Orthodox England - Latin Saints



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October 1

Albaud (Aladius) Oct 1
+ c 520. Bishop of Toul in France. He built the church of St Aper (Epvre) who was his predecessor.

Aretas and Companions Oct 1
? St Aretas suffered in Rome with five hundred and four others.

Bavo Oct 1
c 589-654. Born in Brabant in Belgium, in his early years he lived badly. Left a widower, he was converted by St Amandus and founded the monastery of St Peter in Ghent (later called St Bavo's) and became a monk there. Finally he lived as a hermit.

Dodo Oct 1
+ 750. Born near Laon in France, he became a monk at Lobbes in Belgium and eventually became Abbot of Wallers-en-Faigne.

Fidharleus Oct 1
+ 762. The restorer of the monastery of Rathin in Ireland.

Melorius Oct 1
? Born in Cornwall, he was venerated in Amesbury in Wiltshire in England and also in Quimper in Brittany.

Piaton (Piato, Piat) Oct 1
+ c 286. Born in Benevento in Italy, he enlightened the areas around Tournai in Belgium and Chartres in France. He was probably martyred in Tournai under Maximian.

Remigius Oct 1
+ c 533 (Jan 13). Called 'the Apostle of the Franks'. A Gallo-Roman by birth, in 459 he was chosen to be Bishop of Rheims in France when he was still a layman. During the seventy-four years he was bishop he was the most influential prelate in Gaul, the culminating event of his life being the baptism of Clovis, King of the Franks, in 496.

Verissimus, Maxima and Julia Oct 1
+ c 302. Martyrs in Lisbon in Portugal under Diocletian. They have a full Mozarabic service.

Virila Oct 1
+ c 1000. Abbot of the monastery of the Saviour in Leyre in Spain.

October 2

Beregisus Oct 2
+ c 725. A priest who founded the monastery of Saint Hubert in the Ardennes in France.

Gerinus (Garinus, Werinus) Oct 2
+ 676. Brother of St Leodegarius (Leger) and like him persecuted by the tyrant Ebroin. He was stoned to death near Arras in the north of France.

Leodegarius (Leger) Oct 2
c 616-678. Nephew of the Bishop of Poitiers in France, in 653 he became Abbot of St Maxentius. In 659 he became Bishop of Autun. His connection with the court brought on him the fury of the tyrant Ebroin who had the saint imprisoned, blinded and finally murdered.

Leudomer (Lomer) Oct 2
+ c 585. Bishop of Chartres in France.

Ursicinus Oct 2
+ 760. Abbot of Dissentis in Switzerland, he became Bishop of Chur in 754.

October 3

Candidus Oct 3
? A martyr in Rome, buried on the Esquiline Hill.

Cyprian Oct 3
6th cent. A monk at St Victor at Marseilles and Bishop of Toulon in France.

Ewald the Fair and Ewald the Dark Oct 3
+ c 695. Two brothers born in Northumbria in England who became monks and priests and followed St Willibrord to Frisia in Holland. They were martyred together in Aplerbeck, now a suburb of Dortmund in Germany.

Froilan Oct 3
+ 1006. Born in Lugo in Spain, together with his companion Attilanus he helped restore monastic life at Moreruela in Castile. Later he became Bishop of Léon.

Gerard of Brogne Oct 3
+ 959. Born near Namur in Belgium, he went to France where he became a monk at St Denis. After some years he was ordained priest and left for Belgium in order to found a new monastery on his own estate at Brogne. He was Abbot here for twenty-two years and revived monastic life in Flanders, Lorraine and Champagne.

Maximian Oct 3
+ 404. A convert from Donatism, he became Bishop of Bagaia in Numidia in North Africa. Having deprived the Donatists of the basilica of Calvianum, he was grievously wounded and thrown off a tower by them.

Menna (Manna) Oct 3
+ c 395. A holy virgin from Lorraine in France, related to Sts Eucherius and Elaptius.

Utto Oct 3
c 750-820. Founder of the monastery of Metten in Bavaria in Germany.

Widradus (Waré) Oct 3
+ 747. Restorer of the monastery of Flavigny near Dijon in France, he also founded the monastery of Saulieu.

October 4

Aurea Oct 4
+ 666. A Syrian, she moved to France and became Abbess of St Martial in Paris, where she remained for thirty-three years.

Petronius Oct 4
? Probably the son of a prefect in France, he visited the monks in Palestine and prayed at the holy places. He became Bishop of Bologna in Italy and built the monastery of St Stephen there, reproducing the general lines of the buildings of the holy places in Jerusalem.

Quintius (Quentin) Oct 4
+ c 570. A citizen of Tours in France, he worked at the court of the Frankish king. The reigning queen tried to seduce him and had him assassinated at L'Indrois near Montresor.

October 5

Alexander Oct 5
3rd cent. One of the 'innumerable multitude' martyred in Trier in Germany under Diocletian.

Apollinaris (Aiplonay) Oct 5
+ c 520. Elder brother of St Avitus of Vienne in France, he became Bishop of Valence.

Attilanus Oct 5
c 939-1009. Born in Tarazona near Saragossa in Spain, he became a monk at Moreruela with St Froilan. The two dioceses of Le6n and Zamora vacant, Froilan was appointed to the former and Attilanus to the latter and they were consecrated together at Pentecost 990.

Aymard Oct 5
+ 965 He succeeded St Odo as Abbot of Cluny in France in 942. However, after about ten years he became blind and resigned his office to St Majolus, setting for all an example of resignation for the rest of his life.

Boniface Oct 5
c 287 One of the martyrs with St Palmatius and Companions in Trier in Germany.

Firmatus and Flaviana Oct 5
? Firmatus, a deacon, and Flaviana, a virgin, are venerated as martyrs in Auxerre in France.

Galla Oct 5
+ c 550. A lady in Rome who, as a widow, led the life of an anchoress on the Vatican Hill, where she died of breast cancer.

Magdalveus (Madalveus, Mauvé) Oct 5
+ c 776. Born in Verdun in France, he became a monk at St Vannes and later (c 736) Bishop of Verdun.

Marcellinus of Ravenna Oct 5
3rd cent. The second or third Bishop of Ravenna in Italy.

Meinulph Oct 5
+ c 859. He founded the monastery of Bödeken in Westphalia in Germany.

Palmatius and Companions Oct 5
+ c 287. Martyrs in Trier in Germany under Maximian Herculeus.

October 6

Aurea Oct 6
8th cent. A young girl from Amiens in France, she became a nun in Boves and eventually became the abbess of a large convent.

Ceollach Oct 6
? 7th cent. Born in Ireland, he became Bishop of the Mercians or Mid-Angles, before going to Iona and then returning to Ireland.

Cumine the White Feb 24 or Oct 6
+ 669. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona and wrote a life of St Columba.

Epiphania Oct 6
+ c 800. A nun at the convent of Santa Maria della Caccia in Pavia in Italy.

Faith (Foi) Oct 6
3rd cent. A holy virgin in Agen in the south of France, burnt to death under Maximian Herculeus. Her shrine in Conques is very famous.

