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Agia (Aia, Aye)
6th cent. Mother of St Lupus of Sens in France.
+ c 520. Bishop of Aquino in Italy.
Firminus of Amiens
4th cent. Third Bishop of Amiens in France.
Giles and Arcanus
+ c 1050. Giles was born in Spain and together with the Italian St Arcanus, founded a monastery to enshrine relics which they had brought from Palestine. This later grew into Borgo San Sepulcro in central Italy.
8th cent. Probably born in Provence in the south of France, he became abbot of a monastery on the Rhône, where the town of Saint-Gilles now stands. He is venerated as the patron-saint of cripples and beggars.
Lupus of Sens
+ 623. A monk at Lérins who became Bishop of Sens in France in 609. He was slandered and exiled but was recalled by his people and fully vindicated.
? A saint in Wales to whom two churches are dedicated.
+ c 670. Archbishop of Rheims in France.
+ c 66. The first Bishop of Capua in Italy, where he was sent by the Apostle Peter. By tradition he was martyred under Nero.
Priscus, Castrensis, Tammarus, Rosius, Heraclius, Secundinus, Adjutor, Mark, Augustus, Elpidius, Canion and Vindonius
Sept 1 and Feb 11
5th cent? Priscus, a bishop in North Africa, and his priests were cast adrift in a boat by the Arian Vandals. They reached the south of Italy, where eventually Priscus became Bishop of Capua.
+ c 545. Born in North Africa, he was exiled by the Arian Vandals. He landed in Tuscany in Italy and was martyred under Totila.
Sixtus (Xystus) of Rheims
+ c 300. First Bishop of Rheims in France c 290-300.
+ 118. Bishop of Todi in Umbria in Italy. He was racked, had his tongue cut out and finally was beheaded under Hadrian.
Twelve Holy Brothers
+ c 303? The relics of several groups of martyrs who had suffered in the south of Italy were brought together and enshrined at Benevento in 760. The various groups who comprised the so-called 'Twelve Brothers' or Martyrs of the South are: (1) Aug 27. In Potenza in the Basilicata, Arontius or Orontius, Honoratus, Fortunatus and Sabinian. (2) Aug 28. In Venosa in Apulia, Septiminus, Januarius and Felix. (3) Aug 29. In Velleianum in Apulia, Vitalis, Sator (or Satyrus) and Repositus. (4) Sept 1. In Sentianum in Apulia, Donatus and another Felix.
3rd century. An Egyptian related to a soldier of the Theban Legion, she travelled to Switzerland in search of him and settled as an anchoress near Zurich.
? A virgin martyr in Rome whose relics are now venerated in Los Angeles, of which she is the main patron-saint.
+ c 490. A disciple of St Martin of Tours who became Bishop of Le Mans in France in c 453.
Vincent and Laetus
? 5th cent. Possibly born in Toledo in Spain, St Vincent of Xaintes was the first Bishop and became the patron-saint of Dax in the south of France, and St Laetus was one of his deacons.
c 630-700. Son of St Magnus, Bishop of Avignon. At the age of sixteen he became a monk at Lérins where he stayed for sixteen years. His father called him to Avignon and in 660 he became bishop there and is considered to be the patron-saint of the town.
? At Pamiers in France there are traditions connected with an early martyr named Antoninus.
+ c 420. Born in Nîmes in France, he married and settled in Marseilles. After a short time they separated by mutual consent and both entered monasteries. Castor founded the monastery of Manauque, and shortly afterwards became Bishop of Apt.
+ 422. The successor of St Antiochus as Bishop of Lyons in France. His relics were enshrined in the church of St Justus.
+ c 657. She became a nun and then Abbess of Tadcaster in Yorkshire in England.
Justus of Lyons
Sept 2 and Oct 14
+ 390. A deacon in Vienne who became Bishop of Lyons in France in 350. In 381 he attended the Council of Aquileia and then went to Egypt and lived as a hermit.
+ c ? 1034. A bishop in Scotland.
+ 304. A Roman slave who was scourged to death in Rome during the persecution of Diocletian. She was condemned to death together with St Ansanus.
+ c 575. A monk at the monastery of Mt Soracte in Italy. His wonderful deeds were recorded by St Gregory the Great.
4th cent. Fourth Bishop of Strasbourg in France.
Aigulphus (Ayou, Ayoul)
c 630-676. Born in Blois in France, at the age of twenty he became a monk at Fleury. He was sent to Montecassino to attempt to obtain the relics of St Benedict and later became Abbot of Lérins. With four of his monks he was taken by evildoers to an island near Corsica where they were all martyred.
+ c 455. Bishop of Sens in France.
+ 568. Known in Milan in Italy as Sant'Ansano, he was bishop of that city, where he has always been venerated.
Euphemia, Dorothy, Thecla and Erasma
? 1st cent. A group of virgin-martyrs in Aquileia in Italy, venerated in Venice and Ravenna.
+ 675. A monk at Fleury, martyred with St Aigulphus, Abbot of Lérins in France.
Gregory the Great (the Dialogist)
c 540-604. Born in Rome of patrician parents, he became the prefect of the city. He soon resigned the office, turned his home on the Caelian Hill into a monastery and became a monk. Next he was sent to Constantinople as apocrisarius or ambassador. On his return he was chosen Pope (590). First in importance was his mission to England. This was important not only for the conversion of England, but also for the spreading of Orthodoxy among the other Germanic peoples of north-west Europe. He also encouraged the conversion of the Lombards in Italy and the Goths in Spain, embellished the liturgy, defended and befriended monasticism and cared for the poor. He was a prolific writer; his dialogues and his Regula Pastoralis are classics of Orthodox literature.
