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+ c 520. Bishop of Toul in France. He built the church of St Aper (Epvre) who was his predecessor.
Aretas and Companions
? St Aretas suffered in Rome with five hundred and four others.
c 589-654. Born in Brabant in Belgium, in his early years he lived badly. Left a widower, he was converted by St Amandus and founded the monastery of St Peter in Ghent (later called St Bavo's) and became a monk there. Finally he lived as a hermit.
+ 750. Born near Laon in France, he became a monk at Lobbes in Belgium and eventually became Abbot of Wallers-en-Faigne.
+ 762. The restorer of the monastery of Rathin in Ireland.
? Born in Cornwall, he was venerated in Amesbury in Wiltshire in England and also in Quimper in Brittany.
Piaton (Piato, Piat)
+ c 286. Born in Benevento in Italy, he enlightened the areas around Tournai in Belgium and Chartres in France. He was probably martyred in Tournai under Maximian.
+ c 533 (Jan 13). Called 'the Apostle of the Franks'. A Gallo-Roman by birth, in 459 he was chosen to be Bishop of Rheims in France when he was still a layman. During the seventy-four years he was bishop he was the most influential prelate in Gaul, the culminating event of his life being the baptism of Clovis, King of the Franks, in 496.
Verissimus, Maxima and Julia
+ c 302. Martyrs in Lisbon in Portugal under Diocletian. They have a full Mozarabic service.
+ c 1000. Abbot of the monastery of the Saviour in Leyre in Spain.
+ c 725. A priest who founded the monastery of Saint Hubert in the Ardennes in France.
Gerinus (Garinus, Werinus)
+ 676. Brother of St Leodegarius (Leger) and like him persecuted by the tyrant Ebroin. He was stoned to death near Arras in the north of France.
c 616-678. Nephew of the Bishop of Poitiers in France, in 653 he became Abbot of St Maxentius. In 659 he became Bishop of Autun. His connection with the court brought on him the fury of the tyrant Ebroin who had the saint imprisoned, blinded and finally murdered.
+ c 585. Bishop of Chartres in France.
+ 760. Abbot of Dissentis in Switzerland, he became Bishop of Chur in 754.
? A martyr in Rome, buried on the Esquiline Hill.
6th cent. A monk at St Victor at Marseilles and Bishop of Toulon in France.
Ewald the Fair and Ewald the Dark
+ c 695. Two brothers born in Northumbria in England who became monks and priests and followed St Willibrord to Frisia in Holland. They were martyred together in Aplerbeck, now a suburb of Dortmund in Germany.
+ 1006. Born in Lugo in Spain, together with his companion Attilanus he helped restore monastic life at Moreruela in Castile. Later he became Bishop of Léon.
Gerard of Brogne
+ 959. Born near Namur in Belgium, he went to France where he became a monk at St Denis. After some years he was ordained priest and left for Belgium in order to found a new monastery on his own estate at Brogne. He was Abbot here for twenty-two years and revived monastic life in Flanders, Lorraine and Champagne.
+ 404. A convert from Donatism, he became Bishop of Bagaia in Numidia in North Africa. Having deprived the Donatists of the basilica of Calvianum, he was grievously wounded and thrown off a tower by them.
+ c 395. A holy virgin from Lorraine in France, related to Sts Eucherius and Elaptius.
c 750-820. Founder of the monastery of Metten in Bavaria in Germany.
+ 747. Restorer of the monastery of Flavigny near Dijon in France, he also founded the monastery of Saulieu.
+ 666. A Syrian, she moved to France and became Abbess of St Martial in Paris, where she remained for thirty-three years.
? Probably the son of a prefect in France, he visited the monks in Palestine and prayed at the holy places. He became Bishop of Bologna in Italy and built the monastery of St Stephen there, reproducing the general lines of the buildings of the holy places in Jerusalem.
+ c 570. A citizen of Tours in France, he worked at the court of the Frankish king. The reigning queen tried to seduce him and had him assassinated at L'Indrois near Montresor.
3rd cent. One of the 'innumerable multitude' martyred in Trier in Germany under Diocletian.
+ c 520. Elder brother of St Avitus of Vienne in France, he became Bishop of Valence.
c 939-1009. Born in Tarazona near Saragossa in Spain, he became a monk at Moreruela with St Froilan. The two dioceses of Le6n and Zamora vacant, Froilan was appointed to the former and Attilanus to the latter and they were consecrated together at Pentecost 990.
+ 965 He succeeded St Odo as Abbot of Cluny in France in 942. However, after about ten years he became blind and resigned his office to St Majolus, setting for all an example of resignation for the rest of his life.
c 287 One of the martyrs with St Palmatius and Companions in Trier in Germany.
Firmatus and Flaviana
? Firmatus, a deacon, and Flaviana, a virgin, are venerated as martyrs in Auxerre in France.
+ c 550. A lady in Rome who, as a widow, led the life of an anchoress on the Vatican Hill, where she died of breast cancer.
Magdalveus (Madalveus, Mauvé)
+ c 776. Born in Verdun in France, he became a monk at St Vannes and later (c 736) Bishop of Verdun.
Marcellinus of Ravenna
3rd cent. The second or third Bishop of Ravenna in Italy.
+ c 859. He founded the monastery of Bödeken in Westphalia in Germany.
Palmatius and Companions
+ c 287. Martyrs in Trier in Germany under Maximian Herculeus.
8th cent. A young girl from Amiens in France, she became a nun in Boves and eventually became the abbess of a large convent.
? 7th cent. Born in Ireland, he became Bishop of the Mercians or Mid-Angles, before going to Iona and then returning to Ireland.
Cumine the White
Feb 24 or Oct 6
+ 669. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona and wrote a life of St Columba.
+ c 800. A nun at the convent of Santa Maria della Caccia in Pavia in Italy.
3rd cent. A holy virgin in Agen in the south of France, burnt to death under Maximian Herculeus. Her shrine in Conques is very famous.
+ c 660. Born in Venice in Italy, he became Bishop of Oderzo on the Adriatic and later of Heraclea.
c 658-38. Born in Sardent near Guéret in France, he became a hermit but then went to the monastery of Guéret where he became abbot. At the time of the Saracen invasion he remained alone in the monastery which he saved through his prayers.
