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+ 1050. Thirty-third Archbishop of Canterbury in England, he resigned some years before he reposed.
+ c 700. Daughter of the holy King Edwin of Northumbria and St Ethelburgh of Kent, she was baptised by St Paulinus. Widowed, she became a nun at Whitby under her own daughter.
+ c 640. Granddaughter of King Ethelbert of Kent. She founded the first convent in England on the coast near Folkestone. This was later destroyed by the Danes and swallowed up by the sea. Relics of St Eanswith are venerated in her church in Folkestone to this day.
+ c 686. A monk at Ripon in England. He later left it for Melrose in Scotland where he became abbot. After the Council of Whitby, he became Abbot of Lindisfarne. In 678 he became Bishop of Lindisfarne and later of Hexham.
Ebba the Younger and Companions
+ c 870. Born in England, she became Abbess of Coldingham, now in Scotland. This had been founded two centuries earlier by St Ebba the Elder. The Danes set fire to her convent and all the nuns perished.
Ebba the Elder
+ 683. Sister of Sts Oswald and Oswy, Kings of Northumbria, she became a nun at Lindisfarne. Having founded the convent of Coldingham, now in Scotland, she became abbess there.
+ 740. Born in Tonnerre, he was a monk at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif in Sens in France. He became Bishop of Sens which he saved in 725 when it was besieged by the Saracens.
Eberhard of Einsiedeln
+ 958. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became a monk and then the first Abbot of Einsiedeln in Switzerland.
+ c 600. Born in Beauvais in France, he became a hermit and later founded a monastery at Saint-Fuscien-aux-Bois.
626-706. Born in Bayeux in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Deux Jumeaux, and later founded a monastery at Ouche and also other smaller monasteries.
Ebsdorf (Martyrs of)
+ 880. In 880 a Christian army was caught in the ice and snow and was defeated by pagan Norsemen at Ebsdorf in the north of Germany. Among them, St Bruno and four bishops, eleven nobles and many others were slain and venerated as martyrs.
+ 532. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy from 52l till 532. He began building San Vitale, where there is still a mosaic of him.
+ 767. A priest and hermit in Crayke near York in England.
? Patron of parishes in the west of Ireland. A famous holy well bears her name. She lived near the confluence of the rivers Boyle and Shannon.
+ 698. A monk at Lindisfarne in England, who succeeded St Cuthbert as Bishop. He was remarkable for his knowledge of the Holy Scriptures.
+ 768. The successor of St Ceolwulf on the throne of Northumbria in England. After a prosperous reign of twenty years he resigned and went to the monastery of York, where he spent a further ten years in prayer and seclusion.
Edburgh (Edburga) of Winchester
+ 960. Daughter of Edward the Elder and granddaughter of Alfred the Great, she was placed as a child in the convent which King Alfred's widow had founded in Winchester in England. Her shrine in Pershore in Worcestershire was famous for its miracles.
Edburgh (Edburga) of Bicester
c 650. A daughter of the pagan King Penda, she became a nun. Her relics were later transferred from Adderbury (Edburgh's burgh) in Oxfordshire in England to Bicester.
Edburgh (Edburga) of Thanet
+ 751. A disciple of St Mildred, whom she probably succeeded as Abbess of Minster-in-Thanet in England in 716. She was a friend and correspondent of St Boniface.
7th cent. A nun at Lyminge in Kent in England.
6th cent. Born in Britain, he was hermit and the patron saint of a church in Brittany.
+ c 675. A priest from Northumbria in England, he preached in Mercia and founded a monastery in Leominster.
+ 721. Bishop of Lindisfarne in England after St Edbert, he illuminated the Lindisfarne Gospels in honour of St Cuthbert.
Edgar the Peaceful
+ 975. A King of England who repented of a depraved youth and whose reign was marked by a strong religious revival in England.
+ c 303. A martyr in Ravenna in Italy under Diocletian.
Edith of Polesworth
+ c 925. Abbess of Polesworth in England and a sister of a King of England.
Edith of Wilton
+ 984. Daughter of King Edgar and St Wilfrida. She became a nun at Wilton in England at the age of fifteen. She reposed at the age of twenty-two, famous for her generosity to the poor and her familiarity with wild animals.
841-869. King of East Anglia and first patron-saint of England. In 869 he was taken prisoner by the heathen Danes and savagely martyred at Hoxne in Suffolk. He died with the name of Jesus on his lips. Bury St Edmunds was named after him.
