanus, whom he followed to Bobbio in the north of Italy, helping him to found the monastery there and succeeding him as abbot (615).

Droctoveus (Drotté) March 10
+ c 580. A disciple of St Germanus of Paris, he became Abbot of St Symphorian in Autun in France. Later he was called back to Paris to be the first Abbot of St Vincent and the Holy Cross - afterwards renamed Saint-Germain-des-Prés.

Emilian (Eminian) March 10
+ 675. Born in Ireland, he became a monk and then Abbot of Lagny in France.

Failbhe the Little March 10
+ 754. For seven years Abbot of Iona in Scotland, where he reposed at the age of eighty.

Himelin March 10
+ c 750. Probably born in Ireland, he was a priest who reposed at Vissenaeken near Tirlemont in Belgium on his return from a pilgrimage to Rome.

Kessog (Mackessog) March 10
+ c 560. Born in Cashel in Tipperary in Ireland, even as a child he is said to have worked miracles. He became a missionary and preached in Scotland, where he became a bishop. According to one tradition he was martyred at Bandry. He is the patron-saint of Lennox.

Sedna March 10
+ c 570. Bishop of Ossory in Ireland and a friend of St Luanus.

Silvester March 10
+ c 420. A companion of St Palladius in enlightening Ireland.

Simplicius March 10
+ 483. Born in Tivoli in Italy, he became Pope of Rome from 468 to 483. He upheld the decisions of the Council of Chalcedon against Monophysitism. When the Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476, he also had to deal with the Arian King Odoacer.

Victor March 10
? A martyr in North Africa under Decius.

March 11

Alberta March 11
+ c 286. One of the first victims of the persecution under Diocletian. She suffered in Agen in France with St Faith and others.

Angus March 11
+ c 830. Known as 'the Culdee'. A monk at Clonenagh in Ireland and then at Tallacht, he is remembered for his celebrated hymn to the saints, called Felire. From Tallacht he returned to Clonenagh where he became a bishop.

Benedict Crispus of Milan March 11
+ 725. Archbishop of Milan in Italy for forty-five years.

Candidus, Piperion and Companions March 11
+ c 254-259. Twenty-two martyrs who suffered in North Africa either in Carthage or else in Alexandria, probably under Valerian and Gallienus.

Constantine March 11
? A confessor in Carthage in North Africa.

Eulogius of Cordoba March 11
+ 859. A prominent priest in Cordoba in Spain when the Moorish persecution was at its height. Outstanding for his courage and learning, he encouraged the Orthodox in their sufferings and wrote The Memorial of the Saints for their benefit. He himself suffered martyrdom for protecting St Leocritia, a young girl converted from Islam.

Firmian (Fermanus, Firminus) March 11
+ c 1020. Abbot of San Sabino Piceno near Fermo in Italy.

Heraclius and Zosimus March 11
+ c 263. Martyrs in North Africa who suffered in Carthage under Valerian and Gallienus.

Peter the Spaniard March 11
? A pilgrim from Spain to Rome who settled as a hermit in Babuco near Veroli.

Vigilius March 11
+ 685. Successor of St Palladius (661) as Bishop of Auxerre in France. By order of the mayor of the palace he was murdered in a forest near Compiègne.

Vindician March 11
+ 712. A disciple of St Eligius, he became Bishop of Arras-Cambrai in France and bravely protested against the excesses of the Merovingian Kings and the all-powerful mayors of the palace.

March 12

Alphege the Elder March 12
+ 951. Also called 'the Bald'.. He became Bishop of Winchester in England in 935. He encouraged many to become monks, notably his relative St Dunstan, whom he ordained priest.

Mamilian (Maximilian) March 12
? A martyr in Rome.

Maximilian March 12
+ 295. A young martyr who refused to do military service and was therefore executed in Thebeste in Numidia in North Africa.

Mura McFeredach (Muran, Murames) March 12
+ c 645. Born in Donegal in Ireland, he became Abbot of Fahan in Co. Derry. He is the patron-saint of Fahan where his cross still stands.

Paul Aurelian March 12
+ c 575. A Romano-Briton by origin, he was born in Wales and became a monk with Sts Illtyd, David, Samson and Gildas. He lived for a time on Caldey Island, from where he went to Brittany. He established a monastery at Porz-Pol on the Isle of Ouessant and finally went to Ouismor (now Saint-Pol-de-Léon) where he became bishop.