Magnus Oct 6
+ c 660. Born in Venice in Italy, he became Bishop of Oderzo on the Adriatic and later of Heraclea.

Pardulf (Pardoux) Oct 6
c 658-38. Born in Sardent near Guéret in France, he became a hermit but then went to the monastery of Guéret where he became abbot. At the time of the Saracen invasion he remained alone in the monastery which he saved through his prayers.

Romanus of Auxerre Oct 6
+ ? 564. Bishop of Auxerre in France.

Trier (Martyrs of) Oct 6
+ 287. Innumerable martyrs were slain for Christ in divers ways in Trier in Germany during the persecution of Diocletian.

October 7

Adalgis Oct 7
c 850. Bishop of Novara in Italy c 830-c 850. He is buried in the church of San Gaudenzio.

Augustus Oct 7
6th cent. Abbot of Bourges in France and a friend of St Germanus of Paris. He is notable for discovering the relics of St Ursinus, Apostle of that region.

Canog (Cynog) Oct 7
+ c 492. Martyred by barbarians in Merthyr-Cynog. Several churches in Wales were dedicated to him.

Dubtach Oct 7
+ c 513. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland from 497 to c 513.

Helanus Oct 7
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he went to France with nine other members of his family, six brothers and three sisters, and settled near Rheims. He became a priest and ministered there.

Justina Oct 7
+ c 300. A virgin-martyr in Padua in Italy under Diocletian.

Marcellus and Apuleius Oct 7
? Martyrs in Capua in Italy.

Mark Oct 7
+ 336. Born in Rome, he was chosen Pope in 336.

Osyth (Osith) Oct 7
+ c 700. Osyth was a princess of the Hwiccas in the west of England. She married Sighere, King of the East Saxons. Their son, the future St Offa, became King in 683, later abdicating. Osyth founded a convent, now St Osyth, on a creek of the River Colne in Essex.

Palladius Oct 7
+ c 590. Bishop of Saintes in France (570-c 590).

October 8

Amor (Amour) of Aquitaine Oct 8
9th cent. Born in Aquitaine, he lived as a hermit in Maastricht. He later founded the convent of Münsterbilsen near Liège in Belgium.

Badilo Oct 8
+ c 870. A monk at Vezelay in France, he became Abbot of Leuze in Hainault in Belgium.

Benedicta Oct 8
? A virgin-martyr in Laon in France.

Evodius Oct 8
5th cent. Bishop of Rouen in France.

Gratus Oct 8
+ c 652. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône in France.

Keyna (Keyne, Ceinwen) Oct 8
5th cent. Born in Wales, she lived as an anchoress in Cornwall. Some say that Keynsham in Somerset was named after her. A church in Cornwall is dedicated to her.

Palatias and Laurentia Oct 8
+ 302. Palatias was a lady of Ancona converted to Christ by her slave Laurentia. Both were martyred in Fermo near Ancona in Italy under Diocletian.

Peter of Seville Oct 8
? A martyr venerated in Seville in Spain.

Triduna (Tredwall, Trallen) Oct 8
8th century? A virgin connected with St Regulus in Scotland. Her shrine was a centre of devotion and pilgrimage.

Ywi (Iwi) Oct 8
+ c 690 A monk at Lindisfarne in England, he was ordained deacon by St Cuthbert. His relics were later translated to Wilton near Salisbury.

October 9

Denis, Rusticus and Eleutherius Oct 9
+ c 250. According to St Gregory of Tours, Denis, or Dionysius, was born in Italy and sent with five other bishops to Gaul: he became the first Bishop of Paris. He and his two companions were beheaded under Decius and the monastery of St Denis was built over their tomb.

Deusdedit Oct 9
+ 836. A monk at Montecassino in Italy, he was chosen abbot about the year 830 and was noted for his almsgiving. To extort money from him, a tyrant ill-treated and imprisoned him. He died in prison of hunger and misery and was venerated as a martyr.

Domninus (Donnino) Oct 9
+ 304. Born in Parma in Italy, while fleeing his persecutors, he was overtaken and beheaded on the Via Claudia or Aemilia. This was a few miles outside Parma at a place now called Borgo San Donnino after him, where his relics are venerated.

Geminus Oct 9
+ ? 815. A monk at Sanpaterniano de Fano in Umbria in Italy. He is the patron-saint of San Gemini.

Gislenus (Ghislain, Guislain) Oct 9
+ 680. A hermit who lived in the forest in Hainault in Belgium where several disciples gathered around him. He built the monastery of Sts Peter and Paul, now Saint-Ghislain near Mons, where he was abbot for thirty years.

Gunther Oct 9
955-1045. A cousin of St Stephen of Hungary. He began life full of worldly ambition, but was brought to better ways by St Godehard of Hildesheim and became a monk at Niederaltaich in Bavaria. His ambitious nature asserted itself once more and he became Abbot of Göllingen but proved a failure. Made wise by experience, he went to live as a hermit for twenty-eight years in the mountains of Bakory in Hungary.

Lambert and Valerius (Bellère, Beriher) Oct 9
+ c 680. Disciples of St Gislenus in Belgium and the north of France.

Sabinus (Savin) Oct 9
+ c? 820 Venerated as one of the Apostles of the Lavedan in the Pyrenees in France.

October 10

Aldericus (Aldric, Audri) Oct 10
790-841. Born in the Gatinais in France, he became a monk at Ferrières. The Archbishop of Sens took him into his clergy and he became Archbishop himself in 828.

Cassius, Florentius and Companions Oct 10
+ 303. Martyrs under the Emperor Maximian Herculeus in Bonn in Germany.

Cerbonius Oct 10
+ ? c 400. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Cerbonius Oct 10
+ c 580. One of the bishops in North Africa driven from their sees by the Arian Vandals. He settled at Piombino in Tuscany in Italy and was a bishop there.

Clarus Oct 10
3rd century? Bishop of Nantes in France.

Fulk Oct 10
+ 845. The twenty-first Abbot of Fontenelle in France.

Gereon Oct 10
3rd cent.? A soldier martyred in Germany, either in Xanten or else in Bonn.

Patrician Oct 10
5th cent. A bishop in Scotland who was driven out by heathen and spent the remainder of his life on the Isle of Man.

Paulinus of Capua Oct 10
+ 843. A pilgrim, perhaps from England, who stayed in Capua in Italy and was forced by the inhabitants to become their bishop. After an episcopate of eight years he reposed in Sicopolis where he had fled during the invasion of the Saracens.

Paulinus of York Oct 10
+ 644. Born in Rome, he was sent to England with Sts Mellitus and Justus (601) to help St Augustine. He spent twenty-four years in Kent and in 625 was consecrated Bishop of York and sent to enlighten Northumbria, where he baptised King Edwin in York. After the King's martyrdom, he returned to Kent, where he became Bishop of Rochester.

Tanca Oct 10
+ c 637. A young girl near Troyes in France who was martyred defending her virginity.

Victor and Companions Oct 10
+ c 286. A group of three hundred and thirty soldiers connected with the Theban Legion in Switzerland.