+ 1016. A monk at Worcester and Abbot of Ramsey in England. In 1006 he became Bishop of Dorchester. He was killed by the Danes and is sometimes called a martyr.
Edward the Martyr
+ 978. The son of Edgar the Peaceful, he became King of England at the age of thirteen, in 978 he was murdered by plotters at Corfe and buried in Wareham in Dorset. He was at once acclaimed as a martyr. His relics are venerated in an Orthodox church in Surrey to this day.
7th cent. Probably born in England, she is the patron saint of Llanedwen in Anglesey in Wales.
+ 633. In 616 he became King of Northumbria in England, married Ethelburgh of Kent and was baptised by St Paulinus. He fell in battle at Hatfield Chase fighting against pagan Mercians and Welsh and was venerated as a martyr.
9th cent. Possibly the brother of St Edmund the Martyr, King of East Anglia. He lived as a hermit at Cerne in Dorset in England.
+ c 700. Born in Britain, he went to Brittany where he became abbot of a monastery he had founded.
+ c 720. A monk at Ripon, where his relics were venerated.
+ 729. A monk at Lindisfarne in England, he moved to Ireland and lived at Rathelmigisi in Connaught. Here he prepared several monks to preach the Gospel in Germany. He went to Iona in Scotland and persuaded the monks to adopt the Orthodox date for Easter.
+ c 869. A monk at Crowland in England, he was martyred with his abbot and many others by the heathen Danes.
Egelwine (Ethelwine, Aylwine)
7th cent. A prince of the house of Wessex who lived as a hermit at Athelney in Somerset in England.
+ 881. The eighth abbot of Cornelimünster near Aachen in Germany. He was killed by Vikings at Bercheim.
Egilo (Egilon, Eigil)
+ 871. A monk and later Abbot of Prüm near Trier in Germany. He restored the monastery at Flavigny near Dijon and founded the monastery of Corbigny, both in France.
+ 717. Consecrated to God in his youth, he eventually became the third Bishop of Worcester in England in 692 and may have founded the monastery of Evesham.
+ 822. A monk at Fulda in Germany, he became Abbot there in 817.
6th cent. A brother of St Samson, he was a disciple of St Illtyd and founded a church in Anglesey in Wales.
Eingan (Einion, Eneon, Anianus)
6th cent. A British prince who left Cumberland for Wales, he finished his days as a hermit at Llanengan near Bangor.
Einhild (Einhildis) and Roswinda
8th cent. Nuns at Hohenburg in Alsace in France with St Ottilia. St Roswinda was probably St Ottilia's sister. St Einhild became Abbess of Niedermünster near Hohenburg.
Elaeth the King
6th cent. A Briton driven into Wales by the Picts. He became a monk with St Seiriol in Anglesey in Wales. Some of his poems still exist.
+ 580. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France. He was sent as an envoy to Spain and wished to venerate the relics of St Eulalia at Merida but reposed before he reached his destination.
6th cent. Abbot of a monastery in the north of Wales.
2nd cent. A Greek, he was converted by St Apollinaris of Ravenna in Italy and succeeded St Adheritus as third Bishop of that city.
Eleutherius of Tournai
+ 532. Born in Tournai in Belgium, he became bishop there in 486 and enlightened the pagan Franks who had settled nearby. He died from wounds inflicted by Arian heretics.
Eleutherius and Anthia
+ 117-138. Eleutherius, Bishop of Illyria, his mother Anthia and eleven others were martyred in Illyria under Hadrian.
+ 189. A Greek who became a deacon in Rome and succeeded St Soterius as Pope in 175.
? A pilgrim, said to have been from England and the brother of Sts Grimwald and Fulk, he died in Rocca d'Arce in the south of Italy. He is venerated as the main patron-saint there.
+ 561. Bishop of Auxerre in France 532-561.
+ c 590. He is mentioned several times by St Gregory the Great as a wonderworker. He was Abbot of St Mark's in Spoleto in Italy, which he left for St Gregory's own monastery in Rome, where he lived as a monk for many years.
+ 714. Daughter of Oswy, King of Northumbria in England. She was offered to God as a child at the convent of Hartlepool. She then went to Whitby with St Hilda and succeeded her mother Enfleda as abbess there. She was one of the most influential people of her time.
+ c 936. A princess who lived as an anchoress in Glastonbury in England. She was revered by St Dunstan.