Romanus of Auxerre
+ ? 564. Bishop of Auxerre in France.
Trier (Martyrs of)
+ 287. Innumerable martyrs were slain for Christ in divers ways in Trier in Germany during the persecution of Diocletian.
c 850. Bishop of Novara in Italy c 830-c 850. He is buried in the church of San Gaudenzio.
6th cent. Abbot of Bourges in France and a friend of St Germanus of Paris. He is notable for discovering the relics of St Ursinus, Apostle of that region.
+ c 492. Martyred by barbarians in Merthyr-Cynog. Several churches in Wales were dedicated to him.
+ c 513. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland from 497 to c 513.
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he went to France with nine other members of his family, six brothers and three sisters, and settled near Rheims. He became a priest and ministered there.
+ c 300. A virgin-martyr in Padua in Italy under Diocletian.
Marcellus and Apuleius
? Martyrs in Capua in Italy.
+ 336. Born in Rome, he was chosen Pope in 336.
+ c 700. Osyth was a princess of the Hwiccas in the west of England. She married Sighere, King of the East Saxons. Their son, the future St Offa, became King in 683, later abdicating. Osyth founded a convent, now St Osyth, on a creek of the River Colne in Essex.
+ c 590. Bishop of Saintes in France (570-c 590).
Amor (Amour) of Aquitaine
9th cent. Born in Aquitaine, he lived as a hermit in Maastricht. He later founded the convent of Münsterbilsen near Liège in Belgium.
+ c 870. A monk at Vezelay in France, he became Abbot of Leuze in Hainault in Belgium.
? A virgin-martyr in Laon in France.
5th cent. Bishop of Rouen in France.
+ c 652. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône in France.
Keyna (Keyne, Ceinwen)
5th cent. Born in Wales, she lived as an anchoress in Cornwall. Some say that Keynsham in Somerset was named after her. A church in Cornwall is dedicated to her.
Palatias and Laurentia
+ 302. Palatias was a lady of Ancona converted to Christ by her slave Laurentia. Both were martyred in Fermo near Ancona in Italy under Diocletian.
Peter of Seville
? A martyr venerated in Seville in Spain.
Triduna (Tredwall, Trallen)
8th century? A virgin connected with St Regulus in Scotland. Her shrine was a centre of devotion and pilgrimage.
+ c 690 A monk at Lindisfarne in England, he was ordained deacon by St Cuthbert. His relics were later translated to Wilton near Salisbury.
Denis, Rusticus and Eleutherius
+ c 250. According to St Gregory of Tours, Denis, or Dionysius, was born in Italy and sent with five other bishops to Gaul: he became the first Bishop of Paris. He and his two companions were beheaded under Decius and the monastery of St Denis was built over their tomb.
+ 836. A monk at Montecassino in Italy, he was chosen abbot about the year 830 and was noted for his almsgiving. To extort money from him, a tyrant ill-treated and imprisoned him. He died in prison of hunger and misery and was venerated as a martyr.
+ 304. Born in Parma in Italy, while fleeing his persecutors, he was overtaken and beheaded on the Via Claudia or Aemilia. This was a few miles outside Parma at a place now called Borgo San Donnino after him, where his relics are venerated.
+ ? 815. A monk at Sanpaterniano de Fano in Umbria in Italy. He is the patron-saint of San Gemini.
Gislenus (Ghislain, Guislain)
+ 680. A hermit who lived in the forest in Hainault in Belgium where several disciples gathered around him. He built the monastery of Sts Peter and Paul, now Saint-Ghislain near Mons, where he was abbot for thirty years.
955-1045. A cousin of St Stephen of Hungary. He began life full of worldly ambition, but was brought to better ways by St Godehard of Hildesheim and became a monk at Niederaltaich in Bavaria. His ambitious nature asserted itself once more and he became Abbot of Göllingen but proved a failure. Made wise by experience, he went to live as a hermit for twenty-eight years in the mountains of Bakory in Hungary.
Lambert and Valerius (Bellère, Beriher)
+ c 680. Disciples of St Gislenus in Belgium and the north of France.
+ c? 820 Venerated as one of the Apostles of the Lavedan in the Pyrenees in France.
Aldericus (Aldric, Audri)
790-841. Born in the Gatinais in France, he became a monk at Ferrières. The Archbishop of Sens took him into his clergy and he became Archbishop himself in 828.
Cassius, Florentius and Companions
+ 303. Martyrs under the Emperor Maximian Herculeus in Bonn in Germany.
+ ? c 400. Bishop of Verona in Italy.
+ c 580. One of the bishops in North Africa driven from their sees by the Arian Vandals. He settled at Piombino in Tuscany in Italy and was a bishop there.
3rd century? Bishop of Nantes in France.
+ 845. The twenty-first Abbot of Fontenelle in France.
3rd cent.? A soldier martyred in Germany, either in Xanten or else in Bonn.
5th cent. A bishop in Scotland who was driven out by heathen and spent the remainder of his life on the Isle of Man.
Paulinus of Capua
+ 843. A pilgrim, perhaps from England, who stayed in Capua in Italy and was forced by the inhabitants to become their bishop. After an episcopate of eight years he reposed in Sicopolis where he had fled during the invasion of the Saracens.
Paulinus of York
+ 644. Born in Rome, he was sent to England with Sts Mellitus and Justus (601) to help St Augustine. He spent twenty-four years in Kent and in 625 was consecrated Bishop of York and sent to enlighten Northumbria, where he baptised King Edwin in York. After the King's martyrdom, he returned to Kent, where he became Bishop of Rochester.
+ c 637. A young girl near Troyes in France who was martyred defending her virginity.
Victor and Companions
+ c 286. A group of three hundred and thirty soldiers connected with the Theban Legion in Switzerland.
+ c 685. A monk at Jouarre in France with Abbot Ado. He went to England and preached in Wessex. When he returned to France, he became Bishop of Paris. He was buried at Jouarre, where his tomb is still preserved.