+ c 690. A princess from Northumbria in England and sister of St Hild, she ended her life as a nun at Chelles in France.
+ 514. By tradition he was baptised as an infant by St Patrick, who later consecrated him bishop. He also founded a monastery, probably in Kells.
+ c 350. Bishop of Toul in France (c 338-350).
+ 580. Bishop of Cahors in France. It is recorded that he knew the whole Bible by heart.
6th cent. Born in Benevento in Italy, he became a priest in Casale in Piedmont.
+ 698. A monk at Rebais in France with St Philibert. He succeeded St Nivard (c 670) as Archbishop of Rheims and founded the monastery of Orbais in 680.
+ c 663. A noble born in Aquitaine in France, he became a monk and the first Abbot of Solignac near Limoges and then of Cougnon in Luxembourg. About the year 648 he founded the monasteries of Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium and in 652 he became Bishop of Maastricht in Holland.
Sandila (Sandalus, Sandolus, Sandulf)
+ c 855. A martyr in Cordoba in Spain under the Moors.
+ 422. A priest who was elected Pope of Rome in 418.
529-c 580. Born in Chartres in France he became bishop of that city after St Lubinus in c 557.
Candida the Elder
+ c 78. An aged woman who welcomed the Apostle Peter in Naples and was miraculously healed by him. In her turn she converted St Aspren who became the first Bishop of Naples.
Ida of Herzfeld
+ c 813. Happily married, she was widowed when she was still very young. She founded the convent of Herzfeld in Westphalia in Germany and devoted herself to good works.
+ c 178. A priest in Lyons in France who escaped from prison but was arrested again. He was buried up to his waist on the banks of the Saône, where he survived for three days before he died.
? Either Bishop of Trier in Germany or else of Tongres in Belgium.
4th cent. He was born on an island off the coast of Dalmatia and became a stonemason. Ordained deacon by Gaudentius, Bishop of Rimini, he reposed as a hermit in the region now called after him, (the Republic of) San Marino.
+ 456. A holy woman converted by St Patrick in Ireland.
? 7th cent. Patron of Llanrhyddlad at the foot of Moel Rhyddlad in Anglesey in Wales.
+ c 420. Third Bishop of Verdun in the north of France (c 383-420).
Sulpicius of Bayeux
+ 843. Bishop of Bayeux in France from c 838 to 843. He was martyred by the Vikings in Livry.
7th cent. Bishop of Ardbraccan in Ireland, St Ultan was noted for his love for children and for the writings of St Brigid.
+ c 709. Born near Constance, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France. He helped St Omer, Bishop of Thérouanne and became Abbot of Sithin (afterwards called St Bertin). The monastery prospered under him and he founded many new monasteries.
Genebald of Laon
+ c 555. Bishop of Laon in France and a relative of St Remigius. He did seven years' penance for a sin he had committed.
+ ? c 180. A martyr in Porto near Rome, probably under Marcus Aurelius.
? A holy virgin venerated in Toledo in Spain.
Quintius, Arcontius and Donatus
? Martyrs venerated in Capua and elsewhere in the south of Italy.
+ 644. Bishop of Como in Italy and an ardent opponent of Arianism.
+ c 460. Fourth Bishop of Verdun in France.
Augustine, Sanctian and Beata
+ 273. Born in Spain, they fled to Gaul in time of persecution and were martyred near Sens in France, where they were venerated.
Bega (Begh, Bee)
7th cent. A holy virgin from Ireland who founded a convent at what is now St Bee's Head in Cumberland. The village of Kilbees in Scotland was also named after her.
+ c 635. Brother of St Faro and St Burgundofara. He became a monk at Luxeuil in France and later the sixth Bishop of Laon.
Chainoaldus (Chagnoald, Cagnou)
+ 633. Brother of St Faro and St Fara. A disciple of St Columbanus, with whom he went to Bobbio in Italy and helped found the monastery. He later became Bishop of Laon in France.
Donatian, Praesidius, Mansuetus, Germanus, Fusculus and Laetus
5th century. Orthodox driven out of Africa into exile by Hunneric the Arian King of the Vandals. At that time the number of exiles reached nearly five thousand in a single year.
+ c 590. He is mentioned several times by St Gregory the Great as a wonderworker. He was Abbot of St Mark's in Spoleto in Italy, which he left for St Gregory's own monastery in Rome, where he lived as a monk for many years.
+ c 607. Abbot of the monastery of Santa Lucy in Syracuse in Sicily, where his disciple was Zosimus, the future Bishop of Syracuse.
Felix and Augebert
7th cent. Two slaves from England sold in France and ransomed by St Gregory the Great, who asked that they be taken to a monastery to be prepared as missionaries in England. Felix was ordained priest and Augebert deacon, but they were killed by pagans in Champagne before they could undertake their mission.
Maccallin (Macallan, Macculin Dus)
+ c 497. Bishop of Lusk in Ireland, he is also venerated in Scotland.
Magnus (Magnoaldus, Maginold, Mang)
+ c 666. Born in Ireland, he preached with Sts Columbanus and Gall. He founded the monastery of Füssen in Bavaria in Germany.
+ c 450. Bishop of Verona in Italy.
+ 781. The seventh Bishop of Hexham in England.
Anastasius the Fuller
+ 304. A fuller in Aquileia, not far from Venice in Italy. He went to Dalmatia and continued his trade in Salona where he openly confessed Orthodoxy, painting a conspicuous cross on his door. He was seized and drowned.
c 450. Probably Bishop of Arles in France.