+ 944. Widow of King Edmund and mother of St Edgar, she became Abbess of Shaftesbury in England.
Elian (Eilan, Allan)
6th cent. Probably born in Cornwall, he belonged to the family of St Ismael. Llanelian in Anglesey and Llanelian in Clwyd are named after him and St Allen's church in Cornwall is dedicated to him.
Elian ap Erbin
? 5th cent. A saint in Wales.
+ 1042. Born in Ireland, he became monk and abbot in 1020 of the Irish monasteries of St Martin the Great and St Pantaleon in Cologne in Germany.
Elias, Paul and Isidore
+ 856. Elias, a priest in Cordoba, was martyred in his old age by the Moors, together with Sts Paul and Isidore, two of his spiritual children. An eyewitness, St Eulogius, wrote an account of their martyrdom.
+ 660. A monk who became Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily.
Eligius (Eloi, Eloy)
588-660. Born in Limoges in France, he was a skilled metalsmith and examples of his art survived until the French Revolution. He became master of the mint in Paris under King Clotaire II but in 640 became a priest and soon after Bishop of Noyon. He enlightened the areas round Antwerp, Ghent and Courtra in Belgium, and founded the monastery of Solignac and many other monasteries and convents.
+ 362. Born in Ireland, he was martyred in Toul in France under Julian the Apostate. In the tenth century his relics were translated to Cologne in Germany.
7th cent. Patron-saint of Hirnant in Powys in Wales and of a church in the Scilly Isles.
+ c 660. Disciple and successor of St Fursey as Abbot of Lagny in France.
+ 422. The successor of St Antiochus as Bishop of Lyons in France. His relics were enshrined in the church of St Justus.
Elpidius, Marcellus, Eustochius and Companions
+ 362. An official at the court of the Emperor Constantius, he was demoted by Julian the Apostate. He and others were dragged tied to the tails of wild horses. Finally they were all burnt at the stake.
+ c 1050. A monk at Saint-Savin in Lavedan in France.
+ 981. A monk at Abingdon in England with St Ethelwold, he was celebrated as a model of obedience. He became Bishop of Ramsbury and succeeded St Ethelwold as Abbot of Abingdon.
+ 903. Wife of King Alfred the Great, after his death she became a nun at the convent which she had founded in Winchester.
Elvan and Mydwyn
2nd cent. By tradition they were two Britons sent to ask for missionaries for Britain.
6th cent. A holy man who accompanied St Breaca from Ireland to Cornwall.
8th cent. The second Bishop of Lindsey. He was a close friend of St Egbert whom he accompanied to Ireland and where he reposed.
+ c 710. A brother of Sts Reineldis and Gudula, he became Bishop of Cambrai in France.
+ 305? A martyr in Rome. Still only a catechumen, this foster-sister of St Agnes was found by pagans praying at the tomb of the recently martyred Agnes and was stoned to death.
1007-1031. Son of St Stephen, the first Christian King of Hungary. He was a disciple of St Gerard Sagredo of Czanad but died before he could inherit the crown.
8th cent. Born in France, he founded and was the first Abbot of St Stephen of Bañoles in Catalonia in Spain.
Emilas and Jeremiah
+ 852. Two young men, the former of whom was a deacon, imprisoned and beheaded in Cordoba in Spain under the Caliph Abderrahman.
+ 767. Born in Vannes in France, he was a monk at Saujon near Saintes and died as a hermit in the forest of Combes near Bordeaux.
+ 675. Born in Ireland, he became a monk and then Abbot of Lagny in France.
+ 520. A hermit for forty years, he became Bishop of Vercelli in Piedmont in Italy where he reposed a centenarian.
? According to tradition a hermit in Rennes in Brittany.
+ 574. A poor shepherd in La Rioja in Spain, he became a hermit and was later ordained priest for the parish of Berceo. The saint, however, returned to his life as a hermit. A large number of disciples gathered around him and he became their abbot. This gave rise to the monastery of La Cogolla. In Spain he is known as San Millan de la Cogolla.
6th cent. A Roman lady and the paternal aunt of St Gregory the Great, from whom we know of her saintly life, visions and repose.
? A virgin-martyr in Rome.
Emilius, Felix, Priam and Lucian
? Churches are dedicated to these saints in Sardinia.
