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Jan 20 (In the East Aug 5)
+ 250. Fabian succeeded St Antherus as Pope of Rome in 236 and was martyred in 250 under Decius. St Cyprian described him as an 'incomparable man' and added that the glory of his death matched the purity and goodness of his life.
+ 399. A patrician in Rome who married and divorced. She married again, causing scandal. After the death of her second husband, she repented and devoted her wealth to the care of the sick in a hospital which she established. She also founded a hostel for pilgrims in Rome and was greatly venerated.
+ 300. A soldier beheaded in Caesarea in Mauretania in North Africa under Diocletian for refusing to carry a standard bearing idolatrous emblems.
Fabrician and Philibert
? Martyrs in Toledo in Spain.
+ late 6th cent. Probably the first Bishop of Ross in Ireland.
+ c 950. A monk at the monastery of St Cyprian in Poitiers in France.
+ c 620. Bishop of Taino in Umbria in Italy.
Facundus and Primitivus
+ c 300. Born in Léon in Spain, he was beheaded near the River Cea where Sahagun now stands. Later the monastery of Sahagun, around which the present town grew up, was named after St Facundus.
Failbhe the Little
+ 754. For seven years Abbot of Iona in Scotland, where he reposed at the age of eighty.
+ c 680. Abbot of Iona in Scotland. He came from Ireland and was the brother of St Finan of Rath.
Faith, Hope and Charity
Aug 1 (In the East Sept 17)
c 137. The three girls, aged respectively twelve, ten and nine years, daughters of St Sophia who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian.
3rd cent. A holy virgin in Agen in the south of France, burnt to death under Maximian Herculeus. Her shrine in Conques is very famous.
+ 512. Bishop of Maastricht in Holland from 495 on.
+ c ?585. Born in Clogher in Ireland, she was the sister of St Enda. She founded a convent at Rossory in Fermanagh and was buried in Killane.
+ 853. A priest and Abbot of Peñamelaria near Cordoba in Spain. He was beheaded in Cordoba by order of the Emir Mohammed.
+ c 980. A monk in Calabria in Italy and Abbot of St Mercurius. He was already old when his monastery was destroyed by the Saracens.
+ c 590. A disciple of St Columba at Iona in Scotland. Eventually he returned to Ireland to lead the life of a hermit at All-Farannan, now Allernan, in Sligo.
+ c 675. A brother of Sts Fara and Cognoaldus. He became a monk, either at Luxeuil or else at Rebais and finally Bishop of Meaux in France (626). He greatly encouraged monasticism.
3rd cent. The mother of St Anastasia of Sirmium in Dalmatia.
4th cent. The second Bishop of Bologna in Italy. He reorganised his diocese and lived to be a firm defender of Orthodoxy against Arianism.
Faustinus and Jovita
2nd cent. Two brothers, belonging to the nobility of Brescia in Italy, zealous preachers of Orthodoxy, they were beheaded in their native city under Hadrian.
+ 381. The successor of St Ursicinus about the year 360, as Bishop of Brescia in Italy. He was a descendant of Sts Faustinus and Jovita and compiled their Acts.
Faustinus and Companions
? A group of forty-five martyrs honoured in Rome.
Faustinus, Timothy and Venustus
+ c 362. Martyrs in Rome under Julian the Apostate.
4th cent. A disciple of St Felix, Bishop of Martano near Spoleto in Italy, he was present at his martyrdom. St Faustinus suffered for Christ before reposing peacefully in Todi in Umbria.
Faustinus, Lucius, Candidus, Caelian, Mark, Januarius and Fortunatus
? Martyrs in North Africa.
6th cent. A disciple of St Benedict at Montecassino in Italy.
Faustus and Companions
? Twenty-four martyrs in Rome.
5th cent. Faustus, the son of St Dalmatius of Pavia in Italy, lived the life of a holy monk.
+ c 190. A soldier martyred in Milan in Italy under Commodus.
+ c 607. Abbot of the monastery of Santa Lucy in Syracuse in Sicily, where his disciple was Zosimus, the future Bishop of Syracuse.
c 408-490. Born in Brittany, Faustus became a monk at Lérins in France and later abbot (433). In about 459 he became Bishop of Riez. He fought both Arianism and Pelagianism and was very influential, maintaining the Orthodox teaching of St Cassian.