Balin (Balanus, Balloin)
7th cent. Brother of St Gerald and one of the four sons of a noble in England. After accompanying St Colman of Lindisfarne to Iona in Scotland, he and his brothers went to Connaught in Ireland and settled at Tecksaxon, 'The House of the Saxons', near Tuam.
5th cent. Born in Albi in France, she lived as an anchoress in a forest near the city and then at the convent of Viants (Vious).
+ c 560. Grandson of King Clovis and St Clotilde, he became a priest and hermit. He founded the monastery of Nogent-sur-Seine, now called Saint-Cloud after him.
+ c 340. Bishop of Orleans in France, the monastery of Saint-Euvert was founded to enshrine his relics.
+ c 950. A monk at the monastery of St Cyprian in Poitiers in France.
+ c 470. Bishop of Aosta in Italy, of which he is patron-saint.
4th cent. A holy virgin from Ireland, she was martyred in Picardy in defence of her virtue.
Hilduard (Hilward, Garibald)
+ c 750. He founded the monastery of St Peter in Dickelvenne on the Schelde in Belgium.
+ 706. Daughter of Sts Vincent Madelgarus and Waldetrudis. She was educated by her aunt, St Aldegund, the foundress of Maubeuge, where she became a nun. About the year 697 she succeeded her sister St Aldetrudis as abbess.
Memorius (Nemorius, Mesmin) and Companions
+ 451. A deacon in Troyes in France with St Lupus, who sent him to the camp of Attila with five companions to ask for mercy. Attila had them all beheaded.
+ c 400. A Greek by birth, he was consecrated Bishop of Capua in Italy. His relics were enshrined in Benevento.
+ c ?286. A virgin-martyr venerated in Autun in France.
+ 789. Bishop of Hexham in Northumbria in England 781-789.
Sept 8 and Nov 19
+ 498. Pope of Rome between 496-498.
670-730. He lived for fourteen years as a hermit and then went to Rome. He was consecrated bishop and went to preach Christ in Germany. He lived in Freising in Bavaria.
Disibod (Disibode, Disen)
+ c 700. Born in Ireland, he went to Germany with several companions and founded a monastery on a hill in the valley of the Nahe near Bingen. This became known as Disibodenberg or Disenberg.
+ c 647. Daughter of King Ethelbert of Kent in England, she married King Edwin of Northumbria. She went there accompanied by St Paulinus. After Edwin's death she returned to Kent and founded the convent of Lyminge, where she became a nun and abbess.
Ina (Ine) and Ethelburgh
+ 727. Ina was King of Wessex in England from 688 till 726, and is remembered as the restorer of Glastonbury. In about 726 he abdicated and went to Rome with his wife Ethelburgh, where he ended his days as a monk.
5th cent. By tradition a saint who came from Scotland but lived in Wales, where churches are dedicated to him.
+ 701. Of Syrian descent, he was born in Palermo in Sicily. He was Pope of Rome from 687 to 701. He blessed and fostered the missionary work of the English monks in Friesland and Germany.
8th cent. Disciple of St Guthlac of Crowland in England. He lived there with companions under the first abbot, Kenulf.
Hyacinth, Alexander and Tiburtius
? Martyrs in the Sabine country in Italy, about thirty miles from Rome.
+ c 556 (?). Called 'The Younger'. He was born in Connacht, and was trained in the monastic life by St Finian of Clonard, one of the 'Twelve Apostles of Ireland'. He later founded Clonmacnois in West Meath and gave his monks an ascetic rule, 'The Law of Kieran'.
c 595-670. Born near Constance in Switzerland, he became a monk at Luxeuil and after some twenty years Bishop of Thérouanne in the north of France. In order to enlighten the region, St Omer covered the area with monasteries. The saint himself helped found the monastery of Sithin, around which grew up the town now known as Saint Omer.
+ c 650. A holy virgin who left Ireland for Brittany and became an anchoress in a hermitage near Brieuc.
+ c 1000. Abbess of convents at Barking and Horton, both in England.
+ 447. Bishop of Novara in Piedmont in Italy from 417 to 447 and the successor of St Gaudentius, in whose footsteps he followed.
+ c 709. Bishop of Avranches in France, he founded the Monastery of Mont-St-Michel on what is now the Normandy coast.
1st cent. A hermit from the East, he was martyred in Dalmatia. A tradition relates that Barypsabas took to Rome a vessel containing some of the precious blood which flowed from the side of our Lord when He was on the cross.
Candida the Younger
+ ? 586. A married woman in Naples who hallowed herself as a wife and as a mother.
Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.
Finian (Findbarr, Winnin)
c 493-579. Born near Stangford Lough in Ireland, he became a monk in Scotland. He was the founder and first Abbot of Moville in Co. Down.
+ 933. A disciple of St Grimbald, he was consecrated Bishop of Winchester in England by St Plegmund. He was bishop for twenty-three years, loved the poor and prayed much for the departed.
Nemesian, Felix, Lucius, another Felix, Litteus, Polyanus, Victor, Jader, Dativus and Companions
+ 257. Nine bishops of Numidia in North Africa who with numerous other clergy and laypeople were condemned to slavery in the marble quarries of Sigum where they ended their lives. A letter of St Cyprian addressed to them still exists.
+ c 1000. Also called St Peter of Mozonzo. He was born in Spain and in about 950 became a monk at the monastery of St Mary of Mozonzo. Later he became Abbot of St Martin in Compostella and finally (c 986) Archbishop there.