Peter the Deacon March 12
+ c 605. The disciple, secretary and companion of St Gregory the Great. He is venerated as the patron-saint of Salussola in Italy.

March 13

Ansovinus March 13
+ 840. Born in Camerino in Italy, after living as a hermit at Castel Raimondo near Torcello, he became bishop of his native town. He accepted the office on condition that his see should be exempt from the service of recruiting soldiers, then imposed on most bishops.

Gerald March 13
+ 732. Born in England, he followed St Colman from Lindisfarne to Ireland and became his successor in the English monastery in Mayo.

Heldrad (Eldrad) March 13
+ 842. Born in Provence in France, he spent his fortune on good works and went to Rome as a pilgrim. Then he became a monk at the monastery of Novalese in Italy and was abbot there for thirty years.

Kevoca (Kennotha, Quivoca) March 13
7th cent. A saint honoured in Kyle in Scotland.

Mochoemoc (Mochaemhog, Pulcherius, Vulcanius) March 13
+ c 656. Born in Munster in Ireland, he was the nephew of St Ita. He became a monk at Bangor in Co. Down under St Comgall and later founded Liath-Mochoemoc.

Ramirus and Companions March 13
+ c 554 (or 630). A monk at the monastery of St Claudio in Leon in Spain. Two days after the abbot, St Vincent, was martyred, Ramirus and all the other monks were martyred by the Arian Visigoths while they sang the Creed..

Rudericus (Roderick) and Salomon (Solomon) March 13
+ 857. Roderick was a priest in Cabra near Cordoba in Spain who was betrayed by his Muslim brother and imprisoned there. In prison he met his fellow-martyr, Salomon. They were both martyred in Cordoba.

March 14

Benedict July 11 (In the East March 14)
c 480-550. Born near Nursia in Umbria in central Italy, at the age of twenty he went to live as a hermit in a cave near Subiaco. Many disciples flocked to him and he built a laura, composed of twelve small monasteries for them. About the year 530 he left Subiaco for Montecassino, where he founded a monastery and where he lived the rest of his life as a deacon and famed as a wonderworker. He reposed while standing in prayer before the altar. Some relics of St Benedict were later translated to France but others remained at Montecassino.

Boniface Curitan March 14
+ c 660. Bishop of Ross, very likely a Roman by birth, he enlightened the Picts and Scots. He is said to have founded a great many churches.

Diaconus March 14
6th cent. His real name lost, he was a deacon in the Marsi in central Italy. He was martyred together with two monks by the Lombards.

Leo March 14
? A bishop and martyr, perhaps under the Arians, in the Agro Verano in Italy.

Matilda (Mathildis, Maud) March 14
+ 968. Wife of the German king Henry the Fowler, she was very generous and founded, among others, the monasteries of Nordhausen, Pöhlde, Engern and Quedlinburg in Germany. She was a widow for thirty years and suffered greatly at the hands of her sons, by whom she was despoiled of most of her possessions.

Peter and Aphrodisius March 14
5th cent. Martyrs under the Arian Vandals in North Africa.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 14
+ c 67. Forty-seven martyrs baptised by tradition by the Apostle Peter. They are said to have suffered in Rome under Nero, all on the same day.

Talmach March 14
7th cent. A disciple of St Barr at Lough Erc in Ireland and founder of a monastery.

Valeria (Martyrs of) March 14
5th cent. In the province of Valeria in Italy two monks were slain by the Lombards by being hanged on a tree. Although dead, they were heard singing psalms even by their enemies.

March 15

Aristobulus March 15
1st cent. Traditionally one of the Seventy, he is the Aristobulus mentioned by St Paul (Romans 16,11). Britain was given to him as the place of his preaching and martyrdom.

Leocritia (Lucretia) March 15
+ 859. A holy virgin in Cordoba in Spain. Her parents were Moors, but she was converted to Orthodoxy and as a result was driven from her home. She was sheltered by St Eulogius but both were flogged and beheaded.

Mancius March 15
5th (or 6th?) cent. Born in Rome, he was bought as a slave by Jewish traders and taken to Evora in Portugal where he was martyred by his masters.

Probus March 15
+ c 571. Bishop of Rieti in central Italy.

Speciosus March 15
+ c 555. A wealthy landowner from Campania in Italy who became a monk at Montecassino with his brother Gregory. He was attached to the new foundation at Terracina but reposed in Capua.