Faustus, Januarius and Martial
+ 304. Martyrs in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian and called 'The Three Crowns of Cordoba'.
+ c 665. Born in Connaught in Ireland, he founded several monasteries. His name is connected with Fobhar (Fore) in Westmeath. Ecclefechan and St Vigean's near Arbroath in Scotland are also called after him.
Jan 24 and Oct 20
+ 251. Born in Foligno in Italy, he was consecrated bishop and cared for his diocese for over fifty years, enlightening the whole of Umbria. He was arrested under Decius and died on his way to martyrdom in Rome.
Felician, Philappian and Companions
? A group of one hundred and twenty-six martyrs in North Africa.
Felicissimus, Heraclius and Paulinus
+ 303. Martyrs under Diocletian, in all probability in Todi in Umbria in Italy, where their relics are still venerated.
+ c 303. A martyr who suffered in Perugia in Italy, probably under Diocletian.
9th cent. A nun, probably at Sts Cosmas and Damian in Padua in Italy. Her relics are now at St Justina's in Padua.
Nov 23 (In the East Jan 25)
?. A widow martyred with her sons either in Rome or else in North Africa under Decius. They were buried in Rome.
+ c 90. A virgin-martyr in Rome under Domitian. She was left for a fortnight in prison without food or drink and was thrown into a ditch to die. Her body was recovered by St Nicomedes.
Felinus and Gratian
+ 250. Soldiers in the imperial army martyred in Perugia in Italy under Decius. Their relics were translated to Arona near Milan in 979.
Felix of Bourges
+ c 580. Bishop of Bourges in France. He took part in the Council of Paris in 573.
Felix of Nola
+ c 250. The son of a Romano-Syrian soldier who had settled in Nola near Naples in Italy. Felix was ordained a priest and devoted himself to his bishop, St Maximus, especially during the persecution which broke out under Decius. On account of his sufferings during the persecution, he was sometimes referred to as a martyr.
? A priest in Rome.
Felix, Symphronius (Sempronius), Hippolytus and Companions
? A group of martyrs in North Africa.
Felix of Metz
2nd cent. The third Bishop of Metz in France for over forty years.
Felix of Brescia
+ c 650. The twentieth Bishop of Brescia in Italy. He was bishop for over forty years during which time he was occupied in fighting Arianism and other heresies.
+ 492. Born in Rome, he was an ancestor of St Gregory the Great. He was Pope of Rome from 483 on. He fought against Monophysitism and Eutychianism and also remedied the evils caused in Africa by numerous apostasies during the Vandal persecution.
Felix, Luciolus, Fortunatus, Marcia and Companions
? A group of forty martyrs in North Africa.
Felix of Rhuys
+ 1038. Born near Quimper in Brittany, he became a hermit on Ouessant and afterwards a monk at Fleury (Saint-Benoit-sur-Loire) in France. He restored the monastery of Rhuys, founded by St Gildas, which had been destroyed by the Vikings.
Felix of Dunwich
Born in Burgundy in France, he went to England to work for the enlightenment of East Anglia. In about 631 he went to Dunwich, or possible Felixstowe, and built his Cathedral, now beneath the sea. He preached with great success in Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire and is honoured as the Apostle of East Anglia, where several places are named after him and Orthodox still honour his memory.
Felix and Companions
5th cent. A group of twenty-one martyrs in North Africa.
Felix of Montecassino
+ c 1000. A monk at Montecassino. On account of the many miracles at his tomb the Bishop of Chieti enshrined his relics for veneration.
Felix of Trier
+ c 400. Consecrated Bishop of Trier in Germany by St Martin of Tours in 386.
Felix, Fortunatus and Achilleus
+ 212. St Felix, a priest, and his two deacons, Fortunatus and Achilleus, were sent by St Irenaeus of Lyons to enlighten the area around Vienne in France, where they were martyred.
Felix of Seville
? A deacon martyred in all probability in Seville in Spain.
Felix and Gennadius
? Two martyrs venerated from ancient times in Uzalis in North Africa.
Felix of Spoleto
+ c 304. A bishop, either of Spoleto or of Spello in Italy. He was martyred under Diocletian.
