Orthodox England - Latin Saints



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September 1

Agia (Aia, Aye) Sept 1
6th cent. Mother of St Lupus of Sens in France.

Constantius Sept 1
+ c 520. Bishop of Aquino in Italy.

Firminus of Amiens Sept 1
4th cent. Third Bishop of Amiens in France.

Giles and Arcanus Sept 1
+ c 1050. Giles was born in Spain and together with the Italian St Arcanus, founded a monastery to enshrine relics which they had brought from Palestine. This later grew into Borgo San Sepulcro in central Italy.

Giles Sept 1
8th cent. Probably born in Provence in the south of France, he became abbot of a monastery on the Rhône, where the town of Saint-Gilles now stands. He is venerated as the patron-saint of cripples and beggars.

Lupus of Sens Sept 1
+ 623. A monk at Lérins who became Bishop of Sens in France in 609. He was slandered and exiled but was recalled by his people and fully vindicated.

Lythan (Llythaothaw) Sept 1
? A saint in Wales to whom two churches are dedicated.

Nivard Sept 1
+ c 670. Archbishop of Rheims in France.

Priscus Sept 1
+ c 66. The first Bishop of Capua in Italy, where he was sent by the Apostle Peter. By tradition he was martyred under Nero.

Priscus, Castrensis, Tammarus, Rosius, Heraclius, Secundinus, Adjutor, Mark, Augustus, Elpidius, Canion and Vindonius Sept 1 and Feb 11
5th cent? Priscus, a bishop in North Africa, and his priests were cast adrift in a boat by the Arian Vandals. They reached the south of Italy, where eventually Priscus became Bishop of Capua.

Regulus Sept 1
+ c 545. Born in North Africa, he was exiled by the Arian Vandals. He landed in Tuscany in Italy and was martyred under Totila.

Sixtus (Xystus) of Rheims Sept 1
+ c 300. First Bishop of Rheims in France c 290-300.

Terentian Sept 1
+ 118. Bishop of Todi in Umbria in Italy. He was racked, had his tongue cut out and finally was beheaded under Hadrian.

Twelve Holy Brothers Sept 1
+ c 303? The relics of several groups of martyrs who had suffered in the south of Italy were brought together and enshrined at Benevento in 760. The various groups who comprised the so-called 'Twelve Brothers' or Martyrs of the South are: (1) Aug 27. In Potenza in the Basilicata, Arontius or Orontius, Honoratus, Fortunatus and Sabinian. (2) Aug 28. In Venosa in Apulia, Septiminus, Januarius and Felix. (3) Aug 29. In Velleianum in Apulia, Vitalis, Sator (or Satyrus) and Repositus. (4) Sept 1. In Sentianum in Apulia, Donatus and another Felix.

Verena Sept 1
3rd century. An Egyptian related to a soldier of the Theban Legion, she travelled to Switzerland in search of him and settled as an anchoress near Zurich.

Vibiana (Bibiana) Sept 1
? A virgin martyr in Rome whose relics are now venerated in Los Angeles, of which she is the main patron-saint.

Victorius Sept 1
+ c 490. A disciple of St Martin of Tours who became Bishop of Le Mans in France in c 453.

Vincent and Laetus Sept 1
? 5th cent. Possibly born in Toledo in Spain, St Vincent of Xaintes was the first Bishop and became the patron-saint of Dax in the south of France, and St Laetus was one of his deacons.

September 2

Agricola (Agricolus) Sept 2
c 630-700. Son of St Magnus, Bishop of Avignon. At the age of sixteen he became a monk at Lérins where he stayed for sixteen years. His father called him to Avignon and in 660 he became bishop there and is considered to be the patron-saint of the town.

Antoninus Sept 2
? At Pamiers in France there are traditions connected with an early martyr named Antoninus.

Castor Sept 2
+ c 420. Born in Nîmes in France, he married and settled in Marseilles. After a short time they separated by mutual consent and both entered monasteries. Castor founded the monastery of Manauque, and shortly afterwards became Bishop of Apt.

Elpidius Sept 2
+ 422. The successor of St Antiochus as Bishop of Lyons in France. His relics were enshrined in the church of St Justus.

Hieu (Heiu) Sept 2
+ c 657. She became a nun and then Abbess of Tadcaster in Yorkshire in England.

Justus of Lyons Sept 2 and Oct 14
+ 390. A deacon in Vienne who became Bishop of Lyons in France in 350. In 381 he attended the Council of Aquileia and then went to Egypt and lived as a hermit.

Lolanus Sept 2
+ c ? 1034. A bishop in Scotland.

Maxima Sept 2
+ 304. A Roman slave who was scourged to death in Rome during the persecution of Diocletian. She was condemned to death together with St Ansanus.

Nonnosus Sept 2
+ c 575. A monk at the monastery of Mt Soracte in Italy. His wonderful deeds were recorded by St Gregory the Great.

Valentine Sept 2
4th cent. Fourth Bishop of Strasbourg in France.

September 3

Aigulphus (Ayou, Ayoul) Sept 3
c 630-676. Born in Blois in France, at the age of twenty he became a monk at Fleury. He was sent to Montecassino to attempt to obtain the relics of St Benedict and later became Abbot of Lérins. With four of his monks he was taken by evildoers to an island near Corsica where they were all martyred.

Ambrose Sept 3
+ c 455. Bishop of Sens in France.

Auxanus Sept 3
+ 568. Known in Milan in Italy as Sant'Ansano, he was bishop of that city, where he has always been venerated.

Euphemia, Dorothy, Thecla and Erasma Sept 3
? 1st cent. A group of virgin-martyrs in Aquileia in Italy, venerated in Venice and Ravenna.

Frugentius Sept 3
+ 675. A monk at Fleury, martyred with St Aigulphus, Abbot of Lérins in France.

Gregory the Great (the Dialogist) Sept 3
c 540-604. Born in Rome of patrician parents, he became the prefect of the city. He soon resigned the office, turned his home on the Caelian Hill into a monastery and became a monk. Next he was sent to Constantinople as apocrisarius or ambassador. On his return he was chosen Pope (590). First in importance was his mission to England. This was important not only for the conversion of England, but also for the spreading of Orthodoxy among the other Germanic peoples of north-west Europe. He also encouraged the conversion of the Lombards in Italy and the Goths in Spain, embellished the liturgy, defended and befriended monasticism and cared for the poor. He was a prolific writer; his dialogues and his Regula Pastoralis are classics of Orthodox literature.