+ late 7th cent. A monk whose relics were enshrined at the monastery of Lagny in the north of France.
c 925-965. Sometimes called 'the Great', in 953 he became Bishop of Cologne in Germany.
? According to tradition a hermit in Rennes in Brittany.
+ c 675. Sister of St Erconwald of London, who helped found the convent of Barking in Essex where she became abbess.
7th cent. A monk near Asti in Italy, whose relics were venerated in the Cathedral of Alba in Piedmont.
Firminus of Uzès
+ 553. Born in Narbonne in the south of France, he became Bishop of Uzès.
Germanus of Besançon
+ c 390. He followed St Desideratus as Bishop of Besançon in France and by tradition was martyred by Arians.
+ c 506. The first bishop of Oloron in the south of France.
c 717-774. After long and patient endurance of worldly perversity, he reposed as a hermit. The present town of Lierre (Lier) in Belgium grew up around his hermitage.
Juliana of Pavilly
+ c 750. A servant girl who became a nun and then abbess at Pavilly in France.
Kenneth (Canice, Cainnech, Kenny)
c 525-c 599. Born in the north of Ireland, he was a disciple of St Finian of Clonard and St Cadoc in Wales. He founded the monastery of Agahaboe and perhaps of Kilkenny, which is named after him. He later preached in Scotland where he was the first to build a church in the place now known as St Andrews.
+ c 460. A holy virgin venerated in Verona in Italy.
+ c 303. A martyr in Ravenna in Italy under Diocletian.
+ 633. In 616 he became King of Northumbria in England, married Ethelburgh of Kent and was baptised by St Paulinus. He fell in battle at Hatfield Chase fighting against pagan Mercians and Welsh and was venerated as a martyr.
Evagrius, Priscian and Companions
? A group of martyrs either in Rome or else in Syria.
Felix and Cyprian
+ c 484. Two bishops in North Africa, leaders of a great multitude of Orthodox - the number of four thousand nine hundred and sixty-six is usually given- driven to starvation and death in the Sahara Desert by the Arian Vandal King, Hunneric.
5th cent. A bishop in Ireland, friend and disciple of St Patrick, in whose honour he wrote a hymn which still exists.
Herlindis and Relindis
+ c 745 and 750. Daughters of Count Adelard who built the convent of Maaseyk on the Meuse in Belgium for them. Here they became respectively first and second abbesses.
Martin of Tours
Nov 11 (In the East Oct 12)
c 316-397. Born in Upper Pannonia (now Hungary), he was the son of a Roman officer. At the age of fifteen he enrolled in the imperial cavalry. In Amiens in France, where he was posted, he cut his cloak in half and gave his own half to a beggar. This beggar turned out to be Christ. This led to his baptism. He left the army and placed himself in the hands of St Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers, living for ten years as a hermit and founding a monastery in Ligugé. In 372 he was made Bishop of Tours, but he accepted the office with great reluctance. Founding another monastic centre in Marmoutier, he continued to live as a monk, while publicly he devoted himself to his episcopal duties. He opposed Arianism and Priscillianism, but befriended Priscillianists when they were persecuted by the civil authorities. He was the greatest monk in the West of the age and hundreds of churches were dedicated to him. His shrine in Tours was and still is a resort of Orthodox pilgrims.
+ 284. Born in Noricum, between the Inn and the Danube, in Austria. As bishop, he founded the church of Lorsch near Passau and was martyred in Cilli in Styria under Numerian.
+ 249. Bishop of Milan in Italy from 193 for fifty-six years. He lived through several persecutions.
? Bishop of Basle in Switzerland.
+ 562. Bishop of Verona in Italy. His relics are enshrined in St Stephen's church there.
633-709. Born in Ripon in England, he became a monk at Lindisfarne. After a short stay in Canterbury he went to France and Rome (653-657). On his return to Northumbria he founded the monastery of Ripon and in 668 played a leading part in the Council of Whitby. The rest of his life was occupied with journeys and missionary work among the Frisians and in Sussex. His zeal made him an important if controversial figure.
7th cent. Fifth bishop of Cambrai Arras in France.
Colman of Stockerau
+ 1012. Born in Ireland, he was going through Austria on his way to the Holy Land, when he was arrested as a spy, tortured and hanged with evildoers in Stockerau near Vienna. Miracles were worked by his relics and he was venerated as a saint. He is honoured as one of the patron-saints of Austria.
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he was the brother of St Kentigern. He became a monk in Scotland and was buried on Iona.
Faustus, Januarius and Martial
+ 304. Martyrs in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian and called 'The Three Crowns of Cordoba'.
Fyncana and Fyndoca
? Two martyrs in Scotland.
Gerald of Aurillac
855-909. Gerald, Count of Aurillac in France, led virtuous life as a layman. He founded a monastery on his estate and endowed it. He is the patron-saint of Upper Auvergne.
Regimbald (Reginbald, Regimbaut)
+ 1039. A monk at the monastery of Sts Ulric and Afra in Augsburg in Germany. In 1015 he moved to the monastery of Edersberg. In 1022 he became Abbot of Lorsch and later founded the monastery of Heiligenberg and in 1032 he became Bishop of Speyer.
+ c 641. Bishop of Genoa in Italy. He reposed at the coastal town of Matuziano, since renamed San Remo after him.
Simbert (Simpert, Sinthert)
+ c 809. A monk and Abbot of Murbach near Colmar in Alsace in France. In 778 he became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany
5th cent. Abbot of the monastery of St Martin in Tours in France.
Angadresima (Angadrisma, Angadreme)
+ c 695. A cousin of St Lambert of Lyons and a nun at Fontenelle in France. Eventually she became Abbess of Oröer-des-Vierges near Beauvais.
Bernard of Arce
9th cent. Perhaps born in England, he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Rome but stayed there to live as a hermit in Arpino in Italy. His relics are enshrined in Rocca d'Arce.
+ c 754. Born in England, he went to Germany with St Boniface (c 732). He became Bishop of Würzburg and founded several monasteries, of which the most important was St Andrew's, later named after him.