+ c 690. Born in Poitiers in France, he moved to Bavaria in Germany where he became abbot of a monastery in Regensburg and then bishop there. He was later attacked by assassins and died from his wounds. His relics were enshrined in the monastery dedicated to him in Regensburg where he was venerated as a martyr.
+ c 303. A saint whose relics were venerated in Ascoli in Italy.
Encratia (Encratis, Encratide, Engracia)
+ ? 304. A virgin who suffered terribly for Orthodoxy in Saragossa in Spain, where a church dedicated to her now exists. She was famous for 'her ardour in suffering for Christ'. Though counted a martyr, she outlived her torments.
Enda (Endeus, Enna)
+ c 530. Brother of St Fanchea, he was the earliest founder of monasteries in Ireland, of which the main one was on Inishmore. Sts Kieran and Brendan were among his disciples.
? 6th cent. Probably born in Cornwall, she was the sister of St Nectan of Hartland. Part of her shrine in St Endellion in Cornwall still exists.
+ c 739. Born in England, he became a monk at a very early age and then priest and abbot. He went to Friesland in Holland where he successfully preached with St Willibrord at Velsen, six miles north of Haarlem.
7th cent. A church in Anglesey in Wales was dedicated to him.
Englatius (Englat, Tanglen)
+ 966. Possibly a bishop, he lived in Tarves in Aberdeenshire in Scotland.
+ 1045. Of humble family, he became a monk and Abbot of Saint Riquier in France. He was called 'the Wise'.
473-521. Magnus Felix Ennodius was a Gallo-Roman who became Bishop of Pavia in Italy. He was entrusted with two missions to Constantinople in connection with the Eutychian controversy. An Orthodox poet, his hymns are very edifying.
Enoder (Cynidr, Kenedr, Quidic)
6th cent. Llangynidr in Powys in Wales is named after him, as also St Enoder or Enodoc in Cornwall and Kenderchurch in Herefordshire in England.
+ c 520. A saint in Wales.
+ 631. The fifth successor of St Malo as Bishop of Aleth in Brittany.
+ 754. Born in Ireland, he preached with Sts Willibrord and Boniface in Holland and Germany and shared in the latter's martyrdom in Dokkum.
+ 597. One of St Columba's twelve companions, he was chosen to enlighten the Picts in Scotland. He is called the Apostle of the Picts of Galloway.
+ 688. A Northumbrian noble, he entered the monastery of Wearmouth with his relative St Benedict. He succeeded St Benedict as abbot. He was celebrated for his gentleness.
1st cent. By tradition the first Bishop of Terracina in Italy. He may have been one of the Seventy Apostles and mentioned by the Apostle Paul in Philippians 2,25).
504-581. Born in a noble family in Périgord in France, he renounced his title to become a monk at Sessac.
+ 303. A much-venerated martyr in Sardinia, under Diocletian.
Epictetus, Jucundus, Secundus, Vitalis, Felix and Companions
+ ? 250. Twelve martyrs in North Africa, who probably suffered under Decian. Epictetus was a bishop mentioned by St Cyprian.
Epiphanes and Isidore
? Two early martyrs, venerated at the Cathedral of Besançon in France until the French Revolution.
+ c 800. A nun at the convent of Santa Maria della Caccia in Pavia in Italy.
439-497. Born in Pavia in Italy, he became bishop there in 467. During his episcopate Odoacer destroyed Pavia and Epiphanius was largely responsible for rebuilding the city. While paying the ransom of some of his flock, he caught a fever of which he died.
Epiphanius, Donatus, Rufinus and Companions
? Thirteen martyrs, of whom Epiphanius was a bishop in North Africa.
Epipodius and Alexander
+ 178. Two young friends and citizens of Lyons in France, martyred under Marcus Aurelius. St Epipodius was beheaded. St Alexander is also commemorated on April 24.
Epitacius and Basileus
1st cent. By tradition the former was the first Bishop of Tuy in Galicia in Spain and the latter the first Bishop of Braga in Portugal .
+ c 540. He founded a number of monasteries in the province of Valeria in Italy.
Erasmus (Elmo, Erarmo, Ermo)
+ c 303. Bishop of Formiae in Campania in Italy, martyred by disembowelment under Diocletian. His relics were transferred to Gaeta in 842 and he became the protector of sailors, hence 'St Elmo's fire'.
Erbin (Ervan, Erbyn, Erme or Hermes)
? 5th cent. Churches were dedicated to him in Cornwall.