+ 274. Born in Rome, he was Pope from 269 to 274. He was the first to condemn the heresy of Paul of Samosata. He may have been martyred.
Felix of Fritzlar
+ c 790. A monk at Fritzlar in Germany and a martyr, probably at the hands of heathen.
Felix and Fortunatus
+ 296 Two brothers, born in Vicenza in Italy, who suffered under Diocletian in Aquileia.
Felix and Maurus
6th cent. Born in Palestine, after a pilgrimage to Rome, this father and son lived as hermits at what is now called San Felice near Narni in central Italy.
Felix of Sutri
+ 257. A priest of Sutri in Tuscany in Italy, scourged to death under Valerian and Gallienus.
Felix of Nantes
+ 584. A great Bishop of Nantes in France for some thirty-three years.
Felix of Como
+ c 390. The first Bishop of Como in Italy. He was a friend of St Ambrose.
Felix of Pavia
? A martyr in Pavia in Italy.
Felix (Felicinus) of Verona
? Bishop of Verona in Italy, venerated from ancient times as a saint.
Felix of Pistoia
9th cent. A holy hermit in Pistoia in Tuscany in Italy.
Felix and Adauctus
+ c 304. Martyrs beheaded in Rome under Diocletian. St Felix was a priest and as he was being led to execution, a bystander confessed Christ and was martyred with him. Because this second martyr's name was not known, he was called Adauctus, i.e., the one added. They were buried on the Ostian Way.
Felix and Augebert
7th cent. Two slaves from England sold in France and ransomed by St Gregory the Great, who asked that they be taken to a monastery to be prepared as missionaries in England. Felix was ordained priest and Augebert deacon, but they were killed by pagans in Champagne before they could undertake their mission.
Felix and Regula
3rd cent. Brother and sister who at the time of the martyrdom of St Maurice under Maximian Herculeus, took refuge in Switzerland, where they were found and martyred near Zurich.
Felix and Constantia
1st cent. Martyrs under Nero in Nocera near Naples in Italy.
+ 530. As Pope of Rome he is remembered for building the church of Sts Cosmas and Damian. He was greatly loved in Rome for his simplicity and generosity to the poor.
Felix and Cyprian
+ c 484. Two bishops in North Africa, leaders of a great multitude of Orthodox - the number of four thousand nine hundred and sixty-six is usually given- driven to starvation and death in the Sahara Desert by the Arian Vandal King, Hunneric.
Felix (Africanus), Audactus (Adauctus), Januarius, Fortunatus and Septimus
+ 303. Felix was a Bishop of Thibiuca in North Africa, martyred with others for refusing to deliver up the sacred books. He was one of the first victims of Diocletian.
Felix and Eusebius
? 1st cent. Martyrs in Terracina, between Rome and Naples in Italy.
Felix of Fondi
6th cent. A monk at a monastery in Fondi in the south of Italy.
Felix of Thynissa
? A martyr who suffered in Thynissa near Hippo (Bone) in North Africa. He was found dead in prison the day before he was to be executed.
Felix of Nola
+ 287. The first Bishop of Nola near Naples in Italy, he was martyred with thirty companions.
Felix of Bologna
+ 429. A deacon of the Church of Milan in Italy with St Ambrose and later the fifth Bishop of Bologna.
? A saint recalled by a church dedication in Cornwall.
+ c 863. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona in Scotland in 863.
+ 637. Called 'the White', he was a relative and disciple of St Columba of Ireland and was his successor as Abbot of Iona in Scotland.
6th cent. Bishop of Downpatrick in Ireland.
+ c 721. Born in Ireland, he was a bishop who preached among the Picts in Perthshire, Caithness, Buchan and Forfarshire in Scotland.
+ 581. Born in Narbonne in France, he became Bishop of Uzès. He devoted himself in particular to converting Jews and was exiled by King Childebert on that account. He also founded a monastery.
+ c 670. Bishop of Grenoble in France.
Ferreolus and Ferrutio
+ c 212. Ferreolus, a priest, and Ferrutio, a deacon, were brothers from Asia Minor. They were sent by St Irenaeus of Lyons to enlighten the area round Besançon in France, where they preached for thirty years and were finally martyred.