Hereswith Sept 3
+ c 690. A princess from Northumbria in England and sister of St Hild, she ended her life as a nun at Chelles in France.

Macanisius Sept 3
+ 514. By tradition he was baptised as an infant by St Patrick, who later consecrated him bishop. He also founded a monastery, probably in Kells.

Mansuetus (Mansuy) Sept 3
+ c 350. Bishop of Toul in France (c 338-350).

Maurilius Sept 3
+ 580. Bishop of Cahors in France. It is recorded that he knew the whole Bible by heart.

Natalis Sept 3
6th cent. Born in Benevento in Italy, he became a priest in Casale in Piedmont.

Regulus (Reol) Sept 3
+ 698. A monk at Rebais in France with St Philibert. He succeeded St Nivard (c 670) as Archbishop of Rheims and founded the monastery of Orbais in 680.

Remaclus Sept 3
+ c 663. A noble born in Aquitaine in France, he became a monk and the first Abbot of Solignac near Limoges and then of Cougnon in Luxembourg. About the year 648 he founded the monasteries of Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium and in 652 he became Bishop of Maastricht in Holland.

Sandila (Sandalus, Sandolus, Sandulf) Sept 3
+ c 855. A martyr in Cordoba in Spain under the Moors.

September 4

Boniface I Sept 4
+ 422. A priest who was elected Pope of Rome in 418.

Caletricus Sept 4
529-c 580. Born in Chartres in France he became bishop of that city after St Lubinus in c 557.

Candida the Elder Sept 4
+ c 78. An aged woman who welcomed the Apostle Peter in Naples and was miraculously healed by him. In her turn she converted St Aspren who became the first Bishop of Naples.

Ida of Herzfeld Sept 4
+ c 813. Happily married, she was widowed when she was still very young. She founded the convent of Herzfeld in Westphalia in Germany and devoted herself to good works.

Marcellus Sept 4
+ c 178. A priest in Lyons in France who escaped from prison but was arrested again. He was buried up to his waist on the banks of the Saône, where he survived for three days before he died.

Marcellus Sept 4
? Either Bishop of Trier in Germany or else of Tongres in Belgium.

Marinus Sept 4
4th cent. He was born on an island off the coast of Dalmatia and became a stonemason. Ordained deacon by Gaudentius, Bishop of Rimini, he reposed as a hermit in the region now called after him, (the Republic of) San Marino.

Monessa Sept 4
+ 456. A holy woman converted by St Patrick in Ireland.

Rhuddlad Sept 4
? 7th cent. Patron of Llanrhyddlad at the foot of Moel Rhyddlad in Anglesey in Wales.

Salvinus Sept 4
+ c 420. Third Bishop of Verdun in the north of France (c 383-420).

Sulpicius of Bayeux Sept 4
+ 843. Bishop of Bayeux in France from c 838 to 843. He was martyred by the Vikings in Livry.

Ultan Sept 4
7th cent. Bishop of Ardbraccan in Ireland, St Ultan was noted for his love for children and for the writings of St Brigid.

September 5

Bertin Sept 5
+ c 709. Born near Constance, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France. He helped St Omer, Bishop of Thérouanne and became Abbot of Sithin (afterwards called St Bertin). The monastery prospered under him and he founded many new monasteries.

Genebald of Laon Sept 5
+ c 555. Bishop of Laon in France and a relative of St Remigius. He did seven years' penance for a sin he had committed.

Herculanus Sept 5
+ ? c 180. A martyr in Porto near Rome, probably under Marcus Aurelius.

Obdulia Sept 5
? A holy virgin venerated in Toledo in Spain.

Quintius, Arcontius and Donatus Sept 5
? Martyrs venerated in Capua and elsewhere in the south of Italy.

Victorinus Sept 5
+ 644. Bishop of Como in Italy and an ardent opponent of Arianism.

September 6

Arator Sept 6
+ c 460. Fourth Bishop of Verdun in France.

Augustine, Sanctian and Beata Sept 6
+ 273. Born in Spain, they fled to Gaul in time of persecution and were martyred near Sens in France, where they were venerated.

Bega (Begh, Bee) Sept 6
7th cent. A holy virgin from Ireland who founded a convent at what is now St Bee's Head in Cumberland. The village of Kilbees in Scotland was also named after her.

Cagnoald Sept 6
+ c 635. Brother of St Faro and St Burgundofara. He became a monk at Luxeuil in France and later the sixth Bishop of Laon.

Chainoaldus (Chagnoald, Cagnou) Sept 6
+ 633. Brother of St Faro and St Fara. A disciple of St Columbanus, with whom he went to Bobbio in Italy and helped found the monastery. He later became Bishop of Laon in France.

Donatian, Praesidius, Mansuetus, Germanus, Fusculus and Laetus Sept 6
5th century. Orthodox driven out of Africa into exile by Hunneric the Arian King of the Vandals. At that time the number of exiles reached nearly five thousand in a single year.

Eleutherius Sept 6
+ c 590. He is mentioned several times by St Gregory the Great as a wonderworker. He was Abbot of St Mark's in Spoleto in Italy, which he left for St Gregory's own monastery in Rome, where he lived as a monk for many years.

Faustus Sept 6
+ c 607. Abbot of the monastery of Santa Lucy in Syracuse in Sicily, where his disciple was Zosimus, the future Bishop of Syracuse.

Felix and Augebert Sept 6
7th cent. Two slaves from England sold in France and ransomed by St Gregory the Great, who asked that they be taken to a monastery to be prepared as missionaries in England. Felix was ordained priest and Augebert deacon, but they were killed by pagans in Champagne before they could undertake their mission.

Maccallin (Macallan, Macculin Dus) Sept 6
+ c 497. Bishop of Lusk in Ireland, he is also venerated in Scotland.

Magnus (Magnoaldus, Maginold, Mang) Sept 6
+ c 666. Born in Ireland, he preached with Sts Columbanus and Gall. He founded the monastery of Füssen in Bavaria in Germany.

Petronius Sept 6
+ c 450. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

September 7

Alcmund Sept 7
+ 781. The seventh Bishop of Hexham in England.

Anastasius the Fuller Sept 7
+ 304. A fuller in Aquileia, not far from Venice in Italy. He went to Dalmatia and continued his trade in Salona where he openly confessed Orthodoxy, painting a conspicuous cross on his door. He was seized and drowned.

Augustalis (Autal) Sept 7
c 450. Probably Bishop of Arles in France.