+ c 222. A Greek slave in Rome, he was ordained deacon by Pope Zephyrinus, whom he succeeded in 217. He condemned Sabellianism and other heresies, but was forgiving and tolerant to those whom rigorists regarded as sinners. As a deacon he had cared for the cemetery on the Appian Way, which is known by his name. He was probably martyred in Todi in Italy.
+ 390. Born in Rome, he became Bishop of Rheims in France from 360 to 390. His relics were translated to Bruges in Belgium in the ninth century and he has since been venerated as the patron-saint of Bruges.
Fortunatus of Todi
+ 537. A Bishop of Todi in Italy, who saved the city from being sacked by Totila the Goth.
Gaudentius of Rimini
+ 360. Born in Asia Minor, he became Bishop of Rimini in Italy in 346. He suffered much at the hands of the Arians who dominated the Council of 357 and he was martyred by them.
Justus of Lyons
Sept 2 and Oct 14
+ 390. A deacon in Vienne who became Bishop of Lyons in France in 350. In 381 he attended the Council of Aquileia and then went to Egypt and lived as a hermit.
6th cent. Abbot of Holyhead in Wales, he was connected with St Cuby. He appears to have reposed in Cornwall and Manaccan (Minster) near Falmouth is said to owe its name to him.
+ c 490. Born in Perthois in France, she was the youngest of seven sisters, all of whom are honoured as saints in various parts of Champagne. She is the patroness of Sainte-Ménéhould.
5th cent. Patron-saint of the town in France which is named after her. Her five sisters were also honoured as saints.
+ 574. Bishop of Trier in Germany. He resigned to live at the hermitage of St Goar.
+ c 300. He was martyred in Carthage in North Africa, but his relics were later translated to Rome.
5th cent. When St Justus, Bishop of Lyons in France, joined the hermits in Egypt, the priest Antiochus was sent to seek him out and persuade him to return to his diocese. The priest's efforts were in vain and on his return to Lyons he was himself chosen bishop.
+ 1027. A princess who lived for fifty-five years as an anchoress in Strasbourg in France.
June 19 and Oct 15
+ 1009. Born in Querfurt in Germany, he accompanied the half-Greek Emperor Otto III to Italy in 996 and became a monk there. He became Archbishop of Mersburg and was sent to enlighten the heathen Prussians. He was martyred with eighteen companions.
+ 1003. Born in Huesca in Spain, together with St Mercutialis he went to France and was killed by the Saracens.
5th cent. Bishop of Marseilles in France after St Honoratus.
+ ? 537. A martyr in Rome.
Leonard of Vandoeuvre
+ c 570. A hermit who founded Vandoeuvre, now Saint-Leonard-aux-Bois, near Le Mans in France
+ c 954. A monk at Gorze in Lorraine in France, in 945 he became Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium.
+ c 760 Bishop of Catania in Sicily. After a few years as bishop he resigned and became a hermit.
+ c 455. Born in France, he was a disciple of St Germanus of Auxerre and St Lupus of Troyes. He accompanied St Germanus to Britain to oppose the Pelagian heresy. He preached the Gospel to the Germans on the lower Moselle and became Bishop of Trier in Germany (446-c 455).
+ c 790. A nun at Wimborne in England, she went to Germany with St Lioba. She became the first Abbess of Ochsenfürt and then of Kitzingen on the Main.
+ c 1050. A nun at Nonnberg near Salzburg in Austria who reposed as an anchoress.
Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa
Two hundred and twenty Christians martyred on this day.
+ c 752. The thirteenth Bishop of Cahors in France who later lived as a hermit. After a pilgrimage to Rome, he reposed at what is now called Saint-Ambroise-sur-Arnon in Berry.
7th cent. He and his sister, St Bova, were children of Sigebert I, King of Austrasia in the east of France. He founded the monastery of Montfaucon and a convent in Rheims where his sister became a nun.
+ c 680. Son of St Salaberga and brother of St Anstrude, Abbess of Laon in France. He was murdered, which led to his veneration as a martyr.
+ 696. A monk at Luxeuil and first Abbot of Hautvilliers. St Bercharius founded two monasteries, Moutier-en-Der for monks, and Puellemoutier for nuns. He was fatally stabbed by an evildoer and died forgiving his murderer. He was venerated as a martyr.
+ 362. A holy virgin aged fifteen and martyred under Julian the Apostate. She left her name to the village of Saint Boulogne in Maine in France.
+ 460. The successor of St Corentin as Bishop of Quimper in Brittany.
Dulcidius (Dulcet, Doucis)
+ c 450. Successor of St Phoebadius as Bishop of Agen in France.
+ 362. Born in Ireland, he was martyred in Toul in France under Julian the Apostate. In the tenth century his relics were translated to Cologne in Germany.
Late 7th cent. Niece of St Wulmar and first Abbess of Wierre in France which convent Wulmar had built for her.
Florentinus of Trier
4th cent. The successor of St Severinus as Bishop of Trier in Germany.
c 550-645. A monk at Bangor in Ireland, he accompanied St Columbanus to France where he helped found Luxeuil. He was exiled and settled in Switzerland where the monastery and town of Saint Gall later grew up. He is venerated as one of the Apostles of Switzerland.
5th cent. A hermit in Commodoliacus - now Saint-Junien, near Limoges in France.
+ 787. A monk at Malmesbury in England and a relative of St Boniface, he went to Germany and in 751 St Boniface consecrated him bishop. After his master's martyrdom he took his place. He founded several monasteries.
+ c 670. Bishop of Angers in France.
Martinian, Saturian and Companions
+ 458. Four brothers, reduced to slavery in the house of an Arian Vandal in Mauretania in North Africa. The four brothers were martyred under Genseric by being dragged by horses.
+ c 686. Born in Constance in Switzerland, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France and was eventually sent to St Omer and made Abbot of the Old Monastery (now Saint Mommolin). From there he became Abbot of Sithin, founded by his friend St Bertinus. Finally in 660 he was made Bishop of Noyon-Tournai in Belgium.
Saturninus, Nereus and Companions
+ 450. A group of some three hundred and sixty-five martyrs who suffered in North Africa under the Vandal King Genseric.