+ 660. Daughter of King Erconbert of Kent and St Saxburgh. She became a nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie under her aunt, St Ethelburgh, but reposed when very young.
+ 693. Of noble origin in the east of England, he founded a monastery in Chertsey and a convent in Barking. He became abbot of the former and his sister St Ethelburgh the abbess of the latter. In 675 he became Bishop of London. His shrine at St Paul's became a centre of veneration and he was called 'The Light of London'.
+ c 672. Born at Wocourt near Passy in France, he became a monk at Fontenelle (c 640) and Bishop of Toulouse (c 656.
+ c 1050. Abbot of Kremsmünster in Austria.
Late 7th cent. Niece of St Wulmar and first Abbess of Wierre in France which convent Wulmar had built for her.
? She founded the church of Llanerfyl in Powys in Wales.
5th cent. Born in Ulster in Ireland, she was made a nun by St Patrick.
+ c 686. Born in Ireland, he preached the Gospel as a bishop in Bavaria in Germany, mainly around Regensburg.
+ 714. A monk at Sithin in Saint-Omer in France, who succeeded the founder, St Bertinus, as abbot. Later he was Bishop of Thérouanne for twenty-six years.
+ c 830. He founded the monastery of Hirschau in Germany, where he became a monk.
+ 830. Probably born in Ireland, he became Bishop of Werden in Germany and was martyred by pagans.
+ c 595. An anchoress in Meldaert near Tirlemont in Belgium.
+ c 700. Also known as Domna Ebba (Lady Ebba, shortened to Domneva. She was a Kentish princess married to the King of Mercia, and the mother of Sts Mildred, Milburgh and Mildgytha. She founded the convent of Minster-in-Thanet in about 670.
+ c 670. A monk at Luxeuil in France. Later he founded the monastery of Cusance.
+ c 680. A sister of St Ermenburgh. She lived as a nun at Minster-in-Thanet in England.
Ermenhild (Ermengild, Ermenilda)
+ c 700. Daughter of King Erconbert of Kent and St Saxburgh. She married Wulfhere, the King of Mercia. On his death, she joined her mother at Minster-in-Sheppey, eventually succeeding her as abbess. She then went to Ely where she also became abbess.
+ c 718. A sister or niece of St Rupert, Apostle of Salzburg. She was the first Abbess of Nonnberg in Salzburg, founded for her by Rupert.
+ 737. Born in Laon in France, he became a monk at Lobbes in Belgium and later abbot and bishop.
Erth (Herygh, Urith, Erc)
6th cent. Brother of St Uny and St Ia (Ives). He went from Ireland to Cornwall, where a church is dedicated to him, and also gave his name to the village of St Erth.
+ c 660. The ninth Bishop of Evreux in France.
+ c 600. Born in Britain, he was a disciple of St Samson in Brittany. Ordained deacon, he served at the monastery of Taurac until it was destroyed by the Franks. He then went to Ireland and led the life of a hermit near Kildare.
Ethelbert (Albert) of Kent
560-616. King of Kent and High King of England, he protected St Augustine's mission and may have been baptised by him as early as Pentecost 597. Though he never tried to force his subjects into Christianity, thousands followed his apostolic example.
Ethelbert (Albert, Albright)
+ 794. King of East Anglia in England, he was treacherously murdered by Offa of Mercia. He has always been venerated as a martyr, especially in Hereford and in East Anglia.
Ethelbert and Ethelred
+ 640. Great-grandsons of St Ethelbert of Kent, cruelly put to death at Eastry near Sandwich in England.
Ethelburgh (Ethelburga, Aubierge)
+ c 664. The daughter of Anna, King of East Anglia in England. She became a nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France, where she became abbess after St Fara.
+ c 647. Daughter of King Ethelbert of Kent in England, she married King Edwin of Northumbria. She went there accompanied by St Paulinus. After Edwin's death she returned to Kent and founded the convent of Lyminge, where she became a nun and abbess.
+ c 675. Sister of St Erconwald of London, who helped found the convent of Barking in Essex where she became abbess.
+ c 835. Daughter of King Offa of Mercia. She lived as an anchoress at Crowland in Lincolnshire in England after the murder of her betrothed, St Ethelbert.
+ c 970. Daughter of Earl Ethelwold, founder of Romsey in England, she became a nun there and eventually abbess after St Merewenna.
+ c 720. Abbess of a convent in Northumbria.