October 11

Agilbert (Aglibert) Oct 11
+ c 685. A monk at Jouarre in France with Abbot Ado. He went to England and preached in Wessex. When he returned to France, he became Bishop of Paris. He was buried at Jouarre, where his tomb is still preserved.

Ansilio Oct 11
+ late 7th cent. A monk whose relics were enshrined at the monastery of Lagny in the north of France.

Bruno Oct 11
c 925-965. Sometimes called 'the Great', in 953 he became Bishop of Cologne in Germany.

Emilian Oct 11
? According to tradition a hermit in Rennes in Brittany.

Ethelburgh (Ethelburga) Oct 11
+ c 675. Sister of St Erconwald of London, who helped found the convent of Barking in Essex where she became abbess.

Eufridus Oct 11
7th cent. A monk near Asti in Italy, whose relics were venerated in the Cathedral of Alba in Piedmont.

Firminus of Uzès Oct 11
+ 553. Born in Narbonne in the south of France, he became Bishop of Uzès.

Germanus of Besançon Oct 11
+ c 390. He followed St Desideratus as Bishop of Besançon in France and by tradition was martyred by Arians.

Gratus Oct 11
+ c 506. The first bishop of Oloron in the south of France.

Gummarus (Gomer) Oct 11
c 717-774. After long and patient endurance of worldly perversity, he reposed as a hermit. The present town of Lierre (Lier) in Belgium grew up around his hermitage.

Juliana of Pavilly Oct 11
+ c 750. A servant girl who became a nun and then abbess at Pavilly in France.

Kenneth (Canice, Cainnech, Kenny) Oct 11
c 525-c 599. Born in the north of Ireland, he was a disciple of St Finian of Clonard and St Cadoc in Wales. He founded the monastery of Agahaboe and perhaps of Kilkenny, which is named after him. He later preached in Scotland where he was the first to build a church in the place now known as St Andrews.

Placidia Oct 11
+ c 460. A holy virgin venerated in Verona in Italy.

October 12

Edistius Oct 12
+ c 303. A martyr in Ravenna in Italy under Diocletian.

Edwin Oct 12
+ 633. In 616 he became King of Northumbria in England, married Ethelburgh of Kent and was baptised by St Paulinus. He fell in battle at Hatfield Chase fighting against pagan Mercians and Welsh and was venerated as a martyr.

Evagrius, Priscian and Companions Oct 12
? A group of martyrs either in Rome or else in Syria.

Felix and Cyprian Oct 12
+ c 484. Two bishops in North Africa, leaders of a great multitude of Orthodox - the number of four thousand nine hundred and sixty-six is usually given- driven to starvation and death in the Sahara Desert by the Arian Vandal King, Hunneric.

Fiace (Fiech) Oct 12
5th cent. A bishop in Ireland, friend and disciple of St Patrick, in whose honour he wrote a hymn which still exists.

Herlindis and Relindis Oct 12
+ c 745 and 750. Daughters of Count Adelard who built the convent of Maaseyk on the Meuse in Belgium for them. Here they became respectively first and second abbesses.

Martin of Tours Nov 11 (In the East Oct 12)
c 316-397. Born in Upper Pannonia (now Hungary), he was the son of a Roman officer. At the age of fifteen he enrolled in the imperial cavalry. In Amiens in France, where he was posted, he cut his cloak in half and gave his own half to a beggar. This beggar turned out to be Christ. This led to his baptism. He left the army and placed himself in the hands of St Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers, living for ten years as a hermit and founding a monastery in Ligugé. In 372 he was made Bishop of Tours, but he accepted the office with great reluctance. Founding another monastic centre in Marmoutier, he continued to live as a monk, while publicly he devoted himself to his episcopal duties. He opposed Arianism and Priscillianism, but befriended Priscillianists when they were persecuted by the civil authorities. He was the greatest monk in the West of the age and hundreds of churches were dedicated to him. His shrine in Tours was and still is a resort of Orthodox pilgrims.

Maximilian Oct 12
+ 284. Born in Noricum, between the Inn and the Danube, in Austria. As bishop, he founded the church of Lorsch near Passau and was martyred in Cilli in Styria under Numerian.

Monas Oct 12
+ 249. Bishop of Milan in Italy from 193 for fifty-six years. He lived through several persecutions.

Pantalus Oct 12
? Bishop of Basle in Switzerland.

Salvinus Oct 12
+ 562. Bishop of Verona in Italy. His relics are enshrined in St Stephen's church there.

Wilfrid Oct 12
633-709. Born in Ripon in England, he became a monk at Lindisfarne. After a short stay in Canterbury he went to France and Rome (653-657). On his return to Northumbria he founded the monastery of Ripon and in 668 played a leading part in the Council of Whitby. The rest of his life was occupied with journeys and missionary work among the Frisians and in Sussex. His zeal made him an important if controversial figure.

October 13

Berthoald Oct 13
7th cent. Fifth bishop of Cambrai Arras in France.

Colman of Stockerau Oct 13
+ 1012. Born in Ireland, he was going through Austria on his way to the Holy Land, when he was arrested as a spy, tortured and hanged with evildoers in Stockerau near Vienna. Miracles were worked by his relics and he was venerated as a saint. He is honoured as one of the patron-saints of Austria.

Comgan Oct 13
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he was the brother of St Kentigern. He became a monk in Scotland and was buried on Iona.

Faustus, Januarius and Martial Oct 13
+ 304. Martyrs in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian and called 'The Three Crowns of Cordoba'.

Fyncana and Fyndoca Oct 13
? Two martyrs in Scotland.

Gerald of Aurillac Oct 13
855-909. Gerald, Count of Aurillac in France, led virtuous life as a layman. He founded a monastery on his estate and endowed it. He is the patron-saint of Upper Auvergne.

Regimbald (Reginbald, Regimbaut) Oct 13
+ 1039. A monk at the monastery of Sts Ulric and Afra in Augsburg in Germany. In 1015 he moved to the monastery of Edersberg. In 1022 he became Abbot of Lorsch and later founded the monastery of Heiligenberg and in 1032 he became Bishop of Speyer.

Romulus Oct 13
+ c 641. Bishop of Genoa in Italy. He reposed at the coastal town of Matuziano, since renamed San Remo after him.

Simbert (Simpert, Sinthert) Oct 13
+ c 809. A monk and Abbot of Murbach near Colmar in Alsace in France. In 778 he became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany

Venantius Oct 13
5th cent. Abbot of the monastery of St Martin in Tours in France.

October 14

Angadresima (Angadrisma, Angadreme) Oct 14
+ c 695. A cousin of St Lambert of Lyons and a nun at Fontenelle in France. Eventually she became Abbess of Oröer-des-Vierges near Beauvais.

Bernard of Arce Oct 14
9th cent. Perhaps born in England, he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Rome but stayed there to live as a hermit in Arpino in Italy. His relics are enshrined in Rocca d'Arce.

Burchard Oct 14
+ c 754. Born in England, he went to Germany with St Boniface (c 732). He became Bishop of Würzburg and founded several monasteries, of which the most important was St Andrew's, later named after him.