+ c 740. Born in England, he became a monk at Noirmoutier in France and afterwards a hermit on Mt Scobrit near the Loire.
Anstrudis (Austrude, Austru)
+ 688. Daughter of Sts Blandinus and Salaberga, the founders of the convent of St John the Baptist in Laon. Mother and daughter were successively the first two abbesses. She had much to suffer at the hands of Ebroin, the oppressor of all the saints of that age.
+ c 680. Bishop of Le Mans in France.
Colman of Kilroot
6th cent. A disciple of St Ailbe of Emly and Bishop of Kilroot near Carrickfergus in Ireland.
Ethelbert and Ethelred
+ 640. Great-grandsons of St Ethelbert of Kent, cruelly put to death at Eastry near Sandwich in England.
Florentius of Orange
+ c 526. The eighth Bishop of Orange in the south of France.
Ignatius of Antioch
+ c 107. Called 'the God-bearer'. Bishop of Antioch for forty years, he was taken to Rome by order of Trajan and was thrown to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre. On his way to Rome he wrote seven letters which survive. His relics are in St Peter's in Rome.
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he is the patron-saint of St Ludgran in Cornwall.
+ 739. Eleventh Archbishop of Canterbury and a friend of St Bede and St Boniface.
? 4th cent. By tradition an abbot who brought relics of St Andrew from Greece to Scotland, leading to St Andrew's adoption as the patron-saint of Scotland..
+ c 290. Born in Gascony in France, she escaped to Chartres to avoid marriage to a pagan. She was beheaded in Chartres.
+ 554. Consecrated Bishop of Capua in Italy in 541 and a prolific writer.
Brothen and Gwendolen
? 6th cent. St Brothen is the patron-saint of Llanbrothen in Wales. Dolwyddelen and Llanwyddelan are named after St Gwendolen.
+ c 492. A holy woman murdered by heathen in Talgarth in Wales.
5th cent. Sister of St Nonna and aunt of St David of Wales. She is also said to have been the mother of Sts Cyby and Cadfan.
Justus of Beauvais
+ 287. A child-martyr aged nine, he was venerated in Beauvais in France.
c 645. Born in Scotland, he lived as a hermit in the Ardennes. He was murdered by evildoers in Nassogne in Belgium.
3rd cent. A widow martyred in Rome.
4th cent? Founder of the churches of Orleans and Chartres in France and perhaps a martyr.
c 620-695. Born in Bayeux in France, he and his wife agreed to live by good works. They went to Evreux and Aquilinus was soon made bishop there. However, he managed to live more as a hermit than a pastor.
+ c 705. A monk at Lonrey and a disciple of St Sigiranus, he became a hermit in La Brenne near Bourges in France.
+ 1016. A monk at Worcester and Abbot of Ramsey in England. In 1006 he became Bishop of Dorchester. He was killed by the Danes and is sometimes called a martyr.
+ c 600. Born in Britain, he was a disciple of St Samson in Brittany. Ordained deacon, he served at the monastery of Taurac until it was destroyed by the Franks. He then went to Ireland and led the life of a hermit near Kildare.
5th cent. Fourth Bishop of Salerno in Italy.
+ c 680-735. Daughter of a prince of the Upper Thames, she founded a convent dedicated to the Virgin on the site of what is now Christchurch in Oxford. From childhood she took as her maxim 'Whatever is not God is nothing'. She is the patron-saint of Oxford.
+ 864. Born in Cordoba, in Spain, as a widow she became a nun at Cuteclara. Condemned as a Christian by the Moors she was thrown into a cauldron of molten lead.
Lupus of Soissons
+ c 540. A nephew of St Remi of Rheims who became Bishop of Soissons in France.
Ptolemy and Lucius
+ c 165. Martyrs in Rome under Antoninus Pius. Ptolemy was put to death for instructing a woman in the Orthodox Faith. One Lucius and an unnamed man protested against the injustice of the sentence and were also martyred. Their story was written down by St Justin Martyr, their contemporary.
Theofrid (Theofroy, Chaifre)
+ 728. Born in Orange in the south of France, he became monk and Abbot of Carmery-en-Velay (Monastier-Saint-Chaffre). He died at the hands of invading Saracens and has been venerated as a martyr ever since.
+ 590. Born in Vaucluse in France, he became Bishop of Cavaillon.
c. 660-742. A disciple of St Bosa of York in England and St Wilfrid and a companion of the latter in his travels. He became Abbot of St Andrew's in Hexham and in 709 he succeeded Wilfrid as bishop there. He was described by Bede as 'great in the sight of God and man'.
+ 1004. Born in Troyes in France, he went on pilgrimage to Palestine, returned with many holy relics and built the monastery of the Holy Sepulchre at Samblières.
+ 768. A bishop in Mayo in Ireland.
Bernard of Bagnorea (of Castro)
+ c 800. Born in Bagnorea, he became Bishop of Vulcia in Tuscany in Italy.
Bradan and Orora (Crora)
? Two saints venerated in the Isle of Man.
+ 303. Born in Agen in the south of France, he hid during the persecution of Diocletian, but hearing of the courage of St Faith, confessed his faith openly and was at once beheaded.
Jan 24 and Oct 20
+ 251. Born in Foligno in Italy, he was consecrated bishop and cared for his diocese for over fifty years, enlightening the whole of Umbria. He was arrested under Decius and died on his way to martyrdom in Rome.
+ c 653. A nun in Portugal, honoured especially in Santarem.
Martha, Saula and Companions
? Martyrs in Cologne in Germany.
Maximus of Aquila
+ c 250. A zealous deacon of Aquila in the south of Italy, who was martyred by being thrown off an overhanging cliff near his native city during the persecution of Decius. He is venerated as the patron-saint of Aquila.
Sindulf of Rheims
+ 660. Born in Gascony, he lived as a hermit in Aussonce near Rheims in France.
+ 745. St Rupert's successor as Abbot of St Peter's in Salzburg and Archbishop (717-745).
+ c 223. A Roman priest with Pope Callistus, whose body he secretly buried. For this reason he was cast into the Tiber at Ostia by order of the Emperor Alexander. Orthodox Christians recovered his body and buried it in Ostia where it is now enshrined in the Cathedral.