+ 896. The daughter of King Alfred the Great, she became first Abbess of Shaftesbury.
+ 805. Born in Louth in Lincolnshire in England, he became the fifteenth Archbishop of Canterbury in 793. This was a time of political upheaval under Offa of Mercia who tried to abuse and dominate the Church like Charlemagne on the Continent. St Ethelhard resisted him.
? The patroness of Little Sodbury, now in Gloucestershire in England.
+ 1038. Called 'the Good' and famed for his wisdom, he was a monk at Glastonbury in England, before becoming thirty-second Archbishop of Canterbury in 1020.
+ 716. King of Mercia in England, he abdicated in order to become a monk at Bardney where he later became abbot.
912-984. Born in Winchester in England and already a monk and priest, in 955 he became Abbot of Abingdon and in 963 Bishop of Winchester. Together with St Dunstan and St Oswald of York he led the monastic revival of the age, restoring the monasteries of Newminster, Milton Abbas, Chertsey, Peterborough, Thorney and Ely to monastic life after occupation by married clergy. For this reason, he was called 'The Father of Monks'. The Winchester School of Illumination flourished under him, as did developments in music and liturgy.
Ethenia and Fidelmia
+ 433. Daughters of King Laoghaire in Ireland and among the first converts of St Patrick, they became nuns and reposed in holiness.
+ c 6th cent. Bishop of Vienne in France.
+ 573. Bishop of Auxerre in France.
+ 602. Bishop of Lyons in France.
? Born in Scotland, he became a bishop in Ireland, returning to preach the Gospel in Scotland.
+ c 740. A disciple of St Cuthbert, he was Abbot of Melrose in Scotland before becoming Bishop of Lindisfarne in England.
+ 699. A monk at Ripon in England, he lived as a hermit on Inner Farne for twelve years.
+ c 670. Born in Ireland. He was Abbot of St Peter's at Fescau in Belgium and also bishop.
1st cent. First Bishop of Trier in Germany.
+ 743. Born in Orleans in France, he became a monk at Jumièges near Rouen in about 714. In 721 he became Bishop of Orleans, opposing the theft of church lands by Charles Martel. For this he was exiled to Cologne in Germany in 737. Here he became very popular and so was sent to Liège in Belgium. He spent the rest of his life at the monastery of St Trond near Maastricht in Holland.
+ 449. He became a monk at Lérins in France in 422 and his wife Galla became a nun. Two of their sons became bishops. In 434 he became Bishop of Lyons and in 441 he presided the Council of Orange with St Hilary and several of his ascetic works still exist
Eudo (Eudon, Eudes Odo)
+ c 760. A monk at Lerins in France, he founded the monastery of Corméry-en-Velay (Charmillac, later called Saint-Chaffre).
7th cent. A monk near Asti in Italy, whose relics were venerated in the Cathedral of Alba in Piedmont.
450-c 510. Fourth Abbot of Condat in France, called Saint-Oyend after him and later Saint-Claude. He became a monk at the age of seven and lived there until his repose.
+ 657. A priest in Rome who acted for St Martin during the latter's exile in the Chersonese. After St Martin's martyrdom in 655, Eugene was chosen to succeed him. Gentle and kind to the poor, he opposed Monothelitism with courage.
Eugene, Salutaris, Muritta and Companions
+ 505. Eugene became Bishop of Carthage in North Africa in 481 but was soon afterwards expelled by the Arian Vandals with many of his flock, some of them mere boys. They were exiled to the desert of Tripoli, where they suffered greatly. In 488 they were allowed to return to Carthage, but Eugene was exiled again eight years later and reposed at Albi in Italy. All the above are considered to be martyrs because of their sufferings.
Eugene (Eoghan, Euny, Owen)
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he preached abroad and then returned to Ireland, where he became first Bishop of Ardstraw in Tyrone.
EugeneI of Toledo
+ 657. A Spanish Goth, born in Toledo in Spain. He became a monk at St Engracia in Saragossa. Finally, in 646, he became Bishop of Toledo. He was a gifted poet and musician and zealous for the beauty of the liturgy
? He preached the Gospel with St Dionysius, Bishop of Paris in France, and was martyred.
+ 422. A deacon of the Church of Florence in Italy with Bishop Zenobius. He had been a disciple of St Ambrose at Milan.
? Bishop of Milan in Italy.