+ 584. A lawyer who became a monk and abbot, then a hermit and finally Bishop of Albi in France (574-584). He died while tending the sick during an epidemic.
+ c 670. A disciple of St Remaclus at Malmédy-Stavelot in Belgium and his successor as Abbot (653) and Bishop of Maastricht (663). He was murdered by robbers in the forest of Bienwald near Speyer in Germany on a journey undertaken in defence of his church.
+ c 480. Son of St Eucherius of Lyons, he became a monk at Lérins and afterwards Bishop of Vence in the south of France.
+ c 670. Grandson of St Romaricus and his successor as Abbot of Remiremont in the east of France.
Almirus (Almer, Almire)
+ c 560. Born in Auvergne in France, he finally went to live as a hermit at Gréez-sur-Roc, where he reposed.
+ c 670. Born in Toul in France, he was the brother of St Salaberga. He married but, by mutual consent, he and his wife entered monasteries. He became a monk in Laon but was forced to leave to become Bishop of Toul. He founded monasteries at Etival, Bon-Moutier and Affonville.
+ 584. First Bishop of Bangor in Wales, where the Cathedral is dedicated to him.
+ 520. A hermit for forty years, he became Bishop of Vercelli in Piedmont in Italy where he reposed a centenarian.
Felix and Regula
3rd cent. Brother and sister who at the time of the martyrdom of St Maurice under Maximian Herculeus, took refuge in Switzerland, where they were found and martyred near Zurich.
+ c 491. Archbishop of Lyons in France, he was highly praised by his contemporary St Sidonius Apollinaris. He devoted all his income to the poor.
Protus and Hyacinth
+ c 257. By tradition brothers, they were both servants and were martyred in Rome. The relics of St Hyacinth were uncovered in 1845.
Vincent of León
+ c 554 ? Abbot of St Claudius in León in Spain. He was martyred by the Arian Visigoths.
Ailbe (Albeus, Ailbhe)
6th cent. By tradition first Bishop of Emly in Ireland.
+ c 1012. Called 'the Poor Man of Anderlecht'. He was born in Brabant in Belgium and was sacrist of Our Lady of Laken. Afterwards he lived for seven years in the Holy Land. He returned to Anderlecht near Brussels where he reposed.
Juventius of Pavia
Feb 8 and Sept 12
1st cent. (?). The tradition is that St Hermagoras, Bishop of Aquileia and disciple of the Apostle Mark, sent Sts Syrus and Juventius to preach the Gospel in Pavia in Italy where the latter became the first bishop.
+ 551. Bishop of Lyons 544-551. He presided over the Council of Orleans in 549.
+ c 550. Bishop of Verona in Italy
Amatus (Amat, Amé, Aimé, Amado)
c 567-630. Born in Grenoble in France, he became a monk at the monastery of St Maurice of Agaunum in Switzerland, where he lived as a hermit for over thirty years. St Eustace encouraged him to move to Luxeuil and here he converted St Romaricus. When this noble founded the monastery of Remiremont in 620, Amatus became the first abbot.
+ 690. Abbot of Agaunum, he became the tenth Bishop of Sion in Valais in Switzerland. As a result of a false accusation, he was exiled to the monastery of Péronne and then to Breuil near Arras in the north of France, where he lived as one of the monks.
7th cent. Successor of St Leutfrid (Leufroy) as Abbot of La-Croix-Saint-Leuffroi in France. His relics are in Fécamp.
+ c 680. Successor of St Deicola as Abbot of Lure in France
+ c 887. A niece of Warinus of Corvey. She became a nun and then Abbess of Herford in Westphalia in Germany.
+ c 430. Born in Milan in Italy, he moved to France where he became a disciple of St Martin of Tours. About the year 407 he was consecrated Bishop of Angers.
+ c 550. Bishop of Autun in France and a friend of St Germanus of Paris.
3rd cent. The father of St Eugenia of Rome, in whose home Sts Protus and Hyacinth were employed.
7th century? A hermit, and then abbot on the Island of Tino in the Gulf of Genoa in Italy.
+ c 988. Mother of St Edith of Wilton in England. After Edith's birth, Wilfrida went to Wilton where she became a nun. As a nun, and later as abbess, she led a repentant and edifying life.
Cacrealis and Sallustia
+ 251. Caerealis, a soldier, and his wife Sallustia were martyred in Rome under Decius.
+ 908. Probably the first Bishop of Cashel in Ireland. The 'Psalter of Cashel' compiled by him still exists.
Crescentian, Victor, Rosula and Generalis
+ c 258. Martyrs in North Africa who suffered at the same time and place as St Cyprian.
+ c 300. The son of St Euthymius, he was aged only eleven when he was brought from Perugia to Rome, bravely confessed Christ under torture and was beheaded under Diocletian,
+ c 325. The first recorded Bishop of Cologne in Germany.
Aichardus (Aicard, Achard)
+ c 687. Born in Poitiers in France, the son of an officer at the court of Clotaire II, early in life he became a monk at Ansion in Poitou. Here he spent thirty-nine years, later becoming Abbot of St Benedict's at Quinçay near Poitiers. Finally he succeeded St Philibert as Abbot of Jumièges, where there were nearly one thousand monks.
Albinus (Aubin, Alpin)
+ c 390. The successor of St Justus in Lyons in France between 381 and 390. He is said to have built the church of St Stephen and chosen it for his Cathedral.
Aprus (Aper, Apre, Epvre, Evre)
+ 507. Born near Trier in Germany, he became a very able and just lawyer. He gave up this profession to become a priest and in time became Bishop of Toul in France.