+ c 458. The mother of St Principius, Bishop of Soissons and St Remigius, Bishop of Rheims. She reposed in Laon in France.
Condedus (Condé, Condède)
+ c 690. Born in England, he became a hermit at Fontaine-de-Saint-Valéry in the north of France. On hearing of the monastery of Fontenelle, he became a monk there and later preached Christ while living on an island in the Seine near Caudebec.
Finian (Fintan Munnu)
+ c 635. A disciple of St Columba at Iona, he later founded the monastery of Taghmon in Co. Wexford in Ireland. In Scotland he is called St Mundus. He bore a terrible skin disease with great patience.
Hugh of Ambronay
9th-l0th cent. Third Abbot of Ambronay near Belley in France.
+ c 804. Abbot of St Victor at Marseilles, he became bishop of the same city in c 767.
+ 664. An monk from Ireland who succeeded St Colman as Bishop of Lindisfarne in England. He died of the plague within the first year of his appointment.
Ursula and Companions
4th cent.? Early and famous virgin-martyrs in Cologne in Germany.
+ c 390. A disciple of St Justus, Archbishop of Lyons in France, whom he accompanied to live as a hermit.
Wendolinus (Wendelinus, Wendel)
+ 7th century. A shepherd who was famous for his holiness and is venerated at St Wendel on the Nahe in the west of Germany.
Benedict of Macerae
+ 845. A Greek abbot who fled from Petras and settled in Macerac near Nantes in France.
+ c 884. Of the royal house of France, he became a monk at Montecassino in Italy and became abbot in 856. While kneeling in prayer he was martyred together with several of his monks by invading Saracens.
Donatus of Fiesole
+ 874. Born in Ireland, he went on pilgrimage to Rome and became Bishop of Fiesole near Florence in Italy.
+ c 650. A monk at Bobbio and founder of the monastery of Precipiano near Tortona in Italy.
+ 314. By tradition born near Cardiff in Wales, he became the first Bishop of Rouen in France.
Moderan (Moderamnus, Moran)
+ c 730. Born in Rennes in Brittany, he became bishop there in 703. About the year 720 he made a pilgrimage to Rome and ended his days as a hermit in Berceto in Italy.
+ c 388. Bishop of Clermont in France (386-c 388).
+ 668. Abbot of a monastery near Mérida in the west of Spain. He was murdered by robbers and venerated as a martyr.
Nunilo and Alodia
+ 851. Two sisters born in Adahuesca in Huesca in Spain. Daughters of a Muslim father and Christian mother, they were raised as Christians. After the death of their father, their mother married another Muslim, who brutally persecuted them and had them imprisoned. They were finally beheaded in Huesca during the persecution of Abderrahman II.
+ c 270. Bishop and martyr of Fermo in Italy, his relics are enshrined in the Cathedral.
+ c 570. A disciple of St Benedict and third Abbot of Montecassino.
+ 522. Bishop of Verona in Italy.
4th cent. Second Bishop of Toul in France, the successor of St Mansuetus.
Benedict of Sebaste
+ c 654. Bishop of Sebaste in Samaria, he escaped to Gaul during the persecution of Julian the Apostate. He built a hermitage near Poitiers in France which later became the monastery of St Benedict of Quincay.
Clether (Cleer, Clydog, Scledog, Clitanus or Cleodius)
+ c 520. He left Wales and went to Cornwall. He is recalled by several church dedications, for instance St Clear near Liskeard.
8th cent. An hermit near Amiens in France.
+ c 936. A princess who lived as an anchoress in Glastonbury in England. She was revered by St Dunstan.
+ c 970. Daughter of Earl Ethelwold, founder of Romsey in England, she became a nun there and eventually abbess after St Merewenna.
John of Syracuse
+ c 609. Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily from 595 until c 609.
+ 718. Of noble family, Léothade became a monk and Abbot of Moissac in the south of France. Later he became Bishop of Auch.
+ c 723. A princess married to the Duke of Aquitaine in France. As a widow she devoted herself to the care of the poor and suffering. Her shrine is in Amay in Belgium.
Romanus of Rouen
+ 639. Bishop of Rouen. He devoted himself to the care of prisoners, particularly those condemned to death, and he also preached actively against paganism.
Servandus and Germanus
+ c 305. By tradition sons of St Marcellus of Léon in Spain. They were martyred in Cadiz while on their way to Tangiers under arrest.
+ c 420. Bishop of Bordeaux in France c 405-420.
c 480-524. The statesman and philosopher Anicius Manlius Torquatus Severinus Boethius was the author of De Consolatione Philosophiae. About the year 534 he fell into disfavour with the barbarian king and was martyred at Pavia in Italy. His relics are enshrined at the Cathedral of Pavia.
+ c 403. Born in Bordeaux in France, he became Bishop of Cologne in Germany and was a prominent opponent of Arianism.
+ c 660. A nun at Faremoutiers in France, from where she was asked by Bishop Ragneboldus to become Abbess of Châlons-sur-Marne.
4th cent. Third Bishop of Salerno in Italy.
6th cent. A disciple of St Iltyd, he founded churches in Penegoes and Abererch in Wales.
? 5th cent. A Bishop of Cologne in Germany, martyred by heathen robbers.
Felix (Africanus), Audactus (Adauctus), Januarius, Fortunatus and Septimus
+ 303. Felix was a Bishop of Thibiuca in North Africa, martyred with others for refusing to deliver up the sacred books. He was one of the first victims of Diocletian.
+ c 690. Monk, Abbot and then Bishop of Coutances in France.
+ c 575. Maglorius was born in south Wales but went to Brittany with St Samson. Here they became abbots of two monasteries, St Samson at Dol and St Maglorius at Lammeur. St Samson became Bishop of Dol and on his repose was succeeded by St Maglorius, who finally crossed to the Channel Islands and built a monastery on Sark where he reposed.
Marcius (Mark, Martin)
+ c 679. A hermit at Montecassino in Italy. He lived in a cave on Mount Massicus (Mondragone) where he reposed.