+ 735. Daughter of Adalbert, Duke of Alsace in France, she succeeded her aunt, St Ottilia, as Abbess of Hohenburg.
+ ?257. A virgin-martyr in Rome under Valerian, she was buried in the cemetery of Apronian on the Via Latina.
4th cent. Bishop of Autun in France, he was a staunch defender of Orthodoxy against Arianism, for which he was martyred.
+ c 535. Born in North Africa, he was ordained priest at Rome and was a companion of St Severinus of Noricum in Austria, whose Life he wrote.
Eulalia (Aulaire, Aulazie, Olalla) of Barcelona
+ c 304. Born in Barcelona in Spain, she was a virgin-martyr under Diocletian.
+ c 304. The most famous virgin-martyr in Spain. Prudentius wrote a long hymn describing her martyrdom and she is mentioned by other writers. Born in Mérida, aged thirteen she was burnt at the stake there under Diocletian.
Eulogius of Cordoba
+ 859. A prominent priest in Cordoba in Spain when the Moorish persecution was at its height. Outstanding for his courage and learning, he encouraged the Orthodox in their sufferings and wrote The Memorial of the Saints for their benefit. He himself suffered martyrdom for protecting St Leocritia, a young girl converted from Islam.
? Bishop of Naples in Italy.
Euphemia, Dorothy, Thecla and Erasma
? 1st cent. A group of virgin-martyrs in Aquileia in Italy, venerated in Venice and Ravenna.
? A bishop martyred in North Africa by the Arian Vandals.
+ c 475. Bishop of Autun in France and a friend of St Lupus of Troyes.
530-573. Bishop of Tours in France. He worked hard to rebuild Tours after it had been burnt down.
+ 304. Living in Catania in Sicily, he was found with a copy of the Gospels, which was against Diocletian's edict. He was cruelly racked and martyred.
1st cent. First Bishop of Verona in the north of Italy.
6th cent. Foundress of Cor-Eurgain in Wales, later called Llantwit.
+ 714. Born in Bayonne in France, she was martyred by the Saracens in Jaca in the Pyrenees in Spain. She was also venerated in the south of France and in the north of Italy.
+ c 680. Eldest daughter of Sts Adalbald and Rictrudis, she became a nun at Hamage or Hamay in Belgium, a convent which had been founded by her grandmother St Gertrude and where she later became abbess.
+ c 731. Abbess of a convent in Marseilles in France. She was martyred with some forty nuns by the Saracens at Saint-Cyr.
Late 3rd cent. A virgin-martyr in Bergamo in Italy and niece of St Domnio, martyred under Maximian Herculeus.
+ 884. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland and later lived as a hermit on Mt St Victor in the Vorarlberg. While denouncing godlessness, he was struck with a scythe and killed. As a result he was venerated as a martyr.
Eusebius and Companions
? A group of ten martyrs who suffered in North Africa.
+ c 423. Born in Cremona in Italy, he became an abbot in Bethlehem and took part in the struggle against Origenism.
Eusebius of Vercelli
c 283-371. Born in Sardinia, in 340, he became Bishop of Vercelli in Piedmont in Italy. He fought Arianism and was exiled to the East. Before returning to Italy he visited St Athanasius in Alexandria. He reposed in peace in Vercelli in 371, although he has been called a martyr on account of his sufferings.
Eusebius of Milan
+ 465. A Greek by birth, he was Bishop of Milan in Italy for sixteen years. He opposed Eutychianism.
4th cent. A priest in Rome who founded the 'church' called the titulis Eusebii after him.
+ 310. A Greek by birth, he reposed in exile in Sicily.
Eusebius, Pontian, Vincent and Peregrinus
+ 192? Martyrs in Rome.
Eusebius of Bologna
+ c 400. He became Bishop of Bologna in Italy in about 370. He was a close friend of St Ambrose of Milan and an ardent opponent of Arianism.
Eusebius, Marcellus, Hippolytus, Maximus, Adria, Paulina, Neon, Mary Martana and Aurelia
+ 254-259. Martyrs in Rome under Valerian. Eusebius, a priest, Marcellus, his deacon, and Neon and Mary were beheaded; Adria and Hippolytus were scourged to death; Paulina died in a torture-chamber; Maximus was thrown into the Tiber.
+ 625. A favourite disciple and monk of St Columbanus, whom he succeeded as second Abbot of Luxeuil in France. There were some six hundred monks there, many of whom became saints.