Balin (Balanus, Balloin) Sept 7
7th cent. Brother of St Gerald and one of the four sons of a noble in England. After accompanying St Colman of Lindisfarne to Iona in Scotland, he and his brothers went to Connaught in Ireland and settled at Tecksaxon, 'The House of the Saxons', near Tuam.

Carissima Sept 7
5th cent. Born in Albi in France, she lived as an anchoress in a forest near the city and then at the convent of Viants (Vious).

Clodoaldus (Cloud) Sept 7
+ c 560. Grandson of King Clovis and St Clotilde, he became a priest and hermit. He founded the monastery of Nogent-sur-Seine, now called Saint-Cloud after him.

Evortius (Euvert) Sept 7
+ c 340. Bishop of Orleans in France, the monastery of Saint-Euvert was founded to enshrine his relics.

Faciolus Sept 7
+ c 950. A monk at the monastery of St Cyprian in Poitiers in France.

Gratus Sept 7
+ c 470. Bishop of Aosta in Italy, of which he is patron-saint.

Grimonia (Germana) Sept 7
4th cent. A holy virgin from Ireland, she was martyred in Picardy in defence of her virtue.

Hilduard (Hilward, Garibald) Sept 7
+ c 750. He founded the monastery of St Peter in Dickelvenne on the Schelde in Belgium.

Madalberta Sept 7
+ 706. Daughter of Sts Vincent Madelgarus and Waldetrudis. She was educated by her aunt, St Aldegund, the foundress of Maubeuge, where she became a nun. About the year 697 she succeeded her sister St Aldetrudis as abbess.

Memorius (Nemorius, Mesmin) and Companions Sept 7
+ 451. A deacon in Troyes in France with St Lupus, who sent him to the camp of Attila with five companions to ask for mercy. Attila had them all beheaded.

Pamphilus Sept 7
+ c 400. A Greek by birth, he was consecrated Bishop of Capua in Italy. His relics were enshrined in Benevento.

Regina (Reine) Sept 7
+ c ?286. A virgin-martyr venerated in Autun in France.

Tilbert (Gilbert) Sept 7
+ 789. Bishop of Hexham in Northumbria in England 781-789.

September 8

Anastasius II Sept 8 and Nov 19
+ 498. Pope of Rome between 496-498.

Corbinian Sept 8
670-730. He lived for fourteen years as a hermit and then went to Rome. He was consecrated bishop and went to preach Christ in Germany. He lived in Freising in Bavaria.

Disibod (Disibode, Disen) Sept 8
+ c 700. Born in Ireland, he went to Germany with several companions and founded a monastery on a hill in the valley of the Nahe near Bingen. This became known as Disibodenberg or Disenberg.

Ethelburgh (Ethelburga) Sept 8
+ c 647. Daughter of King Ethelbert of Kent in England, she married King Edwin of Northumbria. She went there accompanied by St Paulinus. After Edwin's death she returned to Kent and founded the convent of Lyminge, where she became a nun and abbess.

Ina (Ine) and Ethelburgh Sept 8
+ 727. Ina was King of Wessex in England from 688 till 726, and is remembered as the restorer of Glastonbury. In about 726 he abdicated and went to Rome with his wife Ethelburgh, where he ended his days as a monk.

Kingsmark (Cynfarch) Sept 8
5th cent. By tradition a saint who came from Scotland but lived in Wales, where churches are dedicated to him.

Sergius Sept 8
+ 701. Of Syrian descent, he was born in Palermo in Sicily. He was Pope of Rome from 687 to 701. He blessed and fostered the missionary work of the English monks in Friesland and Germany.

September 9

Bettelin (Bertram) Sept 9
8th cent. Disciple of St Guthlac of Crowland in England. He lived there with companions under the first abbot, Kenulf.

Hyacinth, Alexander and Tiburtius Sept 9
? Martyrs in the Sabine country in Italy, about thirty miles from Rome.

Kieran (Kyran) Sept 9
+ c 556 (?). Called 'The Younger'. He was born in Connacht, and was trained in the monastic life by St Finian of Clonard, one of the 'Twelve Apostles of Ireland'. He later founded Clonmacnois in West Meath and gave his monks an ascetic rule, 'The Law of Kieran'.

Omer (Audomarus) Sept 9
c 595-670. Born near Constance in Switzerland, he became a monk at Luxeuil and after some twenty years Bishop of Thérouanne in the north of France. In order to enlighten the region, St Omer covered the area with monasteries. The saint himself helped found the monastery of Sithin, around which grew up the town now known as Saint Omer.

Osmanna (Argariarga) Sept 9
+ c 650. A holy virgin who left Ireland for Brittany and became an anchoress in a hermitage near Brieuc.

Wulfhild Sept 9
+ c 1000. Abbess of convents at Barking and Horton, both in England.

September 10

Agapius (Agapitus) Sept 10
+ 447. Bishop of Novara in Piedmont in Italy from 417 to 447 and the successor of St Gaudentius, in whose footsteps he followed.

Autbert Sept 10
+ c 709. Bishop of Avranches in France, he founded the Monastery of Mont-St-Michel on what is now the Normandy coast.

Barypsabas Sept 10
1st cent. A hermit from the East, he was martyred in Dalmatia. A tradition relates that Barypsabas took to Rome a vessel containing some of the precious blood which flowed from the side of our Lord when He was on the cross.

Candida the Younger Sept 10
+ ? 586. A married woman in Naples who hallowed herself as a wife and as a mother.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Finian (Findbarr, Winnin) Sept 10
c 493-579. Born near Stangford Lough in Ireland, he became a monk in Scotland. He was the founder and first Abbot of Moville in Co. Down.

Frithestan Sept 10
+ 933. A disciple of St Grimbald, he was consecrated Bishop of Winchester in England by St Plegmund. He was bishop for twenty-three years, loved the poor and prayed much for the departed.

Nemesian, Felix, Lucius, another Felix, Litteus, Polyanus, Victor, Jader, Dativus and Companions Sept 10
+ 257. Nine bishops of Numidia in North Africa who with numerous other clergy and laypeople were condemned to slavery in the marble quarries of Sigum where they ended their lives. A letter of St Cyprian addressed to them still exists.

Peter Martinez Sept 10
+ c 1000. Also called St Peter of Mozonzo. He was born in Spain and in about 950 became a monk at the monastery of St Mary of Mozonzo. Later he became Abbot of St Martin in Compostella and finally (c 986) Archbishop there.