3rd cent. An army officer, he was martyred in Vienne in France under Diocletian.
+ c 591. Fifth Bishop of Limoges in France.
? A soldier in Mainz in Germany, he asked to be discharged rather than take part in idolatry. He was thrown into prison where he died of ill-treatment and hunger.
5th cent. A bishop in Ireland, friend and disciple of St Patrick, in whose honour he wrote a hymn which still exists.
7th cent. Born in Munster in Ireland, he was a monk at Lismore and a disciple of St Carthage the Younger.
Fiacre (Fiacrius, Fiaker, Fèvre)
+ c 670. Born in Ireland, he was given land by St Faro of Meaux in France. He lived here for the rest of his life, attracting many disciples for whom he built the monastery of Breuil.
+ c 500. Abbot of a monastery in Trier in Germany and the twenty-first bishop of that city.
+ c 570. Eastern by origin, he travelled to Spain with some merchants and settled in Mérida, where he became a disciple of St Paul, bishop of the city, whom he later succeeded.
? A martyr in North Africa.
Fidelis of Como
+ c 304. A soldier martyred in Lombardy in Italy under Maximian Herculeus.
Fidentius and Terence
? Martyrs venerated in Todi in central Italy.
2nd cent. An early saint in Padua in Italy.
+ 762. The restorer of the monastery of Rathin in Ireland.
+ c 540. The son of an official in Auvergne in France. Taken prisoner and sold into slavery, he was ransomed by Aventinus, Abbot of Aumont near Troyes. Later Fidolus himself became abbot there, which was called Saint-Phal after him.
Fidweten (Fivetein, Fidivitanus)
+ c 888. A monk and disciple of St Convoyon in Redon in Brittany.
+ 661. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Iona in Scotland and succeeded St Aidan in the Northumbrian Church. With St Cedd and others he enlightened parts of the south of England.
6th cent. Born in Munster in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Brendan. He founded a monastery at Kinnitty in Offaly of which he is the patron.
6th cent. An Abbot of Innis-Doimhle in Wexford in Ireland.
Findan (or Fintan)
+ 879. Born in Leinster in Ireland, he was taken as a slave to the Orkneys by Norse raiders but managed to escape to Scotland. He then went on pilgrimage to Rome and became a monk in Farfa in Italy. From there he went to the monastery of Rheinau in Switzerland, where he lived as a hermit for twenty-two years. His relics still exist.
Fingar (Gwinnear), Phiala and Companions
5th cent. Fingar and Phiala, brother and sister, left their native Ireland and went to Cornwall, but were martyred with their companions in Hayle near Penzance by pagans.
+ ? c 560. A disciple of St Columba and Abbot of Swords near Dublin in Ireland.
Finian (Findbarr, Winnin)
c 493-579. Born near Stangford Lough in Ireland, he became a monk in Scotland. He was the founder and first Abbot of Moville in Co. Down.
Finian (Fintan Munnu)
+ c 635. A disciple of St Columba at Iona, he later founded the monastery of Taghmon in Co. Wexford in Ireland. In Scotland he is called St Mundus. He bore a terrible skin disease with great patience.
Finian of Clonard
+ c 549. Born in Myshall in Co. Carlow, he became a monk in Wales. After a long stay there, he returned to Ireland and founded many churches and monasteries. Clonard was the greatest and it was here that Finian had as disciples many of the so-called 'Twelve Apostles of Ireland', among whom was St Columba. Finian indeed became known as the 'Teacher of the Irish Saints'.
6th cent. A brother of St Fintan, he went to Scotland, where he became one of St Columba's disciples. Returning to Ireland, he became abbot of a monastery in Co. Derry.
6th cent. A disciple of St Comgall at Bangor in Ireland. He is honoured as the patron-saint of Doon in Limerick where his holy well still exists.
+ 603. A disciple of St Columba, he led the life of a hermit in Clonenagh in Leix in Ireland. Soon numerous disciples attached themselves to this ascetic and he became their abbot.
6th cent. The successor of St Comgall at the monastery of Bangor in Ireland.
Firmatus and Flaviana
? Firmatus, a deacon, and Flaviana, a virgin, are venerated as martyrs in Auxerre in France.