Emilas and Jeremiah
+ 852. Two young men, the former of whom was a deacon, imprisoned and beheaded in Cordoba in Spain under the Caliph Abderrahman.
6th cent. Born in Britain, he took refuge in Brittany and lived as a hermit at a place called Loc-Harn after him. He is the patron-saint of the village.
+ c 556. Born near Poitiers in France, he was the son of a peasant. Early in life he became a hermit, then a priest, Abbot of Brou and finally Bishop of Chartres.
+ 460. Bishop of Palermo in Sicily, he was exiled to Tuscany by the Arian King Genseric. His relics were eventually returned to Palermo.
Merinus (Merryn, Meadhran)
+ c 620. A disciple of St Comgall at Bangor in Ireland.
+ c 90. By tradition he was a priest martyred in Rome, perhaps under Domitian.
+ 362. An actor who, performing in front of Julian the Apostate and mocking Orthodox baptism, suddenly declared himself a believer and was at once martyred.
7th cent. Monk and Abbot of Saint-Valèry-sur-Somme in France. He may also have been a bishop in Normandy and Picardy. He is the patron of several churches near Rouen.
+ c 690. Monk and abbot of a small monastery in Varennes in France.
+ 178. A companion of St Photinus (Pothinus) of Lyons in France. He succeeded in escaping from prison and reappeared at Tournus near Autun, where he again preached to the people. He was captured a second time and beheaded.
Abundius, Abundantius, Marcian and John
+ c 303. The first two were martyred in Rome on the Flaminian Way under the Emperor Diocletian who ordered them to be beheaded together with Marcian, a senator, and John, his son, whom Abundius had raised from the dead.
+ 253. Pope of Rome, he was much tried by the heresy of Novatianism and his persecutors exiled him to Civita Vecchia where his sufferings probably hastened his death. St Cyprian refers to him as a martyr. His tomb in Lucina in the cemetery of Callistus still exists.
+ c 680. Successor of St Humbert as Abbot of Maroilles near Cambrai in France.
Sept 16 (In the East Aug 31)
c 200-258. Thascius Cecilianus Cyprianus was born in North Africa. He became a lawyer, was converted to Orthodoxy and consecrated Bishop of Carthage in 248. He wrote numerous treatises on theological subjects, one of the most important being De Unitate Catholicae Ecclesiae, and wrote numerous letters. He is one of the greatest Fathers of the Church and he was a model of compassion, discretion and pastoral zeal. Cyprian went into hiding during the persecution of Decius but was arrested and beheaded under Valerian.
? A virgin-martyr venerated from time immemorial in Sutri in Italy. She is the main patron- saint of the town.
Edith of Wilton
+ 984. Daughter of King Edgar and St Wilfrida. She became a nun at Wilton in England at the age of fifteen. She reposed at the age of twenty-two, famous for her generosity to the poor and her familiarity with wild animals.
+ 735. Daughter of Adalbert, Duke of Alsace in France, she succeeded her aunt, St Ottilia, as Abbess of Hohenburg.
Lucy and Geminian
+ c 300. A widow and a neophyte martyred together in Rome under Diocletian.
+ 921. Princess of Czechia, entrusted with the education of the young prince St Wenceslas, she was the victim of jealousy and was strangled by hired assassins.
Rogelius and Servus-Dei
+ 852. A monk and his young disciple martyred in Cordoba in Spain for publicly denouncing Islam.
Stephen of Perugia
+ 1026. Third Abbot of St Peter in Perugia in Italy.
+ 853. Born in Cordoba and a nun at Tábanos, she was driven from there by the Moorish persecution of 852. She took refuge in Cordoba in Spain, where, being called on to deny Christ, she openly rejected Mohammed and was beheaded.
Faith, Hope and Charity
Aug 1 (In the East Sept 17)
c 137. The three girls, aged respectively twelve, ten and nine years, daughters of St Sophia who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian.
2nd cent. A youth martyred in Autun in France under the Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180). After being tortured, he was flung half-dead to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre.
+ 259. A priest in Rome who devoted himself to burying the bodies of martyrs and was eventually martyred himself. His relics were later transferred to Frisingen in Germany.
+ 709. Born in Maastricht in Holland, he became bishop there in 668, but in 674 he was driven out by the tyrant Ebroin. He then lived as a monk for seven years at the monastery of Stavelot in Belgium. He returned later and did much to help St Willibrord. He was murdered in the then village of Liège and is venerated as a martyr.
Narcissus and Crescendo
+ c 260. Early saints in Rome.
+ c 690. A monk and priest from Ireland who preached in Germany and entered the monastery of Tholey near Trier. He moved to the forest of Argonn in France where he founded the monastery of Wasloi, later known as Beaulieu.
+ 376. The elder brother of St Ambrose of Milan in Italy. As a lawyer he undertook the administration of the affairs of his brother's household. His high sense of justice, his integrity and his generosity were praised by St Ambrose in his funeral sermon for him.
Socrates and Stephen
? By tradition early martyrs venerated in Britain, now England.
Sept 30 (In the East Sept 17)
+ c 173. The mother of the virgin-martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Three days later, while praying at their tomb, Sophia also reposed, martyred in her soul.
+ c 305. A noble lady of Rome and of great wealth, she devoted herself and her riches to the service of the martyrs during the persecution of Diocletian,. She seems to have reposed while the persecution still raged.
Uni (Unni, Unno, Huno)
+ 936. A monk at New Corvey in Germany, in 917 he became Bishop of Bremen-Hamburg. He helped enlighten Sweden and Denmark and reposed in Birka in Sweden.