Salvius Sept 10
+ 584. A lawyer who became a monk and abbot, then a hermit and finally Bishop of Albi in France (574-584). He died while tending the sick during an epidemic.

Theodard Sept 10
+ c 670. A disciple of St Remaclus at Malmédy-Stavelot in Belgium and his successor as Abbot (653) and Bishop of Maastricht (663). He was murdered by robbers in the forest of Bienwald near Speyer in Germany on a journey undertaken in defence of his church.

Veranus Sept 10
+ c 480. Son of St Eucherius of Lyons, he became a monk at Lérins and afterwards Bishop of Vence in the south of France.

September 11

Adelphus Sept 11
+ c 670. Grandson of St Romaricus and his successor as Abbot of Remiremont in the east of France.

Almirus (Almer, Almire) Sept 11
+ c 560. Born in Auvergne in France, he finally went to live as a hermit at Gréez-sur-Roc, where he reposed.

Bodo Sept 11
+ c 670. Born in Toul in France, he was the brother of St Salaberga. He married but, by mutual consent, he and his wife entered monasteries. He became a monk in Laon but was forced to leave to become Bishop of Toul. He founded monasteries at Etival, Bon-Moutier and Affonville.

Deiniol (Daniel) Sept 11
+ 584. First Bishop of Bangor in Wales, where the Cathedral is dedicated to him.

Emilian Sept 11
+ 520. A hermit for forty years, he became Bishop of Vercelli in Piedmont in Italy where he reposed a centenarian.

Felix and Regula Sept 11
3rd cent. Brother and sister who at the time of the martyrdom of St Maurice under Maximian Herculeus, took refuge in Switzerland, where they were found and martyred near Zurich.

Patiens Sept 11
+ c 491. Archbishop of Lyons in France, he was highly praised by his contemporary St Sidonius Apollinaris. He devoted all his income to the poor.

Protus and Hyacinth Sept 11
+ c 257. By tradition brothers, they were both servants and were martyred in Rome. The relics of St Hyacinth were uncovered in 1845.

Vincent of León Sept 11
+ c 554 ? Abbot of St Claudius in León in Spain. He was martyred by the Arian Visigoths.

September 12

Ailbe (Albeus, Ailbhe) Sept 12
6th cent. By tradition first Bishop of Emly in Ireland.

Guy Sept 12
+ c 1012. Called 'the Poor Man of Anderlecht'. He was born in Brabant in Belgium and was sacrist of Our Lady of Laken. Afterwards he lived for seven years in the Holy Land. He returned to Anderlecht near Brussels where he reposed.

Juventius of Pavia Feb 8 and Sept 12
1st cent. (?). The tradition is that St Hermagoras, Bishop of Aquileia and disciple of the Apostle Mark, sent Sts Syrus and Juventius to preach the Gospel in Pavia in Italy where the latter became the first bishop.

Sacerdos Sept 12
+ 551. Bishop of Lyons 544-551. He presided over the Council of Orleans in 549.

Silvinus Sept 12
+ c 550. Bishop of Verona in Italy

September 13

Amatus (Amat, Amé, Aimé, Amado) Sept 13
c 567-630. Born in Grenoble in France, he became a monk at the monastery of St Maurice of Agaunum in Switzerland, where he lived as a hermit for over thirty years. St Eustace encouraged him to move to Luxeuil and here he converted St Romaricus. When this noble founded the monastery of Remiremont in 620, Amatus became the first abbot.

Amatus Sept 13
+ 690. Abbot of Agaunum, he became the tenth Bishop of Sion in Valais in Switzerland. As a result of a false accusation, he was exiled to the monastery of Péronne and then to Breuil near Arras in the north of France, where he lived as one of the monks.

Barsenorius Sept 13
7th cent. Successor of St Leutfrid (Leufroy) as Abbot of La-Croix-Saint-Leuffroi in France. His relics are in Fécamp.

Columbinus Sept 13
+ c 680. Successor of St Deicola as Abbot of Lure in France

Hedwig Sept 13
+ c 887. A niece of Warinus of Corvey. She became a nun and then Abbess of Herford in Westphalia in Germany.

Maurilius Sept 13
+ c 430. Born in Milan in Italy, he moved to France where he became a disciple of St Martin of Tours. About the year 407 he was consecrated Bishop of Angers.

Nectarius Sept 13
+ c 550. Bishop of Autun in France and a friend of St Germanus of Paris.

Philip Sept 13
3rd cent. The father of St Eugenia of Rome, in whose home Sts Protus and Hyacinth were employed.

Venerius Sept 13
7th century? A hermit, and then abbot on the Island of Tino in the Gulf of Genoa in Italy.

Wilfrida Sept 13
+ c 988. Mother of St Edith of Wilton in England. After Edith's birth, Wilfrida went to Wilton where she became a nun. As a nun, and later as abbess, she led a repentant and edifying life.

September 14

Cacrealis and Sallustia Sept 14
+ 251. Caerealis, a soldier, and his wife Sallustia were martyred in Rome under Decius.

Cormac Sept 14
+ 908. Probably the first Bishop of Cashel in Ireland. The 'Psalter of Cashel' compiled by him still exists.

Crescentian, Victor, Rosula and Generalis Sept 14
+ c 258. Martyrs in North Africa who suffered at the same time and place as St Cyprian.

Crescentius Sept 14
+ c 300. The son of St Euthymius, he was aged only eleven when he was brought from Perugia to Rome, bravely confessed Christ under torture and was beheaded under Diocletian,

Maternus Sept 14
+ c 325. The first recorded Bishop of Cologne in Germany.

September 15

Aichardus (Aicard, Achard) Sept 15
+ c 687. Born in Poitiers in France, the son of an officer at the court of Clotaire II, early in life he became a monk at Ansion in Poitou. Here he spent thirty-nine years, later becoming Abbot of St Benedict's at Quinçay near Poitiers. Finally he succeeded St Philibert as Abbot of Jumièges, where there were nearly one thousand monks.

Albinus (Aubin, Alpin) Sept 15
+ c 390. The successor of St Justus in Lyons in France between 381 and 390. He is said to have built the church of St Stephen and chosen it for his Cathedral.

Aprus (Aper, Apre, Epvre, Evre) Sept 15
+ 507. Born near Trier in Germany, he became a very able and just lawyer. He gave up this profession to become a priest and in time became Bishop of Toul in France.