Callistus I Oct 14
+ c 222. A Greek slave in Rome, he was ordained deacon by Pope Zephyrinus, whom he succeeded in 217. He condemned Sabellianism and other heresies, but was forgiving and tolerant to those whom rigorists regarded as sinners. As a deacon he had cared for the cemetery on the Appian Way, which is known by his name. He was probably martyred in Todi in Italy.

Donatian (Donas) Oct 14
+ 390. Born in Rome, he became Bishop of Rheims in France from 360 to 390. His relics were translated to Bruges in Belgium in the ninth century and he has since been venerated as the patron-saint of Bruges.

Fortunatus of Todi Oct 14
+ 537. A Bishop of Todi in Italy, who saved the city from being sacked by Totila the Goth.

Gaudentius of Rimini Oct 14
+ 360. Born in Asia Minor, he became Bishop of Rimini in Italy in 346. He suffered much at the hands of the Arians who dominated the Council of 357 and he was martyred by them.

Justus of Lyons Sept 2 and Oct 14
+ 390. A deacon in Vienne who became Bishop of Lyons in France in 350. In 381 he attended the Council of Aquileia and then went to Egypt and lived as a hermit.

Manakus (Manaccus) Oct 14
6th cent. Abbot of Holyhead in Wales, he was connected with St Cuby. He appears to have reposed in Cornwall and Manaccan (Minster) near Falmouth is said to owe its name to him.

Manehildis (Ménéhould) Oct 14
+ c 490. Born in Perthois in France, she was the youngest of seven sisters, all of whom are honoured as saints in various parts of Champagne. She is the patroness of Sainte-Ménéhould.

Menehould Oct 14
5th cent. Patron-saint of the town in France which is named after her. Her five sisters were also honoured as saints.

Rusticus Oct 14
+ 574. Bishop of Trier in Germany. He resigned to live at the hermitage of St Goar.

October 15

Agileus Oct 15
+ c 300. He was martyred in Carthage in North Africa, but his relics were later translated to Rome.

Antiochus (Andeol) Oct 15
5th cent. When St Justus, Bishop of Lyons in France, joined the hermits in Egypt, the priest Antiochus was sent to seek him out and persuade him to return to his diocese. The priest's efforts were in vain and on his return to Lyons he was himself chosen bishop.

Aurelia Oct 15
+ 1027. A princess who lived for fifty-five years as an anchoress in Strasbourg in France.

Bruno-Boniface June 19 and Oct 15
+ 1009. Born in Querfurt in Germany, he accompanied the half-Greek Emperor Otto III to Italy in 996 and became a monk there. He became Archbishop of Mersburg and was sent to enlighten the heathen Prussians. He was martyred with eighteen companions.

Callistus Oct 15
+ 1003. Born in Huesca in Spain, together with St Mercutialis he went to France and was killed by the Saracens.

Cannatus Oct 15
5th cent. Bishop of Marseilles in France after St Honoratus.

Fortunatus Oct 15
+ ? 537. A martyr in Rome.

Leonard of Vandoeuvre Oct 15
+ c 570. A hermit who founded Vandoeuvre, now Saint-Leonard-aux-Bois, near Le Mans in France

Odilo Oct 15
+ c 954. A monk at Gorze in Lorraine in France, in 945 he became Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium.

Sabinus Oct 15
+ c 760 Bishop of Catania in Sicily. After a few years as bishop he resigned and became a hermit.

Severus Oct 15
+ c 455. Born in France, he was a disciple of St Germanus of Auxerre and St Lupus of Troyes. He accompanied St Germanus to Britain to oppose the Pelagian heresy. He preached the Gospel to the Germans on the lower Moselle and became Bishop of Trier in Germany (446-c 455).

Thecla Oct 15
+ c 790. A nun at Wimborne in England, she went to Germany with St Lioba. She became the first Abbess of Ochsenfürt and then of Kitzingen on the Main.

Willa Oct 15
+ c 1050. A nun at Nonnberg near Salzburg in Austria who reposed as an anchoress.

October 16

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Oct 16
Two hundred and twenty Christians martyred on this day.

Ambrose Oct 16
+ c 752. The thirteenth Bishop of Cahors in France who later lived as a hermit. After a pilgrimage to Rome, he reposed at what is now called Saint-Ambroise-sur-Arnon in Berry.

Balderic (Baudry) Oct 16
7th cent. He and his sister, St Bova, were children of Sigebert I, King of Austrasia in the east of France. He founded the monastery of Montfaucon and a convent in Rheims where his sister became a nun.

Baldwin (Baudoin) Oct 16
+ c 680. Son of St Salaberga and brother of St Anstrude, Abbess of Laon in France. He was murdered, which led to his veneration as a martyr.

Bercharius Oct 16
+ 696. A monk at Luxeuil and first Abbot of Hautvilliers. St Bercharius founded two monasteries, Moutier-en-Der for monks, and Puellemoutier for nuns. He was fatally stabbed by an evildoer and died forgiving his murderer. He was venerated as a martyr.

Bolonia Oct 16
+ 362. A holy virgin aged fifteen and martyred under Julian the Apostate. She left her name to the village of Saint Boulogne in Maine in France.

Conogan Oct 16
+ 460. The successor of St Corentin as Bishop of Quimper in Brittany.

Dulcidius (Dulcet, Doucis) Oct 16
+ c 450. Successor of St Phoebadius as Bishop of Agen in France.

Eliphius (Eloff) Oct 16
+ 362. Born in Ireland, he was martyred in Toul in France under Julian the Apostate. In the tenth century his relics were translated to Cologne in Germany.

Eremberta Oct 16
Late 7th cent. Niece of St Wulmar and first Abbess of Wierre in France which convent Wulmar had built for her.

Florentinus of Trier Oct 16
4th cent. The successor of St Severinus as Bishop of Trier in Germany.

Gall Oct 16
c 550-645. A monk at Bangor in Ireland, he accompanied St Columbanus to France where he helped found Luxeuil. He was exiled and settled in Switzerland where the monastery and town of Saint Gall later grew up. He is venerated as one of the Apostles of Switzerland.

Junian Oct 16
5th cent. A hermit in Commodoliacus - now Saint-Junien, near Limoges in France.

Lull Oct 16
+ 787. A monk at Malmesbury in England and a relative of St Boniface, he went to Germany and in 751 St Boniface consecrated him bishop. After his master's martyrdom he took his place. He founded several monasteries.

Magnobodus (Mainboeuf) Oct 16
+ c 670. Bishop of Angers in France.

Martinian, Saturian and Companions Oct 16
+ 458. Four brothers, reduced to slavery in the house of an Arian Vandal in Mauretania in North Africa. The four brothers were martyred under Genseric by being dragged by horses.

Mummolin (Mommolinus) Oct 16
+ c 686. Born in Constance in Switzerland, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France and was eventually sent to St Omer and made Abbot of the Old Monastery (now Saint Mommolin). From there he became Abbot of Sithin, founded by his friend St Bertinus. Finally in 660 he was made Bishop of Noyon-Tournai in Belgium.

Saturninus, Nereus and Companions Oct 16
+ 450. A group of some three hundred and sixty-five martyrs who suffered in North Africa under the Vandal King Genseric.