Martin of Vertou
+ 601. Founder of the monastery of Vertou near Nantes in France, also of Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes and other monasteries.
Crispin and Crispinian
+ c 285. Two brothers, shoemakers by trade, who were beheaded in Soissons in France under Diocletian. They are the patron-saints of shoemakers.
3rd cent. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian.
+ 584. A monk at Micy (Saint-Mesmin) in Orleans in France and then a hermit near Bourges, where the village of Saint-Doulchard still exists.
Fronto and George
3rd century? Apostles of Périgueux in France.
Fructus (Frutos), Valentine and Engratia
+ c 715. Two brothers and a sister who lived in Sépulveda in Castile in Spain. Valentine and Engratia were martyred by the Moors, but Frutos escaped and reposed as a hermit. They are venerated as the patron-saints of Segovia, where their relics are enshrined.
Gaudentius of Brescia
4th-5th cent. Born in Brescia in Italy, he became a monk in Caesarea in Cappadocia. He was recalled to Brescia to succeed St Philastrius as bishop and was consecrated by St Ambrose (c 387). In 405 he was sent to defend St John Chrysostom and was imprisoned near Thrace. He reposed shortly afterwards.
+ 675. Brother of St Maughan, he left Cornwall for Brittany and became Bishop of Léon.
+ 675. Bishop of Quimper in Brittany and founder of a monastery near Brest where he reposed.
Hilary of Mende
+ 535. Born in Mende in the south of France, he received baptism, became a hermit on the banks of the Tarn, a monk at Lérins, and finally Bishop of Mende.
+ c 670. A nun at the convent of St Eulalia in Bordeaux, who became Abbess of Fécamp in the north of France.
Lupus of Bayeux
5th cent. Bishop of Bayeux in France.
+ c 250. A soldier in Florence in Italy, where he spread the Faith among his comrades and was martyred under Decius. A monastery in Florence was dedicated to him.
Protus and Januarius
+ 303. Protus, a priest, and Januarius, a deacon, worked in Sardinia. They were beheaded in Porto Torres, not far from Sassari, in the persecution of Diocletian.
Rome (Martyrs of)
+ 269. Forty-six soldiers and one hundred and twenty-one civilians martyred in Rome under Claudius II.
Theodosius, Lucius, Mark and Peter
+ 269. Members of a group of fifty soldiers martyred in Rome under Claudius II.
+ 1031. A monk at Einsiedeln and from 1012 Abbot of Dissentis, both of which monasteries are in Switzerland.
Alanus and Alorus
5th cent. Two Bishops of Quimper in Brittany.
+ c 760. Born in England, he set out with St Boniface to enlighten Germany. In 741 he was consecrated Bishop of Buraburg in Hesse.
Alfred the Great
849-899. King of Wessex and all Orthodox England who defeated the Danish invaders and ensured the growth of the Church in England. A patron of sacred learning, Alfred the Great himself translated into English such works as the Dialogues of St Gregory the Great. His memory is held by many in great veneration as a patriot and model of Orthodox kingship.
Aneurin (or Gildas) and Gwinoc
6th cent. Father and son, both monks in Wales.
+ c 1012. Bishop of Mortlach in Banff in Scotland, he later preached in Aberdeen.
+ 664. Brother of St Chad of Lichfield, he was a monk at Lindisfarne who enlightened the Midlands of England and later became Bishop of the East Saxons. He founded monasteries in Tilbury and Lastingham.
+ 761. A monk at Lyminge in Kent in England, he became Bishop of Hereford in c 736 and the twelfth Archbishop of Canterbury in c 740.
+ c 686. A monk at Ripon in England. He later left it for Melrose in Scotland where he became abbot. After the Council of Whitby, he became Abbot of Lindisfarne. In 678 he became Bishop of Lindisfarne and later of Hexham.
+ c 675. A priest from Northumbria in England, he preached in Mercia and founded a monastery in Leominster.
+ c 105. The fourth Pope of Rome and a martyr.
Gaudiosus of Salerno
7th cent. Bishop of Salerno in Italy, his relics were venerated in Naples.
+ c 655. A nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France.
+ 7th or 8th cent. A monk at Fritzlar and Buraburg in Germany.
+ c 590. A shepherd and subdeacon in Policastro in Italy who raised a man from the dead.
Rogatian and Felicissimus
+ 256. Rogatian, a priest, and Felicissimus, a layman, belonged to the church of Carthage in North Africa where they were martyred.
+ c 462. A monk of Lérins who later became Bishop of Narbonne in France. He was present at the Third Oecumenical Council in Ephesus in 431.
+ c 740. Bishop of Metz in France 716-c 740. He was a builder of monasteries, notably of Neuweiter and Saint-Avold.
6th cent. A nephew of St Kevin, he founded many monasteries, mostly in the south of Ireland. His name is closely connected with Magh-Armuidhe or Adamstown in Wexford.
Colman of Senboth-Fola
+ c 632. A disciple of St Aidan of Ferns, he was Abbot of Senboth-Fola near Ferns in Ireland.
+ c 625. The successor of St Anacharius (Aunaire) as Bishop of Auxerre in France.
3rd cent. A martyr in Trois-Châteaux in Burgundy in France.
Gaudiosus of Naples
+ c 455. Bishop of Abitina in North Africa and exiled by the Arian Vandal King Genseric (440), he took refuge at Naples where he founded a monastery.
+ c 462. Ninth Bishop of Clermont in France. He built the Cathedral there.
c 563. An Abbot of Meath in Ireland, he went to Scotland with St Columba and was the first to repose on Iona. His feast is kept in Ireland and he is the main patron of Waterford.
Vincent, Sabina and Christeta
+ 303. Martyrs in Avila in Spain.
+ 779. Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium. His feast is kept together with that of four other Abbots of the same monastery.
Anastasia and Cyril
Oct 28 (In the East Oct 29)
+ c 253. Early martyrs in Rome. The former was bound with chains in Valerian's persecution under the Prefect Probus, tortured, her breasts cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, and being beheaded, she passed to her Bridegroom; Cyril, who offered her water when she begged for it, received martydom as his reward.