+ c 331. A Greek by birth, in 315 he became Bishop of Milan in Italy, where he exerted his influence against the Arians.
+ c 591. Fifth Bishop of Limoges in France.
3rd cent. An army officer, he was martyred in Vienne in France under Diocletian.
+ c 895. Married at the age of twenty-two to the Frankish Emperor Charles the Fat, after nineteen years of married life she was accused of unfaithfulness. Her innocence was established, but she became a nun at the convent of Andlau which she had founded.
+ 461. The successor of St Brice as Bishop of Tours in France.
Felix and Constantia
1st cent. Martyrs under Nero in Nocera near Naples in Italy.
+ 647. The successor of St Arnulf as Bishop of Metz in France.
+ 304. Januarius, Bishop of Benevento in Italy, was beheaded, perhaps with others, at Pozzuoli under Diocletian. His relics were enshrined in Naples of which he became the patron-saint. The annual miracle of the liquefaction of his blood is famous.
+ 853. A nun at Peñamelaria near Cordoba in Spain. She was beheaded by the Moors in Cordoba.
Sequanus (Seine, Sigo)
+ c 580. A monk at Réomay and founder of a monastery in Segreste near Langres in France, which was later called Saint-Seine after him.
Theodore of Canterbury
c 602-690. A Greek who was educated in Tarsus in Cilicia, he spent some time at Athens and became a monk in Rome. He was aged sixty-six when Pope Vitalian appointed him to Canterbury at the suggestion of the African St Adrian in 666. They travelled to England together, Adrian becoming Abbot of Sts Peter and Paul in Canterbury. Theodore is rightly called the second founder of Canterbury. He visited all parts of the country, consolidated or re-established dioceses, promoted learning and held the first national Council in Hertford in 672. St Theodore is one of the greatest figures in English history.
Sept 20 and April 22 (In the East Apr 17)
+ 536. Born in Rome, he was elected Pope of Rome in May 535 and reposed in Constantinople on April 22 536. As Pope he showed great strength of character in opposing Monophysitism. His relics were brought back to Rome on Sept 20, when he was commemorated a second time.
+ c 300. A virgin-martyr in Carthage in North Africa under Maximian Herculeus.
+ c 438. Bishop of Milan in Italy.
+ c 731. Abbess of a convent in Marseilles in France. She was martyred with some forty nuns by the Saracens at Saint-Cyr.
Eustace, Theopistes, Agapitus and Theopistus
+ 118. Eustace was an officer, Theopistes, his wife, and Agapitus and Theopistus, their two sons, were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Eustace owed his conversion to a vision of a stag with a cross between its antlers, seen by him while hunting.
+ c 438. Archbishop of Milan in Italy.
+ 677. Madelgarus was the husband of St Waldetrudis. They had four children, all saints: Landericus, Dentin, Madalberta and Aldegtrudis. About the year 653 she became a nun and Madelgarus became a monk with the name of Vincent in Haumont in Belgium which he had founded. Later he founded another monastery in Soignies, also in Belgium.
2nd cent. A bishop in the neighbourhood of Rome. His miracles attracted the attention of the people and he was arrested and martyred on the Claudian Way, some twenty miles from Rome. His relics were enshrined in Rome.
+ c 746. Born in Flanders in Belgium, he was heir to a vast estate, but was treacherously murdered by a relative who hoped to succeed to his inheritance. He died with words of forgiveness on his lips.
6th cent. Born either in Wales or else in Cornwall, he preached Christ with St Teilo.
+ 850. A holy virgin in Troyes in France, she reposed at the age of twenty-three after a life of prayer and good works.
? A martyr in Rome.
Digna and Emerita
+ c 259. Virgin-martyrs in Rome under Valerian. They died while standing before their judges in prayer. Their relics are enshrined in the church of St Marcellus in Rome.
+ c 690. Born in Poitiers in France, he moved to Bavaria in Germany where he became abbot of a monastery in Regensburg and then bishop there. He was later attacked by assassins and died from his wounds. His relics were enshrined in the monastery dedicated to him in Regensburg where he was venerated as a martyr.
+ 530. As Pope of Rome he is remembered for building the church of Sts Cosmas and Damian. He was greatly loved in Rome for his simplicity and generosity to the poor.
5th cent. Born in Bavaria in Germany, he was a disciple of St Martin of Tours, by whom he was ordained priest and sent to preach in Poitou in France. He eventually went to live as a hermit at Mt Glonne in Anjou, where he gained numerous disciples. He built a monastery for them later known as Saint-Florent-le-Vieux. He reposed there in extreme old age.
3rd cent. A companion or disciple of St Dionysius of Paris in France, he was martyred there.
Lauto (Laudo, Laudus, Lô)
+ c 568. Bishop of Coutances in France for forty years (528-568). His estate became the village of Saint-Lô.
+ c 665. As a child she was healed of blindness by St Eustace of Lisieux in France. She married very young but her husband died after only two months. Her second husband was St Blandinus and she had five children, two of whom are venerated as saints. In later years husband and wife took up the monastic life, Salaberga in Poulangey. Later she founded the convent of St John the Baptist in Laon where she reposed.
+ c 300. By tradition the first Bishop of Meaux and a disciple of St Denis of Paris.
? A saint venerated from ancient times in Levroux near Bourges in France.