Emilas and Jeremiah Sept 15
+ 852. Two young men, the former of whom was a deacon, imprisoned and beheaded in Cordoba in Spain under the Caliph Abderrahman.

Heman Sept 15
6th cent. Born in Britain, he took refuge in Brittany and lived as a hermit at a place called Loc-Harn after him. He is the patron-saint of the village.

Leobinus (Lubin) Sept 15
+ c 556. Born near Poitiers in France, he was the son of a peasant. Early in life he became a hermit, then a priest, Abbot of Brou and finally Bishop of Chartres.

Mamillian Sept 15
+ 460. Bishop of Palermo in Sicily, he was exiled to Tuscany by the Arian King Genseric. His relics were eventually returned to Palermo.

Merinus (Merryn, Meadhran) Sept 15
+ c 620. A disciple of St Comgall at Bangor in Ireland.

Nicomedes Sept 15
+ c 90. By tradition he was a priest martyred in Rome, perhaps under Domitian.

Porphyrius Sept 15
+ 362. An actor who, performing in front of Julian the Apostate and mocking Orthodox baptism, suddenly declared himself a believer and was at once martyred.

Ribert Sept 15
7th cent. Monk and Abbot of Saint-Valèry-sur-Somme in France. He may also have been a bishop in Normandy and Picardy. He is the patron of several churches near Rouen.

Ritbert Sept 15
+ c 690. Monk and abbot of a small monastery in Varennes in France.

Valerian Sept 15
+ 178. A companion of St Photinus (Pothinus) of Lyons in France. He succeeded in escaping from prison and reappeared at Tournus near Autun, where he again preached to the people. He was captured a second time and beheaded.

September 16

Abundius, Abundantius, Marcian and John Sept 16
+ c 303. The first two were martyred in Rome on the Flaminian Way under the Emperor Diocletian who ordered them to be beheaded together with Marcian, a senator, and John, his son, whom Abundius had raised from the dead.

Cornelius Sept 16
+ 253. Pope of Rome, he was much tried by the heresy of Novatianism and his persecutors exiled him to Civita Vecchia where his sufferings probably hastened his death. St Cyprian refers to him as a martyr. His tomb in Lucina in the cemetery of Callistus still exists.

Cunibert Sept 16
+ c 680. Successor of St Humbert as Abbot of Maroilles near Cambrai in France.

Cyprian Sept 16 (In the East Aug 31)
c 200-258. Thascius Cecilianus Cyprianus was born in North Africa. He became a lawyer, was converted to Orthodoxy and consecrated Bishop of Carthage in 248. He wrote numerous treatises on theological subjects, one of the most important being De Unitate Catholicae Ecclesiae, and wrote numerous letters. He is one of the greatest Fathers of the Church and he was a model of compassion, discretion and pastoral zeal. Cyprian went into hiding during the persecution of Decius but was arrested and beheaded under Valerian.

Dulcissima Sept 16
? A virgin-martyr venerated from time immemorial in Sutri in Italy. She is the main patron- saint of the town.

Edith of Wilton Sept 16
+ 984. Daughter of King Edgar and St Wilfrida. She became a nun at Wilton in England at the age of fifteen. She reposed at the age of twenty-two, famous for her generosity to the poor and her familiarity with wild animals.

Eugenia Sept 16
+ 735. Daughter of Adalbert, Duke of Alsace in France, she succeeded her aunt, St Ottilia, as Abbess of Hohenburg.

Lucy and Geminian Sept 16
+ c 300. A widow and a neophyte martyred together in Rome under Diocletian.

Ludmilla Sept 16
+ 921. Princess of Czechia, entrusted with the education of the young prince St Wenceslas, she was the victim of jealousy and was strangled by hired assassins.

Rogelius and Servus-Dei Sept 16
+ 852. A monk and his young disciple martyred in Cordoba in Spain for publicly denouncing Islam.

Stephen of Perugia Sept 16
+ 1026. Third Abbot of St Peter in Perugia in Italy.

September 17

Columba Sept 17
+ 853. Born in Cordoba and a nun at Tábanos, she was driven from there by the Moorish persecution of 852. She took refuge in Cordoba in Spain, where, being called on to deny Christ, she openly rejected Mohammed and was beheaded.

Faith, Hope and Charity Aug 1 (In the East Sept 17)
c 137. The three girls, aged respectively twelve, ten and nine years, daughters of St Sophia who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian.

Flocellus Sept 17
2nd cent. A youth martyred in Autun in France under the Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180). After being tortured, he was flung half-dead to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre.

Justin Sept 17
+ 259. A priest in Rome who devoted himself to burying the bodies of martyrs and was eventually martyred himself. His relics were later transferred to Frisingen in Germany.

Lambert Sept 17
+ 709. Born in Maastricht in Holland, he became bishop there in 668, but in 674 he was driven out by the tyrant Ebroin. He then lived as a monk for seven years at the monastery of Stavelot in Belgium. He returned later and did much to help St Willibrord. He was murdered in the then village of Liège and is venerated as a martyr.

Narcissus and Crescendo Sept 17
+ c 260. Early saints in Rome.

Rodingus (Rouin) Sept 17
+ c 690. A monk and priest from Ireland who preached in Germany and entered the monastery of Tholey near Trier. He moved to the forest of Argonn in France where he founded the monastery of Wasloi, later known as Beaulieu.

Satyrus Sept 17
+ 376. The elder brother of St Ambrose of Milan in Italy. As a lawyer he undertook the administration of the affairs of his brother's household. His high sense of justice, his integrity and his generosity were praised by St Ambrose in his funeral sermon for him.

Socrates and Stephen Sept 17
? By tradition early martyrs venerated in Britain, now England.

Sophia Sept 30 (In the East Sept 17)
+ c 173. The mother of the virgin-martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Three days later, while praying at their tomb, Sophia also reposed, martyred in her soul.

Theodora Sept 17
+ c 305. A noble lady of Rome and of great wealth, she devoted herself and her riches to the service of the martyrs during the persecution of Diocletian,. She seems to have reposed while the persecution still raged.

Uni (Unni, Unno, Huno) Sept 17
+ 936. A monk at New Corvey in Germany, in 917 he became Bishop of Bremen-Hamburg. He helped enlighten Sweden and Denmark and reposed in Birka in Sweden.

September 18

Eustorgius Sept 18
+ c 331. A Greek by birth, in 315 he became Bishop of Milan in Italy, where he exerted his influence against the Arians.