Eustace, Theopistes, Agapitus and Theopistus
+ 118. Eustace was an officer, Theopistes, his wife, and Agapitus and Theopistus, their two sons, were martyred in Rome under Hadrian. Eustace owed his conversion to a vision of a stag with a cross between its antlers, seen by him while hunting.
+ 690. Born in Bourges in France, as a widow she spent her fortune building the convent of Moyenmoutier, where she became a nun and abbess.
5th cent. Fourth Bishop of Salerno in Italy.
c 370-419. Born in Rome, she was the third daughter of St Paula. She joined her mother in Bethlehem and succeeded her mother as abbess of a convent in Bethlehem in 404.
+ 461. The successor of St Brice as Bishop of Tours in France.
+ 518. He became Bishop of Milan in Italy in 512 and spent large amounts of money paying the ransoms of many of his flock who had been taken prisoner by barbarians.
+ c 331. A Greek by birth, in 315 he became Bishop of Milan in Italy, where he exerted his influence against the Arians.
? A virgin-martyr in Leontini in Sicily.
4th cent. A Roman who fled to Perugia in Italy with his wife and his child, St Crescentius, during the persecution of Diocletian. He reposed in Perugia and is venerated there.
5th cent. A holy woman who lived in Auvergne in France.
+ ? 253. A martyr in North Africa, probably under Valerian.
c 250? One of the companions of St Dionysius of Paris. He is honoured as the first Bishop of Saintes and martyr.
+ c 475. Born in Marseilles, he succeeded St Justin as Bishop of Orange in France, when the diocese had been laid waste by the Visigoths.
Eutropius, Zosima and Bonosa
+ c 273. Martyrs in Porto near Rome under Aurelian.
+ 283. Born in Etruria or Tuscany in Italy, in 275 he succeeded St Felix I as Pope of Rome. He is venerated as a martyr.
4th cent. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian. He was left in prison for twelve days without food and then thrown into a well.
? A martyr in Ferentino in Italy.
Eutychius and Florentius
6th cent. Two monks and wonderworkers who became abbots of a monastery in Valcastoria in Italy.
4th cent. A martyr called San Oye either in Mérida or else in Cádiz in Spain.
Evagrius, Priscian and Companions
? A group of martyrs either in Rome or else in Syria.
Eval (Uvol, Urfol)
6th cent. A bishop in Cornwall. A village there is called after him.
9th cent. A hermit in Ayrshire in Scotland, where churches are dedicated to him.
+ c 105. The fourth Pope of Rome and a martyr.
+ ? 362. The first Bishop of Asti in Piedmont in Italy, from where he was driven out by the Arians and martyred under Julian the Apostate at Casale Monferrato.
? First Bishop of Brescia in Italy.
+ c 66. An advisor of Nero, converted to Christ on witnessing the patience of the martyrs and himself martyred in Pisa in Italy.
? 5th cent. A Bishop of Cologne in Germany, martyred by heathen robbers.
+ c 700. Born in England, she became a nun at a place called 'the Bishop's Farm', later known as Everingham (in Yorkshire), where she became abbess of a convent of some eighty nuns.
+ c 700. A pilgrim murdered by robbers in Rousson near Tongres in Belgium.
+ c 720. Born in Bayeux in France, he married but with his wife's consent founded several monasteries and convents, including Fontenay-Louvet near Séez, where he became monk and abbot. His wife had entered a convent as a nun.
Evodius, Hermogenes and Callista
? By tradition martyrs in Syracuse in Sicily.
5th cent. Bishop of Rouen in France.
+ c 560. Bishop of Le Puy in France.
+ c 340. Bishop of Orleans in France, the monastery of Saint-Euvert was founded to enshrine his relics.
Ewald the Fair and Ewald the Dark
+ c 695. Two brothers born in Northumbria in England who became monks and priests and followed St Willibrord to Frisia in Holland. They were martyred together in Aplerbeck, now a suburb of Dortmund in Germany.
? A saint whose relics are venerated in Troyes in France.
5th cent. Born in North Africa, he became Bishop of Cingoli near Ancona in Italy.
+ 418. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy from 398 to 418.
Exuperius (Soupire, Spire)
? 4th cent. Bishop of Bayeux in France, he is honoured in Corbeil.
+ 411. Bishop of Toulouse in France, he was noted for his generosity in sending large contributions to the poor in Palestine and Egypt.