Zacharias March 15
+ 752. He was born in San Severino in Calabria in Italy of a Greek family. Chosen Pope of Rome in 741, he was influential in helping Europe remain Orthodox.

March 16

Abban March 16
5th cent. A nephew of St Ibar, he founded Kill-Abban monastery in Leinster in Ireland.

Agapitus March 16
4th cent. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy.

Alexander I May 3 (In the East March 16)
c 115. The fifth Pope of Rome from c 107 to c 115.

Dentlin (Dentelin, Denain) March 16
7th cent. The son of St Vincent Madelgarus and St Waldetrudis. He was only seven years old when he reposed, confessing the Faith.

Eusebia March 16
+ c 680. Eldest daughter of Sts Adalbald and Rictrudis, she became a nun at Hamage or Hamay in Belgium, a convent which had been founded by her grandmother St Gertrude and where she later became abbess.

Finian March 16
+ ? c 560. A disciple of St Columba and Abbot of Swords near Dublin in Ireland.

Gregory Makar March 16
+ c 1000. An Armenian who became a monk and was elected Bishop of Nicopolis in Armenia. He fled to France and settled as a hermit in Pithiviers near Orleans.

Heribert March 16
+ 1022. Born in Worms in Germany and a monk at Gorze in France, he became Archbishop of Cologne. He was an outstanding churchman, learned, zealous and enterprising. He built the monastery of Deutz on the Rhine, where he was buried.

Hilary, Tatian, Felix, Largus and Denis March 16
+ c 284. Hilary was Bishop of Aquileia, Tatian his deacon, and the others laymen. All were beheaded under Numerian.

Megingaud (Mengold, Megingoz) March 16
+ 794. He became a monk at Fritzlar in Germany (738) and after some years abbot. Later he succeeded St Burchard as Bishop of Würzburg (c 754).

March 17

Agricola (Agrele, Aregle) March 17
+ 580. Bishop and ascetic of Châlon-sur-Saône in France.

Alexander and Theodore March 17
2nd century? Early martyrs in Rome.

Alexis July 17 (In the East March 17)
+ early 5th cent. A saint originally distinguished by the title of 'the man of God'. The son of a Roman senator, in order to serve God in humility, he fled from his parental home disguised as a beggar. He set sail for Edessa where after seventeen years an Icon of the Mother of God proclaimed him 'the man of God'. He fled again and eventually returned to Rome and for years lived unrecognised as a beggar in his own home. After his repose a mysterious voice again proclaimed him 'the man of God'.

Gertrude of Nivelles March 17
626-659. Daughter of Pepin of Landen and of St Ida. Ida founded the convent of Nivelles for herself and her daughter but insisted on Gertrude being the first abbess. Though only twenty years of age, Gertrude accepted this obedience. At the age of thirty she resigned in favour of her niece Wilfetrudis.

Patrick March 17
c 390-461? The Apostle of Ireland. A Romano-Briton born in what is now England, at the age of sixteen he was abducted and taken to Ireland. However, he escaped after six years. He then went to monasteries in France and about the year 432 returned to Ireland as a bishop. He travelled throughout the country preaching, teaching, building churches, establishing monasteries and converting chiefs and bards. He was the first organiser of the Irish Church and was based in Armagh.

March 18

Edward the Martyr March 18
+ 978. The son of Edgar the Peaceful, he became King of England at the age of thirteen, in 978 he was murdered by plotters at Corfe and buried in Wareham in Dorset. He was at once acclaimed as a martyr. His relics are venerated in an Orthodox church in Surrey to this day.

Egbert March 18
+ c 720. A monk at Ripon, where his relics were venerated.

Frediano (Frigidanus, Frigdianus) March 18
+ 588. Born in Ireland, he went on pilgrimage to Rome and settled in Italy as a hermit on Monte Pisano. In 566 he became Bishop of Lucca. He rebuilt the Cathedral after it had been burnt down by the Lombards.

Narcissus and Felix March 18
+ c 307. A bishop and his deacon honoured as martyrs in Gerona in Catalonia in Spain.

March 19

Adrian March 19
+ c 668. A disciple of St Landoald, he was murdered while begging alms for his monastery near Maastricht in Holland and was venerated as a martyr.

Alcmund March 19
+ c 800. A prince of Northumbria in England, after many years of exile among the Picts of Scotland, he was martyred in Shropshire. He was venerated first in Lilleshall and then in Derby.