Firmian (Fermanus, Firminus)
+ c 1020. Abbot of San Sabino Piceno near Fermo in Italy.
+ c 303. A virgin-martyr in Amelia (Ameria) in Umbria under Diocletian.
? Third Bishop of Gabales (Gévaudan) in France.
6th cent. Bishop of Viviers in France.
Firminus of Metz
+ 496. Greek or Italian by origin, he was Bishop of Metz in France for eight years.
Firminus of Amiens
4th cent. Third Bishop of Amiens in France.
Firminus of Amiens
4th cent. First Bishop of Amiens in France. He was born in Pampeluna in Spain and was converted by St Saturninus, Bishop of Toulouse.
Firminus of Uzès
+ 553. Born in Narbonne in the south of France, he became Bishop of Uzès.
+ 6th cent. The seventh Bishop of Verdun in France.
Firmus of Tagaste
? Bishop of Tagaste in North Africa, he was tortured and endured terrible sufferings rather than betray the hiding-place of one of his flock.
Firmus and Rusticus
+ c 290. Two relatives, probably citizens of Bergamo in the north of Italy, honoured in Verona under Maximian.
First Martyrs of Rome
+ 64. Protomartyrs of Rome. They were falsely charged by Nero with burning down the city and were ordered to undergo various cruel deaths; some were covered with the skins of wild beasts and thrown to wild dogs to be torn apart; others were crucified and when daylight failed were used as human torches. They were all disciples of the Apostles and the first fruits of the martyrs whom the Church of Rome sent to the Lord.
7th cent. First Bishop of Killaloe in Ireland, he also worked in the Hebrides and elsewhere. He managed to recite the whole Psalter every day.
Flavia Domitilla, Euphrosyna and Theodora
2nd cent. Flavia Domitilla was a great-niece of the Emperors Domitian and Titus and St Flavius Clemens. She became Orthodox. On refusing to marry a pagan she was exiled from Rome and martyred with her foster sisters, Euphrosyna and Theodora, in Terracina in Italy.
+ c 304. A deputy-prefect of Rome who was martyred in Civita Vecchia in Italy under Diocletian.
Flavian (Flavinian, Flavius) of Autun
7th cent. The twenty-first Bishop of Autun in France.
+ 362. An ex-prefect of Rome, branded on the forehead as a slave and exiled to the village of Acquapendente in Tuscany in Italy by Julian the Apostate. He reposed there while in prayer.
+ c 96. Brother of the Emperor Vespasian and uncle of Titus and Domitian, whose niece, Flavia Domitilla, he married. In the year 95 he held consular office together with Domitian. The following year Domitian had him beheaded for the Orthodox Faith.
2nd cent. A youth martyred in Autun in France under the Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180). After being tortured, he was flung half-dead to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre.
Flora and Mary
+ 851. Two virgin-martyrs in Cordoba in Spain who gave themselves up to the Moors and were beheaded by order of Abderrahman II.
+ c 636. Born in Carthagena in Spain, she was the only sister of Sts Leander, Fulgentius and Isidore. Losing her parents at an early age, she was placed under the guardianship of St Leander. She went to a convent where she later became abbess.
Florentinus and Hilary
? Two hermits martyred in France by barbarians.
Florentinus of Trier
4th cent. The successor of St Severinus as Bishop of Trier in Germany.
Florentius of Vienne
3rd century? A martyred Bishop of Vienne in France.
Florentius of Seville
+ c 485. A saint much venerated in Seville in Spain.
Florentius, Geminianus and Saturus
? 4th cent. Martyrs in Sirmium in Pannonia.
Florentius, Julian, Cyriacus, Marcellinus and Faustinus
+ 250. Martyrs beheaded in Perugia in central Italy under Decius.
Florentius and Felix
+ 235. Two soldiers martyred under Maximinius the Thracian at Furcona near Aquila in the south of Italy. They belong to a group of eighty-three soldiers commemorated on July 24.
5th cent. Born in Bavaria in Germany, he was a disciple of St Martin of Tours, by whom he was ordained priest and sent to preach in Poitou in France. He eventually went to live as a hermit at Mt Glonne in Anjou, where he gained numerous disciples. He built a monastery for them later known as Saint-Florent-le-Vieux. He reposed there in extreme old age.
