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Jacut and Guethenoc
5th cent. Sons of Sts Fragan and Gwen and brothers of St Gwenaloe. They became disciples of St Budoc and were driven from Britain to Brittany.
James of Tarentaise
? 429. A Syrian by origin, he became a monk with St Honoratus at Lérins and was venerated at Chambéry as an Apostle of Savoy in France and the first Bishop of Tarentaise.
James of Toul
+ 769. Probably born in Bertigny in Haute Marne, he became a monk at Hornbach, before he became Bishop of Toul in the east of France in 756.
James the Greater
July 25 (October 9 in the East)
+ 44. The son of Zebedee and brother of St John the Evangelist, he was one of the Twelve and the first to be martyred (Acts 12, 2) under King Herod Agrippa. By tradition he travelled as far as Spain and certainly relics of the Apostle were later enshrined in Compostella. Owing to this apostolic link, it became the most important places of pilgrimage in the West after Rome. St James is the patron-saint of Spain.
James the Deacon
7th cent. A deacon from Italy and companion of St Paulinus in his mission to Northumbria in England where he remained faithful despite the pagan reaction after St Edwin.
James of Sasseau
+ c 865. Born in Constantinople, after many travels he came to France and was ordained in Clermont, later living as a hermit in Sasseau.
+ 792 Abbot of St Augustine's, he succeeded St Bregwine as fourteenth Archbishop of Canterbury in England in 765.
Januarius, Maxima and Macaria
? Martyrs in North Africa.
Januarius, Marinus, Nabor and Felix
? Martyrs in North Africa.
+ 304. Januarius, Bishop of Benevento in Italy, was beheaded, perhaps with others, at Pozzuoli under Diocletian. His relics were enshrined in Naples of which he became the patron-saint. The annual miracle of the liquefaction of his blood is famous.
+ c 480. A disciple of St Patrick, he succeeded St Benignus as Bishop of Armagh in Ireland.
+ c 550. First Bishop of Tuam in Connaught in Ireland, where he established a monastery of which St Brendan of Clonard and St Colman of Cloyne were monks.
Jerome of Pavia
+ 787. Bishop of Pavia in Italy 778-787.
c 341-420. Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius was born at Stridon in Dalmatia. He studied in Rome, travelled in Italy and Gaul, lived as a hermit in Palestine and then returned to Rome where he was ordained. He finally went back to Palestine and settled in Bethlehem. He spent the rest of his life translating and commenting on the Bible. The Orthodox Church accords him the title of Blessed.
+ c 570. A Romano-Briton who went to Brittany to live with his uncle St Paul of Léon, by whom he was consecrated bishop.
John Camillus the Good
+ c 660. Bishop of Milan in Italy. He worked against Arianism and Monothelitism.
John of Ravenna
+ 494. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy from 452 to 494. He saved his flock from the fury of Attila the Hun and mitigated its lot when the city was taken by Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths.
John of Reomay (Réomé)
425-539. Born in Dijon in France, he became a hermit in Reomay. When disciples gathered around him, he fled and became a monk at Lérins. Here he learnt the traditions of St Macarius and on his return to Reomay, he and the monastery he founded there lived according to them.
+ c 1050. Born in Venice in Italy, he became a monk at Pomposa.
John the Saxon
+ 895. Born in Saxony in Germany, he became a monk and was asked by King Alfred to restore monasticism in England after the Danish attacks. He became Abbot of Athelney.
John the Harvester (Theristos)
+ 1129. Of Calabrian parentage, he was born in Sicily, where his mother had been taken as a slave by the Saracens. He managed to escape to Calabria while still a child and there became a monk. Theristos, meaning harvester, refers to a miraculous harvest reaped by the saint.
John of Gorze
+ c 975. Born in Vandières near Metz in the east of France, after some years in the world, he made a pilgrimage to Rome. On his return he restored and entered the monastery of Gorze in Lorraine in 933. Emperor Otto I sent him as his ambassador to the Caliph Abd-er-Rahman of Cordoba, where he stayed for two years. In 960 he became Abbot of Gorze,.
John the Syrian of Pinna
6th cent. A Syrian monk who settled in Pinna near Spoleto in Italy. He was abbot of a large monastic colony there for forty-four years.
John of Beverley
+ 721. Born in Harpham in Yorkshire in England, he became a monk at Whitby. He was consecrated Bishop of Hexham and later became Bishop of York. He ordained St Bede and founded a monastery at Beverley.
John of Châlon
+ c 475. Third Bishop of Châlon-sur-Saône in France, consecrated by St Patiens of Lyons.
+ 526. Born in Tuscany, he became Pope of Rome in 523. In 526 he went to Constantinople as an envoy of Theodoric, the Arian King of the Ostrogoths. On his return Theodoric imprisoned the Pope and he died.
John of Parma
+ c 982. Born in Parma in Italy, he was ordained priest. He is said to have made six pilgrimages to Jerusalem. He became Abbot of St John's in Parma (973-c 982).