Apollonius and Leontius (Leontinus) March 19
? By tradition early Bishops of Braga in Portugal.

Auxilius March 19
+ c 460. A companion of St Patrick, he became Bishop of Killossey in Ireland.

Gemus March 19
? A monk, probably at Moyenmoutier in Alsace, now in France. His relics were enshrined at Hürbach.

John the Syrian of Pinna March 19
6th cent. A Syrian monk who settled in Pinna near Spoleto in Italy. He was abbot of a large monastic colony there for forty-four years.

Lactan March 19
+ 672. Born near Cork in Ireland, St Comgall entrusted him to found a monastery at Achadh-Ur, now Freshford, in Kilkenny.

Landoald and Amantius March 19
+ c 668. A priest and deacon who helped enlighten what is now Belgium and north-eastern France. They founded the church at Wintershoven.

Leontius March 19
+ 640. Bishop of Saintes in France and a friend of St Malo.

Quintus, Quintilla, Quartilla, Mark and Companions March 19
? Martyrs venerated in Sorrento near Naples in Italy. The three first were perhaps a brother and two sisters.

March 20

Benignus March 20
+ 725. A monk and Abbot of Fontenelle in France, he was exiled and went to Flay where the monks asked him to be their abbot. He later returned to Fontenelle.

Cuthbert March 20
+ 687. He was a shepherd boy until he became a monk at Melrose in Scotland. After the Council of Whitby, he went to Lindisfarne where he became Abbot. In March 685, he was consecrated Bishop of Lindisfarne. After his repose his relics were found to be incorrupt and eventually they were taken to Durham. One of the most famous English saints, he is the called the Wonderworker of England. His relics are revered in Durham to this day.

Herbert March 20
+ 687. A priest and friend of St Cuthbert, who lived as a hermit on the island named after him on Lake Derwentwater in England. The two saints were granted their prayer to repose on the same day.

Martin of Braga March 20
520-580. Born in Pannonia, he became a monk in Palestine, but later went to Galicia in Spain where he preached to the pagan Suevi. He was Bishop of Mondoñedo and then of Braga. He introduced monasticism throughout north-western Spain and Portugal. Several of his writings still exist.

Remigius March 20
+ 783. A noble, he became Abbot of Münster near Colmar in France and in 776 Bishop of Strasbourg.

Tertricus March 20
+ 572. Son of St Gregory, Bishop of Langres in France, and uncle of St Gregory of Tours. He succeeded his father as Bishop of Langres in about 540.

Urbitius March 20
+ c 420. Bishop of Metz in the east of France. He built a church in honour of St Felix of Nola which became the church of the monastery of St Clement.

William of Peñacorada March 20
+ c 1042. Monk at the monastery of Satagún in León in Spain. In 988 he fled with the other monks from the Saracens and settled at Peñacorada, where he built the monastery of Santa Maria de los Valles, later named after him San Guillermo de Peñacorada.

Wulfram March 20
7th Cent. Bishop of Sens, he worked to enlighten the Frisians, helped by monks from the monastery of Fontenelle. After many years among the Frisians, he returned to Fontenelle where he reposed. His relics are still in Abbeville in the north of France.

March 21

Birillus March 21
+ c 90. By tradition he was consecrated first Bishop of Catania in Sicily by the Apostle Peter, with whom he had travelled from Antioch. He reposed in extreme old age.

Enda (Endeus, Enna) March 21
+ c 530. Brother of St Fanchea, he was the earliest founder of monasteries in Ireland, of which the main one was on Inishmore. Sts Kieran and Brendan were among his disciples.

Lupicinus March 21
+ c 480. Brother of St Romanus of Condat, with whom he founded the monasteries of St Claud (Condat) in the Jura, and Lauconne.

Philemon and Domninus March 21
? Born in Rome, they preached the Gospel in various parts of Italy and were martyred.

March 22

Darerca March 22
? 5th cent. The sister of St Patrick of Ireland. Her name means constant and firm love. She is reputed to have had fifteen sons, some ten of whom became bishops.

Deogratius March 22
+ 457. He became Bishop of Carthage in North Africa in 456, fourteen years after the repose of his predecessor, St Quodvultdeus, who had been driven into exile by the Arian Vandals. He sold all that he or his church possessed in order to ransom prisoners of the Arian King.