Vitalis (Vial) Oct 16
+ c 740. Born in England, he became a monk at Noirmoutier in France and afterwards a hermit on Mt Scobrit near the Loire.

October 17

Anstrudis (Austrude, Austru) Oct 17
+ 688. Daughter of Sts Blandinus and Salaberga, the founders of the convent of St John the Baptist in Laon. Mother and daughter were successively the first two abbesses. She had much to suffer at the hands of Ebroin, the oppressor of all the saints of that age.

Berarius Oct 17
+ c 680. Bishop of Le Mans in France.

Colman of Kilroot Oct 17
6th cent. A disciple of St Ailbe of Emly and Bishop of Kilroot near Carrickfergus in Ireland.

Ethelbert and Ethelred Oct 17
+ 640. Great-grandsons of St Ethelbert of Kent, cruelly put to death at Eastry near Sandwich in England.

Florentius of Orange Oct 17
+ c 526. The eighth Bishop of Orange in the south of France.

Ignatius of Antioch Oct 17
+ c 107. Called 'the God-bearer'. Bishop of Antioch for forty years, he was taken to Rome by order of Trajan and was thrown to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre. On his way to Rome he wrote seven letters which survive. His relics are in St Peter's in Rome.

Louthiern Oct 17
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he is the patron-saint of St Ludgran in Cornwall.

Nothelm Oct 17
+ 739. Eleventh Archbishop of Canterbury and a friend of St Bede and St Boniface.

Regulus (Rule) Oct 17
? 4th cent. By tradition an abbot who brought relics of St Andrew from Greece to Scotland, leading to St Andrew's adoption as the patron-saint of Scotland..

Solina Oct 17
+ c 290. Born in Gascony in France, she escaped to Chartres to avoid marriage to a pagan. She was beheaded in Chartres.

Victor Oct 17
+ 554. Consecrated Bishop of Capua in Italy in 541 and a prolific writer.

October 18

Brothen and Gwendolen Oct 18
? 6th cent. St Brothen is the patron-saint of Llanbrothen in Wales. Dolwyddelen and Llanwyddelan are named after St Gwendolen.

Gwen Oct 18
+ c 492. A holy woman murdered by heathen in Talgarth in Wales.

Gwen Oct 18
5th cent. Sister of St Nonna and aunt of St David of Wales. She is also said to have been the mother of Sts Cyby and Cadfan.

Justus of Beauvais Oct 18
+ 287. A child-martyr aged nine, he was venerated in Beauvais in France.

Monon Oct 18
c 645. Born in Scotland, he lived as a hermit in the Ardennes. He was murdered by evildoers in Nassogne in Belgium.

Tryphonia Oct 18
3rd cent. A widow martyred in Rome.

October 19

Altinus (Attinus) Oct 19
4th cent? Founder of the churches of Orleans and Chartres in France and perhaps a martyr.

Aquilinus Oct 19
c 620-695. Born in Bayeux in France, he and his wife agreed to live by good works. They went to Evreux and Aquilinus was soon made bishop there. However, he managed to live more as a hermit than a pastor.

Desiderius Oct 19
+ c 705. A monk at Lonrey and a disciple of St Sigiranus, he became a hermit in La Brenne near Bourges in France.

Ednoth (Eadnot) Oct 19
+ 1016. A monk at Worcester and Abbot of Ramsey in England. In 1006 he became Bishop of Dorchester. He was killed by the Danes and is sometimes called a martyr.

Ethbin Oct 19
+ c 600. Born in Britain, he was a disciple of St Samson in Brittany. Ordained deacon, he served at the monastery of Taurac until it was destroyed by the Franks. He then went to Ireland and led the life of a hermit near Kildare.

Eusterius Oct 19
5th cent. Fourth Bishop of Salerno in Italy.

Frideswide Oct 19
+ c 680-735. Daughter of a prince of the Upper Thames, she founded a convent dedicated to the Virgin on the site of what is now Christchurch in Oxford. From childhood she took as her maxim 'Whatever is not God is nothing'. She is the patron-saint of Oxford.

Laura Oct 19
+ 864. Born in Cordoba, in Spain, as a widow she became a nun at Cuteclara. Condemned as a Christian by the Moors she was thrown into a cauldron of molten lead.

Lupus of Soissons Oct 19
+ c 540. A nephew of St Remi of Rheims who became Bishop of Soissons in France.

Ptolemy and Lucius Oct 19
+ c 165. Martyrs in Rome under Antoninus Pius. Ptolemy was put to death for instructing a woman in the Orthodox Faith. One Lucius and an unnamed man protested against the injustice of the sentence and were also martyred. Their story was written down by St Justin Martyr, their contemporary.

Theofrid (Theofroy, Chaifre) Oct 19
+ 728. Born in Orange in the south of France, he became monk and Abbot of Carmery-en-Velay (Monastier-Saint-Chaffre). He died at the hands of invading Saracens and has been venerated as a martyr ever since.

Veranus Oct 19
+ 590. Born in Vaucluse in France, he became Bishop of Cavaillon.

October 20

Acca Oct 20
c. 660-742. A disciple of St Bosa of York in England and St Wilfrid and a companion of the latter in his travels. He became Abbot of St Andrew's in Hexham and in 709 he succeeded Wilfrid as bishop there. He was described by Bede as 'great in the sight of God and man'.

Aderald Oct 20
+ 1004. Born in Troyes in France, he went on pilgrimage to Palestine, returned with many holy relics and built the monastery of the Holy Sepulchre at Samblières.

Aidan Oct 20
+ 768. A bishop in Mayo in Ireland.

Bernard of Bagnorea (of Castro) Oct 20
+ c 800. Born in Bagnorea, he became Bishop of Vulcia in Tuscany in Italy.

Bradan and Orora (Crora) Oct 20
? Two saints venerated in the Isle of Man.

Caprasius Oct 20
+ 303. Born in Agen in the south of France, he hid during the persecution of Diocletian, but hearing of the courage of St Faith, confessed his faith openly and was at once beheaded.

Felician Jan 24 and Oct 20
+ 251. Born in Foligno in Italy, he was consecrated bishop and cared for his diocese for over fifty years, enlightening the whole of Umbria. He was arrested under Decius and died on his way to martyrdom in Rome.

Irene Oct 20
+ c 653. A nun in Portugal, honoured especially in Santarem.

Martha, Saula and Companions Oct 20
? Martyrs in Cologne in Germany.

Maximus of Aquila Oct 20
+ c 250. A zealous deacon of Aquila in the south of Italy, who was martyred by being thrown off an overhanging cliff near his native city during the persecution of Decius. He is venerated as the patron-saint of Aquila.

Sindulf of Rheims Oct 20
+ 660. Born in Gascony, he lived as a hermit in Aussonce near Rheims in France.

Vitalis Oct 20
+ 745. St Rupert's successor as Abbot of St Peter's in Salzburg and Archbishop (717-745).

October 21

Asterius Oct 21
+ c 223. A Roman priest with Pope Callistus, whose body he secretly buried. For this reason he was cast into the Tiber at Ostia by order of the Emperor Alexander. Orthodox Christians recovered his body and buried it in Ostia where it is now enshrined in the Cathedral.