+ c 287. The army of Maximinian Herculeus included a legion (6,600 men) of Christians recruited in Upper Egypt. When the Emperor marched his army across the Alps to suppress a revolt in Gaul, he camped near Agaunum in Switzerland and prepared for battle with public sacrifices. The Christian legion refused to take part and were as a result consequence decimated twice. When they still persevered in their refusal they were massacred. Among those who suffered were Maurice, Exuperius, Candidus, Vitalis, two Victors, Alexander (in Bergamo) and Gereon (in Cologne). A basilica was built in Agaunum, now St-Maurice-en-Valais to enshrine the relics of the martyrs.
Adamnan (Adam, Eunan)
c 625-704. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona in Scotland in 679. He wrote the Life of St Columba.
Andrew, John, Peter, and Antony
+ c 900. These saints were deported from Syracuse to North Africa by the Saracens, at that time masters of Sicily. There they were subjected to savage tortures and put to death.
Early 8th cent. A disciple of St Guthlac at Crowland in England..
6th cent. Sacristan of the ancient church of St Stephen in Ancona in Italy.
Sept 23 (In the East Jan 4 and Nov 5)
+ c 79. The first Pope of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4,21. He was Pope for twelve years (67-79) and is venerated as a martyr.
Apr 16 and Sept 23
+ c 574 (or 563). Born in Poitiers in France, he became a monk at Ansion and later a hermit near Coutances. Eventually he became Bishop of Avranches.
1st cent. The first Bishop of Milan in Italy, he was sent there by the Apostle Barnabas whose disciple he was. As first Bishop of Milan he preached Christ to the surrounding area, including Brescia, where he reposed.
Andochius, Thyrsus and Felix
2nd cent. Andochius, a priest, and Thyrsus, a deacon in Smyrna, were sent to what is now France by St Polycarp. They settled in Autun where they converted their host, a rich merchant, by name Felix. All three were martyred and were venerated throughout Gaul.
Chuniald and Gislar
7th cent. Born in Ireland, they enlightened the south of Germany and Austria with St Rupert of Salzburg.
+ 1046. Apostle of Hungary, where he is venerated as St Collert. Born in Venice, he was a monk and Abbot of San Giorgio Maggiore. On a pilgrimage to Palestine he was stopped while travelling through Hungary by King Stephen and persuaded to stay. He became the first Bishop of Csanad. Gerard worked zealously, but during the pagan reaction after St Stephen he was martyred in Buda and his body was thrown into the Danube.
+ c 658. Born in Beauvais in the north of France, with the consent of his saintly wife he became a monk at the monastery of Pentale, where he later became abbot. He later lived as a hermit in a cave nearby. In 655 he founded the monastery of Flay, between Beauvais and Rouen, which became known as Saint-Germer.
Isarnus (Ysarn) of Toulouse
+ 1048. Born in Marseilles in France, he became a monk and an abbot. He was famous for his charity, especially towards criminals.
+ 446. Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France 426-446.
+ 1048. Born near Toulouse in France, he became a monk and then Abbot of the monastery of St Victor in Marseilles, which flourished under him.
Anacharius (Aunacharius, Aunachaire, Aunaire)
+ 604. Born near Orleans in France and educated at the court of King Guntram of Burgundy, he became Bishop of Auxerre in 561.
Aurelia and Neomisia
? Born in Asia, they visited Palestine and Rome. They were maltreated by pagans in Capua in Italy, but escaped under cover of a thunderstorm. They took shelter in Macerata near Anagni, where they reposed.
Barr (Finbar, Barrocus)
6th cent. Born in Connaught in Ireland, he became the first Bishop of Cork.
5th cent. A church at Tregaian in Anglesey in Wales is dedicated to him.
642-716. A Northumbrian who became a monk at Gilling in Yorkshire in England. From here he went to Ripon and later to Wearmouth. Eventually he became Abbot of Wearmouth-Jarrow for twenty-six years. He is remembered for inspiring St Bede and also producing the Codex Amiatinus, the oldest surviving copy of the Vulgate in one complete volume. He reposed at Langres in France on his way to Rome.
+ c 869. A monk at Crowland in England, he was martyred with his abbot and many others by the heathen Danes.
+ c 670. A monk at Luxeuil in France. Later he founded the monastery of Cusance.
Firminus of Amiens
4th cent. First Bishop of Amiens in France. He was born in Pampeluna in Spain and was converted by St Saturninus, Bishop of Toulouse.
7th cent. A bishop in the west of Scotland.
2nd cent. A soldier martyred in Rome.
Lupus of Lyons
+ 542. A monk at a monastery near Lyons in France who became Archbishop there. He suffered much in the troubles which followed the death of St Sigismund, King of Burgundy.
? A saint in Wales.
+ c 505. The elder brother of St Remigius of Rheims. He became Bishop of Soissons in France.
+ c 511. Bishop of Chartres in France c 490-511.
+ c 600. A priest in Città di Castello near Perugia in Italy, who was personally known to St Gregory the Great who revered him. He is the patron-saint of Città di Castello.
+ c 610. A nephew of St Columba, he founded monasteries in Lynally (Land-Elo, Lin-Alli) and in Muckamore in Ireland. He is credited as the author of the Alphabet of Devotion.
Eusebius of Bologna
+ c 400. He became Bishop of Bologna in Italy in about 370. He was a close friend of St Ambrose of Milan and an ardent opponent of Arianism.
Meugant (Mawghan, Morgan)
6th cent. A disciple of St Illtyd who lived as a hermit and reposed on the Isle of Bardsey in Wales. Several churches in Wales and Cornwall are dedicated to him.
Nilus the Younger
+ 1004. After a carefree youth in the south of Italy, he became a monk at the monastery of St Adrian in Calabria, where he later became abbot. In 981 the invading Saracens drove the monks to Vellelucio, where they lived on land given to them by the monastery of Montecassino. Shortly before his repose, Nilus designated that as the place where his monastery was to be definitively established. This monastery, of Grottaferrata, was for long faithful to Orthodoxy.