Epaphroditus March 22
1st cent. By tradition the first Bishop of Terracina in Italy. He may have been one of the Seventy Apostles and mentioned by the Apostle Paul in Philippians 2,25).

Failbhe March 22
+ c 680. Abbot of Iona in Scotland. He came from Ireland and was the brother of St Finan of Rath.

Lea March 22
+ 384. An aristocrat in Rome who on the death of her husband entered the convent of St Marcella, where she spent the rest of her life serving the nuns.

Octavian and Companions March 22
+ 484. Octavian, Archdeacon of the Church in Carthage in North Africa, was martyred with several thousand companions under the Arian Vandal King Hunneric.

Paul of Narbonne March 22
+ c 250. Consecrated in Rome towards the middle of the third century and sent to France to preach the Gospel, which he did with great success in Narbonne.

Saturninus and Companions March 22
? A group of ten martyrs in North Africa.

Trien (Trienan) March 22
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick and Abbot of Killelga in Ireland.

March 23

Benedict of Campania March 23
+ c 550. A hermit in the Campagna in Italy who was miraculously delivered from death by burning at the hands of Totila the Goth.

Ethilwald March 23
+ 699. A monk at Ripon in England, he lived as a hermit on Inner Farne for twelve years.

Felix and Companions March 23
5th cent. A group of twenty-one martyrs in North Africa.

Felix of Montecassino March 23
+ c 1000. A monk at Montecassino. On account of the many miracles at his tomb the Bishop of Chieti enshrined his relics for veneration.

Fidelis March 23
? A martyr in North Africa.

Maidoc (Mo-Mhaedog) March 23
5th cent. Abbot of Fiddown in Kilkenny in Ireland.

Nicon and Companions March 23
+ c 250. Nicon was a Roman soldier of distinction who, while travelling in the East, became a Christian and a monk. His master left him with two hundred disciples. When persecution threatened Palestine, they fled to Sicily where they were martyred under Decius.

Victorian, Frumentius and Companions March 23
+ 484. Victorian, a former pro-consul in Africa, and four wealthy merchants were martyred in Hadrumetum under King Hunneric for refusing to become Arians.

March 24

Caimin (Cammin) of Inniskeltra March 24 March 25
+ 653. An ascetic who lived as a hermit on an island in Lough Derg in Ireland. Many disciples were attracted to him on account of his holiness. Later he founded a monastery and church on the island of the Seven Churches and worked with St Senan. A fragment of the Psalter of St Caimin, copied in his own hand, still exists.

Cairlon (Caorlan) March 24
6th cent. An abbot in Ireland who became Archbishop of Cashel.

Domangard (Donard) March 24
+ c 500. The patron of Maghera in Co. Down in Ireland, who lived as a hermit on the mountain now called Slieve-Donard after him.

Hildelith March 24
+ c 712. A princess from England who became a nun either at Chelles or at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France. She was recalled to England by St Erconwald of London to Barking, where she later became abbess, admired for her wisdom and culture.

Latinus of Brescia March 24
+ 115. Flavius Latinus succeeded St Viator as the third Bishop of Brescia in Italy (84-115). He suffered imprisonment and torture with other Christians.

Macartan (Macartin, Maccarthen) March 24
+ c 505. An early disciple and companion of St Patrick of Ireland, who consecrated him Bishop of Clogher.

Mark and Timothy March 24
+ c 150. Two martyrs in Rome.

Pigmenius March 24
+ 362. A priest in Rome thrown into the Tiber under Julian the Apostate.

Romulus and Secundus (Secundulus) March 24
? Two brothers who suffered in North Africa.

March 25

Alfwold March 25
+ 1058. A monk at Winchester who was chosen as Bishop of Sherborne in 1045. He was known for his great devotion to Sts Cuthbert and Swithun.

Barontius and Desiderius March 25
c 725. Barontius became a monk at Lonrey near Bourges in France. As a result of a vision he became a hermit, set out for Italy, and settled near Pistoia. There he lived very ascetically with another monk, called Desiderius, who is also honoured as a saint.

Caimin (Cammin) of Inniskeltra March 24 March 25
+ 653. An ascetic who lived as a hermit on an island in Lough Derg in Ireland. Many disciples were attracted to him on account of his holiness. Later he founded a monastery and church on the island of the Seven Churches and worked with St Senan. A fragment of the Psalter of St Caimin, copied in his own hand, still exists.