Ferreolus Sept 18
+ c 591. Fifth Bishop of Limoges in France.

Ferreolus Sept 18
3rd cent. An army officer, he was martyred in Vienne in France under Diocletian.

Richardis Sept 18
+ c 895. Married at the age of twenty-two to the Frankish Emperor Charles the Fat, after nineteen years of married life she was accused of unfaithfulness. Her innocence was established, but she became a nun at the convent of Andlau which she had founded.

September 19

Eustochius Sept 19
+ 461. The successor of St Brice as Bishop of Tours in France.

Felix and Constantia Sept 19
1st cent. Martyrs under Nero in Nocera near Naples in Italy.

Goeric (Abbo) Sept 19
+ 647. The successor of St Arnulf as Bishop of Metz in France.

Januarius (Gennaro) Sept 19
+ 304. Januarius, Bishop of Benevento in Italy, was beheaded, perhaps with others, at Pozzuoli under Diocletian. His relics were enshrined in Naples of which he became the patron-saint. The annual miracle of the liquefaction of his blood is famous.

Pomposa Sept 19
+ 853. A nun at Peñamelaria near Cordoba in Spain. She was beheaded by the Moors in Cordoba.

Sequanus (Seine, Sigo) Sept 19
+ c 580. A monk at Réomay and founder of a monastery in Segreste near Langres in France, which was later called Saint-Seine after him.

Theodore of Canterbury Sept 19
c 602-690. A Greek who was educated in Tarsus in Cilicia, he spent some time at Athens and became a monk in Rome. He was aged sixty-six when Pope Vitalian appointed him to Canterbury at the suggestion of the African St Adrian in 666. They travelled to England together, Adrian becoming Abbot of Sts Peter and Paul in Canterbury. Theodore is rightly called the second founder of Canterbury. He visited all parts of the country, consolidated or re-established dioceses, promoted learning and held the first national Council in Hertford in 672. St Theodore is one of the greatest figures in English history.

September 20

Agapitus I Sept 20 and April 22 (In the East Apr 17)
+ 536. Born in Rome, he was elected Pope of Rome in May 535 and reposed in Constantinople on April 22 536. As Pope he showed great strength of character in opposing Monophysitism. His relics were brought back to Rome on Sept 20, when he was commemorated a second time.

Candida Sept 20
+ c 300. A virgin-martyr in Carthage in North Africa under Maximian Herculeus.

Clicerius Sept 20
+ c 438. Bishop of Milan in Italy.

Eusebia Sept 20
+ c 731. Abbess of a convent in Marseilles in France. She was martyred with some forty nuns by the Saracens at Saint-Cyr.

Eustace, Theopistes, Agapitus and Theopistus Sept 20
+ 118. Eustace was an officer, Theopistes, his wife, and Agapitus and Theopistus, their two sons, were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Eustace owed his conversion to a vision of a stag with a cross between its antlers, seen by him while hunting.

Glycerius Sept 20
+ c 438. Archbishop of Milan in Italy.

Vincent (Madelgarus) Sept 20
+ 677. Madelgarus was the husband of St Waldetrudis. They had four children, all saints: Landericus, Dentin, Madalberta and Aldegtrudis. About the year 653 she became a nun and Madelgarus became a monk with the name of Vincent in Haumont in Belgium which he had founded. Later he founded another monastery in Soignies, also in Belgium.

September 21

Alexander Sept 21
2nd cent. A bishop in the neighbourhood of Rome. His miracles attracted the attention of the people and he was arrested and martyred on the Claudian Way, some twenty miles from Rome. His relics were enshrined in Rome.

Gerulph Sept 21
+ c 746. Born in Flanders in Belgium, he was heir to a vast estate, but was treacherously murdered by a relative who hoped to succeed to his inheritance. He died with words of forgiveness on his lips.

Mabyn Sept 21
6th cent. Born either in Wales or else in Cornwall, he preached Christ with St Teilo.

Maura Sept 21
+ 850. A holy virgin in Troyes in France, she reposed at the age of twenty-three after a life of prayer and good works.

Pamphilus Sept 21
? A martyr in Rome.

September 22

Digna and Emerita Sept 22
+ c 259. Virgin-martyrs in Rome under Valerian. They died while standing before their judges in prayer. Their relics are enshrined in the church of St Marcellus in Rome.

Emmeramus (Haimhramm) Sept 22
+ c 690. Born in Poitiers in France, he moved to Bavaria in Germany where he became abbot of a monastery in Regensburg and then bishop there. He was later attacked by assassins and died from his wounds. His relics were enshrined in the monastery dedicated to him in Regensburg where he was venerated as a martyr.

Felix III Sept 22
+ 530. As Pope of Rome he is remembered for building the church of Sts Cosmas and Damian. He was greatly loved in Rome for his simplicity and generosity to the poor.

Florentius Sept 22
5th cent. Born in Bavaria in Germany, he was a disciple of St Martin of Tours, by whom he was ordained priest and sent to preach in Poitou in France. He eventually went to live as a hermit at Mt Glonne in Anjou, where he gained numerous disciples. He built a monastery for them later known as Saint-Florent-le-Vieux. He reposed there in extreme old age.

Jonas (Yon) Sept 22
3rd cent. A companion or disciple of St Dionysius of Paris in France, he was martyred there.

Lauto (Laudo, Laudus, Lô) Sept 22
+ c 568. Bishop of Coutances in France for forty years (528-568). His estate became the village of Saint-Lô.

Salaberga Sept 22
+ c 665. As a child she was healed of blindness by St Eustace of Lisieux in France. She married very young but her husband died after only two months. Her second husband was St Blandinus and she had five children, two of whom are venerated as saints. In later years husband and wife took up the monastic life, Salaberga in Poulangey. Later she founded the convent of St John the Baptist in Laon where she reposed.

Sanctinus Sept 22
+ c 300. By tradition the first Bishop of Meaux and a disciple of St Denis of Paris.

Silvanus Sept 22
? A saint venerated from ancient times in Levroux near Bourges in France.

Theban Legion Sept 22
+ c 287. The army of Maximinian Herculeus included a legion (6,600 men) of Christians recruited in Upper Egypt. When the Emperor marched his army across the Alps to suppress a revolt in Gaul, he camped near Agaunum in Switzerland and prepared for battle with public sacrifices. The Christian legion refused to take part and were as a result consequence decimated twice. When they still persevered in their refusal they were massacred. Among those who suffered were Maurice, Exuperius, Candidus, Vitalis, two Victors, Alexander (in Bergamo) and Gereon (in Cologne). A basilica was built in Agaunum, now St-Maurice-en-Valais to enshrine the relics of the martyrs.