Cilinia Oct 21
+ c 458. The mother of St Principius, Bishop of Soissons and St Remigius, Bishop of Rheims. She reposed in Laon in France.

Condedus (Condé, Condède) Oct 21
+ c 690. Born in England, he became a hermit at Fontaine-de-Saint-Valéry in the north of France. On hearing of the monastery of Fontenelle, he became a monk there and later preached Christ while living on an island in the Seine near Caudebec.

Finian (Fintan Munnu) Oct 21
+ c 635. A disciple of St Columba at Iona, he later founded the monastery of Taghmon in Co. Wexford in Ireland. In Scotland he is called St Mundus. He bore a terrible skin disease with great patience.

Hugh of Ambronay Oct 21
9th-l0th cent. Third Abbot of Ambronay near Belley in France.

Maurontus Oct 21
+ c 804. Abbot of St Victor at Marseilles, he became bishop of the same city in c 767.

Tuda Oct 21
+ 664. An monk from Ireland who succeeded St Colman as Bishop of Lindisfarne in England. He died of the plague within the first year of his appointment.

Ursula and Companions Oct 21
4th cent.? Early and famous virgin-martyrs in Cologne in Germany.

Viator Oct 21
+ c 390. A disciple of St Justus, Archbishop of Lyons in France, whom he accompanied to live as a hermit.

Wendolinus (Wendelinus, Wendel) Oct 21
+ 7th century. A shepherd who was famous for his holiness and is venerated at St Wendel on the Nahe in the west of Germany.

October 22

Benedict of Macerae Oct 22
+ 845. A Greek abbot who fled from Petras and settled in Macerac near Nantes in France.

Bertharius Oct 22
+ c 884. Of the royal house of France, he became a monk at Montecassino in Italy and became abbot in 856. While kneeling in prayer he was martyred together with several of his monks by invading Saracens.

Donatus of Fiesole Oct 22
+ 874. Born in Ireland, he went on pilgrimage to Rome and became Bishop of Fiesole near Florence in Italy.

Maroveus Oct 22
+ c 650. A monk at Bobbio and founder of the monastery of Precipiano near Tortona in Italy.

Mellon Oct 22
+ 314. By tradition born near Cardiff in Wales, he became the first Bishop of Rouen in France.

Moderan (Moderamnus, Moran) Oct 22
+ c 730. Born in Rennes in Brittany, he became bishop there in 703. About the year 720 he made a pilgrimage to Rome and ended his days as a hermit in Berceto in Italy.

Nepotian Oct 22
+ c 388. Bishop of Clermont in France (386-c 388).

Nunctus (Noint) Oct 22
+ 668. Abbot of a monastery near Mérida in the west of Spain. He was murdered by robbers and venerated as a martyr.

Nunilo and Alodia Oct 22
+ 851. Two sisters born in Adahuesca in Huesca in Spain. Daughters of a Muslim father and Christian mother, they were raised as Christians. After the death of their father, their mother married another Muslim, who brutally persecuted them and had them imprisoned. They were finally beheaded in Huesca during the persecution of Abderrahman II.

Philip Oct 22
+ c 270. Bishop and martyr of Fermo in Italy, his relics are enshrined in the Cathedral.

Simplicius Oct 22
+ c 570. A disciple of St Benedict and third Abbot of Montecassino.

Verecundus Oct 22
+ 522. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

October 23

Amo (Amon) Oct 23
4th cent. Second Bishop of Toul in France, the successor of St Mansuetus.

Benedict of Sebaste Oct 23
+ c 654. Bishop of Sebaste in Samaria, he escaped to Gaul during the persecution of Julian the Apostate. He built a hermitage near Poitiers in France which later became the monastery of St Benedict of Quincay.

Clether (Cleer, Clydog, Scledog, Clitanus or Cleodius) Oct 23
+ c 520. He left Wales and went to Cornwall. He is recalled by several church dedications, for instance St Clear near Liskeard.

Domitius Oct 23
8th cent. An hermit near Amiens in France.

Elfleda (Aelflead) Oct 23
+ c 936. A princess who lived as an anchoress in Glastonbury in England. She was revered by St Dunstan.

Ethelfleda (Elfleda) Oct 23
+ c 970. Daughter of Earl Ethelwold, founder of Romsey in England, she became a nun there and eventually abbess after St Merewenna.

John of Syracuse Oct 23
+ c 609. Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily from 595 until c 609.

Leothadius (Léothade) Oct 23
+ 718. Of noble family, Léothade became a monk and Abbot of Moissac in the south of France. Later he became Bishop of Auch.

Oda Oct 23
+ c 723. A princess married to the Duke of Aquitaine in France. As a widow she devoted herself to the care of the poor and suffering. Her shrine is in Amay in Belgium.

Romanus of Rouen Oct 23
+ 639. Bishop of Rouen. He devoted himself to the care of prisoners, particularly those condemned to death, and he also preached actively against paganism.

Servandus and Germanus Oct 23
+ c 305. By tradition sons of St Marcellus of Léon in Spain. They were martyred in Cadiz while on their way to Tangiers under arrest.

Severinus (Seurin) Oct 23
+ c 420. Bishop of Bordeaux in France c 405-420.

Severinus Boethius Oct 23
c 480-524. The statesman and philosopher Anicius Manlius Torquatus Severinus Boethius was the author of De Consolatione Philosophiae. About the year 534 he fell into disfavour with the barbarian king and was martyred at Pavia in Italy. His relics are enshrined at the Cathedral of Pavia.

Severinus Oct 23
+ c 403. Born in Bordeaux in France, he became Bishop of Cologne in Germany and was a prominent opponent of Arianism.

Syra Oct 23
+ c 660. A nun at Faremoutiers in France, from where she was asked by Bishop Ragneboldus to become Abbess of Châlons-sur-Marne.

Verus Oct 23
4th cent. Third Bishop of Salerno in Italy.

October 24

Cadfarch Oct 24
6th cent. A disciple of St Iltyd, he founded churches in Penegoes and Abererch in Wales.

Evergislus (Ebregesilus) Oct 24
? 5th cent. A Bishop of Cologne in Germany, martyred by heathen robbers.

Felix (Africanus), Audactus (Adauctus), Januarius, Fortunatus and Septimus Oct 24
+ 303. Felix was a Bishop of Thibiuca in North Africa, martyred with others for refusing to deliver up the sacred books. He was one of the first victims of Diocletian.

Fromundus Oct 24
+ c 690. Monk, Abbot and then Bishop of Coutances in France.

Maglorius (Maelor) Oct 24
+ c 575. Maglorius was born in south Wales but went to Brittany with St Samson. Here they became abbots of two monasteries, St Samson at Dol and St Maglorius at Lammeur. St Samson became Bishop of Dol and on his repose was succeeded by St Maglorius, who finally crossed to the Channel Islands and built a monastery on Sark where he reposed.

Marcius (Mark, Martin) Oct 24
+ c 679. A hermit at Montecassino in Italy. He lived in a cave on Mount Massicus (Mondragone) where he reposed.

Martin of Vertou Oct 24
+ 601. Founder of the monastery of Vertou near Nantes in France, also of Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes and other monasteries.