Florentius of Orange
+ c 526. The eighth Bishop of Orange in the south of France.
3rd cent. A martyr in Trois-Châteaux in Burgundy in France.
Florentius of Strasbourg
+ c 693. Born in Ireland, he left his country for Alsace, now in France, and settled near Haselac, where he built a monastery. About the year 678 he became Bishop of Strasbourg, where he founded another monastery dedicated to St Thomas.
7th cent. Abbot of Bangor in Ireland.
+ 304. A senior Roman officer in Noricum, now Upper Austria, he was drowned in the River Enns near Lorsch under Diocletian. He is the patron-saint of Upper Austria and Poland.
+ 746. Bishop of Liège in Belgium.
+ c 660. Abbot of monasteries in Ghent, Mont-Blandin and Saint-Bavon in Belgium.
Florus, Laurus, Proculus and Maximus
2nd cent. The former were twin brothers and stonemasons in Illyria. Proculus and Maximus were their employers. They handed over a temple on which they had been working to Christian worship and as a punishment were drowned in a well.
Florus (Flour) of Lodève
+ 389. First Bishop of Lodève in Languedoc in France. The town where his relics are enshrined is named after him.
+ c 480. Bishop of Orleans in France.
Foellan (Foilan, Fillan)
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he accompanied his mother, St Kentigerna, and his relative, St Comgan, to Scotland, where he lived as a monk. The place of repose is called Strathfillan.
6th cent. The sister of St Colgan. The two are patron-saints of the parishes of Kil-Faile (Kileely) and Kil-Colgan in Galway in Ireland.
+ c 655. Brother of Sts Fursey and Ultan. They left Ireland for East Anglia in England. St Foillan became the Abbot of Burgh Castle near Yarmouth but when this monastery was destroyed, he went to Belgium. St Ita of Nivelles gave him land at Fosses where he founded a monastery. He enlightened Brabant but was killed by robbers and is venerated as a martyr.
+ 982. Born in Ireland, he went to the monastery of Waulsort on the Meuse in Belgium and became a monk and in 962 abbot.
? 1st cent. The first Bishop of Bordeaux in France, venerated as a martyr.
? 6th cent. Bishop of Trim in Ireland, he later lived as a hermit.
+ 1040. Born in Gubbio in Umbria in Italy, he became a hermit in the mountains near Scheggia, but was later attached to the monastery of Fontavellana.
Fortunatus and Marcian
? Martyrs, perhaps in Antioch, but more probably in North Africa.
+ c 400. A parish priest at a place near Spoleto in Umbria in Italy. He was famed for his love for the poor.
Fortunatus and Lucian
? Martyrs in North Africa.
Fortunatus the Philosopher
+ c 569. A bishop driven from the north of Italy by the Lombards.
Fortunatus, Gaius and Anthes
+ 303. Martyrs near Salerno in Italy under Diocletian. Their relics were enshrined in Salerno in 940 and they were much venerated.
Fortunatus of Todi
+ 537. A Bishop of Todi in Italy, who saved the city from being sacked by Totila the Goth.
+ ? 537. A martyr in Rome.
Four Crowned Martyrs
There are two groups called the Four Holy Crowned Martyrs. One group suffered in Albano in Italy in c 305, Secundus, Severian, Carpophorus and Victorinus. The other group, actually five in number, were martyred in Pannonia at about the same time: Claudius, Nicostratus, Symphorian and Castorius and Simplicius. The latter were sculptors who refused to carve a statue of the god Aesculapius and were martyred by Diocletian. Relics of four of the martyrs were brought to Rome and so veneration of four, not five, began.
Fragan and Gwen (Blanche)
5th cent. They left Britain after the departure of the Romans and were the parents of Sts Winwalöe, Jacut and Guithern. Churches in Brittany are dedicated to them.
7th cent. A monk at St Martin de la Bretonnière in France, he suffered from the jealousy of others. When the monastery was destroyed, he lived as a hermit in the Nivernais.
+ c 450. Bishop of Auxerre in France and by tradition a martyr.
+ c 740. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Foillan. He became a monk and Abbot of Kerkelodor near Antwerp in Belgium.