Hermenland (Hermeland, Herbland, Erblon) March 25
+ c 720. Born near Noyon in France, he became a monk at Fontenelle. He was ordained priest and sent with twelve monks to establish a new monastery on the island of Aindre in the estuary of the Loire.

Humbert March 25
+ c 680. A disciple of St Amandus who helped found the monastery of Marolles in Belgium.

Irenaeus of Sirmium March 25
+ 304. Bishop in Pannonia (Hungary), he was martyred under Diocletian at Sirmium (Mitrovica).

Kennocha (Kyle, Enoch) March 25
+ 1007. A nun at a convent in Fife. She was held in great veneration in Scotland, especially around Glasgow.

Quirinus March 25
+ c 269. A martyr who suffered in Rome under Claudius II. He was one of those befriended and buried by Sts Marius, Martha and Companions.

Rome (Martyrs of) March 25
? A group of two hundred and sixty-two martyrs in Rome.

March 26

Bertilo March 26
+ c 878- 888. Abbot of St Benignus in Dijon in France. The Vikings sacked the monastery and martyred him and several of his monks at the altar.

Braulio March 26
+ 646. A monk at the monastery of St Engratia in Saragossa in Spain, he was ordained priest by his own brother, John, whom he succeeded as Archbishop of Saragossa.

Castulus March 26
+ 288. An officer of the palace in Rome of the Emperor Diocletian. He was tortured and buried alive for helping other Orthodox. A cemetery was named after his burial place on the Via Labicana.

Felicitas March 26
9th cent. A nun, probably at Sts Cosmas and Damian in Padua in Italy. Her relics are now at St Justina's in Padua.

Felix of Trier March 26
+ c 400. Consecrated Bishop of Trier in Germany by St Martin of Tours in 386.

Garbhan March 26
7th cent. A saint who left his name to Dungarvan in Ireland.

Ludger March 26
+ 809. Born in Frisia, he returned to his homeland from England, but mainly preached in Westphalia of which he is the Apostle. His gentleness did more to attract the Saxons to Christ than all the brutal armies of Charlemagne. He lived for a time at Montecassino in Italy. He was the first Bishop of Münster in Germany.

Mochelloc (Cellog, Mottelog, Motalogus) March 26
+ c 639. Patron saint of Kilmallock in Limerick in Ireland.

Montanus and Maxima March 26
+ 304. Montanus, a priest, and Maxima, his wife, were drowned in the River Sava in Sirmium in Dalmatia or in Singidunum in Pannonia.

Peter, Marcian, Jovinus, Thecla, Cassian and Companions March 26
? Martyrs in Rome.

Sincheall March 26
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick and founder of the monastery of Killeigh in Offaly in Ireland, where there were one hundred and fifty monks.

March 27

Alkeld (Athilda) March 27
10th cent. Two churches in Yorkshire in England are dedicated to this holy woman who was martyred by the Danes.

Amator (Amador) March 27
? A hermit to whom several churches are dedicated in Portugal

Augusta March 27
5th cent. Daughter of the Teuton Duke of Friuli. Her conversion to Christianity so enraged her father that he killed her with his own hands. She has been venerated from time immemorial in Serravalle near Treviso in the north of Italy.

Philetus, Lydia, Macedo, Theoprepius (Theoprepides), Amphilochius and Cronidas March 27
+ c 121. Martyrs in Illyria under Hadrian. Philetus was a senator, Lydia his wife, Macedo and Theoprepius their sons, Amphilochius a captain, and Cronidas a notary.

Romulus March 27
+ c 730. Abbot of St Baudilius near Nimes in France. About 720 he and his monks fled before the invading Saracens and settled in a ruined monastery in Saissy-les-Bois.

Rupert (Robert) March 27
+ c 717. Probably born in France, he became Bishop of Worms and began to spread Orthodoxy in the south of Germany. He started in Regensburg and pushed his way along the Danube. The Duke of Bavaria gave him the old ruined town of Iuvavum, which Rupert rebuilt and called Salzburg. Here he founded the monastery of St Peter and the convent of Nonnberg, where his sister Ermentrude was abbess. He is venerated as the first Archbishop of Salzburg and Apostle of Bavaria and Austria.

Suairlech March 27
+ c 750. First Bishop of Fore in Westmeath in Ireland from c 735 to c 750.

March 28

Conon March 28
+ 1236. A monk and abbot of the Greek monastery of Nesi in Sicily.