September 23

Adamnan (Adam, Eunan) Sept 23
c 625-704. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona in Scotland in 679. He wrote the Life of St Columba.

Andrew, John, Peter, and Antony Sept 23
+ c 900. These saints were deported from Syracuse to North Africa by the Saracens, at that time masters of Sicily. There they were subjected to savage tortures and put to death.

Cissa Sept 23
Early 8th cent. A disciple of St Guthlac at Crowland in England..

Constantius Sept 23
6th cent. Sacristan of the ancient church of St Stephen in Ancona in Italy.

Linus Sept 23 (In the East Jan 4 and Nov 5)
+ c 79. The first Pope of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4,21. He was Pope for twelve years (67-79) and is venerated as a martyr.

Paternus (Pair) Apr 16 and Sept 23
+ c 574 (or 563). Born in Poitiers in France, he became a monk at Ansion and later a hermit near Coutances. Eventually he became Bishop of Avranches.

September 24

Anathalon Sept 24
1st cent. The first Bishop of Milan in Italy, he was sent there by the Apostle Barnabas whose disciple he was. As first Bishop of Milan he preached Christ to the surrounding area, including Brescia, where he reposed.

Andochius, Thyrsus and Felix Sept 24
2nd cent. Andochius, a priest, and Thyrsus, a deacon in Smyrna, were sent to what is now France by St Polycarp. They settled in Autun where they converted their host, a rich merchant, by name Felix. All three were martyred and were venerated throughout Gaul.

Chuniald and Gislar Sept 24
7th cent. Born in Ireland, they enlightened the south of Germany and Austria with St Rupert of Salzburg.

Gerard Sagredo Sept 24
+ 1046. Apostle of Hungary, where he is venerated as St Collert. Born in Venice, he was a monk and Abbot of San Giorgio Maggiore. On a pilgrimage to Palestine he was stopped while travelling through Hungary by King Stephen and persuaded to stay. He became the first Bishop of Csanad. Gerard worked zealously, but during the pagan reaction after St Stephen he was martyred in Buda and his body was thrown into the Danube.

Geremarus (Germer) Sept 24
+ c 658. Born in Beauvais in the north of France, with the consent of his saintly wife he became a monk at the monastery of Pentale, where he later became abbot. He later lived as a hermit in a cave nearby. In 655 he founded the monastery of Flay, between Beauvais and Rouen, which became known as Saint-Germer.

Isarnus (Ysarn) of Toulouse Sept 24
+ 1048. Born in Marseilles in France, he became a monk and an abbot. He was famous for his charity, especially towards criminals.

Rusticus Sept 24
+ 446. Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France 426-446.

Ysarn Sept 24
+ 1048. Born near Toulouse in France, he became a monk and then Abbot of the monastery of St Victor in Marseilles, which flourished under him.

September 25

Anacharius (Aunacharius, Aunachaire, Aunaire) Sept 25
+ 604. Born near Orleans in France and educated at the court of King Guntram of Burgundy, he became Bishop of Auxerre in 561.

Aurelia and Neomisia Sept 25
? Born in Asia, they visited Palestine and Rome. They were maltreated by pagans in Capua in Italy, but escaped under cover of a thunderstorm. They took shelter in Macerata near Anagni, where they reposed.

Barr (Finbar, Barrocus) Sept 25
6th cent. Born in Connaught in Ireland, he became the first Bishop of Cork.

Caian Sept 25
5th cent. A church at Tregaian in Anglesey in Wales is dedicated to him.

Ceolfrid (Geoffrey) Sept 25
642-716. A Northumbrian who became a monk at Gilling in Yorkshire in England. From here he went to Ripon and later to Wearmouth. Eventually he became Abbot of Wearmouth-Jarrow for twenty-six years. He is remembered for inspiring St Bede and also producing the Codex Amiatinus, the oldest surviving copy of the Vulgate in one complete volume. He reposed at Langres in France on his way to Rome.

Egelred Sept 25
+ c 869. A monk at Crowland in England, he was martyred with his abbot and many others by the heathen Danes.

Ermenfridus Sept 25
+ c 670. A monk at Luxeuil in France. Later he founded the monastery of Cusance.

Firminus of Amiens Sept 25
4th cent. First Bishop of Amiens in France. He was born in Pampeluna in Spain and was converted by St Saturninus, Bishop of Toulouse.

Fymbert Sept 25
7th cent. A bishop in the west of Scotland.

Herculanus Sept 25
2nd cent. A soldier martyred in Rome.

Lupus of Lyons Sept 25
+ 542. A monk at a monastery near Lyons in France who became Archbishop there. He suffered much in the troubles which followed the death of St Sigismund, King of Burgundy.

Mewrog Sept 25
? A saint in Wales.

Principius Sept 25
+ c 505. The elder brother of St Remigius of Rheims. He became Bishop of Soissons in France.

Solemnis (Soleine) Sept 25
+ c 511. Bishop of Chartres in France c 490-511.

September 26

Amantius Sept 26
+ c 600. A priest in Città di Castello near Perugia in Italy, who was personally known to St Gregory the Great who revered him. He is the patron-saint of Città di Castello.

Colman Elo Sept 26
+ c 610. A nephew of St Columba, he founded monasteries in Lynally (Land-Elo, Lin-Alli) and in Muckamore in Ireland. He is credited as the author of the Alphabet of Devotion.

Eusebius of Bologna Sept 26
+ c 400. He became Bishop of Bologna in Italy in about 370. He was a close friend of St Ambrose of Milan and an ardent opponent of Arianism.

Meugant (Mawghan, Morgan) Sept 26
6th cent. A disciple of St Illtyd who lived as a hermit and reposed on the Isle of Bardsey in Wales. Several churches in Wales and Cornwall are dedicated to him.

Nilus the Younger Sept 26
+ 1004. After a carefree youth in the south of Italy, he became a monk at the monastery of St Adrian in Calabria, where he later became abbot. In 981 the invading Saracens drove the monks to Vellelucio, where they lived on land given to them by the monastery of Montecassino. Shortly before his repose, Nilus designated that as the place where his monastery was to be definitively established. This monastery, of Grottaferrata, was for long faithful to Orthodoxy.

Senator Sept 26
? A saint honoured in Albano in Italy.