Frederick of Arras
+ 1020. Son of the Count of Verdun in France, he gave his inheritance to the Bishop of Verdun. He then set out for Palestine and on his return became a monk at St Vanne and later St Vedast in Arras.
+ 838. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 820 on, he was murdered while in church in Maastricht.
Frediano (Frigidanus, Frigdianus)
+ 588. Born in Ireland, he went on pilgrimage to Rome and settled in Italy as a hermit on Monte Pisano. In 566 he became Bishop of Lucca. He rebuilt the Cathedral after it had been burnt down by the Lombards.
+ 866. A hermit who was martyred by the Danes. His relics were enshrined in Dunstable in England.
Friard and Secundel
+ c 577. Hermits on the Isle of Vindomitte near Nantes in France.
+ c 680-735. Daughter of a prince of the Upper Thames, she founded a convent dedicated to the Virgin on the site of what is now Christchurch in Oxford. From childhood she took as her maxim 'Whatever is not God is nothing'. She is the patron-saint of Oxford.
+ c 540. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Luxeuil in France. Later he founded the monastery of Sackingen and is venerated as the Apostle of the Upper Rhine in Germany.
+ 766. The successor of St Acca as Bishop of Hexham, where he served for thirty-four years.
+ 932. A disciple of St Grimbald, he was consecrated Bishop of Winchester in England by St Plegmund. He was bishop for twenty-three years, loved the poor and prayed much for the departed.
+ c 673. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he founded the monastery of Moutier-la-Celle near Troyes, where he led a life of unceasing prayer and asceticism.
+ c 750. A disciple of St Medericus (Merry), he became a monk at St Martin's in Autun in France, from where he was driven by the Saracens and he settled in Barjon.
+ 1006. Born in Lugo in Spain, together with his companion Attilanus he helped restore monastic life at Moreruela in Castile. Later he became Bishop of Léon.
+ c 690. Monk, Abbot and then Bishop of Coutances in France.
Fronto and George
3rd century? Apostles of Périgueux in France.
Fructuosus, Augurius and Eulogius
+ 259. Fructuosus, Bishop of Tarragoña in Spain, and his two deacons, Augurius and Eulogius, were burnt at the stake under Valerian. When the fire had burnt through their bonds, they stretched out their arms in the form of a cross and died.
+ 665. Born in Spain, he became a monk and then a hermit in the Vierzo Mountains, where disciples gathered around him. Fructuosus was eventually forced to become Bishop of Dumium and later Archbishop of Braga.
Fructus (Frutos), Valentine and Engratia
+ c 715. Two brothers and a sister who lived in Sépulveda in Castile in Spain. Valentine and Engratia were martyred by the Moors, but Frutos escaped and reposed as a hermit. They are venerated as the patron-saints of Segovia, where their relics are enshrined.
+ 675. A monk at Fleury, martyred with St Aigulphus, Abbot of Lérins in France.
Fugatius and Damian
? 2nd cent. By tradition they were missionaries sent to Britain from Rome.
+ 1006. Bishop of Lodève in Languedoc in France, famous for his asceticism. He was bishop for over half a century.
+ 532. Born in North Africa, he became a monk early in life and was elected abbot. He had to flee from the Vandal persecution. In 502 or 507 he was chosen Bishop of Ruspe but was again exiled by the Vandals. He spent his exile in Sardinia where he wrote numerous works which still exist. He returned to Africa in 523.
+ c 633. Brother of Sts Isidore and Leander of Seville in Spain and of St Florentina. He was Bishop of Ecija in Andalusia and one of the leaders of the Spanish Church of that time.
+ c 600. A pilgrim to Rome who gave his life for the plague-stricken at Santo-Padre or Castrofuli near Arpino in the south of Italy. He is venerated as the patron saint of the area.
+ 845. The twenty-first Abbot of Fontenelle in France.
+ c 648. Having founded a monastery at Rathmat in Ireland, he went to England and founded another at Burgh Castle in Suffolk. He finally moved to France and founded a monastery at Lagny near Paris. He was buried in Picardy. His life is famous for his remarkable visions.
Fusca and Maura
+ c 250. Two martyrs in Ravenna under Decius. Fusca was a young girl and Maura her nurse.
7th cent. A bishop in the west of Scotland.
Fyncana and Fyndoca
? Two martyrs in Scotland.