John de Atares
+ c 750. A hermit in the Pyrenees in Spain. He lived beneath a huge rock, where the monastery of St John de Ia Peña (of the Rock) was later built. This is famous in Spanish history, since the monastery became the cradle of the Kingdoms of Navarre and Aragon.
John of Verona
7th cent. The successor of St Maurus in Verona in Italy.
John I of Naples
5th cent. Bishop of Naples in Italy.
John IV of Naples
+ 835. Known as 'the Peacemaker', he was Bishop of Naples in Italy, where he is venerated as a patron-saint.
+ 362. A priest in Rome, beheaded under Julian the Apostate.
John of Tuy
9th cent. Born in Galicia in Spain, he lived as a hermit near Tuy, where his relics are still enshrined.
John and Paul
? Martyrs who suffered in Rome.
John of Chinon
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he became a hermit in Chinon in the west of France. Here he became the spiritual father of Queen Radegund.
John of Bergamo
+ c 690. Bishop of Bergamo in Italy (c 656 to c 690), he was renowned for his learning and great success in fighting Arianism.
John and Benignus
+ 707. Twin brothers and monks at Moyenmoutier in France.
c 360-433. Probably born in what is now Romania, he became a monk in Egypt and afterwards went to Marseilles in France, where he founded the monastery of St Victor and a convent, ruling both from Lérins. His Conferences and his Institutes are still read throughout the Orthodox world. He was an ardent advocate of the Orthodox teaching on free will and opposed what later became known as Augustianism.
John and Crispus
? By tradition they were priests in Rome who devoted themselves to recovering and burying the bodies of the martyrs, for which they themselves suffered martyrdom.
+ 813. Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy in the north of Italy 801-813.
John of Syracuse
+ c 609. Bishop of Syracuse in Sicily from 595 until c 609.
John of Autun
? A bishop venerated in Autun in France.
+ 433. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy 430-433. The Greek name Angeloptes means 'the man who saw an angel'. It was given to him because an angel, visible to him alone, came and helped him serve the divine liturgy.
+ 1025. A nobleman from Venice in Italy who became a monk in Cuxa in the Catalonian Pyrenees in Spain. After many trials, he reposed as a hermit near Montecassino.
John and Festus
? Martyrs honoured in Tuscany in Italy.
+ 1012. Born in Ravenna in Italy, he became a monk at St Michael in Chiusa and then a hermit on Monte Caprario. Finally he became bishop nearby.
3rd cent. A companion or disciple of St Dionysius of Paris in France, he was martyred there.
+ c 690. A monk at Elnone in Belgium. He was Abbot of Marchiennes (c 643-652) and then of Elnone (c 652-659).
Joseph of Freising
+ 764. A monk who in 752 founded the monastery of St Zeno at Isen. In 764 he became third Bishop of Freising in Germany. His relics are in Isen.
+ c 300. A companion of St Peregrinus of Auxerre in France, whom he served as a reader. By tradition he was martyred.
Jovinus and Basileus
+ c 258. Two martyrs, who suffered in Rome under Gallienus and Valerian and were buried on the Latin Way.
+ 466. A holy virgin in Reggio in Aemilia in Italy and a spiritual daughter of St Prosper, bishop of that city.
? A martyr in North Africa.
Jucundus of Bologna
+ 485. Bishop of Bologna in Italy.
+ 658. King of Brittany, much loved by his people. After a victorious reign he abdicated and spent the last twenty years of his life in the monastery of Gäel near Vannes.
Judocus (Judganoc, Josse)
+ c 668. A priest, brother of King Judicäel of Brittany. After a pilgrimage to Rome, he left Brittany and lived as a hermit in Villiers-Saint-Josse.
May 22 (In the East July 16)
+ 440. Born in Carthage in North Africa, she was sold into slavery by the Vandal conquerors. The ship on which she was being taken to Gaul stopped in Corsica. At that time heathen festival was being celebrated and when Julia refused to join in, she was immediately martyred by being nailed to a cross. She is the patron-saint of Corsica.
Julia of Troyes
+ c 272. Born in Troyes in France, she was seized by soldiers of the Emperor Aurelian after his victory over the usurper Tetricus. Committed to the charge of an officer called Claudius, she converted him to Christ and both were beheaded in Troyes under the same Aurelian.
Julia of Mérida
+ c 304 A martyr together with St Eulalia in Mérida in Spain under Diocletian.
Julian of Sora
+ c 150. Born in Dalmatia, he was arrested, tortured and beheaded in Sora in Campania in Italy under Antoninus Pius (138-161).
Julian of Le Mans
Jan 27 (In the East July 13)
? 3rd cent. Venerated as the first Bishop of Le Mans in France.
Julian the Hospitaller
? Also called 'the Poor'. Tradition says that Julian killed his own parents in error. In repentance he and his wife went to Rome on pilgrimage and built a hospice by the side of a river where they tended the poor and the sick and rowed travellers across the river. For this reason he is venerated as the patron saint of boatmen, innkeepers and travellers.