Gontram (Gunthrammus) March 28
+ 592. A repentant King of Burgundy in France. Having divorced his wife and ordered the execution of his doctor, he was overcome with remorse and lamented these sins for the rest of his life.

Gundelindis (Guendelindis) March 28
+ c 750. A daughter of the Duke of Alsace and niece of St Ottilia, whom she succeeded as Abbess of Niedermünster.

Rogatus, Successus and Companions March 28
? A group of eighteen martyrs in North Africa.

Sixtus III (Xystus) March 28
+ 440. Pope of Rome from 432. A Roman by birth, he is remembered for opposing Nestorianism and Pelagianism and restoring several Roman basilicas.

Spes March 28
+ c 513. An Abbot of Campi in central Italy. He was totally blind for forty years, but fifteen days before his repose his eyesight was restored.

Tutilo March 28
+ c 915. A gifted and artistic monk at St Gall in Switzerland.

March 29

Armogastes and Companions March 29
+ c 460. Armogastes and Saturus, high officers at the palace, suffered in North Africa during the Arian persecution under the Vandal King Genseric. First they were tortured, then sent to hard labour in the mines, finally condemned to slavery as cowherds near Carthage. They were not put to death 'in case the Romans should venerate them as martyrs'.

Eustace (Eustasius) March 29
+ 625. A favourite disciple and monk of St Columbanus, whom he succeeded as second Abbot of Luxeuil in France. There were some six hundred monks there, many of whom became saints.

Firminus March 29
6th cent. Bishop of Viviers in France.

Gladys March 29
5th cent. A saint in Wales, she was married to St Gundleus and was the mother of St Cadoc.

Gwynllyw (Woollos) March 29
+ c 500. Husband of St Gladys, the father of St Cadoc, he ended his life as a hermit in Wales.

Lasar (Lassar, Lassera) March 29
6th cent. A nun in Ireland and niece of St Forchera.

Secundus March 29
+ 119. A noble from Asti in Piedmont in Italy and an officer in the imperial army. He was beheaded in Asti under Hadrian.

March 30

Clinius March 30
? A Greek monk at Montecassino in Italy. He became Abbot of St Peter's near Pontecorvo, where his relics were venerated.

Fergus March 30
6th cent. Bishop of Downpatrick in Ireland.

Mamertinus March 30
+ c 462. A monk and then Abbot of Sts Cosmas and Damian in Auxerre in France.

Osburgh (Osburga) March 30
+ c 1018. First abbess of the convent founded by King Canute in Coventry in England.

Pastor March 30
6th cent. (?) Bishop of Orleans in France.

Patto (Pacificus) March 30
+ c 788. Perhaps born in Ireland, he went to Saxony, became abbot of a monastery there and finally became Bishop of Werden in Germany

Quirinus March 30
+ c 117. The jailer of Pope Alexander I, by whom he was converted with his daughter St Balbina. Shortly afterwards he was martyred in Rome under Hadrian.

Regulus (Rieul) March 30
+ c 260. By tradition a Greek, he is honoured as the first Bishop of Senlis in France. A tradition connects him with Arles where many Greeks lived.

Tola March 30
+ c 733. Abbot and Bishop of Disert Tola in Meath in Ireland.

Zosimus March 30
+ c 660. At the age of seven he was taken to the monastery of Santa Lucia near Syracuse in Sicily. After thirty years as a monk, he was successively made abbot and bishop of the city. He reposed at the age of ninety.

March 31

Aldo March 31
+ late 8th cent. Count of Ostrevant, he became a monk at the monastery of Hasnon in Belgium, which had been founded by his brother John. Aldo was chosen as second abbot.

Balbina March 31
+ c 130. By tradition the daughter of Quirinus the martyr, she was baptised by Pope Alexander and lived as a virgin in Rome. She was buried on the Appian Way near her father. Later her relics were enshrined in the church dedicated to her on the Aventine.

Guy (Guido) March 31
+ 1046. Born near Ravenna in Italy, Guy became a monk at the monastery of St Severus, where he became abbot. Later he went to the monastery of Pomposa near Ferrara.

Renovatus March 31
+ c 633. A convert from Arianism, he became monk and then Abbot of Cauliana in Lusitania. Finally he became Bishop of Merida in Spain for twenty-two years.

Theodulus, Anesius, Felix, Cornelia and Companions March 31
? Martyrs in North Africa.



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