October 25

Crispin and Crispinian Oct 25
+ c 285. Two brothers, shoemakers by trade, who were beheaded in Soissons in France under Diocletian. They are the patron-saints of shoemakers.

Cyrinus Oct 25
3rd cent. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian.

Dulcardus Oct 25
+ 584. A monk at Micy (Saint-Mesmin) in Orleans in France and then a hermit near Bourges, where the village of Saint-Doulchard still exists.

Fronto and George Oct 25
3rd century? Apostles of Périgueux in France.

Fructus (Frutos), Valentine and Engratia Oct 25
+ c 715. Two brothers and a sister who lived in Sépulveda in Castile in Spain. Valentine and Engratia were martyred by the Moors, but Frutos escaped and reposed as a hermit. They are venerated as the patron-saints of Segovia, where their relics are enshrined.

Gaudentius of Brescia Oct 25
4th-5th cent. Born in Brescia in Italy, he became a monk in Caesarea in Cappadocia. He was recalled to Brescia to succeed St Philastrius as bishop and was consecrated by St Ambrose (c 387). In 405 he was sent to defend St John Chrysostom and was imprisoned near Thrace. He reposed shortly afterwards.

Goeznoveus Oct 25
+ 675. Brother of St Maughan, he left Cornwall for Brittany and became Bishop of Léon.

Guesnoveus (Gouernou) Oct 25
+ 675. Bishop of Quimper in Brittany and founder of a monastery near Brest where he reposed.

Hilary of Mende Oct 25
+ 535. Born in Mende in the south of France, he received baptism, became a hermit on the banks of the Tarn, a monk at Lérins, and finally Bishop of Mende.

Hildemarca Oct 25
+ c 670. A nun at the convent of St Eulalia in Bordeaux, who became Abbess of Fécamp in the north of France.

Lupus of Bayeux Oct 25
5th cent. Bishop of Bayeux in France.

Minias (Miniato) Oct 25
+ c 250. A soldier in Florence in Italy, where he spread the Faith among his comrades and was martyred under Decius. A monastery in Florence was dedicated to him.

Protus and Januarius Oct 25
+ 303. Protus, a priest, and Januarius, a deacon, worked in Sardinia. They were beheaded in Porto Torres, not far from Sassari, in the persecution of Diocletian.

Rome (Martyrs of) Oct 25
+ 269. Forty-six soldiers and one hundred and twenty-one civilians martyred in Rome under Claudius II.

Theodosius, Lucius, Mark and Peter Oct 25
+ 269. Members of a group of fifty soldiers martyred in Rome under Claudius II.

October 26

Adalgott Oct 26
+ 1031. A monk at Einsiedeln and from 1012 Abbot of Dissentis, both of which monasteries are in Switzerland.

Alanus and Alorus Oct 26
5th cent. Two Bishops of Quimper in Brittany.

Albinus (Witta) Oct 26
+ c 760. Born in England, he set out with St Boniface to enlighten Germany. In 741 he was consecrated Bishop of Buraburg in Hesse.

Alfred the Great Oct 26
849-899. King of Wessex and all Orthodox England who defeated the Danish invaders and ensured the growth of the Church in England. A patron of sacred learning, Alfred the Great himself translated into English such works as the Dialogues of St Gregory the Great. His memory is held by many in great veneration as a patriot and model of Orthodox kingship.

Aneurin (or Gildas) and Gwinoc Oct 26
6th cent. Father and son, both monks in Wales.

Bean Oct 26
+ c 1012. Bishop of Mortlach in Banff in Scotland, he later preached in Aberdeen.

Cedd Oct 26
+ 664. Brother of St Chad of Lichfield, he was a monk at Lindisfarne who enlightened the Midlands of England and later became Bishop of the East Saxons. He founded monasteries in Tilbury and Lastingham.

Cuthbert Oct 26
+ 761. A monk at Lyminge in Kent in England, he became Bishop of Hereford in c 736 and the twelfth Archbishop of Canterbury in c 740.

Eata Oct 26
+ c 686. A monk at Ripon in England. He later left it for Melrose in Scotland where he became abbot. After the Council of Whitby, he became Abbot of Lindisfarne. In 678 he became Bishop of Lindisfarne and later of Hexham.

Edfrid (Eadfrid) Oct 26
+ c 675. A priest from Northumbria in England, he preached in Mercia and founded a monastery in Leominster.

Evaristus Oct 26
+ c 105. The fourth Pope of Rome and a martyr.

Gaudiosus of Salerno Oct 26
7th cent. Bishop of Salerno in Italy, his relics were venerated in Naples.

Gibitrudis Oct 26
+ c 655. A nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France.

Humbert Oct 26
+ 7th or 8th cent. A monk at Fritzlar and Buraburg in Germany.

Quadragesimus Oct 26
+ c 590. A shepherd and subdeacon in Policastro in Italy who raised a man from the dead.

Rogatian and Felicissimus Oct 26
+ 256. Rogatian, a priest, and Felicissimus, a layman, belonged to the church of Carthage in North Africa where they were martyred.

Rusticus Oct 26
+ c 462. A monk of Lérins who later became Bishop of Narbonne in France. He was present at the Third Oecumenical Council in Ephesus in 431.

Sigibald Oct 26
+ c 740. Bishop of Metz in France 716-c 740. He was a builder of monasteries, notably of Neuweiter and Saint-Avold.

October 27

Abban Oct 27
6th cent. A nephew of St Kevin, he founded many monasteries, mostly in the south of Ireland. His name is closely connected with Magh-Armuidhe or Adamstown in Wexford.

Colman of Senboth-Fola Oct 27
+ c 632. A disciple of St Aidan of Ferns, he was Abbot of Senboth-Fola near Ferns in Ireland.

Desiderius Oct 27
+ c 625. The successor of St Anacharius (Aunaire) as Bishop of Auxerre in France.

Florentius Oct 27
3rd cent. A martyr in Trois-Châteaux in Burgundy in France.

Gaudiosus of Naples Oct 27
+ c 455. Bishop of Abitina in North Africa and exiled by the Arian Vandal King Genseric (440), he took refuge at Naples where he founded a monastery.

Namatius (Namace) Oct 27
+ c 462. Ninth Bishop of Clermont in France. He built the Cathedral there.

Otteran (Odhran) Oct 27
c 563. An Abbot of Meath in Ireland, he went to Scotland with St Columba and was the first to repose on Iona. His feast is kept in Ireland and he is the main patron of Waterford.

Vincent, Sabina and Christeta Oct 27
+ 303. Martyrs in Avila in Spain.

October 28

Alberic Oct 28
+ 779. Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium. His feast is kept together with that of four other Abbots of the same monastery.

Anastasia and Cyril Oct 28 (In the East Oct 29)
+ c 253. Early martyrs in Rome. The former was bound with chains in Valerian's persecution under the Prefect Probus, tortured, her breasts cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, and being beheaded, she passed to her Bridegroom; Cyril, who offered her water when she begged for it, received martydom as his reward.

Anglinus Oct 28
+ c 768. The tenth Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy near Liège in Belgium.