Vigilius Sept 26
+ c 506. Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy in Italy.

September 27

Adhentus (Abderitus, Adery) Sept 27
+ 2nd cent. A Greek by birth, he succeeded St Apollinaris as Bishop of Ravenna in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the basilica of Classe near Ravenna.

Adolphus and John Sept 27
+ c 850. Two brothers born in Seville in Spain of a Moorish father and a Christian mother. They were martyred in Cordoba under Abderrahman II.

Barrog (Barrwg, Barnoch, Barry) Sept 27
7th cent. A disciple of St Cadoc of Wales, he left his name to Barry Island off the coast of Glamorgan, where he lived as a hermit.

Ceraunus (Ceran) Sept 27
+ c 614. Bishop of Paris in France.

Deodatus Sept 27
? A martyr in Sora in central Italy.

Fidentius and Terence Sept 27
? Martyrs venerated in Todi in central Italy.

Florentinus and Hilary Sept 27
? Two hermits martyred in France by barbarians.

Gaius of Milan Sept 27
1st cent. By tradition he was the first Bishop of Milan in Italy. Bishop for twenty-four years, he baptised the future martyr St Vitalis and his sons Sts Gervase and Protase.

Hiltrude Sept 27
+ c 790. A hermit near the monastery of Liessies in France.

Marcellus Sept 27
+ c 869. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland.

September 28

Annemond (Chamond) Sept 28
+ 657. Archbishop of Lyons in France, he was murdered in Châlon-sur-Saône.

Chamond (Annemond) Sept 28
+ 657. Archbishop of Lyons, murdered by the tyrant Ebroin.

Conwall (Conval) Sept 28
+ c 630. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Kentigern and preached in Scotland.

Eustochium Sept 28
c 370-419. Born in Rome, she was the third daughter of St Paula. She joined her mother in Bethlehem and succeeded her mother as abbess of a convent in Bethlehem in 404.

Exuperius (Soupire) Sept 28
+ 411. Bishop of Toulouse in France, he was noted for his generosity in sending large contributions to the poor in Palestine and Egypt.

Faustus Sept 28
c 408-490. Born in Brittany, Faustus became a monk at Lérins in France and later abbot (433). In about 459 he became Bishop of Riez. He fought both Arianism and Pelagianism and was very influential, maintaining the Orthodox teaching of St Cassian.

Lioba Sept 28
+ c 781. A relative of St Boniface, St Lioba became a nun at Wimborne. In 748, at the request of St Boniface, she left England for Germany together with a group of nuns and became Abbess of Bischoffsheim. She was greatly loved by her nuns. St Lioba's convents were one of the most important factors in the conversion of Germany.

Machan Sept 28
? Born in Scotland, he became a monk in Ireland.

Martial, Laurence and Companions Sept 28
? A group of twenty-two martyrs in North Africa.

Paternus Sept 28
2nd cent. Born in Bilbao in Spain, he was one of the earliest Bishops of Auch in France.

Privatus Sept 28
+ 223. A citizen of Rome scourged to death under Alexander Severus.

Silvinus Sept 28
+ 444. Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Solomon (Salonius) Sept 28
+ c 269. First Bishop of Genoa in Italy.

Stacteus Sept 28
? A martyr in Rome.

Tetta Sept 28
+ c 772. Abbess of Wimborne in Dorset in England. She helped St Boniface by sending him nuns from her 500-strong convent, among whom were Sts Lioba and Thecla.

Wenceslas (Viacheslav) Sept 28
907-929. Prince of Czechia, he was brought up in the Orthodox Faith by his grandmother, the future martyr Ludmilla. During a pagan reaction in 922, which he tried to stop through patience and mildness, he too was martyred as a result of a political conspiracy. He is the patron-saint of Czechia.

Willigod and Martin Sept 28
+ ? c 690. Monks at Moyenmoutier in France who founded the monastery of Romont.

September 29

Alaricus (Adalricus, Adalrai) Sept 29
+ 975. Son of Duke Burkhard II of Swabia. A monk at Einsiedeln in Switzerland, eventually he became a hermit on the island of Uffnau in the lake of Zurich.

Catholdus, Anno and Diethardus Sept 29
+ late 8th cent. Three monks who preached the Gospel around Eichstätt in Germany.

Fratemus Sept 29
+ c 450. Bishop of Auxerre in France and by tradition a martyr.

Liutwin Sept 29
+ c 713. Founder of Mettlach in Germany and then Bishop of Trier.

Ludwin (Leodwin) Sept 29
+ 713. Born in Austrasia in the east of France, he married. Left a widower, he founded the monastery of Mettlach and became a monk. Later he became Bishop of Trier in Germany

September 30

Antoninus Sept 30
3rd cent. A soldier of the Theban Legion, martyred on the banks of the Trebbia near Piacenza in Italy. His blood, kept in a phial, has the same miraculous properties as that of St Januarius.

Enghenedl Sept 30
7th cent. A church in Anglesey in Wales was dedicated to him.

Honorius of Canterbury Sept 30
+ 653. Born in Rome, he succeeded St Justus as fifth Archbishop of Canterbury in England (627). He was consecrated bishop at Lincoln by St Paulinus and himself consecrated St Felix for East Anglia and St Ithamar, the first English bishop, for Rochester.

Jerome Sept 30
c 341-420. Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius was born at Stridon in Dalmatia. He studied in Rome, travelled in Italy and Gaul, lived as a hermit in Palestine and then returned to Rome where he was ordained. He finally went back to Palestine and settled in Bethlehem. He spent the rest of his life translating and commenting on the Bible. The Orthodox Church accords him the title of Blessed.

Laurus (Lery) Sept 30
7th cent. Born in Wales, he went to Brittany and founded the monastery later called after him, Saint-Léry, on the River Doneff.

Leopardus Sept 30
+ 362. A servant or slave in the household of Julian the Apostate. His martyrdom probably took place in Rome.

Midan (Nidan) Sept 30
+ c 610. A saint on Anglesey in Wales.

Sophia Sept 30 (In the East Sept 17)
+ c 173. The mother of the virgin-martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Three days later, while praying at their tomb, Sophia also reposed, martyred in her soul.

Tancred, Torthred and Tova Sept 30
+ 869. Two hermits and an anchoress martyred by the Danes at Thorney in England.

Victor and Ursus Sept 30
+ c 286. Two soldiers connected with the Theban Legion and venerated in Soleure in Switzerland.



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