+ c 768. The tenth Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy near Liège in Belgium.
+ c 268. The daughter of St Tryphonia. They were both famed for their almsgiving and generosity. She was martyred under the Emperor Claudius II.
+ 713. Abbot of Iona, he was descended from a brother of St Columba. A copy of St Adamnan's Life of the latter, written by St Dorbhene, still exists.
+ 1050. Thirty-third Archbishop of Canterbury in England, he resigned some years before he reposed.
+ c 675. A brother of Sts Fara and Cognoaldus. He became a monk, either at Luxeuil or else at Rebais and finally Bishop of Meaux in France (626). He greatly encouraged monasticism.
? A soldier in Mainz in Germany, he asked to be discharged rather than take part in idolatry. He was thrown into prison where he died of ill-treatment and hunger.
Fidelis of Como
+ c 304. A soldier martyred in Lombardy in Italy under Maximian Herculeus.
+ c 690. Abbot of the monastery of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium.
Honoratus of Vercelli
c 330-415. Born in Vercelli in Italy, he was trained in the monastic life by St Eusebius. He accompanied his master into exile in Scythopolis and in his wanderings through Cappadocia, Egypt and Illyria. In 396 he was chosen bishop of Vercelli on the recommendation of St Ambrose, whom he anointed on his deathbed.
+ 875. Archbishop of Lyons in France.
6th cent. A hermit in France who lived at the place now called Saint-Saire after him.
Anastasia and Cyril
Oct 28 (In the East Oct 29)
+ c 253. Early martyrs in Rome. The former was bound with chains in Valerian's persecution under the Prefect Probus, tortured, her breasts cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, and being beheaded, she passed to her Bridegroom; Cyril, who offered her water when she begged for it, received martydom as his reward.
7th cent. Born in Spain, he became a hermit in Sens in France.
Colman of Kilmacduagh
+ c 632. A hermit in Arranmore and Burren in Co. Clare in Ireland. He then founded the monastery of Kilmacduagh, i.e. the church of the son of Duac, where he was abbot.
+ c 595. An anchoress in Meldaert near Tirlemont in Belgium.
Late 3rd cent. A virgin-martyr in Bergamo in Italy and niece of St Domnio, martyred under Maximian Herculeus.
Hyacinth, Quintus, Felician and Lucius
? Martyrs at Lucania in the south of Italy.
John of Autun
? A bishop venerated in Autun in France.
4th cent. An anchoress in Kirk-Kinner in Galloway in Scotland.
+ c 670. Abbot of Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium.
Stephen of Cajazzo
935-1023. Born in Macerata in Italy, he became Abbot of San Salvatore Maggiore and in 979 Bishop of Cajazzo. He is now venerated as the main patron of that city.
Terence of Metz
+ 520. Sixteenth Bishop of Metz in the east of France.
+ c 575. A priest and disciple of St Caesarius of Arles and also abbot of one of the monasteries of Vienne in France. He founded several monasteries and reposed as a hermit in the church of St Laurence in Vienne.
Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa
A group of Christians, numbering between one and two hundred, massacred in one of the early persecutions.
? A holy virgin in Gloucestershire in England who met her death in defence of her chastity. The church at Oldbury-on-the-Hill is dedicated to her.
Claudius, Lupercus and Victorius
+ c 300. Three brothers, sons of the centurion, St Marcellus. They were martyred in Léon in Spain under Diocletian.
+ 1038. Called 'the Good' and famed for his wisdom, he was a monk at Glastonbury in England, before becoming thirty-second Archbishop of Canterbury in 1020.
+ ? 253. A martyr in North Africa, probably under Valerian.
5th cent. A holy woman who lived in Auvergne in France.
Germanus of Capua
+ c 545. Bishop of Capua and a friend of St Benedict. He went to Constantinople to heal the Acacian schism but met with ill-treatment at the hands of the Acacians. St Benedict saw his soul being carried to heaven.
Herbert (Haberne, Herbern)
? Abbot of Marmoutier and later Archbishop of Tours in France.
5th cent. A martyr in Lagny in France, where his relics were enshrined.
+ 298. A Roman centurion in Tangier in North Africa. During a festival in honour of the Emperor, he refused to join in the pagan celebrations and declared himself to be Orthodox. The notary who refused to write the official report was also martyred with St Cassian.
Nanterius (Nantier, Nantère)
+ c 1044. Abbot of Saint-Mihiel in Lorraine in France.
+ 303. A martyr in Cagliari in Sardinia under Diocletian. By tradition he was beheaded during a pagan festival of Jupiter.
? 6th cent. Probably Pictish, St Talarican was a bishop in Scotland. Several churches were dedicated to him.
+ 425. By tradition Bishop of Philippi in Macedonia, driven out by the Arians. He was sent with companions (among whom was St Alban of Mainz) to enlighten Germany. However, in Mainz they were obliged to flee from invading Vandals and on their way Theonestus was martyred in Altino in Italy.
+ 660. Called Fontana, he was Archbishop of Milan in Italy.
+ c 840. A monk at Novalese in Piedmont in Italy, martyred by the Saracens.
+ 660. A nun at Hackness in Yorkshire in England.
Erth (Herygh, Urith)
6th cent. Brother of St Uny and St Ia (Ives). He went from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church is dedicated to him, and also gave his name to the village of St Erth.
+ c 655. Brother of Sts Fursey and Ultan. They left Ireland for East Anglia in England. St Foillan became the Abbot of Burgh Castle near Yarmouth but when this monastery was destroyed, he went to Belgium. St Ita of Nivelles gave him land at Fosses where he founded a monastery. He enlightened Brabant but was killed by robbers and is venerated as a martyr.
+ c 714. A nun at the convent of St Mary in the Capitol in Cologne in Germany.
? According to tradition, Quentin was born in Rome and went to France. He enlightened the area round Amiens and was martyred at the town now called Saint-Quentin.
924-994. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a monk at Einsiedeln in Switzerland (964). In 971 he was ordained and with a group of monks went to convert the Magyars, but in 972 he was made Bishop of Regensburg. He was a great benefactor of the poor.