Cyrilla Oct 28
+ c 268. The daughter of St Tryphonia. They were both famed for their almsgiving and generosity. She was martyred under the Emperor Claudius II.

Dorbhene Oct 28
+ 713. Abbot of Iona, he was descended from a brother of St Columba. A copy of St Adamnan's Life of the latter, written by St Dorbhene, still exists.

Eadsin (Eadsige) Oct 28
+ 1050. Thirty-third Archbishop of Canterbury in England, he resigned some years before he reposed.

Faro Oct 28
+ c 675. A brother of Sts Fara and Cognoaldus. He became a monk, either at Luxeuil or else at Rebais and finally Bishop of Meaux in France (626). He greatly encouraged monasticism.

Ferrutius Oct 28
? A soldier in Mainz in Germany, he asked to be discharged rather than take part in idolatry. He was thrown into prison where he died of ill-treatment and hunger.

Fidelis of Como Oct 28
+ c 304. A soldier martyred in Lombardy in Italy under Maximian Herculeus.

Godwin Oct 28
+ c 690. Abbot of the monastery of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium.

Honoratus of Vercelli Oct 28
c 330-415. Born in Vercelli in Italy, he was trained in the monastic life by St Eusebius. He accompanied his master into exile in Scythopolis and in his wanderings through Cappadocia, Egypt and Illyria. In 396 he was chosen bishop of Vercelli on the recommendation of St Ambrose, whom he anointed on his deathbed.

Remigius Oct 28
+ 875. Archbishop of Lyons in France.

Salvius (Saire) Oct 28
6th cent. A hermit in France who lived at the place now called Saint-Saire after him.

October 29

Anastasia and Cyril Oct 28 (In the East Oct 29)
+ c 253. Early martyrs in Rome. The former was bound with chains in Valerian's persecution under the Prefect Probus, tortured, her breasts cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet cut off, and being beheaded, she passed to her Bridegroom; Cyril, who offered her water when she begged for it, received martydom as his reward.

Bond (Baldus) Oct 29
7th cent. Born in Spain, he became a hermit in Sens in France.

Colman of Kilmacduagh Oct 29
+ c 632. A hermit in Arranmore and Burren in Co. Clare in Ireland. He then founded the monastery of Kilmacduagh, i.e. the church of the son of Duac, where he was abbot.

Ermelinda (Ermelindis) Oct 29
+ c 595. An anchoress in Meldaert near Tirlemont in Belgium.

Eusebia Oct 29
Late 3rd cent. A virgin-martyr in Bergamo in Italy and niece of St Domnio, martyred under Maximian Herculeus.

Hyacinth, Quintus, Felician and Lucius Oct 29
? Martyrs at Lucania in the south of Italy.

John of Autun Oct 29
? A bishop venerated in Autun in France.

Kennera Oct 29
4th cent. An anchoress in Kirk-Kinner in Galloway in Scotland.

Sigolinus (Sighelm) Oct 29
+ c 670. Abbot of Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium.

Stephen of Cajazzo Oct 29
935-1023. Born in Macerata in Italy, he became Abbot of San Salvatore Maggiore and in 979 Bishop of Cajazzo. He is now venerated as the main patron of that city.

Terence of Metz Oct 29
+ 520. Sixteenth Bishop of Metz in the east of France.

Theodore (Theudar) Oct 29
+ c 575. A priest and disciple of St Caesarius of Arles and also abbot of one of the monasteries of Vienne in France. He founded several monasteries and reposed as a hermit in the church of St Laurence in Vienne.

October 30

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Oct 30
A group of Christians, numbering between one and two hundred, massacred in one of the early persecutions.

Arilda Oct 30
? A holy virgin in Gloucestershire in England who met her death in defence of her chastity. The church at Oldbury-on-the-Hill is dedicated to her.

Claudius, Lupercus and Victorius Oct 30
+ c 300. Three brothers, sons of the centurion, St Marcellus. They were martyred in Léon in Spain under Diocletian.

Ethelnoth Oct 30
+ 1038. Called 'the Good' and famed for his wisdom, he was a monk at Glastonbury in England, before becoming thirty-second Archbishop of Canterbury in 1020.

Eutropia Oct 30
+ ? 253. A martyr in North Africa, probably under Valerian.

Eutropia Oct 30
5th cent. A holy woman who lived in Auvergne in France.

Germanus of Capua Oct 30
+ c 545. Bishop of Capua and a friend of St Benedict. He went to Constantinople to heal the Acacian schism but met with ill-treatment at the hands of the Acacians. St Benedict saw his soul being carried to heaven.

Herbert (Haberne, Herbern) Oct 30
? Abbot of Marmoutier and later Archbishop of Tours in France.

Lucanus Oct 30
5th cent. A martyr in Lagny in France, where his relics were enshrined.

Marcellus Oct 30
+ 298. A Roman centurion in Tangier in North Africa. During a festival in honour of the Emperor, he refused to join in the pagan celebrations and declared himself to be Orthodox. The notary who refused to write the official report was also martyred with St Cassian.

Nanterius (Nantier, Nantère) Oct 30
+ c 1044. Abbot of Saint-Mihiel in Lorraine in France.

Saturninus Oct 30
+ 303. A martyr in Cagliari in Sardinia under Diocletian. By tradition he was beheaded during a pagan festival of Jupiter.

Talarican Oct 30
? 6th cent. Probably Pictish, St Talarican was a bishop in Scotland. Several churches were dedicated to him.

Theonestus Oct 30
+ 425. By tradition Bishop of Philippi in Macedonia, driven out by the Arians. He was sent with companions (among whom was St Alban of Mainz) to enlighten Germany. However, in Mainz they were obliged to flee from invading Vandals and on their way Theonestus was martyred in Altino in Italy.

October 31

Antoninus Oct 31
+ 660. Called Fontana, he was Archbishop of Milan in Italy.

Arnulf Oct 31
+ c 840. A monk at Novalese in Piedmont in Italy, martyred by the Saracens.

Begu Oct 31
+ 660. A nun at Hackness in Yorkshire in England.

Erth (Herygh, Urith) Oct 31
6th cent. Brother of St Uny and St Ia (Ives). He went from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church is dedicated to him, and also gave his name to the village of St Erth.

Foillan Oct 31
+ c 655. Brother of Sts Fursey and Ultan. They left Ireland for East Anglia in England. St Foillan became the Abbot of Burgh Castle near Yarmouth but when this monastery was destroyed, he went to Belgium. St Ita of Nivelles gave him land at Fosses where he founded a monastery. He enlightened Brabant but was killed by robbers and is venerated as a martyr.

Notburga Oct 31
+ c 714. A nun at the convent of St Mary in the Capitol in Cologne in Germany.

Quentin (Quintin) Oct 31
? According to tradition, Quentin was born in Rome and went to France. He enlightened the area round Amiens and was martyred at the town now called Saint-Quentin.

Wolfgang Oct 31
924-994. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a monk at Einsiedeln in Switzerland (964). In 971 he was ordained and with a group of monks went to convert the Magyars, but in 972 he was made Bishop of Regensburg. He was a great benefactor of the poor.



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