Julian of Lyons
? A martyr venerated in Lyons in France.
Julian of Toledo
+ 690. A monk at Agali in Spain under St Eugene, whom he succeeded first as Abbot and in 680 as Archbishop of Toledo. He was the first Metropolitan of All Iberia. Presiding over several national Councils, revising and developing the Mozarabic liturgy, he was a prolific writer and outstanding churchman.
Julian of Auvergne
3rd cent. Born in Vienne in France, he was an officer in the imperial army and a secret Christian. On the outbreak of persecution, probably under Decius, at first he fled but then gave himself up and was martyred near Brionde.
Juliana of Bologna
+ 435. A matron in Bologna in Italy whose piety and charity were praised by St Ambrose of Milan. Her husband left her to become a priest with her consent and she devoted herself to bringing up her four children and to the service of the Church and the poor.
Juliana of Pavilly
+ c 750. A servant girl who became a nun and then abbess at Pavilly in France.
Julius of Novara
+ c 390. Julius was a priest and his brother Julian a deacon. Together they converted heathen temples into Christian churches.
+ 352. Pope of Rome from 337 to 352. He defended St Athanasius against his Arian accusers and also built many churches.
Julius and Aaron and Companions
+ c 305. According to tradition they are the Protomartyrs of Wales and suffered in Caerleon-on-Usk under Diocletian.
+ c 190. An early martyr in Rome.
Julius, Potamia, Crispin, Felix, Gratus and Companions
+ 302. Twelve martyrs who suffered in Thagura in Numidia in North Africa under Diocletian.
+ 587. Founder of the monastery of Mairé in Poitou in France and later a hermit in Chaulnay.
5th cent. A hermit in Commodoliacus - now Saint-Junien, near Limoges in France.
653. An East Anglian prince, son or nephew of King Anna (634-654). His relics were enshrined at Bury St Edmunds in England.
Justa, Justina and Henedina
+ c 130. Saints venerated in Sardinia where they were martyred under Hadrian (117-138), either in Cagliari or else in Sassari.
Justa and Rufina
+ 287. Two sisters in Seville in Spain, potters by trade, who suffered under Diocletian. They are venerated as the main patron-saints of Seville.
Justin of Chieti
+ c ? 540. Venerated from time immemorial in Chieti in Italy, he was bishop of that city.
Justin the Philosopher or Justin Martyr
c 100-165. Born in Nablus in Palestine of pagan parents, when he was about thirty he was converted by reading the Scriptures and witnessing the heroism of the martyrs. His Apologies for the Christian Religion and Dialogue with the Jew Trypho are among the most edifying of second-century writings. He was beheaded in Rome with other Christians.
+ c 290. A child-martyr venerated in Louvre near Paris in France.
+ 259. A priest in Rome who devoted himself to burying the bodies of martyrs and was eventually martyred himself. His relics were later transferred to Frisingen in Germany.
+ c 300. A virgin-martyr in Padua in Italy under Diocletian.
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he became a hermit on the Isle of Ramsey off the coast of south Wales, where he was murdered by evildoers and then venerated as a martyr.
Justus of Urgell
+ c 527. The first recorded Bishop of Urgell in Catalonia in Spain. He wrote a commentary on the Song of Songs.
Justus of Poland
+ 1008. One of four hermit-brothers in Poland - Sts Benedict, Andrew, Barnabas and Justus.
? A soldier martyred in Rome
Justus and Pastor
+ c 304. Two brothers, aged respectively thirteen and nine, who were scourged and beheaded at Alcalá in Spain under Diocletian.
Justus of Lyons
Sept 2 and Oct 14
+ 390. A deacon in Vienne who became Bishop of Lyons in France in 350. In 381 he attended the Council of Aquileia and then went to Egypt and lived as a hermit.
Justus of Beauvais
+ 287. A child-martyr aged nine, he was venerated in Beauvais in France.
Justus of Trieste
+ 303. A citizen of Trieste in Italy martyred under Diocletian by being thrown into the sea.
Justus of Canterbury
+ 627. Born in Italy, he was sent by St Gregory the Great to England in 601. In 604 he became first Bishop of Rochester and in 624 succeeded St Mellitus as the fourth Archbishop of Canterbury.
Justus and Abundius
+ 283. Martyrs in Spain under Numerian. After a futile attempt to burn them at the stake, they were beheaded.
7th cent. Sister of St Sidwell. She was of British descent and lived in Devon in England.
Juvenal of Narni
+ 369. First Bishop of Narni in central Italy.
Juvenal of Benevento
+ c 132. A saint of Narni in Italy. His shrine is in Benevento.
Juventius of Pavia
Feb 8 and Sept 12
1st cent. (?). The tradition is that St Hermagoras, Bishop of Aquileia and disciple of the Apostle Mark, sent Sts Syrus and Juventius to preach the Gospel in Pavia in Italy where the latter became the first bishop.
? A martyr in Rome.