? A saint honoured in Albano in Italy.
+ c 506. Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy in Italy.
Adhentus (Abderitus, Adery)
+ 2nd cent. A Greek by birth, he succeeded St Apollinaris as Bishop of Ravenna in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the basilica of Classe near Ravenna.
Adolphus and John
+ c 850. Two brothers born in Seville in Spain of a Moorish father and a Christian mother. They were martyred in Cordoba under Abderrahman II.
Barrog (Barrwg, Barnoch, Barry)
7th cent. A disciple of St Cadoc of Wales, he left his name to Barry Island off the coast of Glamorgan, where he lived as a hermit.
+ c 614. Bishop of Paris in France.
? A martyr in Sora in central Italy.
Fidentius and Terence
? Martyrs venerated in Todi in central Italy.
Florentinus and Hilary
? Two hermits martyred in France by barbarians.
Gaius of Milan
1st cent. By tradition he was the first Bishop of Milan in Italy. Bishop for twenty-four years, he baptised the future martyr St Vitalis and his sons Sts Gervase and Protase.
+ c 790. A hermit near the monastery of Liessies in France.
+ c 869. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland.
+ 657. Archbishop of Lyons in France, he was murdered in Châlon-sur-Saône.
+ 657. Archbishop of Lyons, murdered by the tyrant Ebroin.
+ c 630. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Kentigern and preached in Scotland.
c 370-419. Born in Rome, she was the third daughter of St Paula. She joined her mother in Bethlehem and succeeded her mother as abbess of a convent in Bethlehem in 404.
+ 411. Bishop of Toulouse in France, he was noted for his generosity in sending large contributions to the poor in Palestine and Egypt.
c 408-490. Born in Brittany, Faustus became a monk at Lérins in France and later abbot (433). In about 459 he became Bishop of Riez. He fought both Arianism and Pelagianism and was very influential, maintaining the Orthodox teaching of St Cassian.
+ c 781. A relative of St Boniface, St Lioba became a nun at Wimborne. In 748, at the request of St Boniface, she left England for Germany together with a group of nuns and became Abbess of Bischoffsheim. She was greatly loved by her nuns. St Lioba's convents were one of the most important factors in the conversion of Germany.
? Born in Scotland, he became a monk in Ireland.
Martial, Laurence and Companions
? A group of twenty-two martyrs in North Africa.
2nd cent. Born in Bilbao in Spain, he was one of the earliest Bishops of Auch in France.
+ 223. A citizen of Rome scourged to death under Alexander Severus.
+ 444. Bishop of Brescia in Italy.
+ c 269. First Bishop of Genoa in Italy.
? A martyr in Rome.
+ c 772. Abbess of Wimborne in Dorset in England. She helped St Boniface by sending him nuns from her 500-strong convent, among whom were Sts Lioba and Thecla.
907-929. Prince of Czechia, he was brought up in the Orthodox Faith by his grandmother, the future martyr Ludmilla. During a pagan reaction in 922, which he tried to stop through patience and mildness, he too was martyred as a result of a political conspiracy. He is the patron-saint of Czechia.
Willigod and Martin
+ ? c 690. Monks at Moyenmoutier in France who founded the monastery of Romont.
Alaricus (Adalricus, Adalrai)
+ 975. Son of Duke Burkhard II of Swabia. A monk at Einsiedeln in Switzerland, eventually he became a hermit on the island of Uffnau in the lake of Zurich.
Catholdus, Anno and Diethardus
+ late 8th cent. Three monks who preached the Gospel around Eichstätt in Germany.
+ c 450. Bishop of Auxerre in France and by tradition a martyr.
+ c 713. Founder of Mettlach in Germany and then Bishop of Trier.
+ 713. Born in Austrasia in the east of France, he married. Left a widower, he founded the monastery of Mettlach and became a monk. Later he became Bishop of Trier in Germany
3rd cent. A soldier of the Theban Legion, martyred on the banks of the Trebbia near Piacenza in Italy. His blood, kept in a phial, has the same miraculous properties as that of St Januarius.
7th cent. A church in Anglesey in Wales was dedicated to him.
Honorius of Canterbury
+ 653. Born in Rome, he succeeded St Justus as fifth Archbishop of Canterbury in England (627). He was consecrated bishop at Lincoln by St Paulinus and himself consecrated St Felix for East Anglia and St Ithamar, the first English bishop, for Rochester.
c 341-420. Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius was born at Stridon in Dalmatia. He studied in Rome, travelled in Italy and Gaul, lived as a hermit in Palestine and then returned to Rome where he was ordained. He finally went back to Palestine and settled in Bethlehem. He spent the rest of his life translating and commenting on the Bible. The Orthodox Church accords him the title of Blessed.
7th cent. Born in Wales, he went to Brittany and founded the monastery later called after him, Saint-Léry, on the River Doneff.
+ 362. A servant or slave in the household of Julian the Apostate. His martyrdom probably took place in Rome.
+ c 610. A saint on Anglesey in Wales.
Sept 30 (In the East Sept 17)
+ c 173. The mother of the virgin-martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Three days later, while praying at their tomb, Sophia also reposed, martyred in her soul.
Tancred, Torthred and Tova
+ 869. Two hermits and an anchoress martyred by the Danes at Thorney in England.
Victor and Ursus
+ c 286. Two soldiers connected with the Theban Legion and venerated in Soleure